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Hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodai doroi khususiyati tabii va tekhnogeni

 QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favquloddai doroi khususiyati tabii va tekhnogeni

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli 2004, №7, mod. 460)

Majlisi namoyandagon 23-yumi iyuni soli 2004 qabul kardaast

Majlisi milli 8-umi iyuli soli 2004 jonibdori namudaast

Bobi 1

Muqarraroti umumi

Moddai 1. Maqsadi Qonuni mazkur

hodisahoi-favqulodaQonuni mazkur meyorhoi tashkiliyu huquqiro dar sohai hifzi shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, shahrvandoni khoriji va shakhsoni biduni shahrvandi dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomatdoshta (minbad- aholi), inchunin zamin, sarvathoi zerizamini, ob, fazoi havoi, olami nabototu hayvonot va digar boygarii tabiiro dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston, inshooti tainoti istehsoliyu ijtimoi va inchunin muhiti zistro (minbad- hudud) az holathoi favquloddai khususiyati tabii va tekhnogenidoshta (minbad- holathoi favqulodda) muayyan menamoyad.

Munosibathoi jamiyatii oid ba peshgirii rukh dodan va vusati holathoi favqulodda, kam kardani hajmi zarar va talafot az holathoi favqulodda, rafi holathoi favqulodda va sarivaqt ogoh namudani aholii mintaqahoi khavfnok az holathoi favquloddai doroi khususiyati tabii va tekhnogeni doshtaro ba tanzim medarorad.

 

Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda burda meshavand:

Holathoi favqulodda– vaziyatest, ki dar hududi muayyan, dar natijai sadamaho, zuhuroti tabiii khatarnok, falokatho, ofathoi tabii va digar ofatho ba vuqu omada ba talafoti joni, zarar ba sihatii odamon yo muhiti tabiii atrof, khisoroti nazarrasi moddi va khalaldor namudani sharoiti zindagiyu korii  odamon ovarda rasonidaast yo ovarda merasonad.

Hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda– sistemai chorabiniho, tarzu vositaho, majmui faoliyatho jihati peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda;

Peshgirii holathoi favqulodda– sistemai chorabinihoi sarivaqt ba roh mondashudaest, ki baroi har chi kamtar kardani khatari rukh dodani holathoi favqulodda, inchunin baroi hifzi sihatii  omma, kam kardani miqdori zarari muhiti zist va talafoti moddi dar holati rukh dodani onho, nigaronida shudaast.

Rafi holathoi favqulodda– korhoi najotdihi az sadama va digar korhoi takhirnopazir, ki hangomi rukh dodani holathoi favqulodda anjom doda meshavand va ba najotdihii hayot va hifzi sihatii odamon, kam kardani hajm va zarari muhiti tabiii atrof va talafoti moddi, inchunin baroi mahdud kardani mavzehoi holathoi favqulodda, qat namudani faoliyati omilhoi baroi in mavzeho khatarnok nigaronida shudaand.

Mintaqai holathoi favqulodda- hudude, ki dar on holathoi favqulodda rukh dodaand.

 

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

 

Moddai 4. Oshkorbayoni va ittiloot dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Ittilootro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda, malumotho dar borai holathoi favquloddai peshguishavanda va ba amalomada, oqibathoi onho, inchunin malumot dar borai bekhatarii radiatsioni, kimiyovi, tibbiyu biologi, tarkishi, sukhtor va ekologi dar hududhoi dakhldor tashkil medihand.

Ittiloot dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda, inchunin dar borai faoliyati maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va tashkilothoi in soha oshkoro meboshad, agar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston holathoi digarro peshbini nakarda boshad.

Maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, mamuriyati tashkilotho uhdadorand az tariqi vositahoi akhbori omma va digar shabakaho aholiro sarivaqt va daqiq az jihati hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda va chorahoi andeshidashuda baroi tamini bekhatarii onho, dar robita ba holathoi favquloddai ehtimoli yo baamalomada, shaklho va namudhoi hifzi aholi, ogoh namoyand.

Pinhon doshtan, sarivaqt peshnihod nakardan yo peshnihod kardani akhbori durug dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az tarafi shakhsoni mansabdor tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston boisi javobgari megardad.

Tartibi tamini aholi, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va tashkilothoro bo akhbor, dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda, qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.

 

Moddai 5. Prinsiphoi asosii hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

CHorabinihoe, ki ba peshgirii holathoi favqulodda, inchunin to haddi imkonpazir kam kardani hajmi zarar va talafot dar holati rukh dodani onho ravona karda shudaand, peshaki ba amal barovarda meshavand.

Banaqshagiri va tatbiqi chorabiniho oid ba hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda bo darnazardoshti nishondodhoi iqtisodi, tabii va gayraho, khususiyathoi mahal va darajai khatarnokii voqeii rukh dodani holathoi favqulodda ba roh monda meshavad.

Andoza va mazmuni chorabiniho oid ba hifzi aholi va hudud bo darnazardoshti prinsipi haddi kofii zaruri va haddi imkonpaziri istifodai quvvayu vositahoi mavjuda muqarrar karda meshavad.

Rafi holathoi favqulodda az tarafi quvvaho va vositahoi tashkilotho, maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, ki dar hududhoyashon holathoi favqulodda rukh dodaand, ba amal barovarda meshavad. Dar surati nokifoya budani quvvayu vositahoi nomburda, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston quvvayu vositahoi maqomoti boloi jalb karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 6. Sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda

Sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda maqomi idorakuni, quvvayu vositahoi maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va tashkilothoro, ki halli masalahoi hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda ba salohiyati onho marbutand, muttahid mesozad.

Vazifahoi asosii sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda inho meboshand:

-tahiya va tatbiqi meyorhoi huquqiyu iqtisodi jihati tamini

hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda;

-tatbiqi barnomahoi maqsadnok va ilmiyu tekhniki, ki baroi peshgirii holathoi favqulodda va ziyod kardani ustuvorii faoliyati tashkilotho, inchunin inshooti tainoti ijtimoi dar holathoi favqulodda ravona karda shudaand;

-tamini omodagii maqomoti idora, quvvayu vositahoe, ki baroi peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda tain va judo karda shudaand;

-jamovari, tahlil, tabodul va dodani akhbor dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda;

-omodasozii aholi baroi faoliyat dar holathoi favqulodda;

-peshbini va baho dodan ba oqibathoi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii holathoi favqulodda;

-tashkili zakhirahoi moliyavi moddi baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda;

-tatbiqi ekspertizai davlati, nazorat va sanjish dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda;

-rafi holathoi favqulodda;

-amali namudani chorabiniho oid ba hifzi ijtimoii aholi, ki az holathoi favqulodda zarar didaand, guzaronidani chorabinihoi bashardustona;

-tatbiqi huququ vazifahoi aholi dar sohai hifz az holathoi favqulodda, inchunin shakhsone, ki bevosita dar rafi on ishtirok kardaand;

-hamkorii baynalmilali dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda.

Sokhtor va tartibi faoliyati sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favquloddaro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

 

Moddai 7. Muayyan namudani hududi mintaqai holathoi favqulodda

Hududi mintaqai holathoi favquloddaro rohbaroni korho oid ba rafi holathoi favqulodda, ki mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tain shudaand va dar hududi onho holathoi favqulodda ba vujud omadaast, dar asosi tasnifi holathoi favquloddai muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, muayyan menamoyand.

Holathoi favqulodda ba holathoi favquloddai mahdud, mahalli, hududi, mintaqavi, jumhuriyavi va baynisarhadi judo meshavand.

Ba holathoi favquloddai mahdud holathoi favquloddae dokhil meshavand, ki dar natijai on mintaqai holathoi favqulodda az hududi mintaqai inshooti tainoti istehsoli yo ijtimoi berun nest.

Ba holathoi favquloddai mahalli holathoi favquloddae dokhil meshavand, ki dar natijai on mintaqai holathoi favqulodda az hududi shahrak va dehot berun nest.

Ba holathoi favquloddai hududi holathoi favquloddae dokhil meshavand, ki dar natijai on mintaqai holathoi favqulodda az hududi shahr (nohiya) berun nest.

Ba holathoi favquloddai mintaqavi holathoi favquloddae dokhil meshavand, ki dar natijai on mintaqai holathoi favqulodda az hududi viloyat berun nest.

Ba holathoi favquloddai jumhuriyavi holathoi favqullodae dokhil meshavand, ki dar natijai on mintaqai holathoi favqulodda az hududhoi yak va yo ziyoda viloyatho berun ast.

Ba holathoi favquloddai baynisarhadi holathoi favquloddae dokhil meshavand, ki oqibathoi on az hududhoi mamlakat berun rafta va yo holathoi favqulodda dar khorija ba amal omada, hududi Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar bar megirad.

Bobi 2

Idorakunii davlati dar sohai hifzi aholi va

hudud  az holathoi favqulodda

 

Moddai 8. Vakolathoi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston:

-samthoi asosii siyosati davlatiro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda muayyan menamoyad;

-dar holatho va tartibe, ki Konstitutsiya (Sarqonun) va qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaand, dar sarosari Jumhurii Tojikiston va yo dar mahalhoi alohidai on vaziyati favquloddaro elon menamoyad;

-dar borai jalb namudani Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, digar qushunho va juzu tomhoi harbi hangomi zarurat baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda qaror qabul mekunad;

-maqomoti davlatii makhsus vakolatdorshuda dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favquloddaro tasis medihad;

-digar vakolathoro, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar in soha anjom medihad.

 

Moddai 9. Vakolathoi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston:

-dar doirai salohiyati khud qarorho va farmoishhoro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda qabul namuda, ijroi onhoro tamin menamoyad;

-guzaronidani tadqiqothoi ilmiro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda tashkil menamoyad;

-tahiyai barnomahoi davlatiro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda tashkil namuda, ijroi onhoro tamin mekunad;

-vazifaho, tartibi faoliyat, huququ uhdadorihoi maqomoti hokimiyati ijroiyaro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda muayyan namuda, rohbariro az boloi sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va bartaraf namudani holathoi favqulodda ba amal mebarorad;

-tashkili zakhirahoi davlatii manbahoi moliyaviyu moddiro baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda tamin namuda, tartibi istifodabarii zakhirahoi nishondodashudaro muayyan menamoyad;

-jarayoni istehsolot, nizomi nigahdori, sharoiti hamlu naql va tartibi istifodai moddahoi radioaktivi va digar moddahoi makhsusan khatarnokro, bo rioyai chorahoi zarurii bekhatari muqarrar va nazorat menamoyad;

-oid ba rohbarii bevosita jihati bartaraf namudani holathoi favqulodda va rasonidani yori hangomi rukh dodani on qaror qabul menamoyad;

-nazoratro az boloi faoliyati vazoratu idoraho, maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda,ba amal mebarorad.

 

Moddai 10. Vakolathoi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston:

-tayyori va dar holati omodagi nigoh doshtani quvvaho va vositahoi zaruriro baroi hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda va omuzishi aholiro bo vositahoi himoya va amaliyot dar holathoi zikrshuda ba amal mebarorand;

-guzaronidani chorabinihoi evakuatsioniro dar holathoi favqulodda ba amal mebarorand;

-jamovari va taboduli akhborro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda bo tartibi muqarrargardida amali megardonand, sarivaqt ogohsozi va khabardorkunii aholiro dar borai khatari rukh dodan yo hangomi rukh dodani holathoi favqulodda tamin menamoyand;

-korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va digar korhoi takhirnopazirro tashkil mekunand va meguzaronand, inchunin tartiboti jamiyatiro dar jarayoni guzaronidani on nigoh medorand va hangomi norasoii quvvaho va vositahoi khudi baroi rasonidani yori ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston murojiat mekunand;

-mablagguzorii chorabinihoro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda ba amal mebarorand;

-zakhirahoi moliyaviyu moddiro baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda tashkil menamoyand;

-baroi ustuvorii faoliyati tashkilotho dar holathoi favqulodda musoidat menamoyand;

 

Moddai 11. Maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlatii makhsus vakolatdor baroi halli vazifaho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Baroi ba amal barovardani idorakunii davlati va hamohangsozii faoliyati maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda maqomoti davlatii makhsus vakolatdorshuda tashkil karda meshavad.

Maqomoti davlatii makhsus vakolatdorshuda dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda:

-peshnihodhoro oid ba siyosati davlati dar sohai peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda tahiya menamoyad;

-nazorati davlatiro az rui omodagii quvvayu vositaho baroi amaliyot hangomi rukh dodani holathoi favqulodda va ijroi  chorabinihoro baroi hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda ba amal mebarorad;

-chorahoro oid ba peshgirii holathoi favqulodda, hifzi hayot va sihatii aholi, arzishhoi moddiyu madani, inchunin bartaraf namudani oqibatho va kam namudani zararro hangomi holathoi favqulodda tahiya va qabul menamoyad;

-maqomoti idorakuni quvva va vositahoi hifzi aholi va hududro dar sharoiti holathoi favqulodda baroi amaliyot tayyor va tashkil menamoyad;

-idorakunii quvvayu vositahoro oid ba rafi holathoi favqulodda ba amal barovarda, nuqtahoi idorakuni, sistemahoi khabardorkuni va aloqaro tashkil menamoyad;

-tahiya va tatbiqi barnomahoi maqsadnok va tadqiqothoi ilmiro, ki baroi peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda ravona shudaand, tashkil menamoyad;

-dar doirai vakolathoi khud qarorhoero qabul menamoyad, ki ijroyashon baroi vazoratho, idoraho, korkhonaho, muassisaho va tashkilotho, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon hatmist;

-guzaronidani korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va digar korhoi takhirnopazirro dar sharoiti holathoi favqulodda tashkil menamoyad;

-omuzishi aholi, tayyorii shakhsoni vazifadori maqomoti idorakuni va sokhtorhoi mudofiai grajdaniro baroi amaliyot dar holathoi favqulodda tashkil menamoyad.

 

Moddai 12. Vazifahoi vazoratu idoraho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Vazoratu idoraho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda dar doirai faoliyati khud va sohahoi iqtisodii ba onho voguzorshuda, mutobiqi hamin Qonun va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston korro tashkil namuda, vazifadorand:

-omodagii korkhonahoi tobe, muassisaho va tashkilothoro baroi amaliyot dar sharoiti holathoi favqulodda tamin namoyand;

-chorabinihoi tashkili va muhandisiyu takhnikii baland bardoshtani ustuvorii faoliyati soharo dar holathoi favqulodda tahiya namuda, amali gardonand;

-talaboti sohavi va hujjathoi meyoriro oid ba masalahoi peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda, qoidahoi bekhatarii istehsolot, jarayonhoi tekhnologi va rasonidani onro ba malumoti tashkilotho, inchunin qoidahoi hifzi kormandoni tashkilothoro az holathoi favqulodda dar mutobiqat bo talabothoi davlati tasdiq va nashr namoyand;

-tahiya va tatbiqi chorabinihoro oid ba tahkimi bekhatarii radiatsioni, kimiyovi, tibbiyu biologi, tarkishi, sukhtori, ekologi. Inchunin rioyai meyorho va qoidahoi chorabinihoi muhandisiyu tekhnikii mudofiai grajdaniro hangomi loihakashi, sokhtmon va istifodabarii inshooti tainoti istehsoli va ijtimoi tamin namoyand;

-sistemahoi mahdudi khabardihiro oid ba holathoi favqulodda tashkil dihand va onro dar holati omodagii doimi nigoh dorand;

-bo tartibi muqarrargardida malumotro oid ba holati hifzi aholi va hudud peshnihod namoyand, inchunin kormandoni soharo az tahdidi bavujudoi yo ruydodi holathoi favqulodda khabardor sozand;

-zakhirai manbahoi moddi va tekhnikiro tasis dihand;

-tashkil, mablagguzori va guzaronidani korhoi najotdihi va digar korhoi takhirnopazirro dar inshooti tobei tainoti istehsoliyu ijtimoi va hududhoi ba onho nazdik muvofiqi naqshai peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda tamin namoyand;

-chorabinihoro oid ba evakuatsiyai inshooti makhsusan muhim va hayati kormandoni on ba mahalhoe, ki dar sharoiti holathoi favqulodda faoliyati onhoro tamin menamoyad, amali gardonand;

-tasis, tayyori va dar holati omodagi nigoh doshtani quvvayu vositahoi makhsusro oid ba peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda tamin namoyand;

-ijroi talabotro oid ba masalahoi hifzi aholi va hudud hangomi loihakashi, sokhtmon va tajdidi inshooti tobe tahti nazorat qaror dihand.

Vazoratu idoraho dar inshoothoi ehtimolan khatarnok, ki nomgui onhoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad, vazifahoi shtatii mutakhassisonro oid ba hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda vorid menamoyand. Dar inshooti digar shakhsoni masul tain karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 13. uhdadorii tashkilotho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Tashkilotho dar sohai hifzi aholi az holathoi favqulodda uhdadorand;

-chorahoi zaruriro dar sohai hifzi tashkilotho va inshooti tobei tainoti istehsoli va ijtimoi az holathoi favqulodda ba naqsha girifta, amali namoyand;

-chorabinihoro oid ba baland bardoshtani ustuvorii faoliyati tashkilotho va tamini faoliyati hayotii kormandoni onho dar holathoi favqulodda ba naqsha girifta, anjom dihand;

-khadamoti makhsusgardonidashuda va juzu tomhoro tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida tasis doda, onhoro bo hayati shakhsi, tekhnika va amvol purra namoyand;

-tasis, tayyori va dar holati omodagi ba istifodabari nigoh doshtani quvvayu vositahoro oid ba peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda, omuzishi kormandoni tashkilotho ba tarzhoi hifz va faoliyat dar holathoi favqulodda dar hayati sokhtorhoi gayrinizomi tamin namoyand;

-sistemai mahallii khabardorsoziro az holathoi favqulodda tasis dihand va dar holati omodagii doimi nigoh dorand;

-sokhtmoni inshoothoi muhandisii hifzro dar mavridhoi zaruri peshaki tamin namuda, onhoro dar holati omodagii doimi nigoh dorand;

-tashkil va guzaronidani korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va digar korhoi takhirnopazirro dar inshooti tobei tainoti istehsoli va ijtimoi va dar hududi ba onho nazdik, muvofiqi naqshai peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda, tamin namoyand;

-chorabinihoro oid ba hifzi kormandoni tashkilot va inshooti tobei tainoti istehsoli va ijtimoi az holathoi favqulodda mablagguzori namoyand;

-zakhirai manbahoi moddi va tekhnikiro baroi guzaronidani korhoi takhirnopazir oid ba rafi holathoi favqulodda tasis dihand;

-bo tartibi muqarrargardida chorabinihoi evakuatsioniro guzaronida, joyhoro baroi joygirkunii odamon peshaki omoda namoyand.

 

Moddai 14. Ishtiroki ittihodiyahoi jamiyati dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Ittihodiyahoi jamiyati metavonand dar chorabiniho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va oinnomahoi khud ishtirok namoyand.

Ittihodiyahoi jamiyati huquq dorand, bo tartibi muqarrargardida az maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, tashkilotho oid ba sarchashmahoi holathoi favqulodda va chorahoi rafi on malumot girand.

Ittihodiyahoi jamiyatie, ki dar rafi holathoi favqulodda ishtirok mekunand, tahti rohbarii maqomoti dakhldori idorai sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda amal menamoyand.

Ishtirokchiyoni rafi holathoi favqulodda az ittihodiyahoi jamiyati boyad omodagii dakhldori bo tartibi attestatsioni tasdiqshudaro doshta boshand.

 

Moddai 15. Istifoda burdani Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, digar qushunho va sokhtorhoi harbi baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda

Baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda quvvaho va vositahoi Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, digar qushunho va sokhtorhoi harbiro istifoda burdan mumkin ast. Tartibi istifoda burdani onhoro Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

 

Moddai 16. Istifodai quvvayu vositahoi maqomoti korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston hangomi rafi holathoi favqulodda

Baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda quvvayu vositahoi Vazorati korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston muvofiqi vazifahoe, ki ba maqomoti korhoi dokhili qonun va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston voguzor namudaast, istifoda burda meshavand.

 

Moddai 17. Monitoring va peshguii holathoi favqulodda

Monitoring va peshguii holathoi favqulodda az tarafi khadamoti makhsusi nazorat va sanjish az rui ofathoi tabii, sadamahoi tekhnogeni va falokatho ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Tartibi guzaronidani monitoring va peshguii holathoi favquloddaro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

Bobi 3

Huquq va vazifahoi shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston dar

sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda va hifzi ijtimoii zarardidagon

Moddai 18. Huquqhoi shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

SHahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston huquq dorand:

-ba hifzi hayot, salomati va amvoli shakhsi dar holati bavujudoii holathoi favqulodda;

-muvofiqi naqshai rafi holathoi favqulodda ba istifodabarii vositahoi hifzi dastajami va infirodi, amvoli digari maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati va tashkilothoe, ki baroi hifzi aholi az holathoi favqulodda tain karda shudaand;

-ba khabardor kardan az khatare, ki onhoro dar mavzehoi muayyani joygirshavi dar hududi kishvar tahdid menamoyad va az chorahoi bekhatarii zaruri;

-ba murojiati infirodi yo dastajamona oid ba masalahoi hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda ba maqomoti davlati;

-baroi ishtirok dar chorabiniho oid ba peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda bo tartibi muqarrargardida;

-ba bargardonidani zarar, ki ba salomati va molu mulki onho dar natijai holathoi favqulodda rasonida shudaast;

-ba sugurtai roygoni davlatii ijtimoi, giriftani jubronpuli va imtiyozot az zarare, ki ba sihatii onho hangomi ijroi vazifaho dar jarayoni rafi holathoi favqulodda rasidaast;

-ba tamini nafaqa dar holati gum kardani qobiliyati mehnati bo sababi mayubi va yo bemori, ki hangomi ijroi vazifaho oid ba hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda ba onho rasidaast, bo tartibi muqarrargardida baroi korgarone, ki mayubshavii onho dar natijai osebi mehnati ba amal omadaast;

-ba tamini nafaqa bo sababi mahrum gashtan az sarparasti oila, ki az mayubi yo bemori hangomi ijroi vazifaho oid ba hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda halok shudaand yo favtidaand, bo tartibi muqarrargardida, ki baroi oilahoi shahrvandoni hangomi ijroi vazifai shahrvandi oid ba najoti hayoti odamon, hifzi molikiyat va tartiboti huquqi mayub shuda, halok gardidaand yo favtidand, muayyan karda shudaast.

Tartib va sharoiti sugurtai ijtimoii davlati, namudho va andozahoi jubronpuliyu imtiyozot ba shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki tibqi qismi yakumi moddai mazkur peshnihod karda meshavand, qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.

 

Moddai 19. Vazifahoi shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

SHahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston vazifadorand:

-qonunho va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda rioya namoyand;

-chorahoi bekhatariro dar hayoti maishi va faoliyati harruzai mehnati rioya namuda, ba vayron namudani intizomi istehsoli yo tekhnologi, talabothoi bekhatarii ekologi, ki mumkin ast boisi ba vujud omadani holathoi favqulodda gardad, roh nadihand;

-tarzhoi asosii hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda, tarzhoi rasonidani yorii avvaliyai tibbi ba zarardidagon, qoidai istifodabarii vositahoi hifzi kollektivona va infirodiro omukhta, donish va mahoratu malakai khudro dar in soha takmil dihand;

-ishorahoi ogohkuni, qoidahoi raftor va tartibi faoliyatro dar sharoiti tahdid va ogozshavii holathoi favqulodda donand;

-dar holathoi zaruri jihati guzaronidani korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va digar korhoi takhirnopazir hamkori namoyand.

Bobi  4

Omodasozii aholi dar sohai hifzi aholi az holathoi favqulodda

 

Moddai 20. Omodasozii aholi dar sohai hifzi aholi az holathoi favqulodda

Tartibi omodasozii aholiro dar sohai hifzi aholi dar holathoi favqulodda Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

Omodasozii aholi ba amaliyot dar holathoi favqulodda dar tashkilotho, az jumla dar muassisahoi talimi, inchunin dar joyhoi istiqomati ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Omodasozii rohbaron va mutakhassisoni tashkilotho, inchunin quvvahoi sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda baroi hifz az holathoi favqulodda dar muassisahoi talimoti miyonai umumi va olii kasbi, muassisahoi takmili ikhtisos, kursho, markazhoi makhsusi talimiyu metodi va joyhoi kori, ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 21. Targibi donish dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Targibi donishro dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda maqomoti idorakunandae, ki ba sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda dokhiland, dar yakjoyagi bo ittihodiyahoi jamiyatie, ki faoliyati khudro dar sohai hifzi aholi va najot dodani odamon amali megardonand, inchunin maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va tashkilotho tamin mesozand.

Baroi targibi donish dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda az vositahoi akhbori omma istifoda kardan mumkin ast.

Bobi 5

Tartibi taminoti moliyu moddii chorabiniho oid ba hifzi

aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Moddai 22. Mablagguzorii barnomahoi maqsadnok

Mablagguzorii barnomahoi maqsadnok va chorabiniho oid ba hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda baroi taminoti ustuvori faoliyati tashkilotho, tibqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 23. Mablagguzorii maqomoti idorakunandae, ki baroi halli vazifaho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda makhsus vakolatdor karda shudaand

Mablagguzorii faoliyati maqomoti doimamalkunandai idorae, ki baroi halli vazifaho dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda makhsus vakoltador karda shudaast, az hisobi bujeti dakhldor anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 24. Mablagguzorii chorabiniho oid ba rafi holathoi favqulodda

CHorabiniho oid ba rafi holathoi favqulodda az hisobi tashkilothoe, ki dar mintaqahoi holathoi favqulodda joygirand, vositahoi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, bujethoi dakhldor, fondhoi sugurtavi va digar manbaho mablagguzori karda meshavad.

Hangomi nabudan yo norasoii vositahoi mazkur baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda vositahoi fondi zakhiravii Jumhurii Tojikiston, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston judo karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 25. Tasis va istifodai zakhirahoi moliyu moddi baroi rafi holathoi favqulodda

Zakhirahoi moliyu moddi jihati rafi holathoi favqulodda bo maqsadi favran jalb namudani vositahoi zaruri dar holati rukh dodani holathoi favqulodda peshaki tasis meyoband. Zakhirahoi ehtiyotii zikrgardidaro maqomoti hokimiyati ijroiya tasis medihad.

Tartibi tasis va istifodai zakhirahoi dar qismi avvali moddai mazkur nishondodashuda va tartibi purrasozii vositahoi istifodashudai in zakhirahoro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

 

Bobi 6

Ekspertizai davlati, nazorat dar sohai hifzi aholi va

hudud az holathoi favqulodda

 

Moddai 26. Ekspertizai davlati dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Ekspertizai davlati baroi dar amal tatbiq namudani loihaho va qarorhoi peshbinishuda dar inshooti tainoti istehsoliyu iqtisodi va ravandhoe, ki metavonand sarchashmai holathoi favqulodda boshand, yo metavonand ba tamini hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda tasir rasonand, az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai ekspertizai ekologi bo maqsadi sanjish va oshkor namudani darajai muvofiqati onho bo meyorho, standartho va qoidahoi muqarrari guzaronida shuda, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston anjom doda meshavad.

Dar holati zaruri ekspertizai loihaho va qarorhoi baroi tatbiq peshbinishudaro dar inshooti tainoti istehsoli va ravandhoe, ki metavonand sarchashmai holathoi favqulodda boshand, yo metavonand ba tamini hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda tasir rasonand, mumkin ast, ki ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va eksperthoi ozod, inchunin mutakhassisoni tashkilothoi baynalmilalii eksperti, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, anjom dihand.

 

Moddai 27. Nazorat dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda

Nazorati davlati dar sohai hifzi aholi va hudud az holathoi favqulodda muvofiqi vazifahoi guzoshtashudai sistemai yagonai davlatii peshgiri va rafi holathoi favqulodda, bo maqsadi sanjishi ijroi purrai chorabiniho oid ba peshgiri az holathoi favqulodda va omodagii shakhsoni mansabdor, quvvayu vositaho baroi amaliyot hangomi rukh dodani onho, guzaronida meshavad.

Nazorati davlatiro dar sohai zikrgardida maqomoti hokimiyati ijroiya, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, anjom medihad.

Bobi  7

Muqarraroti khotimavi

 

Moddai 28. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki muqarraroti hamin Qonunro vayron mekunand, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 29. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                    E.Rahmonov

 

sh.Dushanbe  15 iyuli soli 2004

№ 53

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