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Harakati jamiyati dar IMA

Vazi zindagii zahmatkashon dar IMA nisbat ba digar mamlakathoi taraqqikarda behtar bud. Vale guzarish ba sarmoyadorii inhisori istismori ahli mehnatro dar in mamlakat ziyodtar kard. Ba in kori inhisorho mardumi mehnatkash etiroz bayon menamud. Bo maqsadi talab kardani rioyai qonunho korpartoi mekardand. Harakati korpartoi khususan dar miyonai solhoi 80-umi asri XIX vusat yoft. Dar korpartoii 1 mayi soli 1886 ziyoda az 350 hazor nafar mardumi tabaqahoi gunoguni mehnatkashon ishtirok kardand. Korpartoi alalkhusus dar yake az shahrhoi sanoatii kaloni IMA – CHikago vazi tezu tundro girift.

3 mai, hangomi girdihamoii osoishta, politsiya bar ziddi korpartoftagoni besiloh otash kushod. Dar natijai in 5 nafar halok va chandin nafari digar zakhmdor shudand. Ruzi digar, hangomi girdihamoii ommavii osoishtai etirozi, dar gulgashti Haymarket igvogare ba tarafi politsiya gulula partoft. Baroi in amal hukumatdoron peshvoyoni harakati korpartoi Person, Fisher, Engel va SHpsysro muttaham karda, ba dor ovekhtand.

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Solhoi 90-um harakati korpartoi kam nashud. Soli 1892 korpartoii ommavi korgaronu muhandisoni zavodhoi madankorkunii Kornegi va Gomstedro faro girift.

Soli 1881 *shtmfokloi kasaba (IMA) – “Federatsiyai Amerikavii mehnat” tashkil yoft. Asosguzori FAM Gompers bud. U dar zarfi 42 sol betanaffus ba in harakat rohbari kardaast.

Fermerho sozmonhoi khudro bo nomi “greycherho” (“mulk” – “ferma”) va “grinbekerho” (“pushti sabz” – pushti kogazi puli dollar dar nazar doshta shudaast) tashkil kardand. In sozmonho muhofizatkunandagoni boetimodi sokhti fermerii kishovarzii IMA gardidand.

Soli 1897 Hizbi Sotsialisti tashkil yoft. On dar bayni yak qismi zahmatkashon va baze tabaqahoi digari aholi obruy paydo kard. Hizbi Sotsialisti 13 ruznoma va dahho majallahoro chop mekard. Nomzadi in hizb dar intikhoboti soli 1912 qarib 1 mln ovoz girift. Soli 1901 yak qismi azoyoni Hizbi Sotsialisti az hizbi khud baromada, bo hamrohii sotsialistoni digar hizbi navi sotsialisti tashkil kardand. Gayr az in sozmonhoi digari sotsialistiyu korgari, ba monandi “ Korgaroni industrialii jahon”, “Ligai ziddi imperialisti”, “Ittifoqi fermerho”, “Jamiyati amerikavii adolat” va gayra ba vujud omadand. Hamai onho dar hifzi huquqhoi zahmatkashon va demokratikunonii jomeai IMA sahmi khudro meguzoshtand.

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