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Halli “Masalai Pomir”

Kuhistoni Pomir ba du qismati asosi judo meshud, ki yake Pomiri Garbi ( mulkhoi tojiknishini Vakhon, Goron, SHugnon va Rushon) va digare Pomiri SHarqi (dar on jo qavmhoi kuchmanchii qirgizho sukunat doshtand) bud. Masalai okhirini baroi Rusiya va Angliya bahsnok hamin mintaqai Osiyoi Markazi bud. Hangomi zabti zaminhoi turkmanho Rusiya Pomirro sarfi nazar nakarda, “az khud” kardani onro tanho ba vaqti digar mavquf guzoshta bud.

Dar “masalai Pomir” Afgoniston va CHin ham davogar budand. Bad az jangi solhoi 1878-1880-i ziddi Afgoniston Angliya pushtiboni in davlat elon gardid. Bo hamin sabab siyosati khorijii Afgoniston ba manfiathoi Angliya muvofiq kunonda meshud. Bo tavsiyai hukumati Britaniyai Kabir amiri Afgoniston ba Pomiri Garbi lashkar kashida, soli 1883 Vakhon, Goron, SHugnon va Rushonro ishgol namud.

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Raqobati Rusiya, Afgoniston va Angliya baroi Pomir qarib dah sol – az soli 1883 to soli 1893 idoma yoft. Soli 1891 Angliya viloyati kuhistonii Komchutro, ki ba mulkhoi Hunta va Nahor taalluq dosht, ishgol menamoyad. Az chunin surat giriftani rafti voqea Rusiya sarosema shuda, dar Pomir ba amaliyoti faolona shuru kard. Mohi iyuni soli 1891 dastai 120-nafarai kazakho va askaroni rus bo sardorni polkovnik M. Ionov ba Pomir meravad. General-gubernatori Turkiston A. V. Brevskiy tavassuti mulozimoni khud ba mardumi mahalli va davogaroni Angliyayu Afgoniston rasond, ki Pomir az Rusiya ast. Safari M. Ionov “masalai Pomir”-ro ruzmarra kard. Mohi apreli soli 1892 arboboni davlatii Rusiya ba mashvarati makhsusi ba in masala bakhshidashuda jam omada, qaror qabul kardand, ki ba Pomir askar firistoda, hokimiyat va sohibiyati Rusiyaro dar in mintaqai Osiyoi Markazi mustahkam kunand. Mohi iyuni soli 1892 M. Ionov boz ba hamon rohi ba u shinos va in dafa bo dastai askaroni ziyodtar ba Pomir rahsipor shud. Ba on jo rasida vay dar sohili daryoi Oqsu postgohi Pomirro sokhta, dar mahallai SHojon 250 nafar askarro baroi zimistonguzaroni mustaqar mekunonad.

Dere naguzashta “masalai Pomir’’ ba majroi  korhoi diplomatii Rusiya va Angliya vorid meshavad va oqibat anglisho Pomirro ba Rusiya voguzor mekunand. Gap dar sari on ast, ki solhoi 1869- 1873 dar borai mintaqai zeri manofei Rusiya budani Pomir qarordodhoi rusiyu anglisi ba imzo rasonida shuda budand. Baroi halli nihoii ‘‘masalai Pomir” soli 1893 kotibi idorai mustamlikavii Angliya dar Hinduston oid ba korhoi khoriji Mortimer Dyurand bo tashrifi makhsus ba Kobul meoyad va ba Abdurahmonkhon peshnihod menamoyad, ki u az davoi SHugnon, Goron, Vakhon va Rushon guzarad.

Muvofiqi Sozishnomai navi soli 1893-i bayni Angliya, Rusiya va Afgoniston qismi sharqii Vakhonu Goron ba Afgoniston guzasht, zaminhoi dar tarafi chapi daryoi Amu voqebudai Darvozi Bukhoro niz ba Afgoniston doda shudand. Afgoniston lashkari khudro az Vakhon, Goron, SHugnon va Rushon va CHin boshad, az Pomiri SHarqi barovard. Sozishnomai mazkur 27 fevrali (11 mart) soli 1894 ba rasmiyat daromad. Bahori soli 1895 sarhadhoi bayni Rusiyayu Afgoniston az tarafi komissiyai mushtaraki anglisiyu rusi qatiyan muayyan karda shudand. Hamin tariq, Pomiri SHarqi va Pomiri Garbi ba hayati general- gubernatorii Turkiston dokhil megardand.

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