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Haykaltaroshi va memori dar asrhoi XIX-XX

In navi sanat beshtar dar Faronsa va IMA taraqki kard. Asarhoi haykaltaroshoni faronsavi Opost Roden “SHahrvandi Kale”, “Busa”, “Mutafakkir” va gayra az rui dramatizm, uslubi ifodayobi va sanati balandi khud, ki zeboi va mardonagii insonro tarannum kardaand, kasro maftun mekunand.

Haykaltaroshoni digari faronsavi Aristid Mayol va Antuan Burdel ustodoni buzurgi sanati haykaltaroshii asri XX gardidand. Ejodiyoti Burdel, ki ba sanati monumentali taalluq dorad va asarhoi Mayol, ki bo zeboii ruhi va jismonii inson marbutand, az sanati haykaltaroshii YUnoni Qadim darak medihand, ba in namudi sanat ruhi toza bakhshidaand.

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SHarl Despio, ki niz faronsavi meboshad, haykaltaroshi nemis Georg Kolbe va amerikoi Ogastes Sent-Godensro ham bo Aristid Mayol va Antuan Burdel dar yak saf guzoshtan mumkin ast. Onho sanati haykaltaroshiro bo asarhoi balandmazmuni khud gani gardonidaand.

Memori. Dar sanati memori tipi navi sokhtusozhoi muhandisi paydo shudand. Kupruki Brunklin, ki onro padaru pisar Ryoblingho dar Nyu-York sokhtaand va manorai balandi mashhuri ohanine, ki onro muhandis A. G. Eyfel baroi namoishgokhi Umumijakhonni soli 1889 dar shahri Parij sokhta bud, az buzurgtarin inshoothoi sanati memorii on zamon meboshand.

Memori amerikavi Lyuis bo yorii sistemai bolorhoi ohanu betoni va liftho ba sokhtani binohoi avvalini azamati sarbafalakkashida cap kard. Dar barobari in memoron bo zeboyu dilkash sokhtani binohoi istiqomatiyu jamiyati va inshoothoi digari memoriyu muhandisii bohashamat diqqati makhsus medodagi meshavand.

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OFTOB, HAVO VA OB – DUSTONI BEHTARINI MO

Agar az bachahoi sinf dar in khusus purson shavi, albatta, ba in fikr rozi meshavand. …