Home / Madaniyat va Sanat / Haykaltaroshi (skulptura)

Haykaltaroshi (skulptura)

Haykaltaroshi (skulptura) – kalimai lotinii yunonihoi qadim (sculptura, az sculpo – buridan, kandan, taroshidan).

Haykaltaroshi yake az namudhoi qadimtarini sanat mahsub meyobad. Dar tuli tamomi tarikh obrazhoi odamon yo hayvonot dar ruyi sangho, shokhho, ustukhonho va g. tasvir meyoftand. SHakhse, ki ba chunin namudi sanat mashgul ast, uro haykaltarosh menomand.

Sanghoi balbal, obrazhoi odamon, hayvonot, ashyohoi hayoti ruzgorro az omekhtai makhsus tahiyashuda az gil mesokhtand, metaro- shidand, az sang va mavodhoi digar meburidand. Hamin tariq az ibtido haykaltaroshi rushd kard.

Haykaltaroshi ba se namudi asosi taqsim meshavad:

  1. Buzurg (monumentali).
  2. Dastgohi.
  3. Haykaltaroshii shaklhoi khurd.
«Gavazn». asri VI to milod. Dar Eni-sey paydo karda shudaast. Ermitaj. Sankt-Peterburg
«Gavazn». asri VI to milod. Dar Eni-sey paydo karda shudaast. Ermitaj.
Sankt-Peterburg

Haykaltaroshii buzurg tibqi shakl va andoza tafovut dorad. Asarhoi buzurgi haykaltaroshi dar kuchaho, maydonho, dar bogho, dar namoi berunii khonaho va dar tolorhoi azim guzoshta me- shavand. Haykale, ki ba yake az insonhoi mashhur yo hodisai muhim bakhshida shudaast, asari haykaltaroshi nomida meshavad. Mujassama haykali azimjussa buda, hodisai buzurgero inikos menamoyad, mahz bo hamin khusu

siyat az namudhoi digari haykaltaroshi tafovut dorad.

Kalimai «moneo» (monument) az rimihoi qadim girifta shuda, manoyash «haykal» meboshad.

Dar maydoni markazii shahri Bishkek haykali savora guzoshta shudaast, ki nazari u ba samti janub nigaronida shudaast. Haykali mazkur ba yodbudi jangovari qahramon guzoshta shudaast, ki omoda ast ba khotiri khalqi khud va marzi khesh to qatrai okhiri khun muboriza burda, az pasi khud jangovaronro mebarad. U dar dasti chap sipar, dar dasti rost shamsherro nigoh medorad.

Haykaltaroshii dastgohi ba buzurgii aslii inson nazdik ast va naboyad az andozahoi u ziyod boshad.

Tafovuti haykali buzurg dar on ast, ki uro dar nazdi binoho, khonaho va osorkhonaho, inchunin dar bogho va gulgashtho meguzorand.

Ammo boz namudi haykaltaroshie mavjud ast, ki onro tanho az jonibi pesh metavon did.

SHakli on bo yorii hajmhoe sokhta meshavad, ki berun az hamvorii manzar – relef barjastagi dorad.

Relef ba se namud taqsim meshavad – barelef, gorelef, kon- trrelef.

Faromush namesozem, ki istilohi «sanati oroishiyu amali» (dekorativiyu amali) az kalimai lotinii dekoro – «oro dodan» va «guzoshtan» paydo shuda, manoyash ba boloi chize guzoshtan ast.

Masnuoti zeboe, ki bo dast baroi hayoti hamaruza sokhta shuda- ast, ba sanati oroishiyu amali shomil meboshad.

«Manas». T. Sodiqov
«Manas». T. Sodiqov

* In haykal kiro ba khotir meorad?

* Haykali mazkur ba kadom hodisa bakhshida shudaast?

Haykaltaroshii dastgohi ba buzurgii aslii inson nazdik ast va naboyad az andozahoi u ziyod boshad.

Tafovuti haykali buzurg dar on ast, ki uro dar nazdi binoho, khonaho va osorkhonaho, inchunin dar bogho va gulgashtho meguzorand.

Ammo boz namudi haykaltaroshie mavjud ast, ki onro tanho az jonibi pesh metavon did.

SHakli on bo yorii hajmhoe sokhta meshavad, ki berun az hamvorii manzar – relef barjastagi dorad.

Relef ba se namud taqsim meshavad – barelef, gorelef, kon- trrelef.

Faromush namesozem, ki istilohi «sanati oroishiyu amali» (dekorativiyu amali) az kalimai lotinii dekoro – «oro dodan» va «guzoshtan» paydo shuda, manoyash ba boloi chize guzoshtan ast.

Masnuoti zeboe, ki bo dast baroi hayoti hamaruza sokhta shuda- ast, ba sanati oroishiyu amali shomil meboshad.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

modar

SHerhoi behtarin dar vasfi Modar

Muhabbati modar Pisar, rav, qadri modar don, ki doim Kashad ranji pisar bechora modar. Birav, …