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HODISAHOI GARMY

Dar Tabiat hodisahoi marbut ba garmu khunuk kardani jismho, az yak holat ba holati digar yoftani modda, ba nazar merasand. Tavri misol, khunuku garm kardani havo va yo khok, obshavii barfho, yakh va gayra. CHunin hodisahoro hodisahoi garmi menomand.

Hangomi az had ziyod garm kardani moddaho, harakati hissachahoi khurdi on tez shuda, moddahoi sakht ba moddahoi moe tabdil, moddahoi moe bukhor shuda, ba khud holati gazmonandro megirand.

A Guzashtani mavod az holati sakhty ba holati moegiro, gudokhnan menomand.

Moddahoi gunogun dar harorathoi gunogun gudokhta meshavand. Harorate, ki dar on modda gudokhta meshavad, harorati gudokhtani moddaho nomida meshavad.

Harorati gudokhtashavii baze moddaho dar toblui 9 nishon doda shudaast.

Toblui 9.

Nomi moddaho Harorati gudokhtashavi, (° S)
YAkh 0
Ohan 1539
Spirt – 114
Simob -39
Volfram 3387

Padidai guzashtani moe dar jufti nomida.

Bukhorshavy dar hama harorat surat megirad. Tavri misol, zamin pas az boron, ham pas az ruzi garmi bahori va ham ruzi salqini tiramohy khushk meshavad.

Hatto rui joe, ki zimiston dar kucha ovezon karda shudaast, khushk meshavad. Har qadar harorati havo baland boshad, hamon andoza bukhorshavy teztar surat megirad.

Hangomi khunukshavii moddaho, harakati hissachahoi onro tashkilkunanda sust, jozibai baynihamdigarii onho purquvvat gardida, onho ba hamdigar nazdik meshavand. Dar natijai in moddaho az holati gazmonand ba holati moegy meguzarand.

Hodisai az holati bug ba holati moe tabdil yoftani moddaro kondensatsiya menomand.

Agar ba osoni ba oina puf kunem, mo mebinem, ki dar on qatrahoi maydai ob paydo shudaand.

Agar khunukkunii moddaro idoma bidihem, pae hissachahoi on boz qavitar ba ham jafs shuda, on ba holati sakhny meguzarad.

Hodisai guzashtani modda az kholati moegy ba holati sakhtiro hodisai sakhtshavy va yo kristallizasiya menomand.

Hamon tavre tachriba nishon dod, modda dar hamon harorate, ki gudokhta meshavad, sakht meshavad.

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