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HIZMATI SARBOZI

Dar hole, ki dar SHuravi donishjuyonro ba khizmati sarbozi namegiriftand, ba bakhti man dar soli 1984, ki soli avvali dar Donishgoh khondanam bud, qoidai nav ruyi kor omad va davlat qaror kard, ki donishjuyon niz ba khizmati sarbozi jalb sha- vand. YAgona istisno baroi donishgohhoi pizishki dar nazar girifta shuda bud, ki in qaror donishjuyoni onhoro az khizmat ozod mekard. Aslan, baroi omuzishi zaboni khoriji niz fosila dar bayni tahsil zararovar ast, vale on vaqt fakultai mo ham shomili fehriste shud, ki donishjuyonash boyad baroi sarbozi biravand. On zamon artishi shuravi dar khoki Afgoniston bud, ehtimolan, shoyad ba hamin dalel niyoz ba sarbozon beshtar shuda boshad.

dushanbe

Hizmati sarbozi baroi javonon dar SHuravi hatmi bud. Bachchahoro az hajdahsolagi baroi du sol ba khizmat megirif- tand. SHoyad baroi mutobiq kardan boshad, aksaran bachchahoro baroi khizmat ba sharoiti iqlimii mukholifi joi zistashon mefiristodand. Masalan, askarbachchahoi Osiyoi Miyonaro ba Sibir va SHarqi Duri Rusiya, ki iqlimash sard ast, mefiris- todand, bachchahoi on joro boshad, ba in mintaqaho intiqol medodand. Dar artish beshtar ba sarbozon saforoi, qadamzani va digar korhoi tashrifotiro meomuzondand. Namedonam az chi sabab boshad, ki hunarhoi razmi az qabili karatevu sambo va gayra omuzish doda nameshudand, shoyad az on metarsidand, ki in bachchaho bargashta, safi avboshonro ziyod kunand.

Bahori soli 1985, vaqte soli avvali tahsilro ba poyon me- rasondam, man ham baroi sarbozi davat shudam. Man mohi sen- tyabri soli 1984, yane az ogozi soli tahsil ba Dushanbe omada va dar tuli nuh mohi avvali donishjui ba khonaamon narafta va padaru modaramro nadida budam. CHunki on zamon rohi zamini az tariqi agbai Anzob faqat dar faslhoi garm boz bud va dar zimiston raftu omad ba Panjekat az tariqi parvoz va yo ba va- silai qator az tariqi Samarqand imkonpazir bud, ki vaqt va kharji ziyod metalabid. Man hamin tavr, be didoru khayrukhush bo khonavoda ba khizmati askari raftam. Du soli digar ham bar in fosilai didor bo ahli khonavoda afzuda shud va dar majmu hududi 3 sol khonavoda va payvandonro nadidam, faqat padar va amakamro didam, ki hikoyai on khohad omad.

Mo navaskaronro az furudgohi kuhnai Dushanbe, bo par- vozi hashtsoata ba viloyati Amur dar SHarqi Duri Ittihodi SHuravi burdand va bo qator ba qismi nizomii omuzishi ro- nandahoi tonk rasondand. Hamai mo 175 nafar navaskarro, ki bo yak havopaymoi «Tu-154» az Tojikiston omada budem, ba hamin qismi nizomii omuzishi ovardand, vale dar davomi yak mohi avval aksari in navaskaroni az Tojikiston omadaro ba qismhoi digar, makhsusan ba qismhoi sokhtmoni va qismhoi yori- dihanda firistodand. Mo faqat 3 nafar az Tojikiston dar in omuzishgoh mondem va har ruz az digar qismathoi SHuravi ba omuzishgoh navaskar meovardand, ki beshtarashon bachchahoi rus, belorus va ukroin budand. CHi tavre ki arz shud, qismi nizomie, ki moro baroi omuzish burdand, baroi talimi ronandagoni tonkhoi sabuk ikhtisos yofta bud. Ba mo dar in omuzishgoh ro- nandagii tonk va sokhti onro ham meomuzondand. SHash moh mo dar in qismi nizomi omuzish didem va pas az on, ba qismhoi harbi baroi khizmati asosi firistoda shudem.

Pas az khatmi omuzish, moro ba qismhoi nizomi firisto- dand, to tonkhoi jangiro ronandagi kunem. Man va du rusbach- charo ba viloyati Habarovsk firistodand. Dar on jo moro ba yak majmuae burdand, ki baroi taqsimi sarbozho ikhtisos doda shuda bud. Mo ba yak saloni buzurg vorid shudem. In tolori khele kalon pur az sarbozu afsaron bud. Misli in ki hamai sarbozoni dar on tolor budaro dar ikhtisoshoi gunogun omuzishi shashmoha doda, baroi idomai khizmat ba qismhoi nizomi firistoda bu- dand. Mo se nafar, ki ronandagii tonk khonda budem, az qayd gu- zashtem va dar gushae nishastem. In tolori buzurg ba yak bozori purgavgo shabohat dosht. Afsaroni ziyod meomadand va az miyoni on sarbozon askarbachchahoi baroi qismi nizomiyashon darko- riro paydo mekardandu sabti nom mekardand va meburdand. Zamone yak kapitan vorid shudu pursid, ki ronandahoi tonk kujoand? Sui mo nishon dodand, omad va nomhoi moro pursid. CHun az nom va zohiri man malum bud, ki man az millati rus nestam, u ba man tavajjuhe nishon nadoda, on duro giriftu burd va sabt kard. In zamon boz yak kapitani digar vorid shud va bo sadoi baland pursid, ki:

– Ronandagoni tonk kujoand?

On kase, ki sabti nom anjom medod, sui man nishon dod. U peshtar omadu pursid:

  • Kujost?

On yake bo ishora ba man guft:

  • In ast.

Afsar bo dashnomhoi qabeh dod zad:

  • Na, man «churka» (rusho zodagoni Osiyoi Markazi va Qaf- qozro dagalona hamin tur menomidand, ki manoi ahmaqro dorad) namekhoham, man ronandai tonk mekhoham.

Guft:

  • Hamin ronandai tonk ast, 3 nafar budand, yak nafar mond. Afsar pursid:
  • On du nafari digar kujo hastand?

Guft:

  • Du nafari digarro giriftand, – va ba sui afsari qabli ishora kard.

In afsar ba on afsare, ki on du tanro intikhob karda bud, khitob kard:

  • Kolyabin, tu charo harduro burdi va haddi aqal yakero ba- roi man naguzoshti?

Afsare, ki mashguli sabti nomi on du tan bud, tabassumi istehzoomeze kard va javob nadoda, ba kori khud idoma dod. Vaqte afsari tozarasida az u khost yake az on du tanro baroi qismi u bidihad va manro ba joi u bipazirad, afsari avval qabul nakard va guft:

  • Kuzmin, sabti asnodi inho anjom shud, tu hamon yakero, ki monda, bigir va agar iddaoe dori, dar joi digar bigu.

Kapitan Kuzmin, dar hole, ki khele asaboni shuda bud va dashnom medod, ba sui man misli sag akkos zad:

  • Ki hasti?

Man ismamro guftam, guft:

  • Millatat chist?

Guftam:

  • Tojik.

Bo asaboniyatu norohati guft:

  • Bo man biyo.

Noiloj ism va asnodi maro sabt kard va bo khudash burd. U khele norozi az on bud, ki ba u yak «churka» rasid. Man, tamomi in muddat, bo istehzo munosibati uro dunbol mekardam. U namedonist, ki man ronandai khubam yo bad. Baroyash millatam muhim bud, na qobiliyatam!

Mo ba qismi harbie omadem, ki boyad on jo davrai asosii khizmati sarboziro meguzarondem. In qismi nizomi dar hasht kilometrii marzi CHin voqe bud va dar kanori rohhoe, ki mo qadam mezadem, har jo-har jo navishta budand: «Sarboz, hushyor bosh, to marzi davlati hasht kilometr ast». Ba qavli afsaron, in qismi nizomi dar muqoisa bo mahalli omuzishi muqaddamotii mo, joe khele muhim va khatarnok bud. Meguftand, ki solhoi shast dar tanishe, ki miyoni CHin va SHuravi guzashta bud, sarbozoni chini voridi qalamravi SHuravi shuda, tedodi ziyodi sarbozonro dar shabi khobashon kushta budand. Namedo- nam, ki in guftaho haqiqat dosht yo baroi hushyor kardani mo meguftand.

Moro ba batalioni aloqa ovardand va joi khob, oshkhona, maydoni mashq, poygohi tonku moshinho va gayraro baroyamon nishon dodand. Ruzi digar boz moro ba poygohi tonkho bur- dand va moshinhoyamonro mushakhkhas kardand. Aslan, mo baroi ronandagii tonk omuzish dida budem, vale vaqte ba in qismi nizomi omadem, ba mo zirehpush (BTR) dodand, ki dar poya yo platformi hamon tonk sokhta shuda bud, vale ba joi asliha do- khilash pur az tajhizoti radiovu aloqa va vazifaash tamini aloqa baroi farmondehon dar holati jang bud. Ismi on PUM (Punkt upravleniya mobilniy), bud, ki ba zaboni tojiki Mar- kazi farmondehii sayyor guftan mumkin ast. Dar surati sar zadani jang, farmondehi diviziya, ki zeri dastash 8-10 hazor afsaru sarboz bud, az tariqi hamin moshini mo amaliyoti ni- zomiro idora mekard, chun in moshin tajhizoti zaruriro dosht, zirehpush va tasmacharkh buda, metavonist az joyhoi dushvorguzar harakat kunad. Moshinhoi makhsusi mujahhazi digar niz budand, ki dar atrofi mo meistodandu bo ham vasl meshudand va dar majmu, nizomi aloqai makhfii nizomi shakl megirift, ki vobasta ba talabi farmondeh uro bo hama qismhoi nizomii zerdastash va rohbaroni bolodastash bo aloqai makhfi vasl mekard.

In zirehpushho az nazari man ba unvoni ronanda, khele badsokht budand va zud-zud vayron meshudand va du mushkili buzurg doshtand, ki yake ba tanzimoti sistemi sukht marbut bud va digarash – ba tanzimoti jabai danda. Ruze nabud, ki onho vayron nashavand. Albatta, az nazari sarbozone, ki korashon aloqa bud, in zirehpushho khub budand, chun tajhizoti onho khub kor mekard. Vale khudi moshin zud-zud kharob meshud.

Motori on dizeli bud va hamohangii miyoni pompi sukht va motor doim barham mekhurd. Man ba ronandagi shavq doshtam va dar yak soli dar Zavron kor kardanam, bo traktoru moshinho ziyod mashgul shuda budam, az sokht va kori tekhnika ogoh budam va dar on shash mohi omuzish rohhoi raf kardani mushkiloti in zirehpushro khub fahmida budam.

Ruze az ruzhoi avvali khizmatamon ba mo guftand, ki boyad zirehpushhoro barorem va mashq kunemu korhoi toza kardan va servisro anjom dihem. Mo ba pork raftem va man pesh az giron kardani motori tonk, avval ba hamon joyi zafi sukht nigoh kardam va didam, ki dar tanzimot ikhtilof ejod shudaast. Avval pompro boz kardam va charkhai motorro sari joyash ovar- damu takti avvali harduro tanzim kardam. YAk pompi dasti ham dosht, ki boyad avval tavassuti on khudi pompro bo suzishvori pur mekardi va on goh bo avvalin harakati kalid motori tonk giron meshud. Vale agar in kor anjom nameshud, bo yak-du kalid zadan bateriho, ki khele kuhna budand, az kor meuftodand. Az nav pur kardani bateriho vaqti ziyod metalabid. Man, ki inhoro medonistam, avval hama tanzimotro durust kardam va bad ka- lid zadam va motori zirehpushi man giron shud. Onro berun ovardam va hamroh bo yordamchi, ki har ronanda yak yordamchi ham dosht, korhoi nazofat va servisro anjom dodem. Rotai mo doroi du zirehpush bud – yake talimi va digare – jangi. Duvumiro ham berun ovardem va tanzimu nazofat kardem. Dar pahlui bokshoi (garaj) mo zirehpushhoi on du nafare bud, ki hamrohi man az omuzishgoh omada budand va onho giron nameshudand. Vaqte ki afsaron baroi bozbini omadand, didand, ki hardu zirehpushi mo giron shudavu kor mekunand va on du boshad, giron nameshavand. Kolyabin, ki on du sarbozro intikhob karda va ba man bo istehzo barkhurd karda bud, nazdi mo omad, davri zirehpushhoi mo gashtu rafta ba sarbozonash dug zad, to zudtar zirehpushhoro giron karda, korhoro anjom bidihand. Dar in lahza farmondehi rotai mo omad va avvali bo khitob ba u guft:

  • Kuzmin! In zirehpushhoi tu chi tavr giron shudand? Kuzmin guft:
  • Namedonam.

Kolyabin guft:

  • Ba on sarbozat bigu, biyoyad va zirehpushhoi moro ham bubinad.

In Kuzmin fikr karda bud, ki manzuri u on shogird – yovari man ast va ba u guft:

  • Birav, moshinhoi onhoro ham bubin.

Sarboz raft va pursid:

  • CHiro bubinam?

Ba u guftand, ki binad charo onho giron nameshavand.

Vay guft:

  • Man nametavonam.

Ba u guftand:

  • Pas chi guna on duro giron kardi?

Sarboz guft:

  • U medonad, – va ba man ishora kard.

Kolyabin ba man bo pupisa guft:

  • Biyo in jo, tu on zirehpushhoro giron kardi? – guyo man jinoyate karda bosham, -chi tavr giron kardi?

Man guftam:

  • Tanzim kardam va giron shud.

Pursid:

  • CHi tavr tanzim kardi?

Man tavzeh dodam.

Vay guft:

  • Bubin, inho charo giron nameshavand?

Nigoh kardam, ki ronanda vaqti tanzimi motor nazmi pom- pro vayron karda bud. Afsar omadu pursid, ki mushkil dar chist? Baroyash tavzeh dodam va mushkilro guftam. U guft:

  • Ba tartib bigu, chi kor bikunad?

Rohnamoi kardam va ba hamon tartib, ki guftam, tanzim kardand va bo avvalin start, khushbakhtona, bateriho hanuz na- shishta budand, motor ba kor daromad.

Aknun, Kuzmin ba Kolyabin bo istehzo menigarist.

Digar az zaboni onho «churka»-ro nashunidam.

Pesh az ba khizmati sarbozi raftan, bachchahoi az khizmat bar- gashta ba mo az tajribai sarboziashon hikoyaho mekardand va mashvarat medodand, ki agar ba khizmat ravem, chi guna raftor namoem. Hama ba yak ovoz hushdor medodand, ki az ruzi avval sharmu tarsro kanor guzoshta, az ijroi farmonhoi sobiqadoron sarkashi kunem vagarna, moro tarsu hisobida, ba mo beshtar korhoi iflosro, az qabili shustani dastshuyiho va farsh me- farmoyand va umuman, dar artish kasonero, ki mute boshand, hurmat namekunand. Meguftand «agar yak bor lattai farshshuiro ba dastat bigiri, du soli khizmatat bo farshshui khohad guzasht». Baraks, agar notars boshi va ba fishoru tahdid tan nadihi, sohibi ehtirom meshavi va khizmat oson meguzarad.

In bud, ki mo ba har erode yo farmoishe vokunish nishon medodem. Hatto lozim shavad, zanozani ham mekardem, vale sar namefurovardem. Ba fahmi bachchagii mo, in yak kori nomusi bud.

Qismi nizomie, ki man dar on adoi khizmat mekardam, az batalionhoi ziyod iborat bud. Az tojikon man bo yak nafari digar, ki Musulmon nom dosht, dar qismi aloqa khizmat me- kardem. Dar qismhoi digar hamagi se nafar bachchahoi tojik budandu khalos. Mo bo hamdigar khele dust budem va doim az holi hamdigar khabar megiriftem. Dar hama kor ba yakdigar kumak mekardem. Hikoyati yak ittifoqi jolibro, ki bo yake az in bachchaho aftida bud, dar poyon khoham ovard.

CHi tavre ki zikrash raft, dar artish sobiqasolori roij bud. Sarbozoni sobiqador berun az oinnoma ba khudashon sa- lohiyathoi beshtar megiriftand. Sarulibosashonro ba zavqi khudashon muvofiq mekardand. Na hamesha rejai ruzro rioyat mekardand. Koru vazifahoi khudro ba javonsarbozon bor menamu- dand va gayra. Umuman, qonunshikani dar artish ziyod rukh medod. Inchunin, munosibati bayni sarbozon ziyod ba janjolu zanozani mekashid, ki davlat majbur shud baroi munosibathoi khilofi oinnoma qonunhoi jinoi qabul kunad va hatto zindonhoi makh- susi intizomii sarbozi tashkil kard.

Man ham yak bachchai javonu khom va ba istilohi Ustod Ayni, «yak tojiki ahmaq» budam va tibqi hamin zehniyat khizmat mekar- dam. Be hech sababi khos parkhoshjui mekardam va ba javonsarbozon sakhtgiri ravo medidam. Bore yak sarbozi javonro az sababi on, ki dar boshishgoh ob nabud, baroi ob firistodam va tahdid kardam, ki be ob barnagardad vagarna lat khoham kard. Ba zudi ob ham omadu man on sarbozi javonro faromush karda budam. In sarboz az tars gurekhta, on shab ba qism barnagasht. Ruzi digar vaqti saforoii subh nabudani u oshkor shud va bad az justuju uro az zeri buttahoi bogi qismamon paydo kardand, pursuju malum shud, ki u az tahdidi man tarsida, gurekhta budaast.

Dar natija, baroi man taftishot ogoz kardand. Dar holi ba dodgohi nizomi firistoda shudani parvanda, ba man hukmi adoi jazo dar zindoni intizomii sarbozi tahdid mekard, ki man onro khele jiddi nagirifta budam. Hele sodalavh budam, fikr mekardam agar yak zarra poyon oyam, hamai obruvu nomusam merezad va nobud meshavad.

Muovini farmondeh oid ba korhoi siyosi-ideoloji mayor Lebedev peshnihod kard, ki ba padaru modaram khabar dihand. U dar jami afsaron, ki maro muhokima mekardand, elon kard, ki dar Osiyoi Miyona zindagi dar aulho ba tavri qabilavi meguzarad va chunin khabari bad zud pahn shuda, boisi saraf- kandagii khonadon meshavad. Harchand man davo kardam, ki ba balogat rasidaam va ba amolam khudam javob mediham, ba in nigoh nakarda, ba khona telegram firistodand.

Man on zamon beshtar az on norohat budam, ki amali zish- tam ba padaram oshkor meshavad, metarsidam, ki chi guna ba chashmoni padaram nigoh mekunam. Fikr namekardam, ki kori bade kardaam. Aslan ba zehnam namerasid, ki chi jazoe maro intizor ast. Nofarmonivu sarkashiro qahramoni medonistam.

Padari azizam hamrohi amakam, ki hanuz barhayotand, ba qismi nizomii mo, ki hasht hazor kilometr az zodgoh dur bud, omadand, ki boisi sarafkandagi va sharmandagii man shud.

Vaqte ki padaram ordeni «Lenin»-u «Bayraqi Surkhi Meh- nat»-ro ba sari sina ovekhta, ba qabuli farmondehi qismi ni- zomi omadand, u did, ki na bo yak avulnishini sahroi, balki bo yak sobiqadori khizmatnishondoda rubarust, dastupo khurd va vaqte ba u guftand, ki khudash dar tarbiyai man masul ast va agar pas az yakunim soli khizmat man jinoyate sodir karda bosham, u
ham javobgar ast, larza dar andomash aftod va zeri obu araq monda, vada dod, ki pas az muhlati kami monda, maro sihatu salomat ba khona gusel khohad kard. Dastur dod, parvandaro qat kardand va on khatar az sari man raf shud. To joe man medonam, in joizahoi padaram faqat hamin yak bor ba oilai mo khizmat kardand, vale voqean khizmati arzandae!

Vale in hodisa ba man dars shud va bad az on ba khudam qavl dodam, ki beandesha nabosham va ba on hama besari khotima diham. Dar davomi muhlati boqimondai khizmat, ki taqriban nim soli digar bud, digar ba hech fitnae doda nashudam va az qonunshikanivu jangu janjol khuddori kardam. Agar dar tuli yakunim soli khizmat shibhigalabahoyam ba nazaram boisi if- tikhor buda boshand, bo guzashti zamon khuddorihoi kardaam baroyam moyai iftikhor shudaand. Badho dar asari bezavoli Bayhaqi khondam, ki u niz be ovardani juziyot, az mujozot shuda- nash naql mekunad va khudashro gunahkor medonad va az kardaash izhori pushaymoni mekunad. Man hanuz ham az on hodisa ehsosi sharm mekunam, naqlashro baroi on ovardam, ki ba javonon dars shavad.

Man khizmatro mohi mayi soli 1987 ba okhir rasonda, bargashtam va tahsilro dar Donishgoh idoma dodam.

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