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HINDUIYA VA SIKHIYA

Hinduiya yake az dinhoi sernufuzi milli meboshad. On dar miyonai hazorai yaki solshumorii melodi, yane asrhoi IV-VI dar imperiyai Gupta ba amal omadaast. Hinduiya arabishakli kalimai forsi Hindu /daryoi Ind/ meboshad. Hinduiya dar asosi brahmaniya paydo shudaast. Va brahmaniya khudoi Brahmaro, ki kholiqi jahon ast, parastish menamoyad. Dar barobari Brahma khudoyon Vishnu /muhofizi olam/ va SHiva /kharobkori olam/ parastida meshavand, ki baqavli muhaqqiqon salosai muqaddasi hinduiya – trimuritiro tashkil medihand.

hinduizmAsosi talimot hinduiya dar Vedaho bayon shudaast. On az chor majmua iborat meboshad: Rigveda /majmuai surudhoi asotiri/, Samaveda /majmuai dasturot doir ba marosimho/, YAjurveda /majmuai qoidahoi qurboni/ va Atkharvaveda /majmua dar borai qoida va duohoi sehrangez/. YAke az aslhoi muhimi hinduiya talimot dar borai sapsara /az sanskritsayohat, kishvargardi/ az nav tavaludshavi, tanosukhi ruh meboshad.

Ruh metavonad az inson ba rustani, hayvon va baraks mutobiqi qonuni karma /az sanskrit-amal, vazifa/ guzarad. Har kas muvofiqi amalash mukofot megirad, vobasta ba on ki to chi andoza talaboti hinduiyaro ijro mekunad. Maqsadi asosii hayoti inson az rui talimoti hinduiya daryofti guzarish az tanosukh guzarish ba vasl bo Brahma – ruhi jahoni, nafsi kull meboshad.

Ba sharafi khudoyoni hinduiya ibodatgohhoi boshukuhi ziyode bino shudaand, ki dar onho ruhoniyoni hinduiya rohbari mekunand. Obu baze hayvonot /misli gov, maymun, fil/ az mukddasoti khinduiya ba khisob meravand. Dar khinduiya raviyakhoi vishnuiya va shivaiya mavchudand, ki afzaliyatro ba khudo Vishnu va yo khudo SHiva medikhand.

Dar dokhili khinduiya yoga /az sanskrit-aloka, robita yo makhduda/ talimoti dini irfoni dar borai tasfiyai chon, ozodshavii on az tasiri badan va payvast shudan ba rukhi mutlaki khudo ba vuchud omadaast. Yoga inchunin machmui koidakhoi riyozati badan, tabobat ba vositai gimnastikaro ba vuchud ovardaast. Takriban dar asrkhoi HV-HVI dar asosi khinduiya sikkhiya /az kalimai “sikkh” – shogird/ paydo shuda, minbad dini mustakil gardid. Sikkhkho asosan dar Panchobi

Hinduston zindagy mekunand. Onkho etikod ba khudoy yagonaro, ki tasvirash nomumkin ast, payravy menamoyand. Dar sikkhiya parastishi gururukhoni, sher, ki yake az onkho Konaka asosguzori din kham khisob meshavad, chori ast. Imruz yak kismi sikkhkho baroi mustakiliyati Panchob va tashkili davlati Holiston kushish menamoyand.

 

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