Home / Biologiya / Gul. Ahamiyati gul baroi hayoti rastaniho. Sokhti gul

Gul. Ahamiyati gul baroi hayoti rastaniho. Sokhti gul

Gul gufta navdai kutohu shakldigarkardaro menomand, ki baroi afzoishi tukhmi khizmat mekunad. Odatan poyai asosi yo pakhlui bo gul ba itmom merasad. Har gul az mugjagul inkishof meyobad. Qismi poya- gii gul agar gulpoya va gulbandro darbar girad, kosabarg, gulbarg, gardbarg va tukhmdon az barghoi shakldigarkarda ba vujud omadaand.

Ba gunogunshaklii rastanihoi guldor, ki dar tabiati bekanor vomekhurand, nigoh nakarda, onho az rui sokhti gulashon ba khamdigar monand meboshand. Inro dar misoli guli seb dida mebaroem.

tuxmdon

Dar markazi guli seb tukhmdon joygir ast. Gardbarghoi ziyode onro ikhota kardaand. Tukhmdon va gardbargho juzkhoi (uzvhoi) aso- sii gul ba hisob meravand. Dar atrofi gardbargho va tukhmdon gulpush joygir meboshad. Gulpushi guli seb az du namudi bargchaho iborat ast. Bargchahoi daruni gulbargho va bargchahoi beruni kosabargho meboshand. Majmui gulbarghoro gultoj (chanbari gul), kosachabarghoro kosabarg menomand. In guna gulpushro gul- pushi duchanda menomand 84 .

Gultoji guli seb az panj gulbargi safed yo safedu gulobi iborat ast, ki bo ham payvast nestand. Dar digar rastaniho, masalan, tamokugul, gaznagul, anguri sagak, kartoshka, guli tutiyo qismi poyoni gulbargho ba ham payvast shuda, naychamonand gardidaast.

Kosabargi guli seb az panj bargchai sabz iborat buda, onho ba ham payvast nestand. Ammo dar baze rastaniho, chunonchi, dar mekhcha- gul qismi poyonii kosabargchahoi sabz ba ham payvast shuda, naycha- monand shudaast.

Dar baze rastaniho, khususan dar rastanihoi yakpalla (guli zanbaq, amarillis, lola), tamomi bargchahoi gulpush kamu besh yakkhela- and, onho kosabarg nadorand. In guna gulpushro gulpushi oddi (sodda) menomand. Dar barobari in bargchahoi gulpushi od- dii guli baze rastaniho (masalan, lola) kalonu khushrang, dar ras- tanihoi digar (chunonchi, maymak (sitnik)) berangand.

Dar bazei digar rastaniho gul umuman gulpush nadorad (masa- lan, guli bed, shung), gulhoi onho guyo uryon yo luch msboshand.

Uzvhoi asosii gulro az nazar meguzaronem. Dar guli seb khar ka- dom gardbargi gul garddon dorad, ki dar dokhili on gard pukhta merasad. Garddon dar dumchai gardbarg joy giriftaast. Tukhmdon (mevadon) az gardgirak, sutuncha va gura iborat ast. Dar guli seb tukhmdon az panj sutunchai asosashon ba ham payvastu qismi nugiashon az hamdigar judo-judo, ki har kadomi onkho yaktogi gardgirak dorand, iborat ast. Gura panjlonagy buda, du tukhmmugja dorad, ki az onho pas az gulshukuft tukhm inkishof meyobad 84 .

Gulhoi aksari rastaniho ham gardbarg va ham tukhmdon dorand. Onho gulkhoi dujinsaand. Ammo dar baze rastaniho yak qismi gulho faqat tukhmdon (gulhoi tukhmdondor, yo modina), qismi digar boshad, faqat gardbarg (gulhoi gardbargdor, yo narina) do- rand. In guna gulhoro gulhoi judojinsa menomand.

CHunin rastaniho, az qabili bodiring va juvorimakka, rasta- nihoi yakkhonagi yo dujinsa meboshand. CHunki, gulhoi tukhmdondor (mo- dina) va gardbargdor (narina)-i onho dar yak (niholi) rastani in- kishof meyoband 85 . Ammo dar kanab, safedor va bed gulhoi narina va modina na dar yak bekh nihol, balki dar rastanihoi judogona judo- judo joy giriftaand. Onhoro rastanihoi dukhonagi yo judojinsa meguyand 86 . Baze khelhoi gesha nom giyoh niz judojinsaand.

  1. Gul chist?
  2. Gul az kadom juzho (uzvho) iborat ast?
  3. Gulpush chist?
  4. Tukhmdon va gardbarg chi khel sokht dorand?
  5. Az tukhmmugja chi inkishof meyobad?
  6. Gulhoi dujinsa az gulhoi judojinsa chi farq dorand?

 

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