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GuSHT

gushtGuSHT, az jumlai khurokvorihoi purqimat va mamuli mardum meboshad. Qimati gizoi va biologii G. ba gunogunii tarkibi khimiyavi, khususan ba safedahoi on vobasta ast. G. ozuqai baso guvoroyu khushhazm va sergizo buda, az on taomhoi bisyor pukhtan mumkin ast.
Dar khurok G.-i hayvonoti kalonu khurd va dar baze kishvarho gushti asp, gajgov, shutur, ohu, bazan gushti hayvonoti vahshi – guroz, khirs, shohgavazn, gavazn, inchunin gushti parrandahoro ba kor mebarand.
Tarkibi G. az safedahoi khushsifat, charbho, vitaminho, moddahoi minerali iborat ast. Organizmro bo safeda va charb asosan G. tamin mekunad. Safedahoi boftai mushak az hama mufidtar meboshand. Safedahoi boftai payvandi, asab va tagoyak az jihati tarkibi khimiyavi va hozima qimati chandon baland nadorand. Ravgani G., khususan G.-i gov va gusfand, ba zudi ob nameshavad; ravgani khuk teztar ob va osontar hazm megardad. G. manbai khubi fosfor, ohan, kaliy, natriy, ruh, mis, yod va dig. moddahoi minerali meboshad. Vitaminho (asosan vitamini V) beshtar dar uzvhoi dokhili, alalkhusus dar jigar va boftai charbi jam shudaand. G. moddahoi qiyomii bisyor dorad, ki onho dar vaqti pukhtani G. mebaroyand. Moddahoi nomburda kori gadudhoi hozimaro taqviyat doda, ishtiho meorand, hazmi khurokro behtar mekunand, tamu bui G.-ro to andozae dilkash mesozand. G.-i khushsifatro az namud, sakhtiyu narmi, rang va buy shinokhtan mumkin ast. G.-i taru toza surkh va andak sakht meshavad (chuqurchae, ki hangomi bo angusht zer kardan paydo meshavad, ba zudi barham mekhurad). G.-i khunukkarda yo khunukshudaro chand ruz dar yakhdon nigoh doshtan mumkin ast; G.-i yakhkardaro dar sarmodon nigoh medorand.
Istemoli G.-i badsifat metavonad boisi zahroludi, amrozi siroyatii gunogun va paydoishi kijja shavad. Ekspertizahoi veterinari va veterinariyu sanitari hangomi ba vositai dukon, bozor va muassisahoi khuroki umumi furukhtani G. peshi rohi in khatarro megirand. G.-i az nazorati sanitari naguzashtaro kharidan mumkin nest.
G.-ro hamchun gizoi shifobakhsh istifoda mekunand, chunki dar tarkibi on aminokislotaho, safeda, moddahoi minerali, az jumla ohan, khele farovon meboshand. Dar mavridi tabobati bemoriho beshtar taomhoi az gushti qima tayyor kardaro kor mefarmoyand (hazmi on sabuk ast).
Tarkibi khimiyavi (ba hisobi g) va kaloriyai gushti hayvonhoi gunogun (ba 100 g ozuqai tayyor)

Navi gusht
Gushti gusfand, navi I
Gushti gusfand, navi II
Gushti gov, navi I
Gushti gov, navi II
Gushti khuk, «bekon»
Gushti khuki serravgan
Gushti khuki kamravgan
Gushti asp, navi I
Gushti gavazn, navi I
Gushti ohu
Gushti khargush
Gushti shohgavazn

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