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Gigienai oshkhona va khonai khurokkhuri

Tozagi va nigohubini muttasili matbakh in ba tarzi hayoti solim musoidat mekunad va az madaniyati sohibkhonazanu ahli oila guvohi medihad. Se namudi rubuchin va toza nigoh doshtani matbakh (oshkhona) mavjud ast:

Tozakunii harruza, harhaftaina va bakhshida ba jashnvorahoyu idho, ki onro tozakunii kulli (generali) niz nomidan mumkin ast. Har yake az in namudhoi tozakuni az toza kardani havoi matbakh sar meshavad. Sahar va begohi oinahoi matbakhro kushoda memonand, to ki havoi oshkhona toza shavad va bad asbobu anjomi oshkhona va ruzgorro shusta, ba rafho jo ba jo menamoyand.

oshkhona

Badi rubuchin kardan, jihozi changoludro pok mekunand, bad farshi matbakhro meshuyand. Dar vaqti tozakuni boloi taom va ozuqavoriro mepushand. Sarpushi satili partov boyad doim pushida boshad. Zarfho va tabaqchai iflosro gun karda namemonad. Baroi on ki dar matbakh va umuman manzil magas, nonkhurak va khoyandaho paydo nashavand, boloi khurok va zarfhoi noshustaro pushida, khuroki boqimonda va partovhoi oshkhonaro sari vaqt partoftan lozim ast.

Boloi plitai taompazi va zarfshuyakhoro boyad zud-zud pok karda istodan lozim ast. Bo chutkai namnok va yo lattai nam boyad haftae 1 marotiba matbakhro toza namud, agar dar khona kudakhoi shirkhur boshand, in navi  tozakuniro har ruz boyad guzarond. Dar in kor changkashak yo chutkai makhsusi muydorro baroi toza kardani mebeli oshkhona istifda namudan muvofiqi matlab ast.

Bo lattai khushk yo kame nam qaburgahoi garmidihanda (batareya), peshtakhtai tireza, dar va dastakhoi darro toza menamoyand. Farshro bo mahluli sobundor yo mahluli makhsus meshuyand va onro tez-tez nav kardan lozim ast.

Tozakunii kulli (generali)-ro boyad az 3 to 5 bor dar 1 sol ijro namudan zarur ast. Tozakunii kulli dar hama joi matbakh guzaronida meshavad. On az nav kardani qogazhoi jevoni matbakh sar shuda, to tozakunii panjarahoi havotozakunak va girdu atrofi lulahoi obguzar idoma meyobad. Asbobu zarfhoi hamai jevonhoro girifta, toza shusta, khushk karda meguzorand. Jevonhoro ham pok mekunand va 3-4 soat havoi matbakhro toza mekunand. hamai asbobu anjomho va tajhizotro ba kulli toza va pok menamoyad.

Toza kardani daru shishai tireza dar okhir ijro meshavad. Behtar meshavad agar shishai tireza va darro dar havoi salqin sahari yo begoh toza kuned. Avval bo lattai muloim romi daru tirezaro meshuyand, bad peshtakhtavu shishai tirezaro bo mahluli makhsus meshuyand.

SHisha va romhoi tirezaro bo obi mutadil yo shirgarm shusta, bad bo obi khunuki toza boz meshuyand. SHishai tirezaro dar vaqti pok kardan az tarafi digari on bo ravishi amudi pok menamoyand. In roh baroi toza shudani shisha madad merasonad. SHisharo to jilo dodanash bo qogaz yo matohoi muloim pay dar pay toza mekunand. Plitahoi gaz yo barqiro bomahluli makhsus meshuyand.

Dar sinfkhonahoi tekhnologiyai maktabi (dukhtaron) taompazi va ijroi korhoi amaliro dar mizi kori bo istifodai joyhoi shustushuy va asbobhoi garmikuni meguzarand. Binobar in tashkili joi kor vobasta ba kor muayyan karda meshavad.

Dar mizi kori boyad mahsulotro bo tartib va qulay jo ba jo guzoshta holatu guzorishi asbobu anjomhoro boyad ba nazar girift.

Baroi tayyor kardani taom na faqat tashkili joi kori, balki holati ijroi kor niz muhim ast. Dar nazdi mizi kori boyad qomatro rost nigoh doshta istodan lozim. Pesh az korkardi tekhnologii mahsulot boyad asbobu anjomhoi lozimiro intikhob namoem.

 

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