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GURDAI SUNi

gurdai-suniGURDAI SUNi, dastgohest baroi gemodializ. G. s.-ro bo maqsadi az khun khorij sokhtani moddahoi zahrnok, hamchunin tanzimi muvozanati obu elektrolitho va kislotayu ishqorho dar organizm kor mefarmoyand. G. s. dar mavridi zahroludii shadid baroi az organizm dur kardani zahr va hangomi uremiya muvaqqatan ba jo ovardani vazifai gurda ahamiyati kalon dorad. Dar asnoi noqisii muzmini gurdaho gemodializ muntazam va duru daroz ba amal barovarda meshavad. Istifodai G. s. baroi bemoroni giriftori gipotenziyai sharayoni, khunravii daruni, ikhtiloli modarzodii lakhtabandii khun joiz nest.
Vazifai asosii G. s. dializ ast. Dializ imkon medihad, ki az plazmai khun moddahoi massai molekulaasholn khurd (elektrolitho, karbamid, kreatinin, kislotai peshob va g.) dur karda shavand.
Sokhti G. s. gunogun boshad ham, onho az rui naqshai yagona kor mekunand. G. s. az dializator, dastgohi tahiya kardan va ba dializator firistodani mahlul, asbobi perfuziya (baroi tavassuti dializator harakat kardani khun musoidat mekunad) va monitor iborat ast. Dializator qismi asosii G. s. meboshad. On az membranai nimnufuzpaziri selyulozi yo sintezi tarkib yoftaast.
Mahluli dializi az ionhoi natriy, kaliy, kaltsiy, magniy, atsetat yo gidrokarbonat, khlor, bazan glyukoza iborat meboshad; fishori osmosii on ba fishori osmosii plazmai khuni odami solim nazdik ast. Az khun ba mahluli dializi guzashtani zarrachaho ba tafovuti konsentratsiyai moddaho dar du jonibi membrana (diffuziya), hamchunin ba farqiyati bayni fishori gidravlikii khun va mahluli dializi (ultrapoloish) vobastagi dorad.

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