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GULZARDi

gulzardiGULZARDi (Erysimum diffusum), khokshir, giyohest dusola. Az 20 to 115 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash sershokh, bargash darozruya, rakhdor, barghoi poyon dumchadaroz, gulash maydai zard. May – sent. gulu meva mekunad. Dar alafzori nimsavanna, yavshonzor, farkzor, archazor, shagalzamin meruyad. Dar q.-kuhhoi Qurama, Hisoru Darvoz va nohiyahoi Tojikistoni SHarqi pahn shudaast.
G.-ro baroi dorui dar davri gulshukuft megundorand. Dar joi soyai shamolras khushkonida meshavad. YUnoniyon va rimiyoni qadim G.-ro az davohoi behtarin baroi muolijai obkhura mehisobidand. Dar Sibir tabiboni khalqi onro chun davoi peshobron, muqavvii dil, ziddi bemorii zangila (singa), sili shush, obvaram, hamchunin dar mavridi zahroludi kor mefarmoyand. Dar tibbi khalqii tojikon choyi bargu poyai G. hangomi bemorihoi dil, dilzani, galayoni khun va chun vositai peshobronu isholovar tavsiya doda meshavad. Az G. mahluli glikozidi erizimin istehsol karda shudaast, ki baroi muolijai illati dil mufid meboshad. On khususan baroi tabobati bemoroni giriftori nuqsi darichai dil mufid ast. G. hamchunin ba tarkibi dorui «Kardiovalen» dokhil ast. Onro hangomi illathoi tarbodii dil, kardioskleroz, ikhtiloli gardishi khun (darajai I, II, III) istifoda mebarand (ruze 1 – 2 marotiba 15 – 20 chakragi). Dar tib hamchunin naqei obii G. (1 – 2 qoshuq alafi onro dar 1 istakon obi jush andokhta, ruze 4 – 5 marotiba yakqoshuqi bo qand meoshomand) baroi muolijai nuqsi dil kor farmuda meshavad. Doruhoi G.-ro faqat bo tavsiyai dukhtur istifoda burdan lozim ast.
Ad.: Kovaleva N.G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A.D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A.F., Grom I.I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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