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GULSANG

gulsangGULSANG, lishaynik (Lichenes), guruhi rastanihoi darajai past. G. az hamzistii zanburugho va obsabzho ba vujud meoyad. Ilme, ki G.-ro meomuzad, likhenologiya menomand. Oid ba aloqai tarafayni zanburugu obsabzho aqidai noduruste hukmfarmo bud, ki guyo obsabzho zanburugro bo moddahoi organiki (angishtob) va zanburugho dar navbati khud obsabzro bo obu namaki minerali tamin mekarda boshand. Dar asl aloqamandii onho ba parazitizmi tarafayn asos yoftaast. G.-ho az rui shakl ba pustlokh, barg va shokhcha (butta) monand meboshand. Bo rohi nashvi va jinsi afzoish mekunand. Dar dunyo qarib 20 haz. namudi G. malum ast. Dar Tojikiston 200 namudi G. (makhsusan az jinsi Parmelia, Xanthoria, Acarospora, Lecidea, Phizocarpon va g.) duchor meoyad.
G.-ho dar tib (chun bakterisidho va g.), atriyot va tekhnika istifoda meshavand. Bino ba aqidai tabiboni mardumi G. khosiyati poksozi dorad. Agar onro os karda guzoshta bandand, hamai navhoi shukufai pustro shifo mebakhshad, khuni ravonro band mekunad, tafsi uzvhoro taskin medihad, varamhoi garmro ba tahlil mebarad va agar biposhand, varami zabonro megardonad. Navi surkhi G.-ro dar ob jushonida, on obro sof karda binushand, dardi zonuro daf mekunad.

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