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GULKARAM

gulkaramGULKARAM (Brassica cauliflora), sabzavotest yaksola; ba sifati khurokvori istifoda meshavad. Poyaash gafs; 15 – 20 bargi darozruyai neshtarshakl yo nisbatan pahni tukhmshakl dorad. Gultudaash sabzi basta, bazan jilodor. Barghoi poyoniash dumchai kutoh doshta, ba bekhi poya chaspidaand. To chuqurii 60, bazan 100 – 120 sm resha (tirresha) meronad. Reshahoi pahluiyash to 50 – 60 sm pahn meshavand. Badi purra shakl giriftan, tudagulash 5 – 6 navda meronad; navdaho zud sabz shuda, shokha mebarorand, gul karda, hosil mebandand. Tukhmi G. maydai jigari buda, qobiliyati sabzishashro 3 – 4 sol nigoh medorad.
Saraki G. mahsuloti khubi khurokist. Dar natijai durust parvarish kardan, to 1,5 – 2 kg (bazan beshtar) meshavad. G. sabzavoti parhezist. Onro jushonda, biryon karda va dam doda istemol mekunand. Nisbat ba dig. anvoi karam zudhazm ast va luobpardai medaro nameangezad. G. khosa dar mavridi bemorihoi rohi medayu rudaho va chun gizoi atfol nafovar meboshad. Hangomi sust budani tarashshuhoti meda istemoli taomhoi objushe, ki az G. tahiya shudaand, ahamiyati kalon dorad. Onro dar asnoi zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdaha, bemorihoi jigar va talkhadon niz tavsiya medihand (istemoli kallakaram joiz nest). Baroi odamoni giriftori niqris (podagra) ziyon dorad.

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