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GLITSERIN

gliserinGLITSERIN (yun. glykeros – shirin), soddatarin spirti seatoma. G. moei berangu buy va sharbatmonand; t gud. 17,90S, t jush 2900S, zichiash 1260 kg/m3 (250S); hangomi 1000S khunuk kardan, ba massai shishamonand tabdil meyobad. Bo ob, atseton, spirti etil va metil omekhta meshavad. Beshtari payvasthoi organiki va noorganiki (namak, ishqor, qand va g.)-ro hal mekunad. Bo metallho glitserat, bo kislotahoi organiki gliserid, hangomi oksid shudan, aldegidi glitserin, dioksiatseton, kislotai glitserat va g. hosil mekunad. Hangomi degidratatsiyai G. poliglitserin yo akrolein hosil meshavad. Dar holati ozod dar khun, charbui tabii va fosfatidho vujud dorad. Dar sanoat onro asosan az propilen, inchunin dar natijai gidrolizi ishqorii charbuho hangomi sobunpazi va az partovhoi istehsoloti spirt hosil mekunand. G. baroi hosil kardani nitroglitserin va zifthoi sintezi, dar sanoati khurokvori, bofandagi va atriyot, mahluli obii on chun antifriz istifoda meshavad. G.-ro dar tib chun vositai muloim sokhtani pust, hamchunin dar tarkibi shamakho va huqna baroi rafi qabziyat kor mefarmoyand. G. hangomi istehsoli marhamho, lanimentho va g. niz istifoda megardad.

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