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GLIKOPROTEIDHO

glikoproteidiGLIKOPROTEIDHO, safedahoi murakkabi angishtobdor. Qarib dar hama boftaho va moeoti organizm vujud dorand. Massai mol. az dahho hazor to yakchand mln. Ba G. asosan mutsinho va mukoidho mansuband. Mutsinho dar shirai gadudhoi luob, mas., dar shirai gadudi obi dahon vujud dorand. Mukoidho ba tarkibi tagoyak, ustukhon, pay, band, zujojiyai chashm, safedai tukhm va g. dokhil meshavand. Ba G. bisyor safedahoi tarkibi plazmai khun (seruloplazmin, orozomukoid, transferin, protrombin), unsurhoi guruhi khun, immunoglobulinho, baze fermentho, gormonho mansub meboshand. Miqdori karbogidratho dar G. to 80%-ro tashkil medihad. Tarkibi polisakharidii onho az glyukozamin, galaktoza, mannoza va dig. karbogidratho iborat ast. G.-e, ki qismi gayrisafedavii onho kislotai neyraminat meboshad, ahamiyati kaloni biologi dorand. Onho dar baze fermentho, gormonho, luob va boftahoi asab vujud doshta, dar hosil shudani jismhoi masuni roli muhim mebozand. Az gidrolizi G. dar barobari aminokislotaho glyukoza, galaktoza, mannoza va dig. hosilai karbogidratho, inchunin kislotai sulfat va sirko hosil meshavad.

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