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GIPOTROFIYA

gipotrofiyaGIPOTROFIYA (Hypotrophia; az gipo… va trophe – gizo, khurok), ikhtiloli muzmini tagziyai kudak, ki tadrijan ba logari merasonad. G. beshtar dar kudakoni sinni khurdsol, inchunin dar janin hangomi bemorihoi gunoguni modar (G.-i batni) ba amal meoyad.
Sababhoi G. gunogun meboshand, mas., kam budani shiri modar, sinamakonii nouhdabaroyona, muddati daroz ba kudak khurondani omekhtai shiri, tavalludi kudaki chala (norasida), gizoi nokifoya va yakkhela, nigohubini nodurusti kudak, nabudani tartibi muayyani nigohubin, ba havoi toza nabarovardani tifl, bemorihoi medayu ruda, zud-zud shamol kashidan va g. Organizme, ki bo moddahoi gizoi tamin nest, zakhirai safeda, charbu, angishtob, namakhoi minerali va vitaminhoro sarf mekunad. Az kamobiyu ikhtiloli sabzishi ustukhonho dar organizmi kudak nojurihoi rakhitmonand ba vujud meoyand, mubodilai moddaho, inchunin kori uzvho va silsilai asab vayron gashta, muqobilati organizm ba kasalihoi gunogun sust meshavad.
Hangomi G. kudak vazni avvalaashro gum karda, bagoyat sust mesabzad. Rangi pust parida, pajmurda, khushk va purchin meshavad; avvalo qabati charbii zeri pusti shikamu tana, bad dastu poyho va nihoyat pusti ruy tunuk gashta, faoliyati mushakho mekohad. Kudak kamishtiho, beqaror, behol, kamkhob ast; der rohgardon meshavad. Kudakoni giriftori G. zud-zud ba bemorihoi siroyati duchor meoyand; dar onho gazaki shush va bemorihoi siroyatii ruda vaznin jarayon megirand.
G.-ro to tavalludi kudak peshgiri kardan zarur ast. Zani homila boyad tartibi ruzro rioya karda durust gizo girad. Badi tavalludi kudak modar boyad khuroki sergizo istemol namoyad. Miqdori shiri makidai kudakro nazorat kardan zarur ast. Ba qoidai shirmakoni rioya kardan hatmist. Ba tifl gizoi ilovagiro dar vaqtash khurondan lozim. Rioyai tartibi ruz, dar havoi toza budani kudak va tabobati sarivaqtii u hatmist.

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