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GIPOTENZIYA

gipotenziyaGIPOTENZIYA (Hypotensio; az gipo… va lot. tensio – shiddat), fishorpasti, az meyor past furomadani fishori khun, limfa va g. dar ragho. Istilohi «gipotoniya»-ro baroi ifodai sust gashtani tarangii mushakho kor farmudan behtar ast. Baroi ifodai fishori pasti khun istilohi G. durust meboshad. G.-i sharayon yo fishorpastii sharayoni holatest, ki fishori khun az haddi muqarrarii sinnusoli khele poyon boshad. CHunin tarzi past gashtani fishori khun, ki tabobati tajiliro talab mekunad, hangomi talafi shadidi khun (khunravii farovon ba darun yo beruni uzv), dar natijai kollaps (beholii dil), goho dar mavridi khele baland shudani harorati badan rukh medihad. Fishorpasti (az 100/60 mm sut. simob past budani fishori sharayon)-i sharayonii muzmin shoyad nishonai nokifoyagii favquloddai gormonho boshad.
Fishori khuni baze kasoni amalan tansihat nisbatan past, yane dar haddi mizon buda, ba past shudan moil ast va in holatro beshtar fishorpastii sharayoni menomand. Hol on ki vujud doshtani chunin bemori to kunun bahstalab ast. Tafovuti in qabil odamon faqat az on jihat ast, ki taasuri dilu raghoi onho beshtar na bo baland shudan, balki bo past gashtani fishori khun zohir megardad. Dar zindagi in guna odamon havoi khunukro nisbat ba havoi garmu tafson bartar medonand; dar hammom khudro bad his mekunand; hangomi az holati khob yakbora rost khestan, chashmashon siyohi zada, bekhud meshavand (khususan dar asnoi gurusna budan) va baraks, dar vaqti roh gashtan va harakat dodani mushakho, holi onho behtar megardad. Binobar in shakhsoni moili fishorpastiro zarur ast, ki mushakhoi kheshro payvasta ba kor andozand, to ki tonus (faoliyat)-i onho ba tahmili nogahon omoda boshand. SHakhsi jisman purquvvat va chobuk, agar vazni badani u mutadil boshad, ba fishorpasti giriftor nameshavad.
Odamoni moil ba fishorpasti bo guzashti umr, hamchunin dar asnoi kamharakatii majburi (khususan dar vaqti bemori) ba nushidani choi garmu talkh mayl mekunand. Gayr az in, bazan khudi dukhtur ham dar in guna mavridho istemoli miqdori muayyani doruhoi tabiiro tavsiya menamoyad.

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