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GIPOTALAMUS

gipotalamusGIPOTALAMUS (Hypothalamus), qismi magzi sar, ki dar zeri dungii (barjastagii) bosira voqe ast;ba tarkibi magzi mobayni dokhil shuda, qar va devorai medachai seyum (qismi diensefali)-ro tashkil medihad. G. majmui markazhoi olii mutobiqat meboshad. Dar on ziyoda az 30 juft hujayrahoi asab – yadroho mavjud buda, ba vositai rohhoi gunoguni asab ba qismhoi mukhtalifi sistemai asabi markazi aloqa dorad. Dar hujayrahoi asabi yadroi G. baze gormonho (mas., vazopressin), inchunin moddahoi az jihati biologi faol hosil meshavand. In gormonho ba vositai ragho va hujayrahoi asab ba gipofiz dokhil shuda, ba judo gashtani gormoni on yori merasonand. G. dar tanzimi faoliyati gunoguni organizm (khob va bedori, fishori arteriyavi, tonusi ragho, faoliyati dil, harorat, faoliyati gadudhoi endokrini, mubodilai moddaho, assimilyatsiya va dissimilyatsiya, muhiti ionii organizm va g.) ishtirok mekunad. Hangomi osebi G. (varam, iltihob) funksiyahoi mazkur khalal meyoband.
KL
Gipotalamus va digar qismhoi magzi sar; namud az poyon va pahlu.
1 – piyozaki shomma; 2 – tasallubi asabi bosira; 3 – jismi surokhshudai pesh; 4 – rohi asabi bosira; 5 – asabi harakatovari chashm; 6 – poyachai magzi sar; 7 – asabi gargaravi; 8 – asabi setora; 9 – pul (kupruk)-i mayna; 10 – asabi durkash; 11 – asabi chehra; 12 – asabi dahlezivu halzuni; 13 – asabi zabonu balum; 14 – asabi gumroh; 15 – jismi zaytuni; 16 – ahrom; 17 – asabi izofi; 18 – rogi mobaynii pesh; 19 – asabi zeri zabon; 20 – juyaki asosi; 21 – jismi pistonakshakl; 22 – dungichai khokistarrang; 23 – qif; 24 – asabi bosira; 25 – rohi shomma.

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