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GARAVI MOLU MULKI MANQUL

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON  

DAR BORAI GARAVI MOLU MULKI MANQUL

(QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)  

Bo Qarori Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 26-umi yanvari soli 2005, № 1303

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, № 1, soli 2005, moddai 19) qabul gardidaast.  

Bo Qarori Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 11-umi fevrali soli 2005, № 607

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, № 2, soli 2005, moddai 83) jonibdori gardidaast.

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston s.2005, №3, mod.133;

Qonunhoi JT az 26.07.2014 s., № 1117; az 27.11.2014 s., № 1155)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi, iqtisodi va tashkilii garavi molu mulki manqulro muqarrar namuda, munosibathoi jamiyatiro vobasta ba on tanzim menamoyad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117; az 27.11.14s., №1154)  

FASLI I

MUQARRAROTI UMUMi  

BOBI 1.

QOIDAHOI UMUMi DAR BORAI GARAVI MOLU MULKI MANQUL

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

– garav– tarzi tamini ijroi uhdadoriest, ki vobasta ba on kreditor mutobiqi uhdadorii bo garav tamingardida (dorandai garav) dar holati ijro nashudani in uhdadori az jonibi qarzdor baroi arzishi molu mulki ba garav guzoshtashudai shakhse, ki in molu mulk ba u marbut ast (garavdeh), jihati qone namudani talabotash nisbat ba digar kreditoron huquqi afzaliyatnok dorad, ba ѓayr az holathoi dar qonun muqarrar kardashuda;

– garavdeh – shakhse, ki doroi huquqi molikiyat yo digar huquqi ashyoi ba predmeti garav meboshad. Garavdeh khudi qarzdori uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda yo shakhsi seyume shuda metavonad, ki dar in uhdadori ishtirok namekunad;

– garavgir shakhse, ki talabhoi u oid ba uhdadorii asosi bo garav tamin shudaast;

– molu mulki garavi – har molu mulki manqule, ki az muomiloti shahrvandi barovarda nashudaast, inchunin huquqi molumulkii dar moddai 4 hamin Qonun nishondodashudae, ki baroi garav peshnihod megardad;

– molu mulki manqul – ashyoe, ki ba molu mulki ѓayrimanqul mansub nest, az on jumla pul va koѓazhoi qimatnok;

– daromad az predmeti garavmolu mulke, ki dar natijai bastani ahd bo predmeti garav yo ahd bo daromadi predmeti garav ba dast ovarda shudaast; (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)

khabarnomai garavi – hujjate, ki dar shakli kogazi yo elektroni ba maqomi baqaydgiranda peshnihod karda meshavad va malumoti asosiro oid ba garav jihati dokhil kardani on ba Fehrasti yagonai davlati dar bar girifta, dastrasi umum meboshad; (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

– maqomoti baqaydgiranda – maqomoti adliya, ki muvofiqi hamin Qonun va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqi amal mekunand va vazifai onho baqaydgiri, tamini mutobiqati ittilootii tamomi fehrasthoi ahdhoi doroi tamini garavi va peshburdi Fehrasti yagonai davlatii uhdadorihoi garavi dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad;

– fehrasti yagonaidavlatii uhdadorihoi garavi(minbad-Fehrasti yagonai davlati)– manbai ittilootii malumoti uhdadorihoi garavi, ki dar maqomoti dakhldori adliya oid ba baqaydgirii shartnomahoi garav tasis doda va pesh burda meshavad;

– garavi baqaydgiriftashuda – garave, ki az rasmiyoti baqaydgiri muvofiqi bobi 2 hamin Qonun guzashtaast;

– idorakunandai garav – shakhse, ki garavgir baroi istifoda va idoraimolu mulki garavi az nomi u va halli har masalai bo in aloqamand tain kardaast.

qarzi debitori – mablagi qarzhoi ba shakhs taalluqdoshtae, ki dar natijai munosibathoi khojagidori bo shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba vujud omadaast; (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

molhoi omekhta – molhoi taqsimnashavandae, ki bo digar molho omekhta shuda, alomathoi mushakhkhasi jismii khudro dar mahsuloti tayyor gum mekunand; (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

molhoi payvastshuda – molhoi taqsimshavandae, ki bo digar molho payvast shuda, alomathoi mushakhkhasi jismii khudro dar mahsuloti tayyor gum namekunand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai garavi molu mulki manqul

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai garavi molu mulki manqul ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston, qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston, hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalii etirofkardai Jumhurii Tojikiston iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Subektho va zaminai ba vujud omadani garavi molu mulki manqul  

  1. Subekthoi munosibathoi garavi garavdehon va garavgiron meboshand, ki onho davlat, shakhsoni voqei va huquqi buda metavonand. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)
  2. Tashkilothoi qarzi amaliyothoi ba garav aloqamandro mutobiqi hamin Qonun va digar qonunho ba amal mebarorand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  3. Garav dar asosi qonun yo shartnomae (shartnomai garave) ba vujud meoyad, ki bayni garavdeh va garavgir muvofiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston va hamin Qonun basta shudaast. In guna shartnoma yo shartnomai judogona, yo qismi shartnomae shuda metavonad, ki boisi ba vujud omadani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda megardad.
  4. Uhdadorihoi garavi hangomi dar yak vaqt mavjud budani sharthoi zerin paydo meshavand:

1) shartnomai garav;

2) bo predmeti garav huquqi molikiyat yo digar huquqi ashyoi doshtani garavdeh;

3) digar asoshoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

Moddai 4. Predmeti garavi molu mulki manqul

  1. Predmeti garav molu mulki manqule shuda metavonad, ki ba huquqi molikiyat yo digar huquqi ashyoi taalluq dorad va az muomiloti grajdani barovarda nashudaast yo huquqe shuda metavonad, ki bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston az ikhtiyordori soqit karda shudaast.
  2. Huquqi molumulkii ba garavdeh taalluqdoshta, ki onro az ikhtiyordori soqit kardan mumkin ast, az on jumla huquqi ijora, huquq ba hissai molikiyati umumii yakjoya, talabhoi qarzi, huquqi giriftani foida az ashyoe, ki ba garavdeh az rui huquqi molikiyat taalluq nadorad, huquqi ashyoii vobasta ba faoliyati zehni va faoliyathoi ba on barobarkardashuda, huquq ba koѓazhoi qimatnok dar shakli qayd va digar huquqhoe (talabote), ki az uhdadorihoi shartnomavi barmeoyand, predmeti garav shuda metavonand. Huquqi muhlati amalash muayyan tanho to vaqti adoi muhlati amalash predmeti garav shuda metavonad.
  3. Predmeti garav inchunin ashyo yo huquqe, ki dar oyanda ba vujud omada metavonand, az on jumla zakhirahoi minbadai mahsuloti tavlidshudai garavdeh yo qarzi debitori be hej yak mahdudkuniho shuda metavonand. Garav nisbati molu mulke, ki dar oyanda ba molikiyati (yo sohibii) garavdeh meguzarad, az lahzai az jonibi garavdeh ba dast ovardani huquq ba chunin molu mulki ba vujud meoyad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  4. Agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, ashyoi asosie, ki predmeti garav ast, chun ashyoi vohidi tomi yakjoya bo lavozimotash garav guzoshtashuda hisobida meshavad. Qismi molu mulke, ki taqsimi on dar shakli asl be taѓyiri tainotash imkonnopazir ast (ashyoi taqsimnashavanda ), predmeti mustaqili garav shuda nametavonand.
  5. Ashyoi az muomilot barovardashuda, talabhoi ba shakhsiyati qarzdor bevosita aloqamand, az jumla talabho dar borai alimentho, jubroni zarare, ki ba hayot yo salomati va digar huquqho rasonda shudaast va ba kasi digar guzasht namudani onhoro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man kardaast, predmeti garav shuda nametavonad.
  6. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonad fehrasti obekthoero qabul namoyad, ki onho az sababi qimati tarikhi, farhangi yo ahamiyati amniyati davlati doshtanashon predmeti garav shuda nametavonand.

Moddai 5. Huquqi ba garav mondani molu mulk va huquq

  1. Huquqi ba garav mondani molu mulk ba molik yo sohibi digari huquqi ashyoi yo ba shakhse, ki in molu mulk dar oyanda ba molikiyati (yo ikhtiyordorii) u dokhil khohad shud, ba ѓayr az istisnohoi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, taalluq dorad.
  2. Dar surati ba garav mondani huquq garavdeh metavonad tanho shakhse boshad, ki ba u huquqi ba garavi guzoshtashuda ba istisnoi holathoi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston taalluq dorad yo taalluq khohad dosht.

SHakhsi doroi huquqi istifoda haq dorad huquqi istifodaash, az on jumla huquqi ijoraro niz, ki tanho bo rozigii ijoradihanda predmeti garav shuda metavonad, ba garav guzorad, ba sharte, ki qonun va yoshartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

  1. Molu mulke, ki ba garavdeh bo huquqi khojagidori yo idorakunii operativi taalluq dorad, bo rozigii moliki on predmeti garav shuda metavonad, agar az ikhtiyordori soqit kardani on muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston rozigii molikro taqozo namoyad.
  2. Molu mulkero, ki az muomiloti grajdani khorij yo dar muomilot mahdud karda shudaast yo molu mulkero, ki muvofiqi qonun az on sitondani pardokhtho mumkin nest, ba garav mondan ravo nameboshad.
  3. Molu mulke, ki dar molikiyati umumii yakjoya meboshad, tanho bo rozigii khattii hamai molikon yo maqomi idorakunandae, ki molikon baroi idora kardani molu mulk intikhob kardaand, ba garav doda shuda metavonad. Dar surati badi ba garav dodani molu mulk paydo gardidani digar molikon rozigii onho talab karda nameshavad.
  4. Ishtirokchii molikiyati umumii yakjoya haq dorad hissai dar molu mulki umumi doshtai khudro be rozigii digar molikon ba garav monad, agar hissai har yake az molikon dar huquqi molikiyati umumi muayyan karda shuda boshad. Dar surati bo talabi garavgir az hisobi in hissa sitondani pardokhtho hangomi furushi on qoidahoi Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai huquqi bartariyatnoki kharidi hissa dar molikiyati umumi va dar borai az hisobi hissai molu mulki umumi sitondani pardokhtho tatbiq karda meshavad.

Moddai 6. Uhdadoriho va talabhoe, ki garavi molu mulki manqul tamin menamoyad 

  1. Dar tamini uhdadorihoi puli yo dar shakli puli ifodayofta, az on jumla uhdadorie, ki ba kharidu furush, ijora, pudrat va digar shartnomahoi ijroi muhlatnoki uhdadoriho asos yoftaast, garav muqarrar karda shuda metavonad, agar qonun yo shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

Agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garav arzishi uhdadorihoi garavgirro hangomi az hisobi garavi muayyan ruyonidani pardokhtho, az on jumla qismi pardokhtnashudai mablaѓi asosii qarz, foizho, noustuvorona, kharojoti asosnok baroi nigoh doshtani arzishi molu mulki garavi, adoi tovoni ziyonhoe, ki dar natijai guzaronidani muhlati ijroi uhdadori rasonda shudaand, inchunin kharojoti az hisobi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhthoro tamin menamoyad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)

  1. Ijroi yak yo yakchand uhdadorihoi mavjuda yo minbadaro bo garav tamin kardan mumkin ast. Mablagi uhdadoriho bo puli milli va dar holathoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, bo asori khoriji ifoda yofta metavonad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Dar surati ijro karda shudani yak uhdadori garav metavonad be bardoshtani mankuniho uhdadorihoi minbadaro tamin namoyad, agar shartnoma ba khudi hamon tarafho dakhl doshta boshad va inro shartnomai garav peshbini karda boshad.
  3. Garavdeh haq dorad az garavgir mutanosib ba ijroi uhdadorii ijrokardashuda, ki naboyad az panjoh foiz kamtar boshad, kam kardani predmeti garavro talab kunad.

Moddai 7. SHakl va mundarijai shartnomai garavi molu mulki manqul 

  1. SHartnomai garav boyad dar shakli khatti bo rohi tahiyai hujjate, ki tarafho imzo kardaand, basta shavad.
  2. Agar garav uhdadorihoi shartnomaero, ki boyad ba tavri notariali tasdiq karda shavad, tamin namoyad, inchunin dar mavridhoi peshbinikardai sozishnomai tarafho, shartnomai garav boyad ba tavri notariali tasdiq karda shavad.

3.Dar surati ba shartnomai qarz yo digar shartnomae, ki tamini uhdadorii garavi dorad, dokhil kardani shartnomai garav nisbat ba shakli in shartnoma boyad talabhoi baroi shartnomai garav muqarrarshuda rioya karda shavand.

  1. Rioya nakardani qoidahoi shartnomai garav, ki dar qismhoi 1, 2 va 3 hamin modda muqarrar karda shudaand, boisi beetiborii shartnomai garav megardad. In guna shartnoma beetibor hisob karda meshavad.
  2. SHartnomai garav boyad malumoti zerinro dar bar girad:

1) nom (nomu nasab) va joi voqeiyati (joi sukunati) tarafho;

2) uhdadorii asosii bo garav taminshuda;

3) tavsifi infirodi yo umumii predmeti garav; (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

4) malumot dar borai mavjud budan yo nabudani shartnomahoi peshinai garav oid ba predmeti garav;

5) namudi garav;

6) andoza va muhlati ijroi uhdadorihoe, ki garav tamin mekunad;

7) tavsifi infirodi yo umumii uhdadori; (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

8) haddi nihoi yo haddi digari muayyanshudai mablagi bo garav taminshuda. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

Tarafho metavonand dar shartnomai garav digar sharthoro peshbini namoyand.

  1. Arzishi predmeti garav az rui sozishnomai garavdeh va garavgir muayyan karda meshavad. On dar shartnoma bo pul ifoda karda meshavad.

Hangomi ba garav mondani molikiyati davlati (jumhuriyavi yo kommunali) arzyobii on muvofiqi talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.

Tarafhoi shartnomai garav arzyobii predmeti garavro ba narkhmoni mustaqil supurda metavonand.

  1. Tavsifi predmeti garav  infirodi yo umumi shuda metavonad to ba darajae, ki dar lahzai ba miyon omadani masalai vobasta ba voqeiyat, bo navbat yo majburan amalishavii garav, imkoniyati muayyankunii predmeti garavro dihad.(QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)

8.Dar mavridhoe, ki uhdadorii garavi ba yagon shartnoma asos yoftaast, tarafhoi in shartnoma va sanai basta shudani on boyad nishon doda shavand.

  1. Dar mavride, ki agar mablaѓi uhdadorii bo garav taminshavanda dar oyandamuayyan karda shavad, dar shartnoma tartib va digar sharthoi zarurii muayyankunii on boyad nishon doda shavand.
  2. Dar mavride, ki agar predmeti garav huquqi ba garavdeh taalluqdoshtai ijora boshad, dar shartnomai garav molu mulki ba ijora giriftashuda va muhlati ijorai on boyad nishon doda shuda boshad.
  3. Sozishnomai dast kashidani garavdeh az huquqi khud yo mahdud kardani on yo sozishnomai pesh az holati ijro nakardan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro kardani uhdadoriho, predmeti garaviro giriftani garavgir etibor nadorad.

 

Moddai 8. Garavi minbadai molu mulki garavi (garavmonii dubora)

 

  1. Molu mulke, ki muvofiqi shartnomai garav baroi tamini ijroi yak uhdadori (garavi peshina) garav monda shudaast, baroi tamini ijroi digar uhdadori (garavi badina) ba garav monda shuda metavonad.

2.Garavi minbada mumkin ast, agar onro shartnomahoi peshinai garavmonii khudi hamon molu mulk, ki amali onho hangomi bastani shartnomai minbadai garav qat nagardidaast, man nakarda boshand. Agar shartnomai peshinai garav sharthoero peshbini namoyad, ki dar asosi onho shartnomai minbadai garav basta shuda metavonad, shartnomai badina boyad bo rioyai in shartho basta shavad.

  1. Garavdeh uhdador ast ba har yak garavgiri minbada dar borai tamomi garavhoi mavjudai molu mulki muayyan, inchunin khususiyat va andozai uhdadorihoi taminkardai in garav khatti khabar dihad va u baroi dodani tovoni zararhoe, ki dar natijai ijro nakardani in uhdadori ba garavgirho rasonda shudaand, javobgar meboshad.

 

Moddai 9. Muayyan kardani navbati garavgirho

 

  1. Navbati garavgirho ba khudi hamon yak predmeti garav bo sanai baqaydgirii garav dar maqomoti adliya (garavi ba qayd giriftashuda) va dar surati nabudani chunin baqaydgiri bo sanai basta shudani shartnomai garav muqarrar karda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi mavjud budani yakchand garavgir ba khudi hamon yak predmeti garav dar navbatnoki ba garavi ba qayd giriftashuda bartari doda meshavad. Dar surati mavjud budani yakchand garavi ba qayd giriftashuda bartariyat az rui sanai baqaydgirii garav yo raqami baqaydgiri, ki maqomi baqaydgiranda dodaast, muayyan karda meshavad.
  3. Dar surati mavjud budani yakchand garavgir ba khudi hamon yak predmeti garavi doroi garavi ba qayd giriftashuda va ba qayd giriftanashuda bartari dar navbat ba garavi ba qayd giriftashuda doda meshavad va badi onho navbatnokii garavhoi ba qayd giriftanashuda bo sanai basta shudani shartnomai garav muayyan karda meshavad.
  4. Agar garav pesh az moli omekhta hisobida shudani predmeti garav ba qayd girifta shuda boshad, on ba mahsuloti tayyor tatbiq megardad. Navbati garav nisbat ba mahsuloti tayyor az lahzai baqaydgirii garavi molhoi omekhta, ba istisnoi mahdudiyathoe, ki dar bandi 3) hamin qism peshbini gardidaand, muayyan karda meshavad. Dar surati ba mahsuloti tayyor tatbiq gardidani ziyoda az yak garav, navbat tibqi qoidahoi zayl muayyan karda meshavad:

1) navbati garavi baqaydgiriftashuda nisbat ba garavi baqaydgiriftanashuda dar lahzae, ki predmeti garav moli omekhta meshavad, afzaliyat dorad;

2) navbati garavi baqaydgiriftanashuda az rui sanai shartnomahoi garavi dakhldor muayyan karda meshavad; 

3) navbati garavhoi baqaydgiriftashuda bo nazardoshti tanosubi arzishi predmeti garav az lahzae, ki on dar mahsuloti tayyor omekhta shudaast, huquqi barobari talabkuniro paydo mekunad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

  1. Etibori garav nisbat ba predmeti garavi molu mulki gayrimanquli payvastshuda boqi memonad. Agar garav to lahzai payvastshavii predmeti garav ba qayd girifta shuda boshad, baqaydgirii garav bad az payvastshavi amal mekunad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Dar surati mavjud budani yakchand garavgir ba khudi hamon yak predmeti garavi doroi garavi ba qayd giriftanashuda bartari dar navbat bo sanai basta shudani shartnomai garav muayyan karda meshavad.
  3. Garavgire, ki muvofiqi hamin modda dar navbat az bartari barkhurdor ast, garavgiri peshin donista meshavad. Digar garavgirho garavgirandagoni minbada meboshand.
  4. Muqarraroti hamin modda dar mavridhoi peshbinikardai moddai 10 hamin Qonun tatbiq karda nameshavad.

 

Moddai 10. Talabhoi makhsusi digar qarzdihandagon

 

Qarzdihandae, ki ba qarzdor baroi kharidi molu mulk bo garavi khudi hamin molu mulk qarzi maqsadnok dodaast, huquqi makhsusi (ѓayrinavbatii) az hisobi in molu mulk qone namudani talabhoi khudro dorad.

 

Moddai 11. Talabhoi kormandon

 

  1. Talabhoi korkunoni garavdeh dar borai pardokhti maosh dar hududi mablaѓi maoshi semohai voqean pardokhtnashuda dar navbati qone namudani talabho az hisobi molu mulki garavi bartari dorad, ba istisnoi mavridhoi peshbinikardai qismi 2 hamin modda.
  2. Muqarraroti qismi 1 hamin modda dar mavridhoi peshbinikardai moddai 10 hamin Qonun tatbiq karda nameshavad.

 

Moddai 12. Ba garav mondani molu mulki manquli ba molu mulki gayrimanqul  payvastshuda

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

  1. Agar predmeti garav ba molu mulki ѓayrimanqul payvast karda shuda boshad, garavi in molu mulk tanho dar surate etibori khudro nigoh medorad, ki agar judo kardani on be rasondani zarari jiddi ba molu mulki ѓayrimanqul mumkin boshad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Agar predmeti garav ba molu mulki ѓayrimanqul payvast karda shuda boshad va judo kardani on be rasondani zarari jiddi ba molu mulki ѓayrimanqul mumkin naboshad, garavgir haq dorad pesh az muhlat ijro kardani uhdadori yo ivaz namudani predmeti garavro talab namoyad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  3. Hangomi ba digar molu mulki manqul payvast kardani predmeti garav muqarraroti qismhoi 1 va 2 hamin modda tatbiq karda meshavad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 13. Nigahdori va tamiri molu mulki garavi

 

  1. Agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garavdeh uhdador ast molu mulki garaviro dar holati benuqson nigoh dorad va kharojoti nigahdori va tamiri (jori va asosi) in molu mulk to vaqti qati garav dihad.
  2. Garavgir huquq dorad mavjudiyat, holat va sharoiti nigohdoshti molu mulki bo shartnoma ba garav mondashudaro taftish kunad.

 

Moddai 14. Suѓurta

 

  1. Agar shartnomai garav ba zimmai garavdeh vazifai suѓurtai molu mulki garaviro guzoshta boshad, garav ba hama guna huquqi garavdeh marbut ba polisi suѓurtavii muayyan dakhl dorad va garavgir bartarii huquqi dorad, ki talabi taminshudai khudro az har guna mablaѓi minbadai podoshi suѓurtavi bevosita az hisobi suѓurtakunanda va be rozigii garavdeh qone namoyad.
  2. Garavgir az huquqi qone namudani talabi khud az podoshi suѓurtavi mahrum megardad, agar molu mulk bo gunohi u gum yo nuqsondor shavad.

 

Moddai 15. Daromadhoi predmeti garavi molu mulki manqul

 

  1. Daromadhoe, ki garavgir az ijroi ahdho bo molu mulki garavi (mubodila, kharidu furush va ѓayra) ba dast meovarad, predmeti garav meshavand.
  2. Madokhilote, ki dar natijai istifodai molu mulki garavi (samara, mahsulot, daromadho) ba dast ovarda shudaast, predmeti garav megardand, agar inro shartnomai garav peshbini karda boshad.

 

Moddai 16. Huquqi shakhsoni seyum ba predmeti garavi molu mulki manqul

 

  1. Garavdeh ba molu mulki garavi bo rohi furukhtan, tuhfa kardan, mubodila namudan, onro ba sifati sahm ba molu mulki shirkat va yo jamiyathoi khojagidori yo ba sifati pardokhti sahmhoi azoi ba molu mulki kooperativ guzoshtan yo bo tarzi digar ikhtiyordori karda metavonad, vale tanho bo rozigii khattii garavgir, agar qonun, shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, yo az khudi mohiyati garav barnaoyad.

Garavdeh huquq dorad molu mulki garaviro meros guzorad. SHarthoi shartnomai garav yo digar sozishnomahoe, ki in huquqi garavdehro mahdud mekunand, etibor nadorand.

SHakhse, ki molu mulki muvofiqi shartnomai garav ba garavmondashudaro ba tavri vorisi huquqi, az on jumla dar natijai az nav tashkilkunii shakhsi huquqi yo ba tavri meros ba dast ovardaast, ba joi garavdeh meguzarad va tamomi uhdadorihoi shartnomai garav, az on jumla on uhdadorihoero, ki az tarafi garavgiri avvala ba tavri matlub ijro karda nashuda budand, ba zimma megirad, ba sharte ki shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

Agar molu mulki muvofiqi shartnoma garavmondashuda ba yakchand shakhs guzarad, har yake az vorisoni huquqii garavdehi avvala baroi oqibathoe, ki az munosibathoi garavii ijro nakardani uhdadorihoi bo garav taminshuda barmeoyand, ba andozai qismi molu mulki ba garav mondai ba u guzashta javobgar meboshad.

Agar predmeti garav taqsimnashavanda boshad yo bo digar asosho ba molikiyati umumii vorisoni huquqii garavdeh dokhil gardad, vorisoni huquqi qarzdoroni mushtarak meshavand.

Garavi molu mulk novobasta ba on ki hangomi ba shakhsoni digar guzashtani in molu mulk qoidahoi baroi in guna guzarish muqarrarshuda vayron karda shuda budand yo ne, etibori khudro nigoh medorad.

  1. SHakhs molu mulki garavii az garav ozodro dar mavridhoi zerin girifta metavonad:

1) agar shartnomai garav yo ilovai ba on khatti voridkardashuda mustaqiman ijozat dihad, ki ba molu mulki az garav ozod yo ba nafi shakhsi seyumi muayyan ikhtiyordori karda shavad;

2) agar molu mulki garavmondashuda az molhoi muomiloti iborat boshad;

3) agar faoliyati garavdeh savdoi chakana boshad, shakhsi seyume, ki in guna molu mulkro dar natijai ahdi oddii chakana mekharad, onro az garav ozod kharidori mekunad, ba istisnoi mavridhoe, ki to vaqti furush kharidor khatti ogoh karda shuda boshad, ki garavgir haq dorad ba moli muayyan huquqi garavii khudro tatbiq namoyad.

  1. Hangomi bo vayron kardani qoidahoi qismi 1 hamin modda az ikhtiyordori soqit kardani molu mulke, ki muvofiqi shartnomai garav ba garav monda shudaast, garavgir haq dorad bo salohdidi khud talab namoyad ki:

1) ahdi az ikhtiyordori soqit kardani molu mulki garavi muvofiqi Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston beetibor donista shavad;

2) uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda pesh az muhlat ijro karda, pardokhtho az hisobi molu mulki garavmondashuda, novobasta ba ki taalluq dorad, ruyonida shavand.

  1. Agar isbot karda shuda boshad, ki kharidori molu mulki muvofiqi shartnomai garav ba garav mondashuda dar vaqti kharid kardani on medonist yo boyad medonist, ki molu mulk bo vayron kardani qoidahoi qismi 1 hamin modda az ikhtiyordori soqit karda meshavad, in guna kharidor baroi ijro nakardani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda dar hududi arzishi molu mulki mazkur baroi in uhdadori javobgarii mushtarak dorad.

Agar molu mulki garavi bo vayron kardani qoidahoi qismi 1 hamin modda az tarafi garavdeh az ikhtiyordori dur karda shuda boshad, ki az rui uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda qarzdor nest, bo in qarzdor ham kharidori molu mulk va ham garavdihandai sobiq javobgarii mushtarak dorand.

 

Moddai 17. Tahmili huquqi digar shakhson ba molu mulki garavi

 

  1. Agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garavdeh haq dorad be rozigii garavgir uro ogoh namuda, molu mulki garavmondashudaro ba ijora dihad, onro ba istifodai muvaqqatii roygon dihad va az rui sozishnoma bo digar shakhs ba u huquqi istifodai mahdudro az in molu mulk (servitut) bo sharthoi zerin peshkash namoyad:

1) muhlate, ki dar tuli on molu mulk ba istifoda doda meshavad, az muhlati uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda ziyod naboshad;

2) molu mulk ba istifoda baroi maqsadhoe peshkash megardad, ki ba tainoti molu mulk muvofiq ast.

  1. Dar surati az tarafi garavgir dar asoshoi peshbinikardai qonun yo shartnomai garav az hisobi molu mulki garavi ruyonidani pardokhtho tamomi huquqi ijora va digar huquqi istifodai in molu mulk, ki garavdeh ba shakhsoni seyumi garavgir badi bastani shartnomai garav dodaast, dar davrahoi zerin qat megardad:

1) az lahzai etibori qonuni paydo kardani qarori sud dar borai ruyonidani pardokhtho az hisobi molu mulk;

2) badi guzashtani 15 ruz az vaqti firistodani ogohinoma dar asosi sharthoi qonegardonii talabhoi garavdeh bo tartibi ѓayrisudi, ki dar shartnomai garav yo sozishnomai qonegardonii talabhoi garavdeh bo tartibi ѓayrisudi, ki hamzamon bo shartnomai garav basta shudaast, yo dar sozishnomahoi minbadai garavdeh bo garavgir peshbini gardidaand.

  1. Molu mulki ba garav mondashuda az tarafi garavdeh ba istifodai shakhsi seyum ba muhlati ziyoda az uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda yo baroi maqsadhoi ba tainoti molu mulk nomuvofiq tanho bo rozigii khattii garavgir va ba tavri dakhldor ogohonidani in shakhson doda shuda metavonad.
  2. Az tarafi garavdihanda ba istifodai digar shakhs dodani molu mulki garavmondashuda garavdehro az ijroi uhdadorihoi shartnomai garav ozod namekunad, agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

 

Moddai 18. Oqibathoi az tarafi davlat majburan giriftani molu mulki garavi

 

  1. Agar huquqi molikiyati garavdeh ba molu mulki manqul, ki predmeti garav meboshad, dar asos va bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonun, dar natijai musodira (kharida giriftan) baroi ehtiyojoti davlat yo jamiyat, rekvizitsiya yo millikunoni qat gardad, ba garavdeh muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston digar molu mulk yo podoshi dakhldor doda meshavad. Garav ba molu mulke, ki ba ivazi molu mulki giriftashuda doda shudaast, dakhldor ast yo garavgir huquqi bartarinoki az hisobi mablaѓi podoshi ba garavdihanda taalluqdoshta qonekunii talaboti khudro paydo mekunad.
  2. Garavgire, ki manfiathoi uro huquqi dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishuda purra hifz karda nametavonad, haq dorad pesh az muhlat ijro kardani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda va az hisobi molu mulke, ki ba ivazi molu mulki musodirashuda doda shudaast, ado kardani pardokhthoro talab namoyad.
  3. Dar mavridhoe, ki davlat molu mulki predmeti garavro az garavdeh ba namudi sanksiya baroi sodir kardani jinoyat yo digar huquqvayronkuni megirad (musodira mekunad), garav etiborashro nigoh medorad va garavgir haq dorad pesh az muhlat ijro kardani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda yo ivaz namudani predmeti garavro talab namoyad.

 

Moddai 19. Oqibathoi talab kardani (vindakatsiyai) molu mulki garavi

 

Dar mavridhoe, ki molu mulki predmeti garav az garavdeh bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonun dar on asos musodira karda meshavad, ki moliki haqiqii in molu mulk shakhsi digar (vindikatsiya) meboshad, garav dar khususi in molu mulk qat megardad. Garavgir bad az etibori qonuni paydo kardani qarori dakhldori sud haq dorad ijroi pesh az muhlati uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda yo ivaz kardani predmeti garavro talab namoyad.

 

Moddai 20. Guzasht kardani huquq (talab) va guzaronidani qarz az rui shartnomai garavi molu mulki

                      manqul

 

  1. Garavgir huquq dorad huquqi khudro az rui shartnomai garav ba kasi digar dihad, agar shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.
  2. SHakhse, ki ba u az rui shartnomai garav huquq doda shudaast, muvofiqi in shartnoma ba joi garavgiri sobiq meguzarad. Guzashti huquq az rui shartnomai garav boyad muvofiqi qoidahoi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston surat girad.
  3. Az tarafi garavgir az rui shartnomai garav ba digar kas guzasht kardani huquq dar surate etibor dorad, ki agar ba khudi hamon kas huquqi oid ba uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda peshnihod kardani talab guzasht karda shuda boshad.

Agar amali digare isbot nashuda boshad, guzashti huquq az rui shartnomai garav manoi guzashti huquq oid ba uhdadorii bo garav taminshudaro niz dorad.

  1. Qarzdor haq dorad bo rozigii garavgir (qarzdihanda) qarzi khudro ba zimmai kasi digar guzaronad. Intiqoli qarz muvofiqi qoidahoi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

BOBI 2.

BAQAYDGIRII GARAVI MOLU MULKI MANQUL

 

Moddai 21. Vakolati maqomoti adliya oid ba baqaydgirii garavi molu mulki manqul

 

  1. Baqaydgirii garavhoi molu mulki manqulro Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston, rayosathoi adliyai Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon va viloyatho ba jo meovarand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Baqaydgirii garavhoro, ki ba sifati onho vositahoi qarzi pul, qoѓazhoi qimatnoki korporativi amal mekunand, maqomoti vakolatdori (registrhoi) qoѓazhoi qimatnok ba amal mebarorand.

 

Moddai 22. Baqaydgirii garavi molu mulki manqul

 

  1. Baqaydgirii garav ikhtiyori meboshad va ba maqsadhoi ba garavgir nazar ba digar garavgirho, ki garavi ba qayd giriftashudai peshina nadorand, inchunin nisbat ba shakhsoni seyum dodani huquqi bartarinoki tamini talabhoi khud ba amal barovarda meshavad.
  2. Garavgir yo garavdeh baroi baqaydgiri ba maqomi baqaydgiranda khabarnomai garavi peshnihod menamoyad. Habarnomai garavi inchunin metavonad az jonibi shakhson yo maqomoti zerin peshnihod gardad:

– garavgir dar asosi qonuni;

– sud yo mudire, ki onro sud tain namudaast, nisbat ba molu mulki shakhsoni voqei va huquqii muflisshuda; 

– maqomi vakolatdor oid ba ijroi qarorhoi sudi tibqi qarori sud dar borai ruyonidani molu mulki manquli qarzdor; 

– maqomi vakolatdor nisbat ba molu mulki shakhse, ki az ijroi uhdadorii pardokhti andoz yo pardokhthoi ijtimoi sarkashi menamoyad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

  1. Maqomi baqaydgiranda vositahoi elektroniro baroi dokhil namudani malumot oid ba khabarnomahoi garavi, inchunin bo maqsadi justujui onho tamin mekunad. Makhzani malumoti Fehrasti yagonai davlati doroi malumoti rasmi meboshad. Habarnomai garavi az lahzai qaydi voridshavii on ba maqomi baqaydgiranda peshnihodshuda ba hisob meravad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Lahzai baqaydgirii garav az khabarnomai garavi ba Fehrasti yagonai davlati vorid namudani malumot va dodani raqami baqaydgiri meboshad. Dar Fehrasti yagonai davlati ba qayd giriftani garav bo dodani iqtibos az Fehrasti yagonai davlati, ki dar davomi se ruzi baqaydgiri doda meshavad, tasdiq megardad.
  3. Maqomi baqaydgiranda baroi mazmun va durustii khabarnomai garavi javobgar nameboshad.
  4. Baroi baqaydgirii garav va dodani iqtibos az Fehrasti yagonai davlati boji davlati girifta meshavad, ki onro qonun muayyan mekunad.
  5. Tartibi baqaydgirii garavho va peshburdi Fehrasti yagonai davlatiro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 221. Muhlati amali baqaydgirii garav

 

  1. Muhlati amali baqaydgirii garav az lahzai baqaydgiri to 5 solro tashkil medihad. Muhlati mazkur metavonad tamdid karda shavad, agar shartnomai garav yo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad.
  2. Bo guzashtani muhlati baqaydgirii garav molu mulki garav az mahdudiyat ozod meshavad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki agar: 

– garav takroran ba qayd girifta shuda boshad;

– garav dar sohibiyati garavgir qaror doshta (garavi dodashuda), nisbat ba on bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ruyonidan nigaronida shavad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 23. Mazmuni khabarnomai garavi

 

  1. Habarnomai garavi, ki ba maqomi baqaydgiranda peshnihod megardad, boyad malumoti zerinro doshta boshad:

1) nom, nishonii garavdeh va qarzdori uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda, agar u garavdeh naboshad, raqami mushakhkhasi andozsuporanda, surathisob, raqami shinosnoma (baroi shakhsoni voqei);

2) nom, nishonii garavgir yo idorakunandai garav, agar in guna shakhs tain karda shuda boshad, raqami mushakhkhasi andozsuporanda, surathisob, raqami shinosnoma (baroi shakhsoni voqei);

3) tavsifi infirodi yo umumii predmeti garav, ki baroi hammonandsozii on imkoniyat medihad; (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

4) khabarnomai mukhtasar, agar baroi garavi dubora yagon mahdudiyat mavjud boshad;

5) imzoi garavdeh yo garavgir yo qarzdori uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda, agar on garavdeh naboshad, yo shakhsoni az tarafi u vakolatdorkardashuda;

6) sana va mazmuni shartnomai garav.

  1. Habarnomai garavii ba talaboti Qonuni mazkur javobgu dar mavride etibor dorad, agar on didavu donista bardurug tartib doda nashuda boshad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. 3. Digar talabhoro ba khabarnomai garavi Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 24. Baqaydgirii taѓyirote, ki ba garavi ba qayd giriftashuda vorid karda meshavand

 

  1. Taѓyiroti zerine, ki ba garavi ba qayd giriftashuda vorid karda shudaand, ba tavri ilova ba qayd girifta meshavand:

1) tain kardan yo ozod namudani idorakunandai garav, agar idorakunanda badi baqaydgirii shartnomai garav tain yo ozod karda shuda boshad;

2) talabi bo garav taminshudaro guzasht kardani garavgir;

3) dar uhdadori ivaz kardani qarzdor;

4) ivaz kardani predmeti garav.

  1. Baqaydgirii taѓyirot dar garavi ba qayd giriftashuda dar asosi khabarnomai garavii ilovagi surat megirad. Dar khabarnomai garavii ilovagi boyad sana, raqami baqaydgirii ibtidoi, mazmuni taѓyiroti shartnoma va imzoi garavgir yo garavdeh mavjud boshad.
  2. Baqaydgirii taѓyirote, ki ba garavi ba qayd giriftashuda dokhil karda meshavand, bo tartibi peshbinikardai moddai 22 hamin Qonun surat megirad.

 

Moddai 241. Peshnihodi erodi khatti 

 

  1. Dar holati peshnihod gardidani khabarnomai garavii nodurust yo galat az jonibi darkhostkunanda, tarafi digar metavonad erodi khatti peshnihod namoyad.
  2. Erodi khatti malumoti zerinro dar bar megirad:

– istinod ba raqami baqaydgirii khabarnomai garavii nodurust yo galat;

– malumot oid ba shakhse, ki erodi khatti peshnihod kardaast;

– nishon dodani asoshoi nodurust yo galat budani khabarnomai garavi.

  1. Peshnihodi erodi khatti to ba dast omadani natijai barrasii on ba etibori khabarnomai garavi tasir namerasonad.
  2. Maqomi baqaydgiranda vazifador ast, ki erodi khattiro barrasi namuda, dar surati oshkor namudani holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 hamin modda baroi bartaraf namudani onho chorahoi dakhldor andeshad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 25. Rad kardani baqaydgirii garavi molu mulki manqul yo vorid kardani taѓyirot ba garavi ba

                     qayd giriftashuda

 

Maqomi baqaydgiranda haq dorad baqaydgirii garavi molu mulki manqulro yo ba garavi ba qayd giriftashuda vorid namudani taѓyirotro rad kunad, agar talabhoi hamin Qonun yo digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston ijro karda nashuda boshand. Maqomi baqaydgiranda dar davomi se ruz ba shakhsi darkhostkunandai baqaydgiri bo nishon dodani sababhoi radkunii baqaydgiri khabarnoma mefiristad.

 

Moddai 26. Bekor kardani baqaydgirii garavi molu mulki manqul

 

  1. Baqaydgirii garav az tarafi garavgir dar davomi 15 ruzi badi ijroi tamomi uhdadorihoe, ki garavi ba qayd giriftashuda ba onho dakhl dorad, boyad bekor karda shavad.
  2. SHakhse, ki muqarraroti qismi 1 hamin moddaro vayron kardaast, vazifador ast podoshi kharojoti suratgiriftaro dihad.
  3. Dar surati az tarafi garavgir ijro karda nashudani uhdadorii peshbinikardai qismi 1 hamin modda garavdeh yo digar shakhsi manfiatdor haq dorad bo tartibi sudi bekor kardani baqaydgirii shartnomai garavro talab namoyad.

 

Moddai 27. Dastrasi ba Fehrasti yagonai davlati

 

Malumoti Fehrasti yagonai davlati ozod meboshand. Har shakhs metavonad muvofiqi qismi 6 moddai 22 hamin Qonun boji davlatiro pardokht karda, az Fehrasti yagonai davlati iqtibos girad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

FASLI II

NAMUDHOI GARAVI MOLU MULKI MANQUL

 

BOBI 3.

GARAV BO NIGOH DOSHTANI PREDMETI GARAVI DAR DASTI GARAVGIR

(GARAVI DODASHUDA (ZAKLAD )

 

Moddai 28. Mafhumi garavi dodashuda (zaklad)

 

  1. Garavi dodashuda (zaklad) – namudi garav, ki dar in surat molu mulki garavi az tarafi garavdeh ba sohibiyati garavgir muvofiqi shartnomai garav supurda meshavad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Muvofiqi sozishi garavgir bo garavdeh predmeti garav dar dasti garavdeh bo qulfu muhri garavgir (garavi ustuvor) monda shuda metavonad. Ashyoi muayyani infirodi dar sohibiyati garavgir bo guzoshtani alomathoi dar borai garav shahodatdihanda monda shuda metavonad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  3. Qoidahoi hamin fasl nisbat ba garavi ustuvor tatbiq karda meshavand, zero ba kor burdani onho ba mohiyati munosibathoi garavgir va garavdeh hangomi in guna garav mukholifat namekunad.

 

Moddai 29. Huququ vazifahoi garavgir hangomi garavi dodashuda (zaklad)

 

  1. Garavgir haq dorad predmeti garavi dodashudaro (zakladro) tanho dar hajmi peshbinikardai shartnomai garav istifoda namoyad, ba istisnoi mavridhoe, ki molu mulki garavi dar shakli naqdinai surathisobi bonki peshnihod gardida, garavgir tashkiloti qarzi boshad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

Foidai molumulkii az predmeti garavi dodashuda (zaklad) badastomada dar navbati avval baroi pushonidani kharojoti garavgir jihati nigahdosht va ehtiyot kardani molu mulki garavi, bad baroi pardokhti foizi mablaѓi asosii qarz ravona karda meshavad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)

  1. Agar nobudshavi, osebyobi yo kamshavii arzishi molu mulki garavi be gunohi garavgir joy doshta boshand va onhoro khususiyat yo tarkibi molu mulki garavi ba vujud ovarda boshad, garavgir talab karda metavonad, ki predmeti garav ivaz karda shavad va tovoni har zarare, ki dar natijai in garavgir didaast, pardokht gardad.
  2. Hangomi garavi dodashuda (zaklad) garavgir, agar hamin Qonun yo shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, vazifador ast:

1) ba andozai maquli jisman solim nigoh doshtani molu mulki garavi chorahoi peshbinikardai shartnoma yo zarurro andeshad, ѓayr az in, garavdeh tamomi kharojotro talofi mekunad, agar in dar shartnomai garav sharhu ezoh doda shuda boshad;

2) dar borai oseb didan yo nobud shudani molu mulki garavi, inchunin hama guna tahdid (khatar) nisbat ba hamin molu mulk favran ba garavdeh khabar dihad;

3) dar borai istifodai molu mulki garavi ba garavdeh muntazam hisobot ravona namoyad;

4) predmeti garavi dodashudaro (zakladro) dar hajmi arzishash az hisobi garavdeh va ba nafi u suѓurta kunad;

5) molu mulki garaviro ba tavri dakhldor nigohdori namoyad;

6) dar davomi se ruzi badi ijroi uhdadorii taminshuda predmeti garavi dodashudaro (zakladro) gardonad, agar garavgir sababi uzrnoki ba takhir andokhtanro, ki hangomi bastani shartnomai garav peshbini kardan mumkin nabud, nishon nadihad.

 

Moddai 30. Huququ vazifahoi garavdeh hangomi garavi dodashuda (zaklad)

 

  1. Garavdeh huquq dorad, ki ba molu mulki garavi bo maqsadi muayyankunii sharoiti dakhldori nigohdori va istifodai on dastrasii voqei doshta boshad.

Dar surati joy doshtani tahdidi nobudshavi, osebyobi yo kamshavii arzishi molu mulki garavi bo gunohi garavgir garavdeh haq dorad bartaraf namudani holathoero talab kunad, ki boisi nobudshavi, osebyobi yo kamshavii arzishi molu mulki garavi megardand.

  1. Garavdeh haq dorad har vaqt pesh az muhlat qat namudani garavi dodashudaro (zakladro) bo rohi ijroi uhdadorii bo garavi dodashuda (zaklad) taminshuda talab namoyad, agar dar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoit peshbini nashuda boshad.

Dar surate, ki agar uhdadori qarzi puli va garavdeh shakhsi voqei boshad, garavdeh garavi dodashudaro (zakladro) pesh az muhlati muqarrarkardai shartnomai garav bo rohi pardokhti qarzi bo garavi dodashuda (zaklad) taminshuda qat namoyad, agar shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

  1. Agar garavdeh khabar yobad, ki ba molu mulki garavi na bo gunohi garavgir, balki binobar khususiyat yo tarkibi molu mulki garavi khatari nobudshavi, osebyobi yo kamshavii arzish tahdid kardaast, u dar in bora ba garvgir be takhir khabar medihad va hifzi onro talab mekunad.

 

Moddai 31. Javobgarii garavgir hangomi gum yo kharob shudani garavi dodashuda (zaklad)

 

Agar shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garavgir hangomi garavi dodashuda (zaklad) baroi gum yo kharob shudani molu mulki garavi dar nazdi garavdeh javobgar ast, agar isbot nakunad, ki in na bo gunohi u ba amal omadaast. Andozai zarare, ki garavgir tovonashro medihad, bo rohi hisobi mablaѓe, ki arzishi bozorii molu mulki garavi hangomi supurdani molu mulki garavi tarafho muvofiqa kardaand va dar surati nabudani chunin sozish nazar ba arzishi bozori dar lahzai garavi dodashuda (zaklad) ba andozai on kam shudaast, muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 32. Garavkhonaho (lombardho)

 

  1. Garavkhona (lombard) shakhsi huquqie (tashkiloti makhsusgardonidashudae) meboshad, ki ba dodani qarzi kutohmuddat bar ivazi garavi molu mulki manquli shahrvandon, inchunin nigahdoshti molu mulki manquli shahrvandon mashgul ast. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)
  2. Garavmonii ashyo dar garavkhona (lombard) muvofiqi moddai 387 Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Qonuni  Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai garavkhona (lombard) surat megirad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)
  3. Nisbat ba garavkhonaho (lombardho) muqarraroti bobi 6 hamin Qonun istifoda nameshavand.

 

qismhoi 4 va 5 bo QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155 khorij karda shudand

 

Moddai 33. Garavmonii vositahoi puli

 

  1. Garavmonii vositahoi puli tanho bo rohi ba sohibiyati garavgir dodani onho surat girifta metavonad. Puli naqdero, ki garavgir ba shakhse, ki tashkiloti qarzi nameboshad, medihad, u dar hisobnomai depozitii tashkiloti qarzi yo idorai notariali mahfuz medorad. Foizhoe, ki ba in mablaѓ hisob karda monda shudaand, ba garavdeh taalluq dorand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Tashkiloti qarzi, ki hisobnomai mushtariro dorad, haq dorad az in mushtari vositahoi pulii dar hisobnomai u budaro baroi tamini kredithoi tashkiloti qarzi ba mushtari (garavdeh) yo shakhsi seyum, bo muvofiqai tarafho ba sifati garav girad. In guna garav garavi dodashuda (zaklad) hisob meyobad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  3. Vositahoi mushtarii tashkiloti qarzi (garavdeh), ki dar hisobnomai mushtari dar tashkiloti qarzi meboshand, ba sifati predmeti garav (garavi dodashuda (zaklad) dar nazdi shakhsi seyum (garavgir) bo muvofiqai tarafho baromad karda metavonand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  4. Mablaѓhoe, ki predmeti garav meboshand, az hisobi mushtari dar tashkiloti qarzi (garavdeh) be rozigii garavgir pardokht karda shuda nametavonand, agar ba tashkiloti qarzi garavdeh va garavgir dar khususi garavi vositahoi dar hisobi dar tashkiloti qarzi doshtai mushtari khatti khabar doda boshand va tasdiqnomai khattii tashkiloti qarzi mavjud boshad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

BOBI 4.

GARAV BO MONDANI ASHYOI GARAVi  DAR DASTI GARAVDEH

 

Moddai 34. Predmeti garav bo mondani ashyoi garav dar dasti garavdeh

 

  1. Molu mulki manqul va ashyoi az muomiloti grajdani barovardanashuda bo sozishi tarafho predmeti garav bo mondani ashyoi garavi dar dasti garavdeh shuda metavonand.
  2. Samarahoi judoshavanda predmeti garave, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda nishon doda shudaast, tanho ba sharte shuda metavonand, ki agar onho az lahzai judoshavi obekti huquqi shakhsi seyum nashavand.

 

Moddai 35. Huquqi garavgir hangomi garavmonii ashyoe, ki dar dasti garavdeh monda meshavad

 

  1. Agar predmeti garav dar dasti garavdeh boshad, garavgir, agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, huquq dorad, ki:

1) ba molu mulk, inchunin ba har hujjati mavjudai on, ki baroi taftishi andoza, holat va sharoiti nigohdori yo istifodai molu mulki garavi zarur ast, dastrasii voqei paydo namoyad;

2) qat kardani hama guna qasdro ba predmeti garav, ki tahdidi nobudkuni, kharobkuni yo kamkunii arzishi onro dorad, talab kunad;

3) az garavdeh andeshidani chorahoi ba hifzi predmeti garav ravona kardashudaro bo asos talab namoyad;

4) dar surati kharobshavii molu mulki garav na bo gunohi garavgir, barqaror yo ivaz namudani molu mulki garaviro yo pesh az muhlat ado kardani qarz (qismi dakhldori qarz)-ro sarfi nazar az muhlathoi muvofiqashudai pardokht talab namoyad;

5) digar huquqhoro, ki shartnomai garav dodaast va onho ba hamin Qonun mukholifat namekunand, tatbiq namoyad.

  1. Dar surati ijro nakardani talabi garavgir az jonibi garavdeh oid ba ivaz namudani molu mulki garavi mutobiqi bandi 4 qismi 1 hamin modda garavgir metavonad pesh az muhlat ijro kardani uhdadorii taminshudaro talab kunad va az hisobi molu mulki garavi pardokhthoro ruyonad.

 

Moddai 36. Huququ vazifai garavdeh hangomi ba garav guzoshtani ashyo bo mondani on dar dasti garavdeh

 

  1. Agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garavdeh hangomi ba garav guzoshtani ashyo bo mondani on dar dasti garavdeh huquq dorad:

1) predmeti garavro muvofiqi khususiyat va tainotash sohibi va istifoda namoyad;

2) digar huquqero, ki shartnomai garav dodaast, ba amal barorad.

  1. Garavdeh hangomi garavmoni bo guzoshtani ashyoi garavi dar dasti u, agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, vazifador meboshad:

1) tamomi chorahoero andeshad, ki baroi beoseb nigoh doshtani predmeti garav, az on jumla ba jo ovardani tamiri asosi va jori muvofiqi shartnoma zarurand;

2) az hisobi khud predmeti garavi dar dasti u mondaro dar hajmi purraash suѓurta namoyad;

3) dar surati nobud shudani predmeti garav bo rozigii tarafho onro barqaror yo bo ashyoi hamarzishi bo narkhi bozorii na kamtar az arzishi predmeti garavi gumshuda ivaz kunad yo qarz (yak qismi dakhldori qarz)-ro, sarfi nazar az muhlathoi muvofiqakardai tarafho, pardokht namoyad;

4) garavgirro dar borai ba ijora dodani predmeti garav ogoh namoyad;

5) ba garavgir imkoniyati dastrasii voqeiro ba molu mulki, inchunin ba har hujjati baroi on mavjudbuda, ki baroi taftishi andoza, holat va sharoiti nigohdosht yo istifodai molu mulki garavi zarur ast, dihad.

 

Moddai 37. Ba garav guzoshtani molhoi dar muomilotbuda

 

  1. Molhoi dar muomilotbuda zakhirahoi moli-moddi, ashyoi khom, mahsuloti nimtayyor va tayyore hisobida meshavand, ki dar davomi vaqt istifoda va purra karda shuda metavonand. Muvofiqi hamin modda in guna molhoro, ki ba onho tavsifi umumie dodan mumkin ast, ki az rui on muqarrar kardani mol imkonpazir meboshad, ba garav mondan mumkin ast. SHartnomai garavi molhoi dar muomilotbuda boyad shakli moli garavro muayyan namoyad, khususiyathoi ba on khos, arzishi umumi, joi voqeiyatro tavsif namoyad va bo hamin roh har molero bayon kunad, ki onro baroi ivaz namudani molu mulki garavi istifoda kardan mumkin ast.
  2. Hangomi garavmonii molhoi dar muomilotbuda predmeti garav molhoi arzishashon muayyane meboshand, ki az rui vohidi miqdor, andoza va yo hajmi mol muayyan karda meshavand. Agar dar shartnoma digar shartu sharoit peshbini nashuda boshad, garavdeh haq dorad predmeti garavro tavre ivaz namoyad, ki arzishi umumii mol nazar ba arzishi dar shartnomai garav nishondodashuda kamtar naboshad, predmeti garavro be rozigii garavgir begona namoyad. To vaqti purra kardani predmeti garav, ki ba sifati on molhoi dar muomilotbuda baromad mekunand, vositahoi pulie, ki az furushi onho ba dast omadaand, ba sifati predmeti garav amal mekunand.

Tarafho kamshavii arzishi umumii garavi molhoi dar muomilotbudaro mutobiqi qismi ijroshudai uhdadorii bo hamin garav taminshuda peshbini karda metavonand.

  1. Garavi molhoi dar muomilotbuda garavi molhoe etirof megardand, ki dar dasti garavdeh monda meshavand. Hangomi garavi molhoi dar muomilotbuda va korkardi dubora garavdeh huquqi sohibi, istifoda va ikhtiyordorii predmeti garavro bo rioyai qoidahoi hamin bob nigoh medorad.
  2. On molhoi dar muomilotbuda, ki garavdeh muvofiqi sharthoi shartnomai garavi molhoi dar muomilotbuda paydo kardaast, az lahzai ba dasti garavdeh bo huquqi molikiyat yo digar huquqi ashyoi guzashtan predmeti garav meshavand. Molhoe, ki dar muomilot meboshand, az lahzai ba molikiyat, peshburdi khojagidori yo idorakunii operativii kharidor guzashtan digar predmeti garav nameboshand.
  3. Az lahzai ba garavdeh az tarafi garavgir supurdani khabarnoma dar borai ruyonidani pardokhtho muvofiqi bobi 6 hamin Qonun ba garavdeh man karda meshavad, ki ba har moli mavridi gardish ikhtiyordori namoyad.

 

BOBI 5.

GARAVI HUQUQ

 

Moddai 38. Garavi huquq

 

  1. Dar surate, ki predmeti garav qarzi pulii ba garavdeh taalluqdoshta meboshad, garavdeh vazifador nest, ki ba istisnoi mavridhoi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston qarzdori khudro az on khabardor namoyad, ki qarzi u ba garav monda shudaast. Qarzdore, ki qarzi u ba garav monda shudaast, onro bo rohi pardokhtho ba garavgir yo ba shakhse, ki uro garavdeh tain mekunad, ado karda metavonad, tanho ba sharte, ki garavdeh yo garavgir ba qarzdor dar borai mavjud budani garav khabar nadihand. Badi ba qarzdor supurdani in guna ogohinoma garavgir metavonad qarzhoro dar bobati qarzi ba garav mondashudai ba garavdeh taalluqdoshta bevosita paygiri namoyad va qarzi ba garav mondashuda tanho bo rohi pardokhti on ba garavgir yo ba shakhse, ki garavgir tain kardaast, ado karda shuda metavonad.
  2. Agar predmeti garav uhdadorii shartnomavii shakhsi seyum dar nazdi garavdeh boshad, ki qarzi puli nest, in guna uhdadorii shartnomavi az tarafi uhdadorshavanda muvofiqi ahdu paymon bo garavgir qone gardonda meshavad. Dar in mavrid garavgir badi in, ki hama guna arzish muvofiqi shartnoma ba ikhtiyori garavdeh meguzarad, qanoatmandi paydo karda metavonad.

Garavgir qanoatmandiro bevosita az tarafi uhdadorshavanda muvofiqi uhdadorii shartnomavi tanho badi on paydo karda metavonad, ki garavgir nuskhai khabarnomaro dar borai majburan sitonidan ba tarafi uhdadorshavanda firistonad va ba on ishorat mekunad, ki garavgir muvofiqi hamin Qonun huquqi khudro oid ba majburan ijro namudani uhdadorii shartnomavii tarafi uhdadorshavandaro dar nazdi garavdeh ba amal mebarorad.

  1. Dar shartnomai garavi huquqe, ki arzishi puli nadorad, arzishi predmeti garav muvofiqi sozishi tarafho muayyan karda meshavad, agar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.
  2. Agar qarzdori garavdeh to az tarafi garavdeh ijro karda shudani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda uhdadorii khudro ijro karda boshad, tamomi daromadhoi dar in mavrid ba dastovardai garavdeh predmeti garav megardad, ki garavdeh vazifador ast dar in bora favran ba garavgir khabar dihad.

Dar surati az qarzdori khud az hisobi ijroi uhdadoriho giriftani mablaѓ garavdeh vazifador ast bo talabi garavgir az hisobi ijroi uhdadorihoi bo garav taminshuda mablaѓhoi dakhldorro intiqol dihad, agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro muqarrar nakarda boshad.

 

Moddai 39. Vazifahoi garavdeh hangomi garavi huquq

 

Agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garavdeh hangomi garavi huquq vazifador ast:

1) huquqi ba garavguzoshtashudaro ba kasi digar nadihad;

2) amaliyothoero anjom nadihad, ki boisi qat gardidani huquqi ba garavguzoshtashuda yo kamshavii arzishi on megardad;

3) baroi tamini haqiqi budani huquqi garavshuda amaliyothoi zaruriro ba jo ovarad;

4) baroi hifzi huquqi ba garavguzoshtashuda az qasdhoi tarafi shakhshoi seyum tamomi chorahoro andeshad;

5) ba garavgir dar borai har guna taѓyiroti huquqi ba garavguzoshtashuda, dar borai vayronkunii on az tarafi shakhsoni seyum va davoi shakhsoni seyum ba in huquq khabar dihad.

 

Moddai 40. Huquqi garavgir hangomi garavi huquq

 

Agar shartnoma digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad, garavgir hangomi garavi huquq haq dorad:

1) sarfi nazar az rasidani muhlati ijroi uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda ba sud bo davoi ba khudash intiqol dodani huquqi ba garavguzoshtashuda murojiat namoyad, agar garavdeh vazifahoi peshbinikardai moddai 39 hamin Qonunro rioya nakarda boshad;

2) dar surati talaboti peshbinikardai bandi 4 moddai 39 hamin Qonunro ijro nakardani garavdeh mustaqilona chorahoe andeshad, ki ba hifzi huquqi ba garavguzoshtashuda az qonunshikanihoi shakhsi seyum nigaronida shudaand;

3) ba parvandae, ki dar on davo dar borai huquqi ba garavguzoshtashuda barrasi megardad, ba sifati shakhsi seyum dokhil shavad.

 

FASLI III

AZ HISOBI MOLU MULKI GARAVi RUYONIDANI PARDOHTHO

 

BOBI 6.

AZ HISOBI MOLU MULKI GARAVi RUYONIDANI PARDOHTHO

 

Moddai 41. Asosi az hisobi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho

 

  1. Pardokht az hisobi predmeti garav baroi qone namudani talaboti garavgir (qarzdihanda), ki dar hamin Qonun nishon doda shudaast, dar surati uhdadorii bo garav taminshudaro ijro nakardan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro kardani qarzdor ruyonida shuda metavonad, chunonchi:

1) vayron kardani tartib va muhlathoi pardokhti foizho, ki shartnoma muqarrar kardaast;

2) vayron kardani tartib va muhlathoi pas gardonidani mablaѓi qarzi asosii muqarrarkardai qonun yo shartnoma;

3) talaboti garavgirro dar borai pesh az muhlat ijro kardani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda ijro nakardani qarzdor dar mavridhoi peshbinikardai moddai 42 hamin Qonun;

4) dar digar mavridhoi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo shartnoma.

  1. Az hisobi molu mulki garavi ruyonidani pardokhtho bo tartibi peshbinikardai shartnomai garav ba amal barovarda meshavad, agar hamin Qonun digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad. Hangomi nomuvofiqii sharthoi shartnomai garav va sharthoi uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda dar khususi talabote, ki bo rohi az hisobi molu mulki garavi ruyonidani pardokhtho qone karda shuda metavonand, bartari ba sharthoi shartnomai garav doda meshavad.

Qismi 3 bo QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117 khorij karda shud.

 

Moddai 42. Az hisobi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho dar surati qone nakardani talaboti oid ba

                     pesh az muhlat ijro namudani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda

 

  1. Garavgir haq dorad pesh az muhlat ijro kardani uhdadorii bo garav taminshudaro talab namoyad, vale agar in talab ijro karda nashavad, pardokhthoro az hisobi predmeti garav dar mavridhoi zerin sitonad:

1) qoidahoi ikhtiyordorii predmeti garavro vayron kardani garavdeh yo az sohibiyati garavdeh baromadani predmeti garav;

2) qoidahoi ivaz yo barqaror kardani predmeti garavro vayron namudani garavdeh;

3) gum kardani predmeti garav dar holathoe, ki garavdeh baroi onho javobgar nameboshad, agar garavdeh az huquqi ivaz yo barqaror kardani predmeti garav istifoda nakarda boshad;

4) qoidahoi garavmonii minbadaro vayron kardani garavdeh;

5) uhdadorihoi nigohdori va ehtiyot namudani predmeti garavro vayron kardani garavdeh;

6) uhdadorihoi khudro dar borai ogohonidani garavgir az huquqi ba predmeti garav doshtani shakhsoni seyum vayron kardani garavdeh;

7) uhdadorihoi pardokhti foizho yo digar mablaѓhoi peshbinikardai uhdadorii bo garav taminshudaro muntazam ( beshtar az du marotiba) vayron kardani qarzdor;

8) dar digar mavridhoi peshbinikardai qonun yo shartnomai garav.

 

Moddai 43. Navbati qonegardonii talabhoi garavgirho

 

  1. Talabhoi garavgiri badina az hisobi arzishi predmeti garav badi qone gardonidani talabhoi garavgiri peshina qone karda meshavand.
  2. Navbati qone gardonidani talabho muvofiqi hamin Qonun bo rozigii khattii garavgirho taѓyir doda shuda metavonad.
  3. Dar surati bo talabi garavgiri badina az hisobi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho talabhoi garavgiri badina bad az qone kunondani talabhoi garavgironi peshina qone gardonda meshavand, hatto agar muhlati qonekunii onho narasida boshad.
  4. Dar surati bo talabi garavgiri peshina az hisobi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho, hamzamon bo talabi garavgiri badina az hisobi in predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho ravo meboshad, ki muhlati peshnihodi ruyonidani onho hanuz narasidaast.

Talaboti garavgirhoi badina naboyad pesh az muhlat qone gardonda shavand, agar baroi qone gardondani talabhoi garavgirhoi peshina az hisobi yak qismi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho kofi boshad.

  1. Garavgiri badina, ki molu mulki garavi dar ikhtiyori u meboshad, vazifador ast:

1) ba garavgirhoi peshina dar borai niyathoi khud oid ba furukhtani molu mulki garavi khabar dihad;

2) bo talabi garavgirandai peshina molu mulki garaviro ba sohibiyati u suporad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

Agar in talabho ijro nashuda boshand, garavgiri badina, ki molu mulkro mefurushad, dar nazdi garavgiri peshina javobgarii molu mulki dorad.

  1. Hangomi az hisobi predmeti garav ruyonidani pardokhtho talabhoi garavgiri badina az hisobi arzishi predmeti garav badi talabhoi khudro qone gardonidani garavgiri peshina qone karda meshavand.
  2. Bo navbat qone gardonidani talabot, ki bo garavi peshina muayyan shudaast, nisbat ba daromad pas az 30 ruzi badi az jonibi garavdeh ba dast ovardani daromad ba anjom merasad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki daromad dar shakli puli ba dast omada, mumkin ast mushakhkhas gardonda shavad yo bo tavsifi garav, ki dar hujjathoi baqaydgirii peshnihodshuda zikr shudaast, pushonida shavad.(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  3. Bo navbat qone gardonidani talabot, ki bo garavi peshina muayyan shudaast, nisbat ba daromad pas az 30 ruzi badi az jonibi garavdeh giriftani hosil va mahsulot ba anjom merasad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki daromad dar shakli puli ba dast omada, mumkin ast mushakhkhas gardonda shavad yo bo tavsifi garav, ki dar hujjathoi baqaydgirii peshnihodshuda zikr shudaast, pushonida shavad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  4. 9. Agar garavgiri garavhoi peshina va minbada khudi hamon yak shakhs boshad, qoidahoi hamin modda tatbiq nameshavand. Dar in mavrid talabhoi bo har yake az garavho taminshuda bo navbat, muvofiqi muhlathoi dakhldori ijroi uhdadorihoi dakhldor qone karda meshavand, agar qonun yo sozishnomai tarafho digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.
  5. 10. Agar mablaѓi az furushi ijborii molu mulki garavi ba dastomada, ki on muvofiqi fasli III hamin Qonun ba amal barovarda meshavad, baroi pardokhti talabhoi garavgirhoi navbati minbada kifoya naboshad, talabhoi onho chun talabhoi taminnabuda qat megardand, kati nazar az qonuni budani in talabho, agar shartnomai garav digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

 

Moddai 44. Tartibi ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav 

 

  1. Ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav metavonad bo tartibi gayrisudi va sudi amali karda shavad.
  2. Ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi gayrisudi dar asosi shartnomai garav yo sozishnomai bayni garavdeh va garavgir, ki dar on sharthoi ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi gayrisudi nishon doda shudaand, amali karda meshavad. Agar dar shartnomai garav yo sozishnomai bayni garavdeh va garavgir tartibi gayrisudi muqarrar shuda boshad, yagon taraf nametavonad ba tavri yaktarafa tartibi ruyonidanro az hisobi predmeti garav tagyir dihad. 
  3. Dar holathoi digar ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi sudi amali karda meshavad, az jumla, agar: 

– baroi ba imzo rasonidani shartnomai garav rozigi yo ijozati digar shakhs yo maqomot talab karda shavad va in guna rozigi yo ijozat girifta nashuda boshad; 

– predmeti garav molu mulki boshad, ki baroi jomea arzishi ziyodi tarikhiyu badei yo digar arzishi farhangi doshta boshad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 45. Tartibi gayrisudii ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav

 

  1. Garavgir huquq dorad ba tavri gayrisudi ba predmeti garav sohib shavad, agar on dar shartnomai garav peshbini shuda boshad yo agar qarzdor (garavdeh) pas az ba miyon omadani holathoi ijro nagashtan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro gardidani uhdadori dar shakli khatti rozigi doda boshad, ba sharte ki chunin sohib shudan ba talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholif naboshad.
  2. Agar predmeti garav molu mulki manquli ba molu mulki gayrimanqul payvastshuda boshad, garavgir metavonad onro bo tartibi gayrisudi az molu mulki gayrimanquli ba on payvastshuda, tanho dar surati giriftani rozigii khattii qarzdor yo garavdeh, agar u dar yak vaqt qarzdor hisobida nashavad, pas az ba miyon omadani holathoi ijro nagashtan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro gardidani uhdadori judo namoyad. 
  3. Ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi gayrisudi bo chunin tarz amali karda meshavad:

– ikhtiyoran suporidani predmeti garav az jonibi garavdeh ba garavgir;

– ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav dar asosi navishtajoti ijroiyai notarius.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 46. Ikhtiyoran suporidani predmeti garav 

 

Ikhtiyoran suporidani predmeti garav bo bastani sozishnomai haqqi dastkashi bayni garavdeh va garavgir amali karda meshavad. 

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 47. Ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav dar asosi navishtajoti ijroiyai notarius 

 

  1. Dar surati az jonibi garavdeh etirof namudani uhdadorii qarzi yo dar asosi qarori sud dar borai ruyonidani qarze, ki bo predmeti garav tamin shudaast, garavgir huquq dorad baroi giriftani navishtajoti ijroiyai notarius murojiat namoyad. 
  2. Dar borai giriftani navishtajoti ijroiyai notarius va ogoz namudani rasmiyoti giriftani predmeti garav, garavgir uhdador ast, ki garavdehro bo tavri khatti ogoh namoyad. 
  3. Garavdeh huquq dorad, ki navishtajoti ijroiyai notariusro bo tariqi sudi mavridi shikoyat qaror dihad.
  4. Dar holati sarkashi namudani garavdeh az ikhtiyoran suporidani predmeti garav dar asosi navishtajoti ijroiyai notarius, predmeti garav majburan tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston sitonida meshavad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 48. CHorahoi taminoti vobasta ba predmeti garav

 

  1. Agar badi ba amal omadani holati ijro nakardan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro kardani uhdadori, garavgir ba predmeti garav tibqi talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston sohib shuda natavonad yo agar qarzdor (garavdeh) badi ba amal omadani holati mazkur baroi giriftani predmeti garav, ki molu mulki manquli ba molu mulki gayrimanqul payvastshuda ba hisob meravad, rozi naboshad, garavgir huquq dorad ba sud bo ariza dar borai suporidani predmeti garav ba nigohdorii garavgir murojiat namoyad, ki on bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston barrasi megardad.
  2. Ba ariza dar borai suporidani predmeti garav hujjathoi zerin zamima megardand:

– shartnomai garav;

– dalelhoi dakhldor, ki holati az jonibi qarzdor yo garavdeh, agar u dar yak vaqt qarzdor hisobida nashavad, ijro nakardan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro kardani uhdadorii asosiro tasdiq mekunand;

– hujjati suporidani boji davlati;

– digar hujjathoe, ki qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaast. 

  1. Hangomi murojiat namudani garavgir ba sud bo ariza oid ba andeshidani chorahoi taminoti, garavgir ba qarzdor (garavdeh) nuskhai arizai mazkur va nuskhai hamai hujjathoi zamimashavandaro, ki ba sud peshnihod shudaand, mesuporad. Arizai mazkur mumkin ast be tasdiqi qabuli on az jonibi qarzdor (garavdeh) dar holathoi zerin ba sud peshnihod karda shavad:

– agar garavgir chorahoi dakhldorro oid ba suporidani nuskhai arizai mazkur ba qarzdor (garavdeh) andeshida boshad, vale in choraho benatija mondaand;

– bahri peshgiri kardani vayronshavii predmeti garav yo dar holati mohiyatan past shudani arzishi predmeti garav;

– bo maqsadi peshgiri namudani amalhoi ehtimolii gayriqonunii qarzdor (garavdeh), ki ba nobudshavi, vayronshavi yo begona namudani predmeti garav ovarda merasonand.

  1. Garavgire, ki dar asosi sanadi sudi predmeti garavro baroi nigohdori qabul namudaast, uhdador meshavad oid ba tamini nigohdorii predmeti garavi dar ikhtiyor doshtaash to ba sohibiyat qabul namudani on yo to qabul shudani qarori sud chorahoi dakhldor andeshad.
  2. Agar az shartnomai tarafho tartibi digar barnaoyad, dar muddati dar nigohdorii garavgir qaror doshtani predmeti garav, kharojoti dakhldor, az jumla andoz yo khiroji pardokhtshudai ba predmeti garav aloqamand mumkin ast ba zimmai qarzdor (garavdeh) guzoshta shuda, az hisobi predmeti garav, inchunin arzishi hama guna namudhoi sugurta ruyonida shavad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 49. Ogohinoma dar borai ogozi rasmiyoti ruyonidan az hisobi  predmeti garav bo

                        tartibi gayrisudi 

 

  1. To ogozi rasmiyoti ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi gayrisudi garavgir uhdador ast dar shakli khatti ba garavdeh ogohinoma firistonad, ki on malumoti zerinro dar bar megirad:

– malumot dar borai garavdeh va garavgir; 

– tavsifi infirodi yo umumii predmeti garav;

– peshnihod dar borai ijroi ikhtiyorii uhdadori, az jumla mablagi qarz dar muhlati na kamtar az 20 ruz az lahzai bo tariqi dakhldor suporidani ogohinoma ba garavdeh;

– digar malumothoe, ki garavgir zarur meshumorad;

– sanai ogohinoma va imzoi garavgir yo shakhsi vakolatdorkardai u. 

  1. Garavgir hamzamon ba garavgironi peshina va minbada ogohinoma oid ba ogozi rasmiyoti ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garavro mefiristonad.
  2. Hangomi giriftani ogohinoma dar borai ogozi rasmiyoti ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav:

1) garavdeh huquq dorad:

– peshnihodi garavgirro dar borai ijroi ikhtiyorii uhdadori qone namoyad; 

– ba sud bo davo oid ba mavridi bahs qaror dodani asoshoi ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav murojiat namoyad; 

2) garavdeh uhdador ast:

– ogohinomaro mohiyatan mavridi barrasi qaror dihad;

– na dertar az 10 ruz az lahzai giriftani ogohinoma oid ba qarori qabulnamudai khud ba garavgir ba tavri khatti javob dihad. 

  1. Agar garavdeh ba garavgir oid ba qarori qabulnamudai khud vobasta ba ogohinoma javobi khatti peshnihod nakunad, pas in amal hamchun etirof nakardani asosnokii talaboti garavgir dar borai qarzi asosi va ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav donista shuda, baroi murojiat ba sud asos shuda metavonad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 50. Ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi sudi 

 

Garavgir dar holathoi zerin huquq dorad ba sud bo davo murojiat namoyad:

– gayriimkon budani ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav bo tartibi gayrisudi, ki dar Qonuni mazkur peshbini shudaast;

– agar baroi ba imzo rasonidani shartnomai garav rozigi yo ijozati digar shakhs yo maqom talab karda shavad va in guna rozigi yo ijozat girifta nashuda boshad; 

– agar predmeti garav molu mulke boshad, ki baroi jomea arzishi ziyodi tarikhiyu badei yo digar arzishi farhangi dorad;

– nabudani garavdeh va imkonnopazir budani muqarrar kardani makoni joygirshavii u;

– dar surati etirof nakardani asosi talaboti garavgir dar borai qarzi asosi va ruyonidan az hisobi predmeti garav.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117) 

 

BOBI 7.

FURUSHI PREDMETI GARAVE, KI AZ HISOBI ON  PARDOHTHO RUYONIDA MESHAVAND

 

Moddai 51. Furushi predmeti garav

 

  1. Badi guzashtani muhlati sarkhati seyumi qismi 1 moddai 49hamin Qonun garavgir huquq dorad ba rasmiyoti furushi predmeti garav mutobiqi hamin Qonun shuru namoyad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Furushi predmeti garavi marbut ba ruyonidani pardokhtho az hisobi predmeti garav yo kushoda yo khususi buda metavonad va boyad ba shakl va mavqei molu mulk muvofiqat namoyad.

Garavdeh va garavgir vazifadorand bovijdonona baroi ba amal barovardani furush tavre choraho andeshand, ki on baroi hamai tarafhoi ishtirokkunanda bo nazardoshti sharoiti voqei harchi beshtar bamanfiat boshad.

  1. Har shakhs, ba istisnoi garavdeh va har shakhse, ki az nomi garavdeh amal mekunad va az bayni ishtirokchiyoni muzoyadai sitondani pardokhtho mutobiqi hamin modda narkhi balandtarinro peshnihod menamoyad, baroi molu mulki garavi huquqi molikiyatro paydo menamoyad. Hangomi savdoi khususi kharidore, ki garavdeh yo shakhse nameboshad, ki az nomi garavdeh amal mekunad, huquqi molikiyatro ba molu mulk badi pardokhti arzishe, ki garavgir bo garavdeh muvofiqa kardaand, garavdeh paydo mekunad.
  2. Agar garav dar shakli garavi dodashuda (zaklad) buda, predmeti garav depoziti puli, koѓazhoi qimatnok, ashyoi ivazshavanda yo digar ashyoe boshad, ki dar surati ba miyon omadani zarurat ba garavdeh pas gardonda, bo ashyoi hammonand ivaz karda shuda metavonad, garavgir metavonad huquqi khudro dar bobati ruyonidani pardokhthoi uhdadorii ijronashuda dar lahzai faro rasidani muhlati ijroi uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda ba amal barorad.

Garavgir haq dorad in garavro furushad yo bo digar roh onro favran badi ba ikhtiyordoriash vorid gardidani in garav begona namoyad, agar:

1) in garav az jihati khususiyathoi tabiii khud zudvayronshavanda boshad yo khatare mavjud boshad, ki on arzishi khudro zud gum kunad;

2) kharojoti hifz va nigohdorii predmeti garav ba qiyosi arzishi on nomutanosib ast;

3) bo qarori sud.

  1. Garavdeh metavonad az hisobi molu mulki garavi ruyonidani pardokhthoro bo rohi ba garavgir pardokht namudani tamomi mablaѓi taalluqdoshta, ki ba uhdadori mansub buda, bo molu mulki garavi tamin gardidaast, inchunin kharojoti ruyonidani pardokhthoro pesh az furushi on qat kunad.
  2. Begona kardani predmeti garav bo rohi ruyonidani pardokhtho bo maqsadi qone gardondani uhdadorii bo garav taminshuda amaliyoti tijorati nameboshad.

 

Moddai 52. Tarzu usulhoi furush

 

  1. Predmeti garav, ki muvofiqi hamin Qonun pardokhtho az hisobi on ruyonida meshavand, bo rohi furushi oshkoro, savdoi khususi yo bo digar tarzu usulhoi peshbinikardai sozishnomai tarafho, inchunin bo rohi predmeti garavro kharidani garavgir muvofiqi talaboti hamin Qonun furukhta meshavad.
  2. Savdoi kushod dar shakli muzoyadai oshkoro yo ozmun guzaronda meshavad. SHakli savdo bo qarori sud (dar surati bo tartibi sudi ruyonidani pardokhtho) yo bo shartnomai garav yo sozishnoma dar borai qone namudani talaboti garavgir (dar surati bo tartibi ѓayrisudi ruyonidani pardokhtho) muayyan karda meshavad.
  3. Tartibi guzarondani savdoi kushod tibqi moddahoi dakhldori Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston, hamin Qonun yo digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, inchunin shartnomai garav yo sozishnoma dar borai qone namudani talaboti garavgir bo tartibi ѓayrisudi muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 53. Huququ uhdadorihoi garavgir hangomi furushi predmeti garav

 

  1. Garavgir molu mulki garaviro bo har rohi baroi u musoid, bo tarzu usulhoi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston furukhta metavonad. Garavgir baroi furush yo halli har masalai ba furush aloqamand idorakunandai garavro, ki az nomi u amal mekunad, tain karda metavonad. Garavgir haq dorad bo rozigii garavgironi peshina va minbada furushi predmeti garavro ba muhlati na beshtar az se moh az lahzai oѓozi rasmiyoti ruyonidani pardokhtho ba takhir andozad, to ki narkhi beshtar balandi molu mulki garaviro ba dast orad.

Garavdeh haq dorad ba sud bo khohishi daroz kardani muhlati guzaronidani savdo muvofiqi Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston murojiat namoyad.

Bo rozigii khattii garavdeh va tamomi garavgiron muhlati furushi molu mulki garavi be murojiat ba sud mumkin ast ba takhir guzoshta shavad.

2.Garavgir molu mulki garaviro khudash dar savdoi khususi kharida nametavonad.

  1. Garavgir har mablaѓi az savdoi ruyonidani pardokhtho ba dastomadaro, ki az mablaѓi ba garavgir dodashavanda ziyodtar ast, ba mahfuzdoranda meguzorad. In mablaѓ baroi pardokht ba garavgironi navbati istifoda karda shuda, baqiyai on hatman ba garavdeh pas gardonda meshavad. Tamomi mablaѓhoe, ki garavgir baroi kharojoti sud, nigahdori, behtar kardani molu mulki garavi, furushi molu mulki garavi kharj kardaast, ba kharojoti ruyonidani pardokhtho muvofiqi moddai 6 hamin Qonun mansuband va boyad ba garavgir doda shavand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)
  2. Hangomi furushi predmeti garav manfiati tijorati dar nazar doshta meshavad, agar:

– garavdeh hangomi furush usuli az jihati tijorati manfiatnokro istifoda namoyad;

– az furushi predmeti garav dar digar vaqt yo bo tarzi digar nazar ba vaqt va tarzi furushi intikhobkardai garavdeh narkhi nisbatan foidanokro ba dast ovardan mumkin boshad;

– garavdeh predmeti garavro mutobiqi tajribai tijoratii sohibkorone, ki ba furushi chunin namudi molu mulk mashguland, furushad;

– usuli furukhtani predmeti garav bo qarori sud tasdiq shuda boshad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., № 1117)

 

Moddai 54. Uhdadori dar nazdi garavdeh, ki az furushi ѓayriqonunii predmeti garav barmeoyad

 

  1. Dar surate, ki agar sud muqarrar karda boshad, ki garavgir molu mulki garaviro bo sababi rioya nakardani rasmiyoti hamin Qonun bo narkhi beasosi past furukhtaast, uhdadorihoi tarafho ba holati avvala ovarda meshavand.
  2. Agar garavdeh yo garavgiri badina isbot kunad, ki arzishi asosnoki bozorii molu mulki garavi hangomi furushi on az arzishi furushi ziyod bud va dar natijai vayron kardani qoidahoi savdo az tarafi garavgiri peshina, garavdeh yo garavgiri badina az mablaѓi furush, ki boyad boqi memond, mahrum gardid, garavdeh va garavgiri badina metavonand bo darkhosti ba andozai mablaѓi gumshuda tovoni zararro dodani garavgir ba sud murojiat namoyand.

Moddai 55. Oqibathoe, ki az ѓayriqonuni ba sohibi darovardani predmeti garav barmeoyand

 

Garavdeh metavonad az garavgir tovoni zararro bo tartibi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ruyonad, agar garavgir ba on huquqi qonuni nadoshta boshad yo bo rohi ѓayriqonuni molu mulki garaviro ba sohibii khud girifta boshad.

 

Moddai 56. Qat kardani furushi predmeti garav

 

  1. Har vaqt to vaqti furushi predmeti garav dar muzoyada yo kharidorii on az tarafi garavgir bo tartibi muqarrarkardai hamin Qonun rasmiyoti ruyonidani pardokhtho az hisobi predmeti garav va furushi on boyad qat karda shavad, agar qarzdor yo garavdeh, ki shakhsi seyum meboshad, uhdadorii bo garav taminshudaro purra yo dar on qisme ijro namoyad, ki ijro karda nashudan yo ba tavri nomatlub ijro kardani on asosi ruyonidani pardokhtho bo rohi pardokhti mablaѓi talabkardai garavgir dar hajme, ki in talabot dar lahzai pardokhti mablaѓhoi dakhldor joy dorand va ba garavgir podoshi mablaѓhoi kharojoti sudi va digar kharojotero, ki ruyonidani pardokhtho az hisobi predmeti garav va furushi on ba miyon ovardaand, medihad.

Sozishnomae, ki huquqi dar hamin qism nishondodashudaro mahdud mesozad, etibor nadorad.

  1. Garavgir badi giriftani mablaѓhoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda nishondodashuda vazifador ast:

1) khabarnoma dar borai qat kardani rasmiyoti ruyonidani pardokhtho az hisobi predmeti garav va furushi onro tartib dihad;

2) dar surate, ki agar garav muvofiqi hamin Qonun ba qayd girifta shuda boshad, khabarnomaro ba maqomi baqaydgiranda baroi bekor kardani baqaydgiri muvofiqi moddai 26 hamin Qonun firistonad;

3) bo talabi garavdeh (qarzdor) yo garavgir oid ba garavi peshina va badina ba onho nuskhai duyumi khabarnomaro dihad.

  1. Habarnoma dar shakli khatti tartib doda shuda, boyad malumoti zerinro doro boshad:

1) nomguy (nom) va joi buduboshi (sukunati) garavdeh (qarzdor);

2) nomguy (nom) va joi buduboshi (sukunati) garavgir;

3) dastur baroi qat kardani rasmiyoti ruyonidani pardokhtho az hisobi predmeti garav va furushi on;

4) raqami baqaydgiri, sana va vaqti baqaydgiri dar maqomi baqaydgiranda, agar garav ba qayd girifta shuda boshad;

5) digar malumote, ki ba andeshai garavgir zarur meboshand;

6) sanai khabarnoma va imzoi garavgir.

 

Moddai 57. Asosi qat kardani garav

 

  1. Garav purra yo qisman bo asoshoi peshbinikardai Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston, hamin Qonun yo shartnomai garav qat karda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi qat kardani garav garavgir vazifador ast:

1) khabarnomaro dar borai qat kardani garav tartib dihad;

2) dar surate, ki agar shartnomai garav muvofiqi hamin Qonun ba qayd girifta shuda boshad, ba maqomi baqaydgiranda baroi bekor kardani baqaydgiri muvofiqi moddai 26 hamin Qonun khabarnoma ravona kunad;

3) bo talabi qarzdor (garavdeh) yo garavgirhoi peshina va badina ba onho nuskhahoi khabarnomaro dihad.

  1. Habarnoma dar shakli khatti tartib doda meshavad va boyad malumoti zerinro doro boshad:

1) nomguy (nom) va joi voqeiyati (sukunati) qarzdor (garavdeh);

2) nomguy (nom) va joi voqeiyati (sukunati) garavgir;

3) holathoe, ki asosi qat kardani garav meboshand;

4) raqami baqaydgiri, sana va vaqti baqaydgiri dar maqomi baqaydgiranda, agar garav ba qayd girifta shuda boshad;

5) digar malumote, ki ba aqidai qarzdor (garavdeh) va yo garavgir zarur meboshad;

6) sanai khabarnoma va imzoi garavgir.

 

FASLI IV

KAFOLATHOI HUQUQI TARAFHO HANGOMI GARAV

 

BOBI 8.

KAFOLATHOI HUQUQI TARAFHO HANGOMI GARAV

 

Moddai 58. Hifzi manfiathoi garavgir va garavdeh hangomi qati huquqi onho ba molu mulki garavi

                     dar asoshoi peshbinikardai qonun

 

  1. Dar surati az tarafi Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul kardani sanadhoi qonunguzorie, ki huquqi garavro qat menamoyand, zarare, ki dar natijai qabuli in sanadho ba garavgir rasonda shudaast, dar hajmi purra az bujeti davlati talofi karda meshavad.
  2. Dar surati qati huquqi molikiyat ba molu mulki garavi yo qati huquqi garavi dar irtibot bo qarori maqomi hokimiyati davlati, ki bevosita ba musodirai molu mulki garavi yo huquqi garavi ravona karda nashudaast, zarare, ki dar natijai in qaror ba garavgir rasonda shudaast, az tarafi in maqomi davlati az hisobi mablaѓhoe, ki dar ikhtiyori on meboshand va dar surati norasoii in mablaѓho az hisobi mablaѓhoi bujeti davlati dar hajmi purra talofi karda meshavad. Bahsi talofi kardani zararro sud hal menamoyad.
  3. Dar surati andeshidani chorahoi majburan giriftani molu mulki garavi yo huquq (millikunoni, musodira, rekvizitsiya, inchunin digar chorahoe, ki oqibatashon monand), davlat zararhoero, ki bo in chorabiniho muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba garavgir rasonda shudaand, jubron menamoyad.

 

Moddai 59. Beetiborii sanadhoe, ki huquqi garaviro vayron mekunand

 

  1. Agar dar natijai az tarafi maqomoti hokimiyati davlati barovardani sanadi doroi khususiyati ѓayrimeyorie, ki ba qonunguzori muvofiqat namekunad, huquqi garavgir vayron karda shavad, in guna sanadro sud bo arizai garavgir beetibor etirof mekunad.
  2. Oqibathoi peshbinikardai qismi 1 hamin modda inchunin dar mavridhoi mahrumsokhtani garavdeh az huquqi peshburdi khojagidori yo idorakunii operativii predmeti garav rukh medihand.
  3. Zararhoe, ki dar natijai barovardani sanadhoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda nishondodashuda ba garavgir rasonda shudaand, boyad dar hajmi purra az tarafi maqomoti dakhldori hokimiyati davlati jubron karda shavand.

 

FASLI V

MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVi

 

BOBI 9.

MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVi

 

Moddai 591. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi  baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

(QJT az 27.11.14s., №1155)

 

Moddai 60. Dar borai mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni  mazkur

 

  1. Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.
  2. Muqarrar karda shavad, ki Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 20 iyuli soli 1994 «Dar borai garav» (Akhbori SHuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s.1994, № 14, mod. 205; Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1997, № 9, mod. 117; s.1998, № 10, mod. 123) to vaqti qabul shudani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ipoteka» tanho dar qisme, ki ba hamin Qonun mukholifat namekunad, amal mekunad.

3. Bobi 2 Qonuni mazkur badi 1 soli ba quvvai qonuni daromadani hamin Qonun mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

Garavhoero, ki to qabuli hamin Qonun ba vujud omadaand, dar davomi shash mohi badi mavridi amal qaror giriftani bobi 2 Qonuni mazkur ba qayd giriftan mumkin ast.

  1. Minbad to vaqti bo hamin Qonun muvofiq kardani digar qonunho va sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar qisme, ki ba hamin Qonun mukholifat namekunand, istifoda burda meshavand.
  2. Nisbat ba garave, ki to mavridi amal qaror doda shudani Qonuni mazkur ba miyon omadaand, in Qonun tatbiq namegardad, agar sozishnomai tarafho digar shartu sharoitro peshbini nakarda boshad.

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                       E. Rahmonov

 

sh. Dushanbe, 1 marti soli 2005

№ 93

 

 

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