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Filmi hindi

CHunon ki guftam, vaqte maro ba shubai zaboni urdu guzarondand, dar borai in zabon hech tasavvure nado- shtam, garchande ki dar Tojikiston on zamon filmhoi hindi khele mashhur budand. Filmhoi «Ovora», «Bobbi», «Jimmi», «Raqqosi disko» va gayra haftaho khonahoi sinamoro az tamoshobin pur mekardand. YOd doram avvalin kharkhashai khunin baroi bileti filmi hindi dar kinoteatri «Tojikiston» ba marg anjomida, vokunishhoi ziyod ba bor ovarda bud.

1461868997_5-pyanicaZabonhoi urdu va hindi ba du khat – arabi va devanagri navishta shavand ham, qablan yak zabon budaand, vale dar asosi kash- makashhoi siyosiyu mazhabi tafovuthoi khurde paydo kardaand. Ikhtilofhoi bar asari mojaroi taqsimoti purqurbonii soli 1947 ba vujudomada sababgor shud, ki urdu beshtar ba istifo- dai vojahoi forsi va hindi ba istifodai vojahoi sanskrit tamoyul paydo kunad. Vale in tafovut beshtar dar navishtor vujud dorad, dar guftor hardu yak zabonand. Sarfu nahvi hardu zabon ham yakest, ki in farqi lugaviro boz ham kamrangtar megardonad.

Vaqte in haqiqat, ki zaboni hindiro khoham donist, ba man oshkor shud, yak daraja qanoatmand shudam, zero filmhoi hin- diro, ki goh-goh sinamoi sayyor dar Panjrud ba namoish megu- zosht, khele dust medoshtam. Makhsusan, surudhoi in filmho khele gushnavozu jolib budand.

Omukhtani zaboni urdu az sababi on, ki vojahoi ziyodi for- si dosht, baroyam mushkilie nadosht. Fanhoi digarro ham ba osoni hazm mekardam, bakhusus, ki barnomai donishgoh khele soda bud va dar asl ba mo hamon chizhoero omuzish medodand, ki poyaashro dar maktabi miyona guzashta budem. Ahyonan bahoi chor doshtam, say mekardam hama bahohoyam panj boshand, zero in imkon medod, ki idrorpulii bolo giram.

YAk imtiyozi asosii khondan dar fakultai sharqshinosi in bud, ki donishjuyonro ba kishvarhoi khoriji baroi tajribaomuzi va kor mefiristodand. Dar zamoni shuravi safar ba khorija ba kam kase muyassar meshud. CHi tavre ki zikrash raft, fakultai sharqshinosi khele maruf bud va pisaroni nukhbagonu amaldo- roni ziyod dar in jo tahsil mekardand. Har sol ba Hind baroi tajribaomuzi du nafar donishjui soli chorum – yak nafar az guruhi hindi va yak nafar az guruhi urdu bo yake az ustodon firistoda meshudand.

Dar ogozi soli sevumi khonish man imkoni ba khorija baroi tajribaomuzi raftani khudamro barkashida didam va on ba na- zaram khele nochiz namud. YAgona afzaliyati man hamon bahohoyam budand, ki voqean kase bo onho raqobat karda nametavonist. Vale yak farmoish az bolo metavonist tamomi bartariero, ki man nisbat ba digar hamkurson doshtam, ba sifr barobar ku- nad. Agar hamin imtiyozi khorijaravi naboshad, khatmkardagoni guruhi zaboni urdu az rui ikhtisos kor yofta nametavonistand. Dar holati ba khorija baroi tajribaomuzi raftan imkoni ba kori diplomati dokhil shudan beshtar meshud. Vazorati khorija va saforathoi kishvarho hama dar Maskav budand. Vagarna, yagona guzina baroi khatmkunandagoni in shuba, tagyir va takmili ikhtisos ba omuzgorii zabonu adabi tojik bud, ki man aslan khudamro dar in pesha hatto tasavvur karda nametavonistam.

Ustodi zaboni urdui mo muallima Sobirniyozova budand. Ruze az muallima pursidam:

– Muallima, hamin sayu kushishi mo barabas nest?

  • YAne chi? – javob bargardond muallima jiloi aynaki ze- boyashro suyam tofta.

Tavzeh dodam. Muallima dar borai foidai malumoti oli guzorishe dodu guft:

  • Gayr az in tajribaomuzi meraved.

Man bo istehzo guftam:

  • Bale, hatman yake az mo meravad.
  • SHumo meraved, imkoni raftani SHumo az digaron beshtar ast, – gayriikhtiyor guft muallima. U namedonist, ki ba chunin kase misli man naboyad chizero vada kard, zero bad faqat bo ijro kardani on meshavad az man khalos shud. Rosti, man ham namedonistam, ki u chi gayrate dorad.
  • Mebinem, – guftam man va dars idoma yoft.

Miyonahoi soli chorumi tahsil bayni donishjuyon mish-mish sar shud, ki az Maskav sahmiyai donishgoh baroi firistodani donishjuyon ba khorija sodir shudaast va du nafar boyad ba Hind meraftaand va ism ham meburdand, ki falonivu faloni nom- navis shudaand.

Vaqte muallima ba darsi navbati omad, man guftam:

  • Muallima, SHumo nagufta buded, ki imkoni ba tajriba- omuzi raftani man beshtar ast?
  • Bale, – oromona javob dod u.
  • Pas, charo ismi digaron nomnavis shudaast? – pursidam man bo etiroz.
  • Ki? Kiro nomnavis kardaast? – bo shubha pursid u.
  • Az kafedra pursed, – javob dodam man. Hama hamkurson khomush budand.
  • Gayr az shumo kase nameravad, Holiqov! Ba dars khalal na- rasoned, – kame asabi shud u.

Bad az dars vaqte muallima dar kafedra az mudir mepur- sadu malum meshavad, ki sahmiya omadaast, khohish mekunad, ki intikhob dar asosi barrasii bahohoi donishjuyon surat girad, to in ki ham adolat rioya shavad va ham gapu kalocha ziyod nashavad. Vaqte muallimaro bovar kunondani meshavand, ki faloni az soli guzashta narafta mondu shoyad yak nafar az dukhtaron firi- stoda shavadu gayra, muallima sarohatan elon mekunad, ki agar qoida vayron shavad va adolat rioya nashavad, u ba shavharash arz mekunad. SHavharash sarhangi KGB, khadamoti bekhatarii shuravi budaast. In istidloli muallima chunon dandonshikan bud, ki rohi maro to Dehli sofu hamvor kard, khudo ajdodi muallimai aziz va on sarhangro biyomurzad.

Qismat chi bozihoe dorad, mane, ki aslan namedonistam, dar dunyo zabone bo nomi urdu vujud dorad va aslan ba fakultai filologiyai tojik hujjat supurda budam, inak az bayni 16 dov- talabe, ki shoyad ba sad umed ba in shuba dokhil shuda budand, ba khorija ravon meshudam.

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