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Fazoili durud guftan bar paygambaroni peshina

Bidon, ey mumin, chunonchi durud guftan bar Paygambari mo (s) savob ast, durud guftan bar paygambaroni digar niz savob ast, chunonchi dar «Jomeu-l-fazoil» omadaast, ki Rasululloh, (s) guft: «Har ki ruze se bor «Salavotullohi alo Odamu alayhi-s-salom» guyad, Haq taolo gunohoni uro biyomurzad, agarchi gunohoni u beshtar az qatrahoi boron boshad».

payombaron

Har ki guyad «Salavotullohi alo Hobilu alayhi-s-salom», savobi shahidi dar nomai amoli u navishta shavad.

Har ki «Salavotullohi alo Dovudu alayhi-s-salom» guyad, Haq taolo tavbai uro qabul kunad va savobi chihilsola ibodatro yobad.

Har ki guyad «Salavotullohi alo YAqubu alayhi-s-salom», daroyad dar bihisht az har dare, ki khohad.

Har ki guyad «Salavotullohi alo Ibrohimu alayhi-s-salom», Haq taolo haft andomi uro bar otashi duzakh harom gardonad.

Har ki guyad «Salavotullohi alo YUsufu alayhi-s-salom», Haq taolo uro az azobi gur va chohhoi duzakh nigoh dorad.

Har ki biguyad «Salavotullohi alo Sulaymonu alayhi-s-salom», Haq taolo uro dar bihisht mulke azim ruzi kunad.

Har ki guyad «Salavotullohi alo Muso alayhi-s-salom», chunonasti, ki misli kuhi  Tur zar sadaqa doda boshad.

Har kiro hojate boshad, shabi yakshanbe sadu yak bor guyad «Salavotullohi alo Muso alayhi-s-salom», ba kifoya rasad.

Har ki guyad «Salavotullohi alo Iso alayhi-s-salom», namirad, to joyi khudro dar bihisht nabinad.

Har ki bar bemore bistu yak bor guyad «Salavotullohi alo Iso alayhi-s-salom» va damad, on bemor sihhat yobad.

Har ki durud firistad bar paygambare, ruzi qiyomat on paygambar mar uro chun gumshuda talab kunad va dar bihisht rasonad.

Bar paygambaron durud firisted va eshonro shafe ovared.[1]

Durudi afzaltarin

Afzaltarini durud on ast, ki on Hazrat (s) dar javobi sahobai kirom (raz) irshod farmudand va dar urf ulamo onro «Durudi Ibrohimiya» meguyand. Alloh jalla jaloluhu Hazrati Ibrohim (a)-ro Halili Hud va Hazrati Muhammad (s)-ro Habibi Hud qaror dodaast. Az in vajh kadom durudi Ilohi, ki ba tarafi Hazrati Muhammad (s) nisbat shudaast, on az qismi muhabbat meboshad va rohi muhabbat az hama arfau laziz meboshad. Kadom nisbat, ki dar miyoni khillat va muhabbat meboshad zohir ast. Az in vajh dar in har du durud yakero ba digare tashbeh doda shudaast, az in ru, in durud ba nisbati digar durudho arfau afzal va laziz ast.[2]

NaQl ast, ki chun oyati durud nozil shud, sahoba (raz) guftand, ki:

  • Ey Rasulalloh (s), kayfiyati salavot bar Hazrati SHumo chi guna ast?

Farmud, ki:

  • Hamchunin salavot firisted, ki:

Allohumma salli alo Muhammadiv-va alo oli Muhammadin kamo sallayta alo Ibrohima va alo oli Ibrohima innaka Hamidu-m-Majid. Va borik alo Muhammadiv-va alo oli Muhammadin kamo borakta alo Ibrohima va alo oli Ibrohima innaka Hamidu-m-Majid.

YAne: Hudoyo, durud bifrist bar Muhammad (s) va bar oli Muhammad (s), chunonchi durud firistodai Tu bar Ibrohim (a) va bar oli Ibrohim (a), ba durusti, ki tu Sutudashuda va Buzurgvori; va barakat deh bar Muhammad (s) va bar oli Muhammad (s), chunonchi barakat dodai Tu bar Ibrohim (a) va bar oli Ibrohim (a), ba durusti, ki Tu Sutudashuda va Buzurgvori.[3]

In salavotro Mavlono Musharrafi dar kitobi «Nazmi Daloilu-l-khayrot» ba tariqi nazm chunin ovardaast.

Nazm:

YO Iloho, Tu rahmate bakhshoy,

Bar Muhammad dari karam bikshoy.

Niz bo oli on khujastasifot

Barfiriston Tu tuhfai salavot.

Hamchunone, ki yoft Ibrohim

Tuhfai rahmatat zi lutfi amim.

Ham ba avlodi u firistodi,

Rahmatat om bekaron dodi.

Ba haqiqat, tui Hamidu Majid,

Beshaku shubha, bemisolu farid.

Barakat barfirist, yo Rahmon,

Bar Muhammad-rasuli insu jon.

Niz irsol kun bar avlodash,

Barakat bar tamomi ahfodash.

CHu Birohim bidid in ehson,

Hamrahi ol az Tu, yo Subhon.

Tu Hamidi, ki nest juz Tu Hamid,

V-on buzurgi, ki nest juz Tu Majid.[4]

Va dar in salavot du hikmat donistanist. YAke on, ki hikmat chist dar havolai salavot ba Haq taolo, to guft «Allohumma salli alo Muhammad»-bor Hudoyo, durud gu bar Muhammad (s), zero ki salavoti bandaro qadru manzalati on nest, ki darkhurdi kalomu johu jaloli Muhammadi (s) tavonad bud, pas, az on jihat havola ba Haq taolo kard. YO guem, ki chun dar muqobili salavot savobi abadi va darajoti sarmadi khohad bud, ba salavoti hodisi tu muyassar nagardad va havola ba Haq taolo kard, to salavoti abadii u mustavjibi atiyoti sarmadii tu gardad. Va naziri in on ast, ki hamdi noqisi bandagoni khodis darkhurdi ostonai qadim nabuvad. Lutfi azal niyobati eshon doshtan ba kalomi qadimi khud guft «Alhamdu lilohi Rabbi-l-olamin», to bandagoni hodis tashbis ba hamdi qadim namuda, ba ostonai qidam maruz medorand, to ba marazi qabul merasand. Hamchunin salavoti bandai ojizi noqis kobiliyati atiyati Hazrati Muhammadiyat (s)-ro nadosht, lojaram havola ba janobi Ahadiyat jalla va alo namuda, guft «Allohumma salli alo Muhammad».

Hikmati duvvum tashkhisi Ibrohim (a) az miyoni anbiyo (a) chi bud? Javob on ast, ki chun Halilu-r-Rahmon (a) az Haq taolo zikri khayr bar zaboni in ummat masalat namuda bud, Haq taolo ijobat farmuda, ummat ba zikri khayri padari millat mamur gashtand. Va dar in sukhan tanbehest bagoyat latif ishorat ba fazli Habib (s) bar Halil (a), chunonchi Haq taolo guft: «Ey Ibrohim (a), az Man darkhosti, to zaboni ummati Muhammad (s)-ro ba sanoi tu bikushudam va Man ba zoti Hud az favqi Arsh meguftam, be on, ki az Man talabida boshad».

Va dar «Zahratu-r-riyoz» va «Toju-l-muzakkirin» meguyad, ki chun Ibrohim (a) khonai Kabaro bino farmud, Haq taolo onro qiblai in ummat gardonid va mukofoti on mefarmoyad, ki uro ba khayr yod kuned, to minnat az man boshad, na az Ibrohim (a).[5]

Va ham dar «Toju-l-muzakkirin» meguyad, ki az Imom Abubakri Rozi pursidand, ki:

  • Tashkhisi salavot bar Ibrohim (a) va oli uro hikmat chist?

Farmud, ki:

  • CHun Ibrohim (a) az binoi Kaba forig shud, duo mekard va oli u – Ismoil (a) va Ishoq (a) va Soravu Hojara (a) «Omin» meguftand. Ibrohim (a) meguft:
  • Har ki az mashoikhi[6] ummati Muhammad (s) ruyi tavajjuh bar in khona namuda, dugona ado kunad, Hudovando, maro shafei u gardon.

Ismoil (a) meguft:

  • Har ki az kahuli[7] ummati Muhammad (s) ba in khona tavajjuh namuda, Turo parastad, mar uro biyomurz.

Va digaron «Omin» meguftand. Ishoq (a) javononi ummati Muhammad (s)-ro darkhost mekard va Sora zanonu Hojara kanizakoni in ummatro va digaron «Omin» meguftand.

Haq taolo bo Habibi Hud (s) khitob farmud, ki:

  • CHun Ibrohimu oli u (a) ummatoni turo dar hini ijobati duo faromush nakardand, ummati khudro bigu, ki dar okhiri namoz, ki vaqti ijobati duost, eshonro yod kuned, to mukofoti on tavonad bud.

Va dar in sukhan daqiqaest, ki ba sad jon arzon ast va on on ast, ki agar duoi eshon dar haqqi in ummat az piru javonmardon va zanonu kanizakon ijobat nayaftodi, ba mukofoti on mamur nagashtandi.[8]

[1] «Anisu-l-voizin». Sah. 248.

[2] «Maqbul vazifai durudu salom». Sah. 18.

[3] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 126.

[4] «Nazmi Daloilu-l-khayrot». Sah. 26.

[5] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 126-127.

[6] Mashoikh piron.

[7] Kahul – miyonsolon.

[8] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 127.

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