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Fazilati tavba (toba namudan)

Savol: Baroi chi tavba (tovba) mekunem va chi foida dorad?

Javvob: Tavba dar urf tarki gunoh ast va tafsiri on ba bozgashtani ba Hudoi subhonahu ishorat ast. Va on kase, ki betavba astu irtikobi maosi mekunad, bandaest bigrekhta az Hudovandi khud chun tavba kard va tarki gunoh kardu bozgardid ba sohibi khud. Az in jo guftaand, ki har ki ba sababi tavba banda megardad, hamchunon boshad, ki bandai bigrekhtaro ba sohibash rad karda boshad.

Va dar tavba se chiz zarurist, ki be on se chiz tavba vujud nagirad. YAke az onho taalluq ba mozi[1] dorad, duvvum taalluq ba hol dorad, savvum taalluq ba istiqbol[2] dorad. On, ki taalluq ba mozi dorad, pushaymonist az gunohi guzashta. Va on, ki taalluq ba hol dorad, on ast, ki filhol boz istoda boshad. Va on, ki taalluq ba istiqbol dorad, on ast, ki bad-in azimat boshad, ki bad az in hargiz ba sari on gunoh naravad. Va chun in se chiz ba hosil omad, tavba durust shuda gunoh omurzida gardid. Va agar boz ba sari on gunoh ravad, agarchi tavba shikasta shavad, ammo uro az gunohi pesh nakhohand pursid.

tavba

Bishnav, ki sharti tavba se chiz ast: Pushaymoni ba dil va uzr ba zabon va ba tan boz istodan az gunoh

Pas guft Amiralmuminin Ali (raz), ki: Tavba ismest, ki voqe meshavad bar shash mani, yane shash chiz meboyad to tavba durust oyad. Avval mazammat bar gunohoni guzashta va digar qazoi faroizi zoeshuda va digar raddi mazolim va digar gudokhtani nafs bar toat hamchunon, ki tarbiyat kardai uro dar masiyat va digar chashonidani talkhii toat hamchunon, ki chashonidai uro shirinii gunoh va digar girya ba joi khanda kardan.

[1] Mozi – guzashta.

[2] Istiqbol — oyanda.

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