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Fazilati sabr bar musibat

Imom Muslim az Ummi Salama (raz) rivoyat namuda, ki guft: Az Rasuli Hudo (s) shunidam, ki farmud: «Hej bandae nest, ki ba musibate duchor shavad va biguyad: «Inno lillohi va inno ilayhi rojiun. Allohumma-jurni fi musibati va ahluf li khayran minho»,[1] ki Hudoi mutaol dar barobari musibatash jazoi nek ba u medihad va behtar az chize, ki az dast raftaast, joyguzini on khohad namud».

sabr

Ummi Salama (raz) farmud: CHun Abusalama favt kard, onchi ki Rasuli Hudo (s) farmuda bud, guftam. Hudovand Rasuli Hudo (s)-ro hamsari man gardonid, ki behtar az Abusalama ast.[2]

Anas ibni Molik (raz) az Paygambar (s) rivoyat mekunad, ki: «Hudoi mutaol mefarmoyad: «Har goh ba suyi bandae az bandagonam musibate dar badan, yo dar farzand, yo dar molash bifiristam, ba sabru shikeboii khub az on istiqbol namoyad, sharm doram dar ruzi qiyomat baroyash tarozuvu mizon biguzoram va yo nomai amolashro boz namoyam».[3]

Az Abumuso (raz) rivoyat ast, ki Rasululloh (s) farmud: «CHun farzandi banda bimirad, Hudovand baroi farishtagon meguyad:

  • Oyo ruhi farzandi bandaamro qabz namuded?

Meguyand:

– Bale.

Pas mefarmoyad:

  • Oyo mevai dilashro girifted?

Meguyand:

  • Bale.

Boz mefarmoyad:

  • Pas bandaam chi guft?

Boz meguyand:

«Al-hamdu lilloh» va «Inno lillohi va inno ilayhi rojiun» guft.

Hudovand mefarmoyad:

  • Baroi bandaam dar bihisht khonae sokhta va onro «Baytulhamd»[4] binomed».[5]

Ibni Masud (raz) az Paygambar (s) rivoyat mekunad, ki: “Hej musalmone nest, ki ba musibate duchor shavad, agarchi on musibat khore boshad, ki ba poyash ravad, Hudoi mutaol hamon tavre ki az darakht barghoyash merezad gunohoni on bandaro pok va mahv mesozad».[6]

[1] Tarjuma: Biduni tardid mo az oni Alloh hastem va hamono hamagii mo ba suyi U murojiat khohem kard. Bor Hudoyo, dar in musibat beajru muzdam maguzor va nekutar az in ba man ajru podosh inoyat farmo.

[2] «Mukhtoru-l-ahodis». Sah. 46.

[3] «Mukhtoru-l-ahodis». Sah. 345.

[4] Baytulhamd — khonai hamdu sano.

[5] «Riyozu-s-solehin». Sah. 573.

[6] «Mukhtoru-l-ahodis». Sah. 405.

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