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FIRISTODANI DURUD DAR JOYHOI TAKIDSHUDA

DAR BAYONI JOYHOE, KI FIRISTODANI DURUD DAR ON JOYHO TAKIDI BESHTAR YOFTAAST

Muminonro chun tu khud farmudai «sallu alayh»,

Bandaro jofi amone nest chun «illo ladayh».

Sad durudu sad duovu sad salom az mo alaih»

Bod doim in durude, ki firistodam ilayh,

To ki dar junbish buvad mohi darakhton az sabo.

Abdulhayi Mujakharfi

Avval. Dar namoz khondan bad az tashahhud dar qadai okhir va ba mazhabi Imom SHofei (pah) dar qadai avval farz ast va bad az qadai okhir vojib.[1]

Duvvum. Dar hini duo, chi Paygambar (s) farmudaast, ki: «Duo mahjub ast az baromadani ba osmon, modome ki bar man salavot firistand, on goh duo ham rohi salavot az osmon darguzashta, ba mavqifi ijobat birasad». Az amira-l-muminin Umar (raz) rivoyat shudaast, ki guft: «Namoz va duo miyoni osmonu zamin muallaq ast, to on vaqt ki salavot bar Paygambar (s) firistoda shavad». Boyad ki hangomi ogozu anjomi duo durud gufta shavad, ki duo mustajob khohad shud, inshoalloh.[2]

Savvum. Dar vaqti dokhil shudan va baromadan az masjid.[3]

CHahorum. Dar vaqti forig shudani muazzin az azon, chunki Rasuli akram (s) targib dodaand baroi on va on chunin ast, ki har chi muazzin guyad, onro biguyad, magar dar vaqti «Hayya ala-s-salot», «Lo havla va lo quvvata illo billohi-l-Aliyyi-l-Azim» va dar vaqti «Hayya ala-l-faloh», «Mo shoallohu kona va mo lam yasha lam yakun» guyad. Vaqte ki forig shud, durud guyad ba Nabii Karim (s) durude, ki dar namoz khonda meshavad va bad az durud in duoro bikhonad:

Allohumma Rabba hozihi-d-davati-t-tommati va-s-saloti-l-qoimati oti Muhammadani-l-vasilata va-l-fazilata va-d-darajata-r-rafiata va-bashu maqoma-m-makhmudani-l-lazi vaadtahu va-rzuqno shafoatahu yavma-l-qiyomati innaka lo tukhlifu-l-miod.

Har kas inchunin kunad, vojib meshavad baroi on kas shafoati on Hazrat (s).[4]

Panjum. Dar vaqti shunidani nomi on Hazrat (s), chunonchi bayon shud.[5]

SHashum. Dar vaqti navishtani nomi on Hazrat (s), boyad ki pas az navishtani ismi muboraki Rasuli akram (s) iborai «sallallohu alayhi va sallam» va yo «sallallohu alayhi va olihi va sallam»-ro navisad, ki tamomi muhaddisini kirom va solihini guzashta inro navishtaand va dar hadishoyashon rivoyat mekunand az ashobi kirom (raz). Abuhurayra (raz) rivoyat mekunad, ki Hazrati Risolat (s) farmudand, ki: “Har ki yak bor salavot dar kitobat bar man navisad, farishtagon bar vay istigfor mekunand, to on salavot dar on kitob sabt boshad». Va on chi ikhtiyori ulamost, on ast, ki ham salavot va ham salom sabt sozand va makruh ast, ki ba yake qanoat kunand. Va rivoyat ast, ki ba ramz nanavisand, balki sareh «sallallohu alayhi va olihi va sallam» navisand va yo «alayhi-s-salavotu va-s-salom» navisad, yo «salavotullohi va salomuhu alayh».[6]

Haftum. Dar shabu ruzi juma. Hazrati Risolat (s) farmudaand: “Har ki dar in shabu ruz (yane, juma) hashtod bor bar man salavot firistad, hashtodsola gunohoni u omurzida shavad». Va baze ba in salavot makhsus kardaand, ki:

Allohumma salli alo Muhammadin abdika va nabiyyika va rasulika-n-nabiyyi-l-ummiyyi va alo olihi va sahbihi va sallim.

Va niz Hazrati Risolat (s) farmudaand, ki: “Har ki dar ruzi juma sad bor bar man salavot firistad, Haq taolo dusadsola gunohoni uro biyomurzad. Va har ki dar ruzi juma hazor bor salavot bar man firistad, namirad, to joyi khudro dar bihisht nabinad».[7]

Va dar hadisi digar omada, ki Hazrati Risolat (s) farmud: “Har ki ruzi juma sad bor salavot bar man firistad, ruzi qiyomat biyoyad va bo u nure boshad, ki agar bar hamai khaloiq qismat kunand, hamaro faro rasad».[8]

Va dar hadisi digar Anas ibni Molik (raz) rivoyat mekunad az Hazrati Risolat (s), ki farmud: “Har ki shabi juma hashtod bor salavot bar man firistad, biyomurzad Haq taolo hashtsadsola gunohoni guzashtavu oyandai uro».[9]

Hashtum. Dar vaqti musofaha[10] ki sababi magfirati gunohon ast.[11]

Nuhum. Dar mohi muboraki shabon, ki bar on Hazrat (s) har ki yak navbat salavot firistad, barobari mekunad bo dah navbat salavot dar mohhoi digar.[12]

Dahum. Dar vaqti shuru namudani khutbahoi juma va idho, avval hamdu sano guftan baroi Hudovandi mutaol va bad az on durud firistodan baroi Rasuli akram (s).[13]

YOzdahum. Hangomi buidani gulho. [14]

Duvozdahum. CHun yodi gunohoni khud kunad va az irtikobi maosi pushaymon gardad, darhol kalimai «Lo iloha illallohu Muhammada-r-rasululloh»-ro bar zabon ronad va az pasi on salavot bar ruhi purfutuhi Muhammadi Mustafo (s) firistad, to on gunohon az barakati kalimai tayiba va durudi on Hazrati Risolat (s) magfur gardad. CHunonchi amira-l-muminin Abubakri Siddiq (raz) guft, ki: «Salavot firistodan bar Hazrati Risolat (s) mahvkunandatar ast gunohonro az mahv kardani ob mar siyohiro az lavh». Pas, binobar in muqaddamot hej muomilae bandaro behtar az mutobiati Hazrati Risolatpanohi (s) va muhabbati u nest. Va chun on Hazrat (s) shabu ruz dar andeshai ahvol va fikri marjau maoli mo bud, avlo on, ki mo niz ba vasfi kamol va nuuti jaloli u pardozem.[15]

Sad hazoron hazor tuhfai tahiyyot va guldastai salavot nisori Hazrati olijanob (s) – on navbodai bustoni saodat va ajubai olami gayb va shahodat bod, ki manbai akhloqi Ilohi va makhzani asrori nomutanohi zoti komilsifoti u buvad.

Alloma Sakhovi (pah) dar «Qavli bade» bobi mustaqile dar borai durudhoe navishtaast, ki dar vaqthoi khos khonda meshavad va dar on in mavozero shumurdaast:

Hangomi forig shudan az vuzu, tayammum, gusli janobat va gusli hayz. Bad az namoz, vaqti shurui namoz, bad az namozi subhu shom. Bad az attahiyyot. Hangomi bedor shudan baroi namozi tahajjud. Hangomi guzar az masojid va didani onho. Vaqti vorid shudan dar masjid va khorij shudan az on. Ruzhoi juma, shanbe va yakshanbe va panjshanbe. Dar khutbahoi jumavu idayn. Dar khutbahoi namozi istisqo. Namozi kusuf va khusuf va dar namozi janoza. Hangomi guzoshtani mayit dar qabr. Dar mohi shabon. Hangomi mushohidai khonai Kaba va hangomi raftan ba Safovu Marva dar haj. Va hangomi forig shudan az labbayka. Hangomi busidani hajaru-l-asvad. SHomgohi  ruzi arafa. Dar masjidi Mino. Hangomi didani Madinai munavvara. Hangomi ziyorati ravzai mutahhari Hazrati Rasuli akram (s). Hangomi vido az on jo. Hangomi guzar az osori giromi va guzargohho va qiyomgohhoi on Hazrat (s) monandi guzar az Badr va gayra. Vaqti tijorat va navishtani vasiyat. Dar khutbai nikoh. Dar avvalu okhiri ruz. Hangomi khobidan. Vaqti kharakat baroi safar. Vaqti savor shudan bar markab va savori. Hangomi bekhobi. Vaqti raftan ba bozor. Vaqti raftan ba mehmoni. Vaqti vorid shudan ba khona. Vaqti navishtan va ogozi juzva va yo kitob. Hangomi gamu iztirob. Dar sakhtiho. Dar holi faqr. Hangomi vujudi khatari garq shudan. Dar zamoni bemori. Dar avvalu okhir va dar miyonai duo. Hangomi sado dodani gush. Hangomi khob raftani poyho. Vaqti faromush kardani joyi chize, ki guzoshta shudaast. Vaqti khob ba nazar rasidani chize. Vaqti taom khurdan. Vaqti tavba az gunoh. Hangomi paydo shudani mushkilot va niyozho. Dar har hol. Zamone, ki ba kase tuhmat zada shuda budand va u az on pok ast. Hangomi muloqot bo duston. Hangomi jam shudan dar majlis va raftan az on. Vaqti khatmi Quron va hangomi duoi on. Hangomi barkhostan az jalasa. Dar har joe, ki baroi zikri Hudo jame gird oyand. Dar ogozi har sukhan. Hangomi zikr va yodi nomi muboraki Rasululloh (s). Hangomi dars dodan. Vaqti khondani hadis va ogozu anjomi on. Vaqti sukhanroni va fatvo dodan. Va hangome ki nomi muboraki on Hazrat (s) navishta meshavad.[16]

[1] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat», Sah. 132.

[2] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[3] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[4] «Nidootu-r-Rahmon li ahli-l-imon». Sah. 247.

[5] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[6] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[7] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[8] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[9] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[10] Musofaha – bo dast vokhuri kardan.

[11] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[12] «Maoriju-n-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[13] «Nidootu-r-Rahmon li ahli-l-imon». Sah. 247.

[14] «Anisu-l-voizin». Sah. 245.

[15]«Maoriju-i-nubuvvat fi madoriju-l-futuvvat». Sah. 132.

[16] «Fazoilu-l-amol». Sah. 541-542.

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