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YOrii avvalin hangomi qat gardidani nafasgiri

Reflekshoi nafasgiri. Vobasta ba holati organizm (khob, kori jismoni, tagyiryobii harorat va gayra) nafasgirii chuquri odam ba tavri refleksi tagyir meyobad. Kamonaki reflekshoi nafasgiri ba vositai markazi nafasgiri meguzarad. Chunin refleksho, ba monandi atsa va sulfa ba amal meoyand.

Gard yo yagon moddai tundbuy ba kovokii bini daromada, retseptorhoi pardai luobii onro ba hayajon meorad. On goh refleksi muhofizat – atsa ba vujud meoyad, ki on nafasbaroriisakht va tezi refleksi ba vositai bini meboshad. Ba tufayli on az kovokii bini moddahoi angezanda dur meshavad. Hangomi zukom luobi dar kovokii bini jam shuda, niz hamin guna angezaro ba vujud meorad.  Sulfa in tavassuti dahon barovardani nafasi tezi reflektori buda, hangomi angezishi rohi gulu ba vujud meoyad.

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Nafasi suni. Nafasi suni hangomi yorii avvalin ba odamoni garqshuda, az jarayoni barq, radu barq, gazi angishtsang va digar hodisahoi noguvor zarardida istifoda burda meshavad.

Hangomi yori rasonidan ba shakhsi garqshuda pesh az hama rohi nafas va shushi uro az ob favran kholi kardan zarur ast. Baroi in shakhsi yorirason yakzonu nishasta, jabrdidaro boloi zonu chunon mekhobonad, ki sar va qismi boloi badani u ba poyon ovezon boshad (rasmi 61). Sipas dahoni garqshudaro kushoda, ba takhtapushtash mezanand va az rohi nafasash obro mebarorand. Bad jabrdidaro  rubolo khobonda, gardan, qafasi sina va shikamashro az qismi tangi libos khalos mekunand (tugmai girebon, galstuk va kamarbandashro mekushoyand). Zeri shonahoyash yagon lulai narm guzoshta, sarashro ba qafo kham va jogi poyonashro ba pesh kashidan lozim ast.

Bad ba dahon va binii bo dastrumol pushonda ba jabrdida havo dodan lozim ast. Dar yak daqiqa takhminan 16 marotiba hamin tavr havo medihand. Ba on nazorat kardan lozim ast, ki bad az har yak «nafas»-i suni qafasi sinai jabrdida poyon shavad. Boyad davomiyati in khel «nafasbarori» nisbat ba «nafasgiri» takhminan du marotiba ziyod boshad (rasmi 62). Agar dil kor nakunad, in usulro yakjoya bo molish dodani mavzei dil davom dodan zarur ast: badi ba shush yak bor havo firistodan ba seyaki poyoni sari sina ba muqobili sutunmuhra 4-5 fishori takonmonand medihand. Sari sinai kalonsolonro dar masofai 4-5sm va bachagoni khurdsolro dar masofai 1,5-2sm dar har daqiqa 7-9 marotiba fishor medihand. Pas az 4-5 marotiba fishordihi boz ba dahon yo binii jabrdida havo firistodan lozim ast. Agar gavharaki chashmoni jabrdida khurd, pusti badanash surkhchatob va nabzash paydo shavad, pas in natijai khubi dodani yori ast. Ba garqshuda to mustaqilona nafas giriftan va ba hush omadanash yorii avvalin rasondan lozim ast. Va nihoyat, ba bemor choyi garm doda, ba yagon mato pechonida, ba bemorkhona mebarand.

Savolho:

  1. Charo hangomi kori faoli mushakho odam tez-tez va chuqur nafas megirad?
  2. Charo dar khonai durust shamoldodashudai serodam nisbat ba harvaqta odam tez-tez va chuqur nafas megirad?
  3. Nafasi suni chist?
  4. Chi tavr ba jabrdida yorii zaruri rasonidan lozim ast?
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