Home / Jamiyat / Ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Ekspertizai davlatii sudi

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 Dar borai ekspertizai davlatii sudi

 Bo Qarori Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

az 18-umi mayi soli 2005, № 60

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2005, № 5, moddai 339)

qabul gardidaast 

Bo Qarori Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

az 15-umi iyuli soli 2005, № 97

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2005, № 6, moddai 418) jonibdori gardidaast

 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2005, №7,  mod. 404; s.2007, №3, mod.160;

s.2012, №4, mod. 254; Ќonuni ЉT az 27.11.2014 s., № 1144)

BOBI 1.

MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

 Moddai 1. Maqsadi Qonuni mazkur

 Qonuni mazkur asosi huquqi va vazifahoi asosii faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudiro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan namuda, munosibathoi jamiyatiero, ki hangomi tashkil va guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba vujud meoyand, tanzim menamoyad.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Jumhurii Tojikiston iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Vazifai ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Vazifai ekspertizai davlatii sudi muayyan kardani holathoe meboshad, ki onho bo qarorhoi sudho, maqomoti tahqiq va taftishoti peshaki, inchunin darkhosthoi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba vositai tashkil va guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi boyad isbot karda shavand.

BOBI 2.

FAOLIYATI EKSPERTIZAI DAVLATII SUDI

Moddai 4. Mafhumi faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi – faoliyatest oid ba tashkil va guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi az rui tainoti sud, qarorhoi sudya, maqomoti tahqiq va taftishoti peshaki va darkhosti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi az jonibi muassisahoi makhsus, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasis dodaast, bo maqsadi tamin namudani huquq va manfiathoi qonunii shakhs dar rafti murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuri tavassuti donishhoi makhsus dar sohai ilm, tekhnika, sanat yo hunar muqarrar kardani holathoe, ki boyad isbot karda shavand.

Moddai 5. Prinsiphoi faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba prinsiphoi qonuniyat, rioyai huququ ozodihoi inson va shahrvand, mustaqiliyati korshinosi (eksperti) sudi (minbad – korshinosi sudi), mustaqilii muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi, salohiyatnoki, begarazi, mukammali va purragii ekspertiza, asosnokii ilmii vositaho va tarzu usulhoi guzaronidani tadqiqot, rioyai odobi kasbi asos meyobad.

Moddai 6. Rioyai  huququ  ozodihoi  inson  va  shahrvand  hangomi amali namudani faoliyati

                      ekspertizai davlatii sudi

  1. Faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi dar hudud va shaklhoe, ki hamin Qonun va qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaand, amali karda meshavad.
  2. Ekspertizae, ki muvaqqatan mahdud kardani ozodii shakhs yo dakhlnopazirii uro taqozo mekunad, dar asos va bo tartibe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaast, guzaronida meshavad.
  3. SHakhse, ki gumon dorad amaliyoti muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi yo korshinosi sudi boisi makhdud shudani huquq va ozodihoi u gardidaast, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shikoyat karda metavonad.

Moddai 7. Salohiyatnoki, begarazi, mukammali va purragii ekspertizai davlatii sudi

  1. Korshinosi sudi ekspertizaro dar asosi ilmi va amali, dar hududi ikhtisosi dakhldor, mukammal va purra bo istifodai komyobihoi muosiri ilm va tekhnika meguzaronad.
  2. Hulosai korshinosi sudi boyad ba muqarrarot va sathi muosiri rushdi ilm asos yofta, imkoniyat dihad, ki on dar zaminai malumoti maqbuli umum sanjida shavad.

Moddai 8. Obekthoi ekspertiza va tamini nigahdorii onho

  1. Dalelhoi shayi, namunaho baroi ekspertiza, hujjatho, ashyo, hayvon, jasadho va qismhoi onho, inchunin mavodi parvanda, ki az rui on ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad, obekthoi ekspertiza buda metavonand.
  2. Ekspertiza nisbati shakhs niz guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Obekthoe, ki khususiyathoi odam, jasad, hayvon, ashyo, mavod yo modda, holati joi voqea, namunaho baroi muqoisa va gayraro inikos mekunand va ba korshinosi sudi baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza va dodani khulosa lozimand, namunahoi ekspertiza meboshand.
  4. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizahoi davlatii sudi on obekthoi ekspertizaro, ki dar qismi yakumi hamin modda nishon doda shudaand, bo ijozati maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, tanho ba andozae, ki baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza va dodani khulosa zarur ast, osebdor yo sarf kardan mumkin ast. Ijozati mazkur boyad dar qaror yo tainot dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi yo dar darkhosti dakhldor mavjud boshad.
  5. Agar ekspertizai davlatii sudiro dar joi voqea guzaronidan zarur boshad, yo obekti ekspertizaro ba muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi intiqol dodan gayriimkon boshad, maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaand, boyad ba korshinosi sudi dastrasii bemamoniati obekt va imkonpazirii ekspertizai onro tamin  namoyand.
  6. Tamini nigohdorii obekthoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomoti dakhldori Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki dar moddai 9 Qonuni mazkur peshbini gardidaand, amali karda meshavad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №804)

Moddai 9. Muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston vobasta ba ekspertizai sudi va kriminalisti dar Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston,  vobasta ba ekspertizai sudii tibbi va sudii ravonpizishki dar Vazorati tandurusti va hifzi ijtimoii aholii Jumhurii Tojikiston, vobasta ba ekspertizai sudii kriminalisti dar Vazorati korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Kumitai davlatii amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, vobasta ba ekspertizai sudii sohai gumruk dar Hadamoti gumruki nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, vobasta ba ekspertizai sudii mavodi nashaovar dar Agentii nazorati mavodi nashaovari nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston va vobasta ba ekspertizai sudii standartizatsiya, metrologiya, sertifikatsiya va savdo dar Agentii standartizatsiya, metrologiya, sertifikatsiya va noziroti savdoi nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasis doda meshavand. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1144)
  2. Faoliyati muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudiro oid ba tashkil va guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi hamin Qonun va qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston tanzim menamoyand.
  3. Gayr az muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpizishkii Vazorati tandurusti va hifzi ijtimoii aholii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar digar muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi tashkil kardan va guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpizishki mumkin nest. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1144)
  4. Muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi tashkil va guzaro-nidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro dar asosi munosibati yagonai ilmiyu metodi ba amaliyai ekspertiza, omodagii kasbi va ikhtisosi korshinosoni sudi ba amal mebarorand.
  5. Muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi ekspertizai davlatii sudiro muvofiqi sohae meguzaronand, ki sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi onho muayyan kardaand.
  6. Faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi oid ba tashkil va guza-ronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi baroi digar davlatho muvofiqi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

Moddai 10. Mazmuni faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Mazmuni faoliyati ekspertizai davlatii sudi az inho iborat ast:

1) tashkili faoliyati muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

2) guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati, grajdani, oilavi, iqtisodi yo mamuri; (QJT az 16.04.12s., №804)

3)  tadqiqoti ilmi dar sohai ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

4)  tamini ilmiyu metodii ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

5)  intikhob, tayyorii kasbi va takmili ikhtisosi korshinosoni sudi.

Moddai 11. Tartibi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Ekspertizai davlatii sudiro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai hamin Qonun va digar qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston korshinosi sudi meguzaronad.

Moddai 12. Namudhoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi

  1. Ba namudhoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi ekspertizai ibtidoi, ilovagi, takrori, komissioni va kompleksi mansuband.
  2. Ekspertizai ibtidoi – ekspertizai sudie meboshad, ki avvalin bor az rui parvanda baroi halli masalai mavridi nazari sud, maqomoti tahqiq va taftishoti peshaki, shakhsoni voqei va huquqi guzaronida shudaast.
  3. Ekspertizai ilovagi – ekspertizai sudi buda, dar mavridhoe guzaronida meshavad, ki khulosai korshinosi sudi az rui natijahoi ekspertizai peshtara ba tavri kofi ravshan nameboshad yo korshinosi sudi masalahoi dar nazdash guzoshtashudaro purra hal nakardaast, yo hal kardani masalahoi ilovagi bo ekspertizai peshtara aloqamandand, ki ba hamon yo digar korshinosi sudi suporida meshavad.
  4. Ekspertizai takrori – ekspertizai sudi buda, dar mavridhoe guzaronida meshavad, ki khulosai korshinosi sudi az rui natijahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudii peshtara ba qadri kofi asosnok nest yo durustii on boisi shakku shubha megardad, yo meyorhoi murofiavii guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi jiddan vayron karda shudaand, ki ba digar korshinosi sudi yo korshinosoni sudi suporida meshavad.
  5. Ekspertizai komissioni – ekspertizai sudiest, ki komissiyai korshinosoni sudii yak ikhtisos meguzaronand.
  6. Ekspertizai kompleksi – ekspertizai sudiest, ki komissiyai korshinosoni sudii ikhtisoshoi gunogun dar mavridhoe meguzaronand, ki agar baroi muqarrar kardani holathoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok tadqiqot dar asosi sohahoi mukhtalifi donishho zarur boshad.

Moddai 13. Tamini ilmiyu metodii faoliyati ekspertizai  davlatii sudi

  1. Tashkili tamini ilmiyu metodii faoliyati ekspertizai dav-latii sudi ba zimmai vazoratho va idorahoe guzoshta meshavad, ki ba sistemai onho muassisahoi makhsusgardonidashuda va khadamoti idoravii ekspertizai davlatii sudi dokhil meshavand.
  2. Masalahoi muhimtarini rushdi ekspertizai davlatii sudii doroi khususiyati bayniidoraviro SHuroi hamohangsozi oid ba masalahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudii nazdi Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston barrasi va amali menamoyad, ki  Nizomnomai onro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad.

BOBI 3.

VAZI HUQUQII ROHBARI MUASSISAI

EKSPERTIZAI DAVLATII SUDI  VA KORSHINOSI SUDI

Moddai 14. Huquqhoi rohbari muassisai ekspertizai  davlatii  sudi

  1. Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi huquq dorad:

1) qaror yo tainot, inchunin darkhostro dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi, obekthoi tahqiq va mavodi parvandaro, ki baroi guzaronidani on peshnihod shudaand, ijro nakarda bargardonad, agar dar in muassisa korshinosi ikhtisosi mushakhkhas, asosi moddiyu tekhnikii zaruri yo sharoiti makhsusi guzaronidani ekspertiza mavjud naboshand;

2) ba maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast dar borai ba hayati komissiyai korshinoson dokhil namudani shakhsonero darkhost namoyad, ki dar in muassisa kor namekunand, agar donishhoi makhsusi onho baroi dodani khulosa zarur boshand;

3) guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro bo ishtiroki digar muassisahoe, ki dar qaror yo tainot dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi nishon doda shudaand, tashkil namoyad.

  1. Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi huquq nadorad:

1) be qaror yo tainot, inchunin darkhost dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi obekti ekspertiza va mavodi parvandaro, ki baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi zarurand, talab namoyad;

2) mustaqilona, be muvofiqai maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, ba guzaronidani ekspertiza shakhsonero jalb namoyad, ki onho dar in muassisa kor namekunand;

3) ba korshinos chunin dastur dihad, ki jarayoni ekspertizaro peshaki hal kunad va mazmuni khulosaro oid ba ekspertizai davlatii sudii mushakhkhas muayyan namoyad.

  1. Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi haq dorad az maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, jubroni kharojotero talab namoyad, ki bo amalhoi zerin aloqamand meboshad:

1) podoshi nigohdoshti obekthoi ekspertiza, ki baroi ekspertizai davlatii sudi peshnihod shudaand;

2) hamlu naqli obektho bad az ekspertizai onho;

3) nigoh doshtani obekthoi ekspertiza dar muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi badi anjomi ekspertizai davlatii sudi va nigoh doshtani onho ziyoda az muhlathoi muqarrarkardai sanadhoi meyorii muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

4) barham dodani oqibathoi tarkish, sukhtor va digar holathoi favqulodda, ki dar natijai ba in muassisa ovardani obekthoi doroi khavfi ziyod sar zadaast, agar maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, dar borai qoidahoi makhsusi muomila bo obekthoi mazkur khabar nadoda boshad yo onho ba tavri boyadu shoyad bastabandi  nashuda boshand.

Moddai 15. Vazifahoi  rohbari muassisai ekspertizai  davlatii sudi

  1. Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi vazifador ast:

1) dar barobari giriftani qaror yo tainot, inchunin darkhost dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronidani ekspertizaro ba korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudii mushakhkhas, az jumlai  kormandoni hamin muassisa suporad, ki doir ba savolhoi guzoshtashuda donishhoi makhsus dorand;

2) ba korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudi hangomi ba vazifa tain shudan huquq va vazifahoyashonro fahmonda dihad;

3) korshinosi sudiro dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista dodani khulosai bardurug, sarkashi yo dast kashidan az dodani khulosa ogoh namoyad va az u zabonkhati dakhldor girad, ki on yakjoya bo khulosai korshinos ba maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, firistoda meshavad;

4) muhlati guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro bo tar-tibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan namoyad va rioyai onro nazorat kunad;

5) nazorati purragi va bosifati ekspertizai davlatii sudii guzaronidaro, bo rioyai prinsipi mustaqiliyati korshinosi sudi, tamin namoyad;

6) badi anjomi ekspertiza khulosai korshinosi sudi, obekthoi ekspertiza va mavodi parvandaro ba maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain yo darkhost kardaast, ravon namoyad.

7) ishtiroki korshinosi sudiro dar majlisi sudi, amaliyothoi sudi va taftishoti tamin namoyad.

  1. Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi baroi guzaroni-dani ekspertizai davlatii sudi vazifador ast mavjudiyati tajhizot, asbob, mavod va vositahoi taminoti ittilooti, rioyai qoidahoi tekhnikai bekhatari va sanitarii istehsoli, nigoh doshtani obekthoi ekspertiza va mavodi parvandaro tamin namoyad.
  2. Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi baroi vayron kardani muqarraroti hamin Qonun va ijro nakardani vazifahoi dar qismhoi yakum va duyumi hamin modda nishondodashuda muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston javobgar meboshad.

Moddai 16. Korshinosi sudi

Korshinosi sudi kormandi muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi meboshad, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro bo tartibi ijroi vazifahoi khidmatii khud meguzaronad.

Moddai 17. Talaboti kasbi va takhassusi ba korshinosi sudi

  1. Vazifai korshinosi sudiro dar muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi shakhse ishgol karda metavonad, ki tahsiloti oli yo makhsus doshta boshad va tayyorii minbadaro az rui ikhtisosi mushakhkhasi korshinosi bo tartibi dar muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudii muqarrarshuda guzashta boshad.
  2. Darajai tayyorii kasbii korshinosi sudi va ba u dodani huquqi mustaqilona guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro komissiyai  takhassusi muayyan mekunad, ki onro rohbari vazorat yo idorae, ki muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba sokhtori on dokhil meshavad, tasis dodaast.

 

Moddai 18. Huquqhoi korshinosi sudi

  1. Korshinosi sudi huquq dorad:

1) obektho, az jumla namunahoero baroi ekspertiza girad, ki hangomi dodani khulosa zarurand;

2) dar borai dodani obekthoi ekspertiza va mavodi parvanda, ki baroi dodani khulosa zarurand, darkhost dihad;

3) bo ijozati maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad, bo mavodi parvanda, ki ba mavzui ekspertiza mansub ast, shinos shavad, malumotero, ki baroi dodani khulosa zarur ast, navishta girad yo nuskhabardori namoyad;

4) baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi jalb namudani digar korshinoson va mutakhassisonro darkhost namoyad;

5) bo ijozati maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad, dar guzaronidani amaliyothoi murofiavi ishtirok namoyad va ba ishtirokchiyoni onho vobasta ba mavzui ekspertizai davlatii sudi savol dihad;

6) bo muvofiqai maqome (shakhse), ki ekspertizaro tain kar-daast, oid ba masalahoi dar nazdash guzoshtashuda, inchunin digar holathoe, ki bo tashabbusi korshinosi sudi dar hududi salohiyati vay muqarrar karda shudaast, khulosa dihad;

7) diqqati maqomoti tahqiq va taftishoti peshaki, sud va digar ishtirokchiyoni murofiaro ba holathoe, ki bo mavzui ekspertiza, az jumla bo tashakkuli savolhoi baroi korshinosi sudi aloqamand, jalb namoyad;

8) bo protokoli amaliyoti murofiavi, ki dar on ishtirok kardaast, inchunin bo qismi dakhldori protokoli majlisi sud shinos shavad va dar khususi purragi va durustii dar protokol dokhil kardani amaliyothoi u erodhoe bayon namoyad, ki onho boyad ba protokol dokhil karda shavand;

9) tovoni kharojotero, ki hangomi istehsolot az rui parvanda ba vujud omadaast va tovoni zararero girad, ki bo amaliyothoi gayriqonunii maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad, rasonida shudaand;

10) az guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi dast kashad, agar:

– tartibi murofiavii tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi vayron karda shuda boshad, agar in holat guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro mushkil gardonad yo guzaronidani onro gayriimkon gardonad;

– obekthoi ekspertiza va mavodi parvanda baroi dodani khulosa kornoshoyam yo nokifoya boshand va ba korshinosi sudi dar purra kardani onho rad karda shuda boshad;

– sharoit, vositahoi metodi va tajhizote, ki baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza va dodani khulosa zarurand, mavjud naboshad;

– baroi hayot va salomatii korshinosi sudi khatari voqei mavjud boshad.

  1. Korshinosi  sudi  huquq nadorad:

1) suporishro dar borai guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi, ba istisnoi rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi, bevosita az yagon maqom yo shakhs girad;

2) bo ishtirokchiyoni murofia oid ba masalahoe, ki bo guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi aloqamand meboshand, aloqayu robitai shakhsi ba roh monad, agar asos boshad, ki korshinosi sudi ba natijai kor manfiatdor ast;

3) baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi mustaqilona mavod jam namoyad;

4) ba istisnoi shakhs yo maqome, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, ba yagon kas dar borai natijahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi khabar dihad;

5) obekthoi ekspertizaro nobud kunad yo khususiyathoi onhoro be ijozati maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, tagyir dihad.

 

Moddai 19. Vazifahoi korshinosi sudi

Korshinosi  sudi vazifador ast:

1) ekspertizai purra guzaronad va oid ba masalahoi dar nazdi u guzoshtai maqome (shakhse), ki uro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston vakolatdor kardaast, khulosai khattii ilman asosnok va kholisona dihad;

2) az dodani khulosa dast kashad, agar masalahoi guzoshtashuda berun az doirai donishhoi makhsusi u boshand;

3) hangomi intikhobi tarzu usuli ekspertiza talaboti haddalimkon beoseb nigoh doshtani obekthoi ekspertizashavandaro ba nazar girad;

4) ba maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad kharojotnoma va hisoboti kharojoti suratgiriftaro peshnihod namoyad;

5) bo davati maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad, baroi ba ishtirokchiyoni murofia nishon dodani khulosa hozir shavad, ba savolhoi onho posukh dihad, inchunin mazmuni khulosaro fahmonda dihad;

6) ba maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad, hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai takhassusi khudro nishon dihad;

7) bo talabi maqome (shakhse), ki murofiai jinoyati, grajdani, iqtisodi yo mamuriro mebarad, inchunin bo talabi tarafhoi ishtirokkunandai majlisi sudi, dar borai tajribai kasbi va munosibati khud bo ishtirokchiyoni murofia malumot dihad, dar surate ki agar u bo shakhsoni mazkur yagon munosibat doshta boshad, az guzaronidani ekspertiza va dodani khulosa dast kashad;

8) malumotro dar borai amaliyoti taftishotii bo ishtiroki u guzaronidashuda va holathoi dar in mavrid oshkor gardida, malumoti majlisi pushidai sudi, inchunin malumoti ba u malumshudai kholathoero, ki ba dakhlnopazirii hayoti shakhsi, sirri davlati, tijorati yo digar sirri bo qonun hifzshavanda dokhil meshavad, oshkor nakunad.

 

Moddai 20. Kafolathoi mustaqiliyati korshinosi sudi va durustii khulosai u

  1. Korshinosi sudi hangomi guzaronidani faoliyati eksper-tizai davlatii sudi mustaqil ast va nametavonad az maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, ba tarafho va digar shakhsoni ba natijai kor manfiatdor yagon vobastagi doshta boshad.
  2. Mustaqiliyati korshinosi sudi va durustii khulosai u tamin megardad:

1) bo tartibi tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi, ki qonunguzorii murofiavii jinoyati, qonunguzorii murofiavii grajdani, qonunguzorii murofiavii iqtisodi va qonunguzori dar borai huquqvayronkunii mamurii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini kardaand;

2) bo tartibi murofiavi tain kardani korshinosi sudi;

3) bo mavjudiyati muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi, ki az sud, maqomoti tahqiq va taftishoti peshaki vobastagi nadorand;

4) bo faroham ovardani sharoiti moddiyu tekhniki baroi faoliyati korshinosi sudi;

5) bo peshbini namudani javobgarii jinoii korshinosi sudi baroi didayu donista dodani khulosai bardurug va be sababhoi uzrnok sarkashi kardan yo dast kashidan az dodani khulosa;

6) bo imkonpazirii taini ekspertizai davlatii sudii ilovagi, takrori, komissioni va kompleksi;

7) bo hozir budani ishtirokchiyoni murofia dar mavridhoi peshbinikardai qonunguzori hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

8) bo bavujud ovardani nizomi intikhob, tayyorii kasbi, takmili ikhtisosi korshinosi sudi.

  1. Az tarafi sudho, sudyaho, maqomoti tahqiq va taftishoti peshaki, mufattishon va prokurorho, inchunin digar maqomoti davlati, shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi bo maqsadi giriftani khulosa ba nafi yake az ishtirokchiyoni murofia yo ba manfiati digar shakhson ba faoliyati korshinos dakholat kardan mumkin nest.
  2. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki ba faoliyati korshinosi sudi dakholat mekunand, muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

BOBI 4.

GUZARONIDANI EKSPERTIZAI DAVLATII SUDI

Moddai 21. Asoshoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi

  1. Asoshoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi tainoti sud, qarorhoi sudya, shakhsi tahqiqkunanda, mufattish yo prokuror, inchunin darkhosti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi buda, az ruzi vorid gardidani qaror yo darkhosti dakhldor  tainshuda hisob karda meshavad.
  2. Dar qaror yo tainot dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi boyad sanai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi, nom, nasab, vazifai shakhs yo nomi maqome, ki ekspertizaro tain kardaast, nomi muassisai ekspertizai sudie, ki ba on ekspertizai davlatii sudi suporida meshavad, asoshoi tain kardani ekspertiza nishon doda shuda, savolhoi dar nazdi korshinosi sudi guzoshtashuda, ruykhati ashyo va mavode, ki ba u baroi ekspertiza doda shudaand, ovarda shavand; dar mavridhoi zaruri sharthoi makhsusi saru kor bo obekthoi ekspertiza, inchunin digar holathoi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii murofiavi sharhu ezoh doda meshavand.
  3. Maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, obekthoi ekspertiza va mavodi parvandaro, ki baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza va dodani khulosai korshinosi sudi zarurand, medihad.
  4. Maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, baroi ekspertiza namunahoro megirad va onhoro bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba parvanda hamroh mekunad. Dar mavridhoi zaruri namunaho bo ishtiroki korshinosi sudi, ki ba vay guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi suporida shudaast yo mutakhassis girifta meshavand.
  5. Dar surate, ki agar giriftani namunaho yak qismi ekspertiza buda, az tarafi korshinosi sudi bo istifodai obekthoi baroi ekspertizai davlatii sudi peshnihodshuda ba jo ovarda shavad, namunaho bad az tamom shudani ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, firistonida meshavand yo yak vaqti muayyan dar muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi nigoh doshta meshavand.
  6. Ekspertizai davlatii sudi metavonad bo darkhosti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi yo namoyandagoni onho baroi muqarrar kardani holathoe guzaronida shavad, ki ba aqidai shakhsoni mazkur, baroi hifzi manfiathoi onho istifoda shuda metavonand. Darkhosti shakhsoni mazkur dar borai guzaronidani ekspertiza boyad malumotero dar bar girad, ki dar qismi duyumi hamin modda nishon doda shudaand.
  7. Hususiyathoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqeiro bobi 5 hamin Qonun muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 22. Mahdudiyatho hangomi tashkil va guzaronidani  ekspertizai davlatii  sudi

  1. Ba muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi suporida nameshavad va dar mavridhoe, ki guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii mazkur ogoz karda shudaast, on favran qat karda meshavad, agar holathoi tasdiqkunandai ba natijai kor manfiatdor budani rohbari hamin muassisa muqarrar karda shavad.
  2. Korshinosi sudi dar surati mavjud budani asoshoi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston az ishtirok dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi boyad rad karda shavad, agar ekspertiza ba u suporida shuda boshad, vazifador ast guzaronidani onro favran qat namoyad.
  3. Ekspertizai davlatii sudi ijronashuda hisobida meshavad va khulosai korshinos ba sifati isbot istifoda karda nameshavad, agar ekspertizai davlatii sudi bo vayronkunii talaboti peshbinikardai qismhoi yakum va duyumi hamin modda tashkil va guzaronida shuda boshad. Dar in mavrid masalai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudii takrori hal karda  meshavad.
  4. Dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei dukhture, ki to tain kardani ekspertiza ba shakhsi nombarshuda yorii tibbi rasonidaast, ishtirok karda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 23. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii ilovagi va takrori

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii ilovagi dar surate tain karda meshavad, ki agar khulosahoi korshinosi sudi zeri shubha guzoshta nashavand, vale onhoro chun khulosahoi baso ravshan yo komil hisobidan mumkin naboshad yo az sababi nopurragii ekspertiza savolhoi nave paydo shavand, ki baroi muqarrar kardani haqiqat ahamiyat doshta boshand. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii ilovagi ba shakhse, ki ekspertizai asosiro guzaronidaast yo ba digar korshinosi sudi suporida meshavad.
  2. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii takrori dar surate tain karda meshavad, ki agar khulosai korshinosi sudi asosnok naboshad yo dar durusti, aniqi va asosnokii khulosai u shubha ba vujud omada boshad, inchunin ekspertizai takrori hangomi oshkor kardani ziddiyati bayni khulosahoi yakchand korshinosi sudi guzaronida meshavad. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii takrori ba digar korshinosi sudi yo guruhi digari korshinosoni sudi suporida meshavad.
  3. Agar natijahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudii ibtidoi va takrori ba ham muvofiqat nakunand, korshinosi sudie, ki ekspertizai takroriro guzaronidaast, vazifador ast, ki dar khulosai khud sababhoi in ikhtilofro nishon dihad.
  4. Dar surati tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudii ilovagi va takrori asoshoi tain kardani onho nishon doda meshavand. Dar vaqti tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudii takrori khulosae, ki badi tamom shudani ekspertizai davlatii sudii ibtidoi tartib doda shudaast, yo sanad dar borai imkonnopazirii dodani khulosa, inchunin tamomi mavodi ilovagie, ki dar ikhtiyori shakhs yo maqomi ekspertizai davlatii sudii navro tainkarda mavjud ast, peshnihod karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 24. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii komissioni

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii komissioni metavonad az tarafi komissiyae, ki mutakhassisoni salohiyatdori hamon yak soharo dar bar megirand, guzaronida shavad.
  2. Hususiyati komissiyavii ekspertizai davlatii sudiro maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, yo rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi muayyan menamoyad.
  3. Komissiyai korshinosoni sudi bo nazardoshti zarurat baroi hal kardani masalahoi dar nazdash guzoshtashuda, maqsad, paydarhami va hajmi ekspertizai darpeshistodaro muvofiqa mekunad.
  4. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii komis-sioni, har yake az korshinosoni sudi ekspertizaro dar hajmi purra meguzaronad va onho natijahoi ba dast ovardashudaro yakjoya tahlil mekunand.
  5. Korshinosoni sudi ba yak fikru aqidai umumi omada, khulosai yakjoya yo malumotnomaro dar borai imkonnopazirii dodani khulosa tahiya karda, imzo mekunand. Dar surati bayni korshinosoni sudi ba vujud omadani ikhtilofot, har yake az onho az rui masalahoe, ki boisi ikhtilofot gardidaand, khulosai alohida medihand.

Moddai 25. Ekspertizai  davlatii  sudii  kompleksi

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii kompleksi – ekspertizai davla-tii sudie, ki onro komissiyai korshinosoni sudii doroi ikhtisoshoi mukhtalif dar surate meguzaronad, ki agar baroi muqarrar namudani holate, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyat dorad, guzaronidani ekspertiza dar asosi donishhoi sohahoi gunogun zarur boshad.
  2. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii kompleksi har yake az korshinosoni sudi ekspertizaro dar doirai salohiyati khud meguzaronad va dar ifodai posukhho tanho dar sohai faoliyati u, ki donishhoi makhsusro taqozo mekunad, ishtirok menamoyand.
  3. Dar khulosai korshinosoni sudi, ki dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii kompleksi ishtirok mekunand, nishon doda meshavad, ki har yak korshinosi sudi kadom ekspertizaro va dar kadom hajm guzaronidaast, u kadom holathoro muayyan kardaast va ba kadom khulosa omadaast. Har yak korshinosi sudi, ki dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii kompleksi ishtirok mekunad, on qismi khulosaro imzo menamoyad, ki dar on tavsifi ekspertizai guzaronidai u mavjud ast va  baroi on javobgar meboshad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1144)
  4. Hulosai umumiro korshinosoni sudie mebarorand, ki dar arzyobii natijahoi hosilshuda va ifodai hamin khulosa salohiyatnokand. Agar asosi khulosai umumi dalelhoe boshand, ki onhoro yak yo yakchand korshinosi sudi muqarrar kardaand, on boyad dar khulosa nishon doda shavad. Dar surati paydo shudani ikhtilofi nazar bayni korshinosoni sudi, har yake az onho muvofiqi qismi 2 hamin modda khulosai alohida medihad.
  5. Tashkili ekspertizai davlatii sudii kompleksi ba zimmai rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzoshta meshavad.

 

Moddai 26. Hozir budani ishtirokchiyoni murofia hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai

                       davlatii sudi dar muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi

 

  1. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi on ishtirokchiyoni murofia hozir buda metavonand, ki ba onho qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston in huquqro dodaast.
  2. Ishtirokchiyoni murofia, ki dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi hozir meboshand, haq nadorand ba jarayoni ekspertiza dakholat kunand, vale metavonand sharhu ezohho va ba korshinosi sudi savolhoi ba mavzui ekspertizai davlatii sudi dakhldoshtaro dihand.
  3. Hangomi az tarafi korshinosi sudi tartib dodani khulosa, inchunin dar davrai majlisi mashvaratii korshinosoni sudi va tavsiyai khulosaho, agar ekspertizai davlatii sudiro komissiyai korshinosoni sudi guzaronad, hozir budani ishtirokchiyoni murofia mumkin nest.
  4. Agar ishtirokchii murofia, ki dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi ishtirok dosht, ba korshinosi sudi khalal rasonad, korshinosi sudi haq dorad ekspertizaro bozdorad va az maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, bekor kardani ijozati dar ekspertizai davlatii sudi hozir budani in ishtirokchii murofiaro darkhost namoyad.
  5. Hususiyathoi hozir budani ishtirokchii murofiaro dar guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei bobi 5 hamin Qonun muayyan menamoyad.

 

Moddai 27. Muhlathoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi

Muhlathoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro dar muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi dasturamalho dar borai tashkil va guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi, ki vazoratu idorahoi dar qismi yakumi moddai 9 Qonuni mazkur nombarshuda qabul menamoyand, muayyan mekunand.

 

Moddai 28. Hulosai korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni   sudi  va  sanad  dar  borai

                       imkonnopazirii  dodani  khulosa

 

  1. Dar asosi ekspertizai guzaronidashuda, bo nazardoshti natijahoi on va muvofiqi donishhoi makhsus korshinosi sudi az nomi khud (komissiya az nomi korshinosoni sudi) khulosai khatti medihad va baroi khulosai dodashuda shakhsan javobgar meboshad. Hulosaro korshinosi (korshinosoni) sudi imzo mekunad va on bo muhri muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi tasdiq karda meshavad.
  2. Dar khulosai korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudi boyad nishon doda shavad:

1) vaqt va joi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

2) asoshoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi;

3) malumot dar borai maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast;

4) malumot dar borai muassisai davlatii sudi, dar borai korshinosi sudi (nasab, nom, nomi padar, tahsilot, ikhtisos, sobiqai kor az rui ikhtisos, unvoni ilmi, rutba, vazifai ishgolnamuda), ki ba on guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi suporida shudaast;

5) muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ogoh kardani korshinosi sudi dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista dodani khulosai bardurug, sarkashi yo rad kardan az dodani khulosa;

6) savolhoe, ki dar nazdi korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudi guzoshta shudaand;

7) obekthoi ekspertiza va mavodi parvanda, ki ba korshinosi sudi baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi peshnihod karda shudaand;

8) malumot dar borai ishtirokchiyoni murofia, ki hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi hozir meboshand;

9) mazmun va natijahoi ekspertiza, asosnoksozi va ifodai khulosaho oid ba savolhoi guzoshtashuda.

  1. Mavode, ki khulosai korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshino-soni sudiro sharh medihad, ba khulosa zamima karda meshavad va qismi tarkibii on meboshad. Hujjathoe, ki jarayon, sharoit va natijahoi ekspertizaro nishon medihand, dar muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi mahfuz doshta meshavand. Bo talabi maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, hujjathoi zikrshuda baroi hamroh kardan ba parvanda doda meshavand. Agar to ogozi ekspertiza korshinosi sudi bovari hosil kunad, ki savolhoi guzoshtashuda az doirai donishhoi makhsusi u berun mebaroyand va komyobihoi ilm, tekhnika, tajribai amali imkon namedihand, ki ba in savolho posukh doda shavad, yo malumoti ibtidoii mavjuda baroi dodani khulosai ekspertizai davlatii sudi kofi nestand yo kornoshoyam meboshand, u dar borai imkonnopazirii dodani khulosa sanad tartib medihad.
  2. Hulosai korshinosi sudi yo sanad dar borai imkonnopazirii dodani khulosa az tarafi rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba shakhs yo maqome, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast, firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 29. Arzyobii khulosai korshinosi sudi

 

Hulosai korshinosi sudi muvofiqi qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo nazardoshti daqiqi, begarazi va purragii ekspertizai guzaronidashuda, inchunin samarabakhshi va bunyodii usulhoi istifodashudai ekspertiza arzyobi karda meshavad. Hulosai korshinosi sudi baroi sud, prokuror, mufattish yo shakhse, ki tahqiq mebarad, hatmi nameboshad, vale bo khulosa rozi nabudani onho boyad asosnok karda shavad.

 

BOBI 5.

HUSUSIYATHOI   GUZARONIDANI  EKSPERTIZAI DAVLATII SUDII

SHAHSI VOQEI

Moddai 30. Guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei dar surati mavjud budani sharoite, ki baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai dakhldor zarur ast, inchunin dar surati tamini rioyai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii shakhsone, ki mavridi ekspertiza qaror megirand, guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston guzaronida meshavad.

Moddai 31. SHaroit va joi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei dar muassisai tibbi yo digar muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi, inchunin dar joi digare guzaronida shuda metavonad, ki dar on jo sharoithoe, ki baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai dakhldor va tamini huquq va manfiathoi qonunii shakhse, ki nisbati u ekspertiza guzaronida meshavad, mavjudand.
  2. Agar hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei zarurati khobondani shakhs dar bemorkhona ba miyon oyad, onro bo tartibi peshbinikardai moddahoi 32-35 hamin Qonun va talaboti qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar bemorkhona joygir kardan mumkin ast.
  3. Ba muassisai tibbi yo digar muassisa burdani shakhsero, ki ba ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba tavri majburi ravona karda shudaast, maqom yo shakhse tamin mekunad, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast.

 

Moddai 32. Ikhtiyori va majburi guzaronidani ekspertizai  davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei metavonad ba tavri ikhtiyori yo majburi guzaronida shavad.
  2. Agar ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba tavri ikhtiyori guzaronida shavad, ba muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi boyad rozigii khattii shakhse doda shavad, ki nisbati vay ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Agar shakhse, ki nisbati vay ekspertizai davlatii sudi tain karda shudaast, ba sinni 16 solagi narasida boshad va yo az tarafi sud gayri qobili amal donista shuda boshad, baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi rozigii khattiro namoyandai qonunii in shakhs medihad.
  4. Doirai shakhsonero, ki ba ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba tavri majburi ravona karda shuda metavonand, qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad. Agar dar qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston imkonpazirii ba ekspertizai davlatii sudi majburan ravona kardani shakhs dasturi mustaqim naboshad, muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi huquq nadorad, ki nisbati in shakhs ekspertizai davlatii sudiro ba tavri majburi guzaronad.

 

Moddai 33. Asosho va tartibi dar bemorkhona joy dodani shakhs

  1. Agar hangomi tain yo guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii tibbi yo ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpizishki zaruriyati khobonidani shakhs dar bemorkhona ba miyon oyad, shakhs dar bemorkhonai dakhldor dar asosi qaror yo tainot dar borai tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi joy doda meshavad. Tartibi dar bemorkhona joy dodani shakhsro qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.
  2. SHakhsone, ki dar habsand, baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi dar bemorkhonahoe joy doda meshavand, ki makhsus baroi nigoh doshtani shakhsoni mazkur muvofiq karda shudaand.
  3. Baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpi-zishki shakhs dar bemorkhonai ravonpizishki tanho dar asosi tainoti sud, qarori sudya, prokuror, inchunin qarori mufattish, maqomi tahqiq bo rozigii prokuror joygir karda meshavad. Bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishki baroi dar onho joygir kardani shakhsone, ki dar habs meboshand yo baroi dar onho joygir kardani  shakhsoni dar habs nabuda tain karda meshavad.
  4. Maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast va shakhsro dar bemorkhona ba tavri majburi joygir kardaast, vazifador ast dar davomi 24 soat dar in bora ba yake az azoi oilai shakhsi joygirkardashuda, kheshu tabori u yo bo dasturi vay ba digar shakhson va dar surati nabudani shakhsoni mazkur, ba maqomi korhoi dokhilii joi zisti shakhsi mazkur khabar dihad.

Moddai 34. Muhlathoi dar bemorkhona budani shakhs

  1. SHakhs dar bemorkhona baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi ba muhlati to 30 ruz metavonad joygir karda shavad.
  2. Dar surati zarurat bo darkhosti asosnoki korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudi muhlati dar bemorkhona budani shakhs bo tainoti sud, qarori sudya, prokuror, inchunin mufattish va tahqiqkunanda bo rozigii prokuror daroz karda meshavad.
  3. Darkhosti korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudi dar borai daroz kardani muhlati dar bemorkhona nigoh doshtani shakhs boyad ba sud (sudya), prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqkunandae, ki parvanda dar istehsoloti u meboshad, na dertar az 10 shabonaruz pesh az tamom shudani muhlati muqarrarkardai nigohdori peshnihod gardad.
  4. Sud (sudya), prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqkunanda dar muhlati 3 shabonaruz az ruzi giriftani darkhost qarori dakhldor qabul menamoyad va oid ba on korshinosi sudi yo komissiyai korshinosoni sudiro khabar medihad.
  5. Dar surati az tarafi sud (sudya), prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqkunanda rad kardani daroz namudani muhlati dar bemorkhona budani shakhs, vay az on jo favran ozod karda meshavad.
  6. Rohbari bemorkhona dar borai tainoti sud (sudya), qarori prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqkunanda oid ba daroz kardani muhlat ba shakhse, ki dar bemorkhonai zikrshuda meboshad, khabar medihad.
  7. Dar mavridhoi istisnoi bo khudi hamon tartib darozkunii takrorii muhlati dar bemorkhona budani shakhs mumkin ast. Zimnan muhlati umumii dar bemorkhona budani shakhs hangomi guzaronidani yak ekspertizai davlatii sudi az 90 shabonaruz ziyod shuda nametavonad.
  8. Baroi vayron kardani muhlati dar bemorkhona nigoh doshtani shakhs, ki hamin modda muqarrar kardaast, shakhs, himoyatgar, namoyandai qonuni yo digar namoyandagoni vay, ki ba ishtirok dar parvanda roh doda shudaand, inchunin rohbari bemorkhona bo tartibi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shikoyat karda metavonand.

Moddai 35. Hifzi huquq  va  manfiathoi  qonunii  shakhsi voqeie, ki nisbati u ekspertizai

                       davlatii sudi guzaronida  meshavad

 

  1. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi man ast:

1) mahdud kardani huquq, fireb dodan, ba kor burdani zuri, tahdid va digar chorahoi gayriqonuni bo maqsadi giriftani malumot az shakhsi voqeie, ki nisbati u ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad;

2) ozmudani vositahoi navi doruvori, tarzu usulhoi tadqiqot, peshgiri va muolijai bemoriho, inchunin guzaronidani tadqiqoti tajribavii biotibbi va ba sifati obekt istifoda kardani shakhsi voqeie, ki nisbati vay ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad.

  1. SHakhsi voqeie, ki nisbati u ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad, huquq dorad ba korshinosi sudi sharhu ezohe dihad, ki on ba mavzui hamin ekspertizai davlatii sudi mansub meboshad.
  2. Korshinosi sudi dar khususi malumothoi giriftaash az shakhsi voqeie, ki nisbati u ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida shudaast va ba mavzui hamin ekspertizai davlatii sudi mansubiyat nadorand, pursish karda nameshavad.
  3. Vokhurii shakhsi dar bemorkhona joydodashuda bo himoyatgar, namoyandai qonuni yo digar namoyandagoni u, ki ba ishtirok dar parvanda roh doda shudaand, dar sharoite tashkil karda meshavad, ki imkoniyati az tarafi shakhsi seyum giriftani malumotro istisno menamoyad.
  4. Ba shakhsi dar bemorkhona joydodashuda boyad imkoniyati voqeii peshnihod kardani arzu shikoyatho va darkhostho doda shavad. SHikoyathoe, ki muvofiqi qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston az tarafi shakhsi dar bemorkhona joygirgardida peshnihod shudaand, naboyad taftish shavand va dar davomi 24 soat ba shakhse, ki ba surogai u navishta shudaast, firistoda shavad.
  5. SHakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta nameshavand, huquq dorand jubroni kharojoti bo guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi aloqamandro dar asos va bo tartibi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston talab namoyand.

 

Moddai 36. SHarthoi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi  nisbati shakhsone, ki dar habs

                       va dar bemorkhonahoi  ravonpizishki nigoh doshta nameshavand

 

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpizishki nisbati shakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta nameshavand, dar bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishkii doroi bakhshi ekspertizai sudi va dar digar bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishki guzaronida meshavad. Dar bemorkhonahoi mazkur joygir kardani shakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavand, mumkin nest.
  2. Dar digar bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishki joygir kardani shakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta nameshavand, guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro naboyad dushvor gardonad.
  3. SHakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta nameshavand, dar davrai guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpizishki az huquqhoi bemoroni bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishki, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai nigohdorii tandurusti muqarrar kardaast, istifoda mekunand.
  4. Agar hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii tibbi yo sudii ravonpizishki zarurati mushohida ba khobonidani shakhs paydo shavad, sud, prokuror, inchunin mufattish, tahqiqkunanda bo rozigii prokuror shakhsro dar muassisai tibbii dakhldor joygir mekunad va oid ba in dar qarori tain kardani ekspertizai davlatii sudi nishon doda meshavad.
  5. SHakhse, ki dar habs nigoh doshta nameshavad, dar muassisai muolijaviyu ravonpizishki bo rozigii prokuror yo muovini u, yo bo tainoti sud joygir karda meshavad.
  6. Dar holati az tarafi shakhsi dar habs nigoh doshtanashavanda va ba illati vaznini ruhi giriftor nabuda sodir kardani amaliyothoi ba hayot va salomatii atrofiyon tahdidkunanda yo kori bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishkiro jiddan vayronkunanda mamuriyati bemorkhona dar in bora ba maqomi korhoi dokhilii mahalli joygirshavi favran khabar medihad, ki on boyad nisbati vayronkunanda chorahoe andeshad, ki onho ba qat kardani amaliyothoi mazkur ravona karda shuda boshand.

Moddai 37. SHaroiti guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudi nisbati shakhsone, ki dar

                       bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavand

 

  1. Ekspertizai davlatii sudii ravonpizishki nisbati shakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavand, dar bemorkhonahoi ravonpizishki, ki baroi dar onho joygir kardani shakhsoni mazkur tain karda shudaand, guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Tamini amniyat va posbonii bemorkhonahoi mazkurro maqo-mote ba amal mebarorand, ki ba zimmai onho tamini amniyat va posbonii joyhoi dar habs nigoh doshtan guzoshta shudaast.
  3. Ba shakhsoni dar habs nigoh doshtashavanda, ki dar bemorkhonahoi dar qismi yakumi hamin modda peshbinishuda joygir karda shudaand, meyorhoi Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston tatbiq megardand. Zimnan meyorhoe, ki ba kor burdani chorahoi jazo va javobgarii moddii shakhsoni mazkurro peshbini menamoyand, inchunin asoshoi istifoda burdani siloh nisbat ba shakhsone dakhl nadorad, ki onho doroi alomathoi oshkoroi illati vaznini ruhi meboshand. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1144)
  4. Tartibi amaliyoti hamkorii shakhsone, ki amniyat va posbonii bemorkhonahoi dar qismi yakumi hamin modda peshbinishudaro tamin menamoyand, bo kormandoni tibbii bemorkhonahoi mazkur yakjoya az tarafi Vazorati tandurusti va hifzi ijtimoii aholii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Vazorati korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1144)

Moddai 38. Mahdudiyat dar tatbiqi tarzu usulhoi tadqiqot  hangomi   guzaronidani

                        ekspertizai   davlatii  sudii  shakhsi  voqei

 

  1. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei ba kor burdani tarzu usulhoi tadqiqot, ki bo rasonidani hissi dardi sakht aloqamandand, yo ba salomatii shakhs tasiri manfi rasonida metavonand, tarzu usulhoi jarrohi, inchunin tarzu usulhoi istifodaashon dar amaliyai hifzi salomati bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man karda shudaast, mumkin nest.
  2. SHakhse, ki nisbati u ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad, boyad dar shakli baroi u dastras dar borai on tarzu usulhoi tadqiqot, ki nisbati u ba kor burda meshavand, az on jumla tarzu usulhoi alternativi dar borai ehtimoliyati dardnoki va holathoi ilovagi ogoh karda shavad. Akhbori mazkur inchunin ba shakhse, ki ba namoyandai qonunii shakhsi tahti ekspertizai davlatii sudi qarordoshta darkhosti dakhldorro izhor kardaast, rasonida meshavad.
  3. Rasonidani yorii tibbi ba shakhse, ki nisbati u ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad, tanho dar asos va bo tartibi peshbinikardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai hifzi sihatii aholi amali karda meshavad.
  4. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei dar muassisai tibbi az onho namunaho girifta meshavand, ki onho baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza zarurand va dar in bora dar khulosai korshinosi sudi nishon doda meshavad. Namunahoro dukhtur yo digar mutakhassis dar huzuri du korkuni tibbii hamin muassisai tibbi megirad. Az shakhsone, ki ba tavri ikhtiyori baroi ekspertizai davlatii sudi ravon karda shudaand, majburan giriftani namunaho man ast.

Moddai 39. Hozir   budani   ishtirokchiyoni   murofia hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai

                      davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei

 

  1. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii shakhsi voqei on ishtirokchiyoni murofia hozir buda metavonand, ki ba onho in guna huquqro qonunguzorii murofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston dodaast. Hozir budani digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia bo ijozati maqom yo shakhse, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain kardaast va shakhse, ki nisbati vay ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad yo namoyandai qonunii u roh doda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertiza, ki dar rafti on barahna kardani shakhse surat megirad, ki nisbati u ekspertizai davlatii sudi guzaronida meshavad, tanho shakhsoni hamjins ishtirok karda metavonand. Mahdudiyathoi mazkur ba dukhturon va digar korkunoni tibbie, ki dar guzaronidani ekspertizai nombarshuda ishtirok mekunand, dakhl nadorad.

 

 

BOBI 6.

TAMINOTI  MOLIYAVI VA MODDII FAOLIYATI EKSPERTIZAI DAVLATII SUDI

 

Moddai 40. Mablagguzorii muassisahoi ekspertizai  davlatii  sudi

 

  1. Mablagguzorii muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi az hisobi mablaghoi bujeti davlati, inchunin az hisobi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki muzdi guzaronidani ekspertizahoi sudi, tadqiqoti ilmi va digar korhoi bo onho aloqamandro pardokht menamoyand, surat megirad. Tartibi pardokhti mablagro az hisobi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.
  2. Pardokhti muzdi ekspertizai davlatii sudii parvandahoi grajdani,oilavi va iqtisodi az hisobi tarafe surat megirad, ki ekspertiza bo talabi on guzaronida meshavad, oid ba in dar qaror yo tainot dar borai taini ekspertizai davlatii sudi nishon doda meshavad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №804)
  3. Mablagi kharojoti guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudii parvandahoi jinoyati va mamuri az hisobi bujeti davlati pardokht karda meshavad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №804)

 

Moddai 41. Taminoti moddii faoliyati korshinosi sudi

 

Pardokhti muzdi mehnat, havasmandgardoni va taminoti digari moddii korshinosi sudi muvofiqi muqarraroti sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

BOBI 7.

HAMKORII BAYNALMILALI DAR SOHAI FAOLIYATI EKSPERTIZAI DAVLATII SUDI

Moddai 42. Guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii  sudi bo khohishi   maqomoti salohiyatnoki

                       digar davlatho

 

Tartibi guzaronidani ekspertizai davlatii sudiro bo khohishi maqomoti salohiyatnoki digar davlatho qonunguzorii murofiavi va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini menamoyand.

 

Moddai 43. Jalb namudani mutakhassisoni digar davlatho baroi yakjoya guzaronidani

                         ekspertizahoi davlatii sudi

 

Rohbari muassisai ekspertizai davlatii sudi dar holathoi zaruri huquq dorad bo rozigii shakhs yo maqome, ki ekspertizai davlatii sudiro tain mekunad, ba hayati komissiyai ekspertiza mutakhassisoni ikhtisosmandi digar davlathoro dokhil namoyad. In guna komissiyahoi mushtarak ekspertizahoi davlatii sudiro muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston meguzaronand.

 

Moddai 44. Hamkorii baynalmilalii ilmi dar sohai faoliyati   ekspertizai davlatii

                       sudi

 

Muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudii Jumhurii Tojikiston huquq dorand bo muassisahoi ekspertizai davlatii sudi va kriminalistii digar davlatho robitahoi baynalmilalii ilmi muqarrar namoyand, konferensiyaho, simpoziumho va seminarhoi yakjoyai ilmi guzaronand, bo tajriba, ittilooti ilmi va nashriyahoi chopi mubodila namoyand va dar sohai ekspertizai sudi va kriminalisti nashriyahoi mushtarak  sozmon dihand.

 

BOBI 8.

MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

Moddai 45. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 46.  Mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston           E.Rahmonov

 

sh. Dushanbe, 25 iyuli soli 2005

№ 102

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

ima-xix

IYOLOTI MUTTAHIDAI AMERIKA AZ OGOZI ASRI XIX TO ANJOM YOFTANI JANGI MULKI

Vazi IMA dar nimai avvali asri XIX. IMA dar avvali asri XIX davrai taraqqiyoti puravji …