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Duo chist?

Duo ibodat ast ! Hazrati Numon ibni Bashir (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «Duo hamon ibodat ast». Bad az on Rasululloh (s) ba tavri dalel in oyati Quroni majidro tilovat farmudand:

Va qola Rabbukumu-duni astajib lakum. Inna-l-lazina yastakbiruna an ibodati sayadkhuluna jahannama dokhirin.[1]

molitva_dua2Tafsiri in oyat. «Va Parvardgori khudaton farmud: «Maro bikhoned, to shumoro ijobat kunam». Murod az «duo» khondan, darkhosti jalbi manfiatho va dafi ziyon az borgohi Parvardgor, yo ibodat va yagonaparastii vay ast. Albatta, duo dar zoti khesh ibodat ast, balki duo chunonki dar hadisi sharif omadaast: «Qatan Parvardgoraton dar baqiyyai ayyomi ruzgoraton (zindagiyaton) dehishhovu bakhshishhoe dorad, pas, khudro baroi onho pesh afganed. CHi baso duo bo rahmate muvofiqat va hamrohi kunad, pas, sohibash ba vasilai on ba saodate noil gardad, ki bad az on hargiz va baroi hamesha ziyonmand nashavad».

Albatta, in oyat khud dar in bob hujjat ast, zero Hudovand khudash farmudaast: «Maro ba duo bikhoned, to shumoro ijobat kunam». Sipas ba dunboli on farmud: «Kasone, ki az ibodati Man», yane: az duoi Man «istikbor mevarzand, zudo ki ba khorivu zori voridi duzakh shavand». In hushdorest sakht ba kasone, ki az duo namudani ba borgohi Hudoi taolo takabbur mevarzand. Binobar in kase, ki barovardani hojot, jalbi manfiat va dafi zararro az murdagon bikhohad, dar voqe bo in duoi khesh onhoro ibodat karda va chizero baroyashon sarf karda, ki sarf kardani on chuz baroi Hudoi subhon joiz nest.

Az in, ki bigzarem duoi gayri Hudovand baroi duokunanda hej sude dar bar nadorad, zero tanho kase, ki bar ijobat kardani duo tavonost, Hudoi subhon ast. Binobar in U bandagonashro ba duo kardan va darkhosti hojot az borgohi khud dastur doda va dar in surat ijobati duoyashonro vada dodaast va vadai u niz haq ast.

Pas, ey bandagoni Hudo, khostahoi khudro ba Hudovand mutavajjeh sozed va dar khostahoi khud bar zote takya kuned, ki shumoro ba tavjehi in darkhostho ba suyi khesh farmon doda va ijobati onhoro niz baroi shumo tazmin kardaast. Ore, Ust zoti bakhshandai karime, ki duoi duokunandaro ijobat mekunad va bar kasone, ki niyozhovu hojathoi khudro dar umuri dunyovu din az fazli buzurg va mulki farogir va vasei u darkhost namekunand, khashm megirad. CHunonchi dar hadisi sharif omadaast: «Har ki ba borgohi Hudoi azza va jalla duo nakunad, Haq taolo bar u khashm megirad».[2]

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Hazrati Abdulloh (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «Az Hudoi taolo fazl bikhohed, baroi in ki Hudoi taolo dust dorad, ki az u talab karda shavad va bad az duoi vusatu kushoish intizor shudani kushoish behtarini ibodat ast».[3]

Tavzeh. Matlab az intizori kushoish in ast, ki umedvor boshad, ki on duoe, ki baroi rahmatu hidoyat va khayr talab karda shudaast, inshoalloh, hatman hosil meshavad.[4]

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Hazrati Savbon (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «Juz duo hej chiz nametavonad taqdirro ivaz kunad va ba juz neki hej chiz nametavonad umrro izofa kunad. Va inson bisyor vaktho ba sababi gunohe az rizq mahrum karda meshavad»[5]

Tavzeh. Matlab az in, ki duo taqdirro ivaz mekunad, in ast, ki dar taqdir chunin navishtaast, ki agar in shakhe baroi bartaraf kardani falon ranj duo bikunad, on ranj bartaraf karda khohad shud, chunonki dar hadis omadaast: «Duo kardan niz nazdi Hudoi taolo muqaddar ast». Hamchunin nazdi Hudoi taolo navishta shudaast, ki umri in shakhs masalan shast sol ast, ammo agar falon neki, masalan haj bikunad, umri u bist sol izofa karda meshavad va in dar dunyo hashtod sol zindagi mekunad.[6]

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Hazrati Salmoni Forsi (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «Biduni shak dar zoti olii Hudoi taolo sifati hayo ziyod ast va ba gayr az savol bisyor ziyod atokunanda ast. Vaqte ki inson peshi Hudoi taolo dasthoi khudro baland mekunad, Hudoi taolo az kholivu nomurod bargardonidani dasthoi u hayo mekunad, bad-in jihat hatman ato mefarmoyad».[7]

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Hazrati Ali (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «Duo silohi mumin ast, sutuni din ast va nuri osmonu zamin ast».[8]

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Hazrati Abuhurayra (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «SHumo Hudoi taoloro bar ijobati duo yaqin doshta boshed va inro khub bidoned, ki Hudoi taolo duoi on shakhsro qabul namekunad, ki qalbi u dar vaqti duo kardan az Hudoi taolo gofil va bo gayri Hudoi taolo mashgul boshad».[9]

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Hazrati Abdulloh ibni Masud (raz) mefarmoyad, ki: «Rasululloh (s) irshod farmudand: «Bar har shakhse foqavu tangdasti biyoyad va u baroi dur kardani on az mardum savol kunad, foqavu tangdastii u bartaraf nakhohad shud. Va bar har shakhse, ki foqa biyoyad va u baroi bartaraf kardani on az Hudoi taolo savol kunad, pas Hudoi taolo ba zudi uro rizq ato mefarmoyad, favran merasad, yo bo kame takhir».[10]

Duoi on shakhsone, ki qabul meshavad

  1. Insoni muztar va pareshonkhotir.
  2. Mazlum va sitamdida.
  3. Padar baroi farzand.
  4. Farzandi farmonbardor.
  5. Musofir.
  6. Ruzador.

Vaqtho va holathoe, ki qabul shudani duo dar onho tasreh shudaast

  1. SHabi qadr.
  2. Mohi muboraki ramazon.
  3. Bad az namozhoi fariza.
  4. Dar holati sajda.
  5. SHabu ruzi juma makhsusan bad az namozi asr.
  6. Bad az tilovati Quron.
  7. Mavqei ijtimoi musalmonon (namozhoi jumavu idayn),

Va hamchunin kame az odobi duo kardan

  1. Parhez az harom dar khurdanu pushidan.
  2. Tahorat va pokizagi hangomi duo.
  3. Hamdu sanoi Parvardgor va durud bar Rasuli akram (s) dar avvalu okhir.
  4. Etirof ba taqsiru gunoh.
  5. Tavassul ba «Asmoi husno» va sifoti Ilohi.
  6. Takrori duo haddi aqal[11] se marotiba.
  7. Ilhohu[12] tazarru va izhori ajzu[13] darmondagi.
  8. Az samimi qalb duo kardan va umedi qabuliyat doshtan.

Tariqai duo kardan

Banda vaqti duo meboyad, ki har masiyate, ki karda boshad peshi dil nayorad va na hej toate, zero ki agar toat peshi dil dorad va on ujb2 boshad va duo ba ujb mustajob nashavad. Va agar masiyat peshi dil orad, dar bovarii duo susti orad. Pas, vaqti duo nazari khos bar rahmati Haq taolo meboyad dosht va muqin boyad bud, ki albatta in duo mustajob ast, inshoallohi taolo. Vaqti duo boyad, ki har du dast kushoda boshad va barobari sina. Va hamchunin omadaast, ki har du dast muttasili yakdigar boyad dosht va nek baland boyad dosht. Va hamchunin surat boyad bast, ki gui hamin zamon chize dar dasti u khohand andokht. Duo taskini dil ast, Hudoi taolo medonad, ki chi meboyad kard.

In bud kame az ahamiyatu fazoili duo, ki peshkashi shumo shud. Va dar okhir chand bayte az Mirzo Muhammadali Soibi Tabrezi (pah) dar bayoni in matolib ast meovarem:

Baytho:

Dasti khohish chun sadaf makshoi peshi khokiyon,

Har chi mekhohad dilat az olami bolo talab.

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To jui sadaf kunand turo makhzani guhar,

Bardor sui olami bolo kafi niyoz.

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Davlat pa charogest, ki khomush shavad zud,

Fonus, agar az dasti duo doshta boshad.

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Az dari Haq ba dari khalq charo boyad raft,

SHikva az yor ba agyor nameboyad kard.

[1] Surai Mumin, oyati 60

[2] Tafsiri “Anvoru-l-Quron”, jildi 5.

[3] In hadisro Imom Tirmizi rivoyat kardaast.

[4] “Al-ahodisu-l-muntakhab”.

[5] In hadisro Imom Molik rivoyat kardaast.

[6] “Al-ahodisu-l-muntakhab”.

[7] In hadisro Imom Tirmizi rivoyat kardaast.

[8] “Al-ahodisu-l-muntakhab”.

[9] In hadisro Imom Tirmizi rivoyat kardaast.

[10] In hadisro Imom Tirmizi rivoyat kardaast.

[11] Aqal – kam.

[12] Ilhoh – darkhost kardan.

[13] Ajz – shikatagi.

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