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Dar olami afsonaho. Tahiya kardani kompozitsiya bakhshida ba olami hayvonot

Imruz dar dars mo bo shumo dar hamvori kompozitsiyai kalonhajmro dar janri tamsili (animalisti) ba jo meorem.

* SHumo kompozitsiyai tahiyashudaro dar hamvori va dar hajm chi guna mefahmed? Mo bo kadom vositaho kor mekunem? Kadom namud va janri sanati tasviriro mo istifoda mebarem?

Tasvirhoi badei dar hajm inchunin ifodagari ehsosot va afko- ri rassom mahsub meyobad.

SHumo khub medoned, ki obrazhoi hayvonotro dar davrai qadim odamon dar ruyi sangho kanda tasvir mekardand. Animal kali- mai lotini buda, manoyash «hayvon» meboshad. Rassomone, ki hayvonotro tasvir mekunand, animalistho nomida meshavand. Janri judogonae paydo shud, ki nomi animalistiro kasb kard, masalan, tavre ki dar aksho tasvir shudaast: dar ruyi sangho obrazhoi hayvonotro mekandand.

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Dar hamvori va dar hajm tasvir kardani hayvonotro shumo al- lakay dar sinfhoi ibtidoi omukhtaed.

Ba animalist zarur meoyad, ki khislatu odathoro bo jiddu jahd nazorat kunad va biomuzad. Rassom kori khudro az sokhtani angoraho, musavvadaho va lavhaho az ruyi asli hayvonot, parrandaho, mohihoi zinda va g. ogoz menamoyad, ijroi korhoi davomdor bo- shad, mamulan az khusai hayvonot yo az ruyi fotografiya ba jo ovar- da meshavad.

Rassomon-animaliston kushish menamoyand na tanho ba shabohati zohiri noil shavand, balki dar rasmho inikos kar- dani khususiyate, ki ba hayvon yo parrandai tasvirshavanda khos ast, simoi hayvonro ifoda namoyand. Ba asarhoi rassom-animalisti mashhur Karl Brenders menigarem. Zargushho, misli zinda va dar atrofi onho tabiati zebo daqiq, misli haqiqi, tasvir yoftaast.

«Zargushakho». Akvarel, guash, kagaz. Karl BrenDers
«Zargushakho». Akvarel, guash, kagaz. Karl BrenDers

Hangomi tasvir rassom az tekhnikai gunogun istifoda menamo- yad. Dar ogoz angora mekashad, sipas dar rang kor karda mebaro- yad, zimnan vositahoi munosibi badeiro istifoda mekunad. Onho daqiq ba jo ovarda shudaand, ba misli fotografiya va mo hatto ba shabehii tasvir angushti hayrat megazem.

Imruz mo bo shumo kushish menamoem, ki rassom, haykaltarosh- animalist boshem. Dar ogoz ba guruhho taqsim meshavem va inti- khob mekunem, ki kadom hayvonro tasvir menamoem yo mesozem. Baroi on ki hayvonot haqiqi va monand boshand, mo boyad supo- rishro hamajoniba tahlil karda, usulhoi ijroi onro intikhob na­moem. CHunonchi:

– hangomi ijroi kor hayvonoti afsonavii intikhobkardaaton tibqi andoza boyad muvofiqi hamdigar boshand;

– joygirshavii durust dar hamvori;

– zimni muqoisai qad, ba tanosubi sar, panjaho, poyho va dig. rioya namoed. Muayyan sozed, ki hayvon, namudi zohiri va khislati u dar kadom holat qaror dorad, sipas ba ijroi suporish shuru namoed.

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Daqiq namoed, ki shumo kadom namudi hayvonotro tasvir me- kuned, odatho, khususiyathoi khosi onho, onho dar kadom holat qaror khohand dosht va g.

Dar Germaniya dar shahri Bremen kompozitsiyai kalonhajmi qahramononi filmi tasvirii «Musiqanavozoni Bremen», dar Moskva boshad, kompozitsiyai «Gavaznho» – i M. Belashov mavjud ast, in kompozitsiyahoro tavsif namoed.

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