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Dar borai mudofiai JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 25 iyuni soli 1993 «Dar borai mudofia» (Akhbori Shuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 1993, №14, moddai 283) tagyirotu ilovaho dokhil karda shavand va on dar tahriri zerin ifoda gardad:

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai mudofia

 mudofia-jt

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s.1995, №23-24, mod.366; s.1998, №23-24, mod.353; s.1999, №12, mod.310; s.2000, №11, mod.537; mod.549; s.2003, №4, mod.144; s.2004, №2, mod.36; s.2005, №3, mod.119; №12, mod.659; s.2007, №5, mod.357; s.2010, №12, q.1, mod. 804; s.2013, №7, mod.515;

Qonuni JT az 26.07.2014 s., №1098)

 

Qonuni mazkur asosho va tashkili mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston, vakolathoi maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli, korkhonaho, muassisaho, tashkilotho, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandonro dar sohai mudofia muayyan mekunad.

 

BOBI 1.

QOIDAHOI UMUMI

 

Moddai 1. Asoshoi mudofia

 

Zeri mafhumi mudofia sistemai tadbirhoi siyosi, iqtisodi, ijtimoi, harbi, huquqi, ekologi va gayra fahmida meshavad, ki ba tamini mustaqiliyat, yakporchagi va dakhlnopazirii hududi jumhuri, himoyai manfiathoi davlat va hayoti osoishtai aholi ravona karda shudaast.

Mudofia yake az vazifahoi muhimtarini davlat, kori tamomi khalq ba hisob meravad.

Mudofia bo omodagii doimii Quvvahoi Musallah, iqtisodiyot, hudud va aholii jumhuri baroi peshgirii tahdidi tajovuz, inchunin zada gardonidani tajovuzi imkonpazir dar hama vaqtu holat asos meyobad.

Mudofia tibqi Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston, sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Doktrinai harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, tashkil va tatbiq karda meshavad.

Baroi mudofia bo istifodai vositahoi muborizai musallah Quv­vahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  bunyod karda meshavand va uhdadorii harbii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston  muqarrar karda me­shavad.

Ba mudofia bo istifodai vositahoi muborizai musallahona Kumitai davlatii amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Gvardiyai millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Kumitai holathoi favqulodda va mudofiai grajdanii nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, qushunhoi dokhilii Vazorati korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Brigadai posbonikunandai Sarrayosati ijroi jazoi jinoyatii Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki vazifahoi tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrarkardashudai sohai mudofiaro ijro mekunand, jalb karda meshavand. Dar mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston Quvvahoi musallahi digar davlatho dar asosi shartnomahoi baynidavlati ishtirok karda metavonand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1098)

Ba gayr az in ba Agentii tamnnoti amvoli makhsusi nazdi Hukumati Jumkhurii Tojikiston, ki vazifahoi khosi az tarafi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyankardashudai sohai mudofiaro ijro mekunad, jalb karda meshavad. (QJT az 29.12.10s., №642)

Mavjudiyat va tashkili digar sokhtorhoi gayriqonunii harbi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston  az tarafi Qonun takib karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 2. Siyosati harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Siyosati harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston  juzi siyosati dokhili va berunai davlat buda, az jonibi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

Siyosati harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston  dar asosi ba hisob giriftani doktrina (talimot)-i harbi va asoshoi mudofia tashkil karda me­shavad.

 

Moddai 3. Doktrinai harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Doktrinai harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston  az rui usuli basandagii mudofia dar sokhtmoni Quvvahoi Musallah amal karda, ba on asos meyobad, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston:

jang yo istifodai quvvai harbiro chun vositai halli masalahoi baynalkhalqi etirof namekunad;

davlati doroi silokhi zarravi nest va kushishi istehsol kardanu ba dast ovardani silohi zarravi yo istifodai onro az hududi khud nadorad;

ba yagon davlat davoi arzi nadorad va dar simoi yagon khalq dushmanro namebinad;

khej goh, avvalin shuda ba muqobili khej mamlakate amaliyoti jangiro sar namekunad, agar khudi vay hadafi tajovuz qaror nagirad;

muhofizati sulh va amniyati baynalmilaliro chun kafolati poydorii ahli bashar etirof menamoyad.

 

Moddai 4. Tashkili mudofia

 

Ba tashkili mudofia inho dokhil meshavand:

tanzimi huquqi dar sohai mudofia;

tahiya kardani siyosati harbi va doktrinai harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

peshgui va bahodihi ba tahdidi harbi;

sokhtmon, tayyori va dar holati omodagi nigoh doshtani Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin ba naqsha giriftani istifo­dai onho;

tamini hamkorii harbiyu siyosi bo digar davlatho va mutobiq namudani quvvaho baroi peshgirii tajovuz;

hifzi sarhadi davlati;

tahiya, istehsol va takmili silohu tekhnikai harbi, ba vujud ovardani zakhirai onho;

omodagii safarbarkunandai maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, korkhonavu muassisaho, iqtisodiyot, hudud, vositahoi mukhobirot va aholii mamlakat;

taraqqiyoti ilmi harbi, konversiya va rekonversiyai sanoati mudofiavi;

ba vujud ovardani zakhirai sarvathoi moddi dar manbahoi dav­lati va safarbarkuni;

ba naqsha giriftan va amali gardonidani chorabinihoi mudofiai grajdani va hududi;

tamini makhfi doshtani sirri davlati;

mutobiq kardani faoliyati maqomoti hokimiyati davlati dar sohai mudofia;

nazorati ijroi Qonunho dar sohai mudofia va sarfi vositahoi bujet baroi mudofia;

chorabinihoi digar dar sohai mudofia.

 

Moddai 5. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai mudofia

 

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai mudofia ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

(QJT az 26.07.14s., №1098)

 

BOBI 2.

VAKOLATHOI MAQOMOTI HOKIMIYaTI DAVLATI VA KhUDIDORAKUNII

MAHALLI DAR SOHAI MUDOFIA

 

Moddai 6. Salohiyati  Majlisi milli  va Majlisi namoyandagon dar sohai mudofia

 

Majlisi milli va Majlisi namoyandagon hangomi guzaronidani jalasahoi yakjoya:

– payomi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikistonro oidi masalahoi mudofia va muayyan namudani samthoi asosii siyosati harbii davlat meshunavand;

– ba istifodai Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston berun az hududi on baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston rizoiyat medihand;

– Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikistonro bo rutbai olii harbi sarfaroz megardonand;

– Farmonhoi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar borai jori namudani holati jang va vaziyati favqulodda, dar borai istifodai Quvvahoi Musallah va digar sokhtorhoi harbi dar surati ba vujudoi yo tahdidi bavujudoii zadukhurdhoi musallahona dar hududi jumhuri, ki ba yakporchagi va asosi konstitutsionii  davlat tahdid mekunand, dar khususi safarbarkunii umumi va juzi, dar borai javobshavi az onho, dar borai tashkil va barham dodani hokimiyati mahallii davrai jang, qat kardani jang va bastani sulh, dar borai tain va ozod namudani Vaziri mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunand;

– Masalahoe, ki bo sarhadi davlati vobastaand, tanzim namuda, tartibi onro muqarrar mekunand.

Salohiyati Majlisi milli:

– qonunhoero, ki az tarafi Majlisi namoyandagon dar sohai mudofia qabul meshavand, jonibdori mekunad;

– baroi tain va ozod namudani sarprokurori harbi rizoiyat medihad;

– sudyahoi kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikistonro intikhob mekunad va bozmekhonad;

– masalai bekor kardani dakhlnopazirii sudyahoi kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikistonro barrasi menamoyad.

Salohiyati Majlisi namoyandagon:

– qonunhoro dar sohai mudofia qabul menamoyad menamoyad;

-az rui masalahoi muhokimashavanda dar doirai vakolathoi khud qarorho qabul  mekunad va ijroi onhoro nazorat menamoyad;

– bo peshnihodi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston hayat, sokhtori umumi va shumorai Quvvahoi Musallah va sokhtorhoi digari harbiro, ki muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tashkil shudaand, tasdiq mekunad;

– doktrinai harbi va hajmi mablagjudokuniro az bujet baroi mudofia tasdiq mekunad;

– shartnomahoi baynalmilaliro dar sohai harbi tasdiq va bekor mekunad;

– rutbahoi harbiro muqarrar mekunad;

– matni Savgandi harbi, Oinnomahoi umumiharbi, bayraqhoi jangi va parjamhoi Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikistonro tasdiq mekunad.

 

Moddai 7. Vakolathoi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston  dar sohai mudofia

 

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston hamchun Sarfarmondehi Olii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston va Raisi Shuroi amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston  oidi tamini qobiliyati mudofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston  va omodagii doimii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  tamomi chorahoi zaruriro mebinad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1098)

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston:

ba tasdiqi Majlisi namoyandagon Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  loihahoi doktrinahoi harbi, taklifhoro oidi khayat, sokhtori umumi va shumorai Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar sokhtorhoi harbi, hajmi kharojoti bujet baroi mudofia peshnihod mekunad;

faoliyati tashkilothoi davlatiro dar sohai mudofia bo ham mutobiq megardonad;

Shuroi amniyatro tashkil namuda, ba on rohbari mekunad;

samthoi asosii hamkoriro bo davlathoi digar va tashkilothoi baynalmilali dar sohai harbi muayyan mekunad;

guftushunidho meguzaronad va oidi masalahoi harbi shartnomahoi baynalmilaliro imzo menamoyad;

baroi guzaronidani ozmoishhoi makhsusi aslihavu tekhnika rukhsat medihad;

konsepsiya va naqshahoi sokhtmoni harbi, naqshahoi safarbarkuni, strategi va gayraro, ki bo amalkunii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  aloqamandand, tasdiq mekunad;

bo peshnihodi Vaziri mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston naqshahoi jobajoguzorii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar sokhtorhoi harbi, jobajokunii obekthoi harbiro tasdiq menamoyad;

holati jang, safarbarkunii umumi va juzi, holati harbiro dar tamomi qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston  yo dar mahalhoi alohidai on elon karda, betakhir ba tasdiqi jalasahoi yakjoyai Majlisi milli va Majlisi namoyandagon  peshnihod mekunad;

ba Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  baroi amaliyoti har­bi farmon medihad;

oidi istifodai Quvvahoi Musallah va digar sokhtorhoi harbi dar surati ba vujudoi yo tahdidi bavujudoii zadukhurdhoi musallahona dar hududi jumhuri, ki ba yakporchagi va asosi konstitutsionii davlat tahdid mekunad, farmonho medihad, ki badan in qarorho dar  jalasahoi yakjoyai  Maj­lisi milli va Majlisi namoyandagon  tasdiq karda meshavand;

dar khususi tashkil, az digar tashkil kardan va barham dodani qismhoi harbi dar hududi shumorai muqarrarkardai Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  farmon medihad;

dar borai muvaqqatan yo doimi ba ikhtiyori favrii Sitodi generalii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  dodani sokhtorhoi harbi farmon medihad;

sanadhoi meyorii zamoni jangro dar amal jori mekunad va amali onhoro qat menamoyad, onhoro baroi tasdiq ba jalasahoi yakjoyai Majlisi milli va Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod menamoyad;

oidi davati shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston  ba khizmati harbi farmonho mebarorad;

Nizomnomaro dar borai  Sitodi generalii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, dar khususi yod namudani Savgandi harbi oidi masuliyati moddii khizmatchiyoni harbi baroi zarari ba davlat rasonida va digar masalahoe, ki dar qonunho mustaqiman ishora shudaand, tasdiq mekunad nomgui mansabhoero, ki ba onho hayati olii afsari tain mesha­vand muqarrar mekunad;

naqshai mudofiai grajdani va hududii Jumhurii Tojikistonro tasdiq menamoyad;

Vaziri Mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikistonro ba vazifa tain va az vazifa ozod namuda, farmonro baroi tasdiq ba jalasahoi yakjoyai  Majlisi milli va Majlisi namoyandagon  peshnihod menamoyad; (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1098)

Sitodi generaliiQuvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, farmondehoni navhoi Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikistonro bavazifa tain va az vazifa ozod menamoyad;

rutbahoi olii harbiro medihad; (QJT az 29.12.10s., №642)

barnomaho va naqshahoi davlatii taraqqiyoti asliha va tekhnikai harbiro dar hajmi mablaghoi judokardashuda tasdiq mekunad;

siyosati harbii davlatiro muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 8. Vakolatkhoi Shuroi amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Shuroi amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston  az rui masalahoi mudofia va amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston  maqomoti rohbarii dastjamona ba shumor meravad.

Vakolathoi Shuroi amniyati Jumhurii Tojikistonro Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston  «Dar borai amniyat» va Nizomnoma oidi Shuroi am­niyati Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki az tarafi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston  tasdiq karda meshavad, muayyan mekunand.

 

Moddai 9. Vakolathoi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  dar doirai vakolathoi khud:

baroi holati qobiliyati mudofiavii Jumhurii Tojikiston  javobgar ast;

ba faoliyati maqomoti ba vay tobe oidi tamini mudofia, tajhizonidani Quvvahoi Musallah va digar sokhtorhoi harbi bo asliha, tekhnikai harbi va vositahoi digari moddi rohbari mekunad;

hajmi manbahoi moddiyu tekhniki, khurokvori, amvolu ashyoi baroi mudofia, Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va sokhtorhoi harbii digar zaruriro muayyan mekunad;

tahiya va ijroi naqshavu suporishhoi safarbarkuni, naqshahoi zakhi­rai manbahoi safarbarkuni va davlatiro tashkil mekunad;

tashkili infrastrukturai Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar sokhtorhoi harbiro tamin menamoyad;

ba mudofiai grajdani, hududi, omodagii safarbarkuni, safarbarkunii iqtisodiyot va ba sharoiti zamoni jang muvofiq gardonidani on rohbari mekunad, doir ba masalahoi mazkur sanadhoi meyorii muvofiq intishor mekunad;

dar sohai harbi az nomi hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  yo az nomi Jumhurii Tojikiston  shartnomahoi baynalmilaliro oidi masalahoe, ki bevosita ba salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  dakhl dorand, mebandad va bekor mekunad;

dar hududi vakolathoi ba zimmaash guzoshtashuda ijroi uhdadorihoero  tashkil mekunad, ki dar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston  oid ba masalahoi mudofia darj shudaand;

oidi tamini ijtimoii khizmatchiyoni harbi shakhsone, ki az khizmati harbi ozod shudaand, inchunin azoi oilahoi onho kori tashkilothoi tobero tashkil menamoyad;

baroi hayati grajdanii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar sokhtorhoi harbi, inchunin baroi korgaronu khizmatchiyoni korkhonaho, muassisa va tashkilothoi mudofiavi vobasta az sharoiti mehnat imtiyozho muqarrar mekunad;

tartibi supurdan, ba ichora dodan, furukhtan, barham dodan va az hisob barovardani aslihavu tekhnikai harbi, obekthoi mudofiavi va digar amvoli harbi peshnihod va istifodai zaminho va digar manbahoi tabiii baroi mudofia zarurro muqarrar mekunad;

korkard va istehsoli aslihavu tekhnikai harbi, konversiya, rekon­versiya va taraqqiyoti sanoati mudofiaviro tashkil mekunad;

sodirot va voridoti aslihavu tekhnikai harbi ashyoi strategi, tekhnologiyai peshqadam va mahsuloti taminoti gunogundarajaro nazorat menamoyad;

dar borai tashkil, tagyiri tainot va barham dodani korkhonahoi davlatii mudofia, tashkilothoi tadqiqoti ilmi va ozmoishii konstruktori, muassisahoi talimii harbii tahsiloti kasbi, kafedrahoi har­bii nazdi muassisahoi davlatii talimii tahsiloti olii kasbi qaror qabul mekunad, inchunin az rui ikhtisoshoi harbi tartibi tayyor kardani kadrhoi afsariro muayyan menamoyad;

Nizomnomai Vazorati Mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai maqomoti mahallii idorakunii harbi, oid ba tartibi adoi khizmati harbi, dar khususi bahisobgirii nizomiyon, davatshudagon va manbahoi tekhnika, dar borai guzaronidani jamomadhoi harbi, oidi kafedrahoi harbii nazdi muassisahoi davlatii talimii tahsiloti olii kas­bi va digar nizomnomahoero, ki hayotu faoliyati Quvvahoi Musallah va digar sokhtorhoi harbiro tanzim menamoyand, tasdiq mekunad;

muovinoni Vaziri mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikistonro tain meku­nad. (QJT az 29.12.10s., №642)

 

Moddai 10. Vakolathoi hokimiyati sudi

 

Hokimiyati sudi dar hududi vakolathoi khud dar tamini mudofia ishtirok mekunad.

Dar sokhtori maqomoti hokimiyati sudi sudhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston tashkil meshavand, ki vakolathoi onho bo Qonuni Konstitutsionii Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sudhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston» muayyan megardand.

 

Moddai 11. Vakolathoi Vazorati mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Vazorati mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston:

baroi holati omodagii jangii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  masul ast;

muvofiqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston siyosati sohai sokhtmoni Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikistonro tatbiq me­namoyad;

dar omoda sokhtani peshnihodho dar sohai siyosati harbi va doktrinai harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston va Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston ishtirok menamoyad;

peshnihodhoro oidi loihai bujeti harbi omoda mesozad va ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  peshnihod menamoyad, dar khususi istifodai mablaghoi baroi mudofia judogardida hisobot medihad;

taminoti moliyavi, tekhniki va aqibgohii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikistonro amali menamoyad;

dar asosi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston adoi khizmati harbi­ro tashkil mekunad va hifzi ijtimoii khizmatchiyoni harbi, hayati graj­danii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston, shakhsoni az khizmati harbi javobshuda va azoi oilai onhoro tamin menamoyad;

tarbiyai huquqi, manavi va harbii vatandustii hayati shakhsii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikistonro tashkil va tamin menamoyad;

ba tashkilothoi madadgori mudofia va klubhoi harbii vatandusti baroi amali namudani vazifahoi oinnomavii onho ba manfiati mudo­fia hamkori menamoyad;

dar asosi shartnoma korhoi tadqiqoti ilmi va ozmoishi konstruktoriro dar sohai mudofia, istehsol va kharidi asliha va tekhnikai har­bi, ozuqa, pushoka va amvoli digar, manbahoi moddi va gayraho, inchunin korhoi pudrati va khizmathoro baroi ehtiyojoti Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hududi mablagi ba in maqsadho judoshuda farmoish medihad va mablagguzori mekunad;

bo muassisahoi harbii digar kishvarho hamkori mekunad;

ba ilmi harbi rohbari mekunad, tadqiqoti ilmii harbi tashkil mekunad va meguzaronad;

ijroi qonunguzoriro dar sohai mudofia dar Quvvahoi Musallah, inchunin qonunguzorii jorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar bobati hifzi muhiti zist hangomi faoliyati onho tamin menamoyad;

dar hududi vakolati khud siyosati kadriro dar Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  amali menamoyad;

muborizaro bar ziddi terrorizm az jumla taminkunii amniyati khudii ziddi terrorizm az jumla taminkunii muqarrarnamudai hamin Qonun, digar qonunho va sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqi ba amal mebarorad;

digar vakolathoro, ki dar asosi nizomnomahoi Vazorati mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston  va Sitodi generalii  Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  peshbini shudaast, ijro mekunad.

 

Moddai 12. Vakolathoi vazoratho va idorahoi Jumhurii Tojikiston  dar sohai mudofia

 

Vazoratho va idorahoi Jumhurii Tojikiston:

ba tayyorii safarbari dar sistemai vazoratho va idoraho rohbari menamoyand va dar loihahoi taraqqiyoti iqtisodi va ijtimoii soha oidi istehsoli mahsulot va molhoi tainoti harbi, sokhtmoni obekthoi mudofiavi, tayyor namudan va takmil dodani donishi harbii quvvahoi dar ehtiyot buda, judo namudani mablaghoi darkorii moddiyu moliyavi baroi ehtiyoji mudofia va ijroi vazifahoi safarbari farmoishhoi dakhldor peshbini menamoyand;

tashkil, taraqqi va nigohdorii iqtidorhoi safarbari, jamovarii rezervhoi davlati va safarbariro anjom medihand;

chorabinihoi mudofiai grajdani va hududiro tashkil namuda, meguzaronand va ijroi onro az tarafi sokhtorhoi idorakuni va istehsolii tobeashon nazorat namuda, baroi in maqsadho mablag judo mekunand;

ijroi sanadhoi meyorii huquqiro oid ba masalahoi mudofia dar soha va kharji mablaghoero, ki ba sokhtorhoi tobe baroi mudofia judo karda meshavand, nazorat mekunand.

Digar vakolathoi vazoratu idorahoi Jumhurii Tojikiston az ta­rafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan megardand.

 

Moddai 13. Vakolathoi maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati va khudidorakunii mahalli

 

Maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli dar doirai vakolathoi khud baroi holati mudofia, az jumla mu­dofiai grajdani va hududi masuland va tamini chorabinihoi zerinro ba uhda dorand:

ijroi hatmii qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai mudofia az tarafi tashkilotu muassisahoi tobe, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon; (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1098)

tamin kardani Quvvahoi Musallah va digar sokhtorhoi harbibomahsuloti istehsoli mahalli, bo ob, quvvai barqiyu garmi, vositahoi aloqa, khizmatrasonii kommunaliyu manzili va gayra;

ijroi chorabinihoi hifzi ijtimoi-huquqii khizmatchiyoni harbi, davatshavandagon, shakhsoni uhdadori harbi va azoi oilai onho ba tavre, ki qonun muayyan namudaast;

qaydi harbi va tayyorii shahrvandon ba khizmati harbi, davati onho ba khizmatm harbi, jamomadhoi harbi va safarbari;

ijroi barnomai guzaronidani iqtisodiyot ba nizomi korii holati jangi, jihozonidani qalamravi kishvar ba manfiati mudofia;

ijroi naqshayu suporishhoi safarbari;

hifozati qabristonhoi harbi va digar obekthoi harbie, ki khotirai shakhsoni dar rohi muhofizati Vatan halokshudaro abadi megardonand.

judo namudani qitahoi zamin baroi ehtiyojoti mudofia va nazorat ba istifodai onho;

kumak rasonidan ba joygironi va manzilgirii qushun;

hamkori bo maqomoti idorakunii harbi va idorakunii qushun dar mahalho oidi masalahoi mudofia.

 

BOBI 3.

VAZIFAHOI KORKhONAHO, MUASSISAHO, TAShKILOTHO VA ShAKhSONI MANSABDOR,

HUQUQ VA VAZIFAHOI ShAHRVANDON DAR SOHAI MUDOFIA

 

Moddai 14. Vazifahoi korkhonaho, muassisaho va tashkilotho dar sohai mudofia

 

Korkhonaho, muassisaho va tashkilotho novobasta az tobeiyati idori va shakli molikiyatashon mutobiqi sanadhoi qonunguzori va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston:

farmoishhoi davlati va uhdadorihoi shartnomaviro oidi tashkil, istehsol, tain va tamiri asliha va tekhnikai harbi, digar amvol va resurshoi harbi, korhoi pudrati va adoi khizmatho baroi ehtiyoji Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar vohidhoi harbi ijro mekunand;

tadqiqoti ilmi va iktishofoti sohai mudofiaro anjom medihand;

tibqi barnomahoi safarbari iqtidori rezervhoi lozimai safarbariro tashkil medihand va dar holati omodagi nigoh medorand, vazifahoi harbii naqliyotiva kommunikatsioniva digar suporishhoro ijro mekunand;

dar chorabinihoi mudofiai grajdani va hududi ishtirok menamoyand;

ba korkunoni khud baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi harbiashon sharoiti musoid faroham meovarand;

baroi ehtiyoji mudofia, ki tibqi Qonuni mazkur muayyan gardidaast, kharojoti lozima mekunand;

baroi ijroi naqshai guzaronidani iqtisodiyot ba kori sharoiti davrai jang chorajui mekunand;

shahrvandonero, ki baroi khizmati harbi davat meshavand va uhdadoroni harbiro ba qaydi harbi girifta, kormandonro dar davrai jang bron mekunand.

Shakhsoni mansabdor tibqi mansabi ishgolkardaashon boyad vazifahoi khudro oidi masalahoi mudofia, agar chunin vazifaho mutobiqi qonunguzori va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston  peshbini shuda boshand, donand va ijro namoyand.

 

Moddai 15. Vazifahoi ittihodiyahoi jamiyati va tashkilothoi musoidati mudofia

 

Ittihodiyahoi jamiyati, vositahoi akhbori omma, tashkilothoi musoidati mudofia dar faoliyati khud boyad qonunkhoi Jumhurii Tojikistonro rioya namoyand, ba foshgardii sirri davlati roh nadihand, dar mustahkam gardonidani qobiliyati mudofiavii davlat va tarbiyai harbi-vatandustii shahrvandon kumak rasonand az imkoniyathoi khud istifoda burda, dar ijroi vazifahoi safarbarii zamoni jang ish­tirok namoyand.

Tashkilothoi musoidati mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston  ilova bar in baroi sifati tayer namudani mutakhassison az rui talabnomahoi Vazorati mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston  baroi Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar vohidhoi harbi masuland va vazifadorand, ki:

navhoi varzishi tekhniki, aviatsioni, harbi-amali va ejodiyoti tekhnikai javononro ravnaq dihand;

dar asosi khudmablagguzori tayyor namudani shakhsoni doroi ikhtisoshoi ommavii tekhnikaro, ki ahamiyati harbi-amali dorand, ba roh monand;

dar vaqti jang dar talimi umumii harbii aholi va bo istifodai imkoniyathoi khud hal namudani vazifahoi safarbari ishtirok kunand.

Faoliyati hizbhoi siyosi va digar ittihodiyahoi jamiyati, ki ba kharob namudani Mudofia va tayyorii jangii Quvvahoi Musallah va di­gar vazifahoi harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston  ravona gardidaast, man ast.

 

Moddai 16. Huquq va vazifahoi shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston  dar sohai mudofia

 

Hifzi Vatan, himoyai manfiathoi davlat, tahkimi istiqloliyat, amniyat va iqtidori mudofiavi vazifai muqaddasi konstitutsionii har yak shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston  buda, khizmat dar Quvvahoi Musallahi on vazifai fakhri meboshad.

Shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston  mutobiqi qonun:

Uhdadorii harbiro ijro mekunand yo ikhtiyori ba khizmati harbii dokhil meshavand;

dar chorabinihoi mudofiai grajdani va hududi ishtirok mekunand;

metavonand korkhonavu tashkilothoi jamiyati, ki baroi mustahkam namudani mudofia ravona gardidaand, tashkil kunand:

dar vaqti jang bo talabi maqomoti amalkunandai hokimiyat binoho, inshootho, vositahoi naqliyot va digar amvolero, ki molikiyati onhost, bo rohi minbad az tarafi davlat jubron kardani onho baroi ehtiyojoti mudofia medihand.

 

 

BOBI  4.

QUVVAHOI  MUSALLAHI  JUMHURII TOJIKISTON VA DIGAR  VOHIDHOI  HARBI

 

Moddai 17. Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston sokhtori harbii davlati meboshad, ki baroi muhofizati musallahonai istiqloliyat va tamomiyati arzii jumhuri az tajovuz tain gashtaast.

Vazifa, tartibi purrasozi va idorakunii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai Quv­vahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston» va digar sanadhoi qonunguzori muayyan megardad.

 

Moddai 18. Vohidhoi digari harbi

 

Tainot, vazifaho, tartibi purra kardan va idorakunii vohidhoi harbii Kumitai davlatii amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Gvardiyai millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, qushunhoi dokhilii Vazorati korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Brigadai posbonikunandai Sarrayosati ijroi jazoi jinoyatii Vazorati adliyai Jumhurii Tojikiston, qushunhoi mudofiai grajdanii Kumitai holathoi favqulodda va mudofiai grajdanii nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston va Agentii tamnnoti amvoli makhsusi nazdi Hukumati Jumkhurii Tojikiston tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavand. (QJT az 29.12.10s., №642; az 26.07.14s., №1098)

Dar zamoni jang vohidhoi harbii nomburda ba hayati Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  dokhil meshavand.

 

BOBI  5.

HOLATI JANG. VAZIYaTI HARBI. SAFARBARKUNI

 

Moddai 19. Holati jang. Zamoni jang

 

Holati jang dar surati ba khatari voqei duchor shudani amniyati davlat, ki dar shakli tajovuz yo khatari tajovuzi ziddi Jumhurii Tojikiston ifoda yoftaast, inchunin dar surati zarurati ijroi uhdadorihoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston, az tarafi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston elon megardan. Bo eloni holati jang yo ogozi amaliyoti harbi zamoni jang faro merasad. Ogozi zamoni jang ruz va soati e­loni holati jang yo tajovuz ba Jumhurii Tojikiston  hisob meyobad.

Anjomi zamoni jang ruz va soati elonshudai ba okhir rasidani amaliyoti harbi hisob meyobad.

Dar surati tajovuz ba Jumhurii Tojikiston  Shuroi amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston, farmondehii harbi, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va khudidorakunii mahalli eloni jangro intizor nashuda, vazifadorand baroi zada gardonidani tajovuz tamomi chorahoro andeshand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1098)

 

Moddai 20. Vaziyati harbi

 

Vaziyati harbi dar mahalhoi judogona yo dar tamomi qalamravi jumhuri dar surati eloni holati jang yo hangomi khatari voqeii amni­yati davlat, ki dar khatari tajovuz yo tajovuzi ziddi Jumhurii Tojikiston ifoda yoftaast, az tarafi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston  jori megardad.

Bo jory gardidani vaziyati harbi vakolathoi farmondehii harbi vase megardad, ba u vazifahoi maqomoti hokimiyati ijroiya dar sohai mudofiai tibqi tartibi muayyannamudai qonun meguzarad.

Dar davomi vaziyati harbi baroi manfiati mudofia faoliyatu huquqi korkhonaho, idoraho va tashkilotho, inchunin huquqi konstitutsioni va ozodii shahrvandon mahdud gardida, vakolathoi maqomoti dakhldori hifzi huquq vase megardad.

Vaziyati harbi barobari bartaraf shudani khatari tajovuz yo anjomi holati jang bekor karda meshavad.

Nizomi holati harbi tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan megardad.

 

Moddai 21. Safarbari

 

Bo eloni holati jang yo vaziyati harbi safarbarii umumi yo juzi ba maqsadi tatbiqi chorabiniho baroi guzaronidani maqomoti hokimi­yati davlati va khudidorakunii mahalli, korkhonaho, idoraho va tashkilotho az nizomi kori zamoni osoishta ba nizomi kori zamoni jang, inchu­nin guzaronidani Quvvahoi Musallah va digar sokhtorhoi harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston  ba tashkil, hayat va idorakunii qushunho, ki baroi zamoni jang peshbini gardidaast, elon karda meshavad.

Tartibi omoda kardan va guzaronidani safarbari tibqi qonunguzo­rii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan megardad.

 

BOBI 6

MUDOFIAI GRAJDANI VA HUDUDI

 

Moddai 22. Mudofiai grajdani

 

Mudofiai grajdani ba maqsadi hifzi aholi, korkhonaho, idoraho va tashkilotho az kharobshavi va digar khatarho, ki dar natijai amaliyoti jangi, inchunin dar holati ofathoi tabii, sadamaho, falokatho, epidemiyaho, muromurii hayvonot va digar holathoi favqulodda ba amal meoyand, tashkil megardad.

Tainot, vazifaho, tashkilva idorakunii mudofiai grajdani tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan megardand.

 

Moddai 23. Mudofiai hududi

 

Mudofiai hududi ba maksadi bastan, mudofia va muhofizat kardani sarhadi davlati, obekthoi muhim va rohhoi aloqa az hujumi dushman, muboriza bo desanthoi on va guruhhoi diversioni-iktishofi nigoh doshtani tartiboti holati harbi tashkil megardad.

Vazifaho va tashkili mudofiai hududi, tartibi hamkorii quvvaho va vositahoi on tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan megardad.

 

BOBI 7.

TAMINOTI  IQTISODII  MUDOFIA

 

Moddai 24. Omoda sokhtani iqtisodiyot ba tamini mudofia

 

Omoda sokhtani iqtisodiyot ba tamini mudofia ba uhdai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  guzoshta meshavad.

Baroi omoda sokhtani iqtisodiyot ba tamini mudofia dar zamoni osoishta inho peshaki tashkil va istifoda meshavand:

iqtidori ilmi-tekhniki va qudrati istehsoli baroi guzaronidani tahqiqot, korkard va tashkili istehsoli mavodi tainoti harbi va mudofiavi;

sistemahoi gunkunii zakhirahoi moddi, manbahoi moliyavi va moddi;

sistemahoi narkhguzori, andozho, qarzho, mujizoti iqtisodi, meyori va ijroi farmoishhoi davlati va shartnomahoi khususiyati mudofiavi doshta;

sistemahoi chorabiniho dar bobati omodagii safarbarii iqtiso­diyot va idorakunii on dar zamoni osoishta.

 

Moddai 25. Tamini kadrii mudofia

 

Ba maqsadi qone gardonidani talaboti mudofia omuzish va bozomuzii kadrhoi harbi dar muassisahoi harbii talimii tahsiloti kasbi va dar kafedrahoi harbii nazdi muassisahoi davlatii talimii tahsiloti olii kasbi, inchunin, tibqi sozishnomahoi baynidavlati dar khorija surat megirad.

Baroi ijro namudani chorabiniho dar sohai mudofia, az jumla mudofiai grajdani va hududi dar nazdi vazoratho shubahoi makhsus va namoyandagii harbi tashkil megardand, ki vakolati onhoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 26. Tamini moliyavi va moddi-tekhnikii mudofia

 

Taminoti moliyavii ehtiyojoti mudofia, sokhtmon va nigohdorii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston va digar vohidhoi harbi az hisob va dar hududi mablage, ki dar bujeti jumhuri peshbini shudaast va taminoti moddi-tekhniki ba tarkibi haqqi avvaliyatdori surat megirad.

 

Moddai 27. Istifodai amvol ba manfiati mudofia

Obekthoi harbi, hamai navhoi siloh, tekhnikai harbi, lavozimoti jangi va digar amvoli harbi-tekhniki molikiyati jumhuriyavi hisob meyoband va dar ikhtiyori operativii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va digar vohidhoi harbi meboshand. Zimnan obekthoi harbie, ki az tarafi sokhtorhoi nomburda dar zamoni osoishta istifoda namegardand, boyad konservatsiya karda shavand va ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati baroi istifodai muvaqqati (az jumla ba ijora) doda shavand.

Dar holate, ki istifodai obekthoi mudofiavi nolozim megardad, in obektho metavonand tibqi shartu tartibe, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan menamoyad, furukhta shavand.

 

Moddai 28. Dodani zaminu inshoot, obektho va amvoli digar ba­roi ehtiyojoti mudofia

 

Zamin, digar manbahoi tabiii baroi ehtiyojoti mudofia tibqi shartu tartibe, ki qonunguzori muayyan namudaast, doda, ziyonu talafi vobasta ba girifta shudani zaminu manbahoi tabii baroi ehtiyoji mu­dofia jubron karda meshavand.

Ba idorahoi harbi dodani binoho, inshoot, obektho va digar amvol va bargardonidani onho hamchunin mutobiqi tartibe surat megirad, ki qonunguzori muayyan kardaast.

 

BOBI 8.

UHDADORIHOI  HUQUQII  BAYNALMILALII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON 

 

Moddai 29. Rioyai meyorhoi huquqii baynalmilali

 

Jumhurii Tojikiston  hangomi tashkil va amali kardani mudofia vazifador ast, ki meyorhoi huquqi bashar va shartnomahoero, ki khud ishtirokchii on ast, rioya namoyad.

Jumhurii Tojikiston hangomi tashkil va amali kardani mudofia bartarii sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilaliro  dar sohai mudofia va amniyat nisbati qonunguzorii milli dar in sohaho etirof mekunad.

Dar holathoi ba sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali muvofiqat nakardani qonunho va sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai mudofia sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali ba kor burda meshavand.

 

 

Moddai 30. Hamkorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  bo digar davlatho dar sohai mudofia

 

Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Oinnomai Sozmoni Milali Muttahid dar khususi huquqi mudofiai infirodi va kollektivi takya namuda, bo di­gar kishvarho dar sohai sokhtmoni harbi ba maqsadi tamini mudofiai yakjoya az tajovuz, nigohdorii amniyat va sulhi baynalkhalqi hamkori menamoyad.

 

BOBI 9.

MASULIYaT BAROI VAYRON NAMUDANI QONUNGUZORI OIDI MUDOFIA

 

Moddai 31. Masuliyat baroi vayron namudani qonunguzori oidi mudofia

 

Agar shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon qonuni mudofiaro ijro nakunand va yo ba tavri boyadu shoyad ijro nakunand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                      E. Rahmonov

 

sh. Dushanbe,  4 noyabri soli 1995

№ 208

 

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