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DU MAYDON (Ozodi va SHahidon)

3 marti soli 1992 Raisi SHuroi oli Safarali Kenjaev dar jalasai in nihod vaziri korhoi dokhili – zodai Badakhshon – Mamadayoz Navjuvonovro shadidan tanqid karda, istefoi uro talab kard, ki in az tariqi televizion namoish doda shud. Dar natija, ruzi 26 mart ba qonuni mani tajammu nigoh nakarda, jamiyati «Lali Badakhshon» dar nazdi kokhi Raisi jumhur az hisobi mardumi Badakhshon tazohurot tashkil karda, istefoi Raisi SHuroi oli Kenjaevro talab kard. Az in fursat istifoda burda, mukholifon tarafdoroni khudro ba maydon khondand. Az in ba bad mukholifon dar maydoni SHahidon, hamon maydone, ki fojiai khunini bahmanmohi na- vad rukh doda bud, mohho khaymanishini karda, hayoti poytakht va kishvarro falaj gardondand. Onho natijahoi intikhoboti Rayosati jumhuriro taqallubi nomida, talab mekardand, ki raydihi az nav barguzor shavad. Man on vaqt, badi bargash- tan az Hind, dar soli okhiri donishgoh mekhondam va dar ru ba rui choykhonai «Rohat» ijoranishin budam. Baroi ba donishgoh raftan, roham az dokhili in maydon, ki pur az khaymaho bud, meguzasht. Bazan, az kanor istoda, tamosho mekardam va ba harfhoi notiqonashon gush medodam. In tazohurot az tazohuroti dar Hind didai man komilan farq dosht. In jo hech kas fikri musoliha va muzokira nadosht.

Maydoni SHahidon va ozodi
Vovchiki i YUrchiki

Qori Qiyomiddini «gozi» ba nazdi mikrofon mebaromad va figon meandokht: «Vo, dino, vo shariato, Quron zeri poy shud, shariat az dast raft, marg ba kofiron!» va mardum ba navha hamroh meshudand. SHiori digare, ki in ruhoni medod, jolib bud va shunavandaro ba taammul vodor mekard. Pas az navha u shior medod «Marg ba Amriko!» va mardum gulgula meafkandand «Zolimin, zolimin, marg ba nayrangaton, Huni shahidoni mo mechakad az changaton!», ki daqiq nuskhai shiorhoi inqilobii Eronro ba khotir meovard.

Digari mebaromadu elon mekard: «Bas ast Maskavro khurondan! Mo faqat pakhta va tilloi khudamonro bo narkhi jahoni furushem, rohhoyamonro ba joi asfalt az tillo mesozem!» va chashmoni hoziron barq mezad! Dar hole, ki Tojikiston allakay kishvari alohida va sohibistiqlol bud.

Bozor Sobir mebaromadu «Azizon, har ki az agbai Anzob on sust, uzbak ast, mangit ast, daf shavad! SHumo bo inho nav mu- boriza ogoz karded, man 25 sol meshavad, ki bo inho mejangam!» gufta, fitna meandokht, tuda «Mejangem, daf shavand!» gufta shior medod. Rosti, in shoiri millat az hamon fitrathoest,

ki uro «boyad kusht va dar margash girist». U mekhost «tabartaqsim» ba sari millat ovardaro taqviyat dihad. Me- khost qismi shimolii kishvarro judo va daf kunad. «Raved, khonahoi khujandihoro ruykhat kuned va kashida gired», beibo dastur medod u.

SHiori «mejangem»-i onho lofi havoi nabud. Onho guruhhoi shibhinizomi tashkil karda budand. Javononi in guruhho ba peshoniashon lattai safed, ki dar on «fidoi» navishta bu- dand, basta, dar rui rohi moshingardi peshi choykhonai «Rohat» mashqi nizomi mekardand. Vaqti bo nizom qadam zadan, hamon shiori «Zolimin»-ro bo maromi khos mekhondand. Dar dastashon kokteylhoi Molotov, bo nizom qadam zada, az maydon meguzash- tand. Ishtiyoqi qudratkhohiyashon on qadr bolo girifta bud, ki chashmi aqlashonro kur karda bud va ba har khunkhorie tayyor bu- dand. In khirasaron mekhostand bo hama: «kofiron», shimoliho, rusho, uzbakon yaku yakbora bijangand. Dar bayni onho az fakul- tai mo niz chand nafar budand. Man chandin bor say kardam bo onho suhbat kunam. Fahmondani meshudam, ki tazohurot boyad oromona barguzor shavad. Niyoz ba jangu kushokushi nest. Vale onho ba man «holo sabr kun, mo galaba kunem, khudat ba tarafi mo meguzari», meguftand.

SHodmon YUsuf – raisi Hizbi demokrat peshnihod kard, ki rushoi muqimi Tojikiston garavgon girifta shavand. Ba qavli digar, guyo u gufta budaast, ki agar Rusiya ba korhoi Tojikiston dakholat kunad, rushoi dar Tojikistonbudaro dar holi garav- gon meguzorad. Daqiq namedonam u chi gufta bud, vale sad dar sad medonam, ki gayr az hamin harfi ablahonai u, hech kas ba ruszabonon na lafzi, na dar amal tahdide nakarda va ozore narasonda bud. Vale mutaassifona, bar asari hamin guftai u matbuoti Rusiya maqolahoi javobi chop karda, tuhmati ziyod ba tojikon zadand, ki guyo rushoro mekushand, zanhoi rusro tajovuz mekunand va az in qabil durugho, ki dar natija afsaroni rus sadho sarbozhoi tojikro, ki dar artish khizmat mekardand, bo azobu shikanja kushtand.

SHakhs boyad javobgari har harfi khud boshad. Vaqte kase me- khohad rahbarii jomearo ba dast girad, in masuliyat ba maro- tib bolo meravad. Vaqte qudrati tuda dar ikhtiyorash ast, boyad khele boehtiyot boshad, zero taqdiri hazoron nafar az harfi u vobasta ast.

CHizi jolibi digare, ki chandin bor shohid shudaam in bud, ki yak guruh az maydon mekhestand va chandsad metr durtar rafta saf meorostand va bo nizom qadam zada omada, ba maydon meda- romadand. Sardorashon peshi mikrofon rafta «Mo, dusad na- far, shabi daroz nakhobida, piyoda roh gashta, az nohiyai Bokhtar ba yorii shumo omadem!» gufta khabar medod. Tuda «Zinda bod!, Zinda bod!» gufta ruhbaland meshud. Hamin tavr, dar davomi ruz chandin marotiba namoyandahoi har nohiya ba safi maydon- nishinon «afzuda», onhoro ruhbaland mekardand va onho bo sadoi duchand «Istefo! Istefo!» gufta girev mebardoshtand.

Raisi jumhur, shoyad az voqeai khunini bahmanmoh pand gi- rifta bud, ki baroi parokanda kardani tazohurot az quvva istifoda nakard. Aslan, Rahmon Nabiev dar rafti in mojaro zafhoi khudro ba namoish guzosht. U sobiqai rohbarii jum- huriro dar solhoi qabli doshta boshad ham, beshtar naqshi yak mudirro ijro karda omada bud. Hamesha dastnigari Maska- vu Toshkand buda, mustaqiliyat nadoshtaast va chun az jihati shakhsiyati niz muloimtabiat va moil ba ayshu nush bud, dar lahzahoi hassos tasmimhoi sarivaqti va qati girifta nata- vonist. Besalohiyati va sahlangorii u sabab shud, ki dere na- guzashta, Vazorati korhoi dokhili khudro betaraf elon kard va Gordi Raisi jumhur ba mukholifin payvast, vale dar har hol, in du amal, khiyonati ruirost ba millat az sui sardoroni in maqomot bud, ki to hol bahoi haqqoni nagiriftaast.

Zeri fishori tazohurotchiyon Safarali Kenjaev az raisii SHuroi oli istefo dod va dar natija ba tarafdorii u va Nabiev dar maydoni Ozodi, namoyandagoni viloyati Kulob va viloyati Leninobod bar ziddi tazohuroti maydoni SHahidon tazohurot tashkil kardand. Raisi jumhur az hisobi onho gordi musallah tashkil kard va ba onho 1800 adad Kalashnikov taq- sim kard.

Nizomiyoni rus, namedonam barqasdona yo tasodufan, ba tazohurkunandagoni mukholif dar maydoni SHahidon asliha dodand. Man shakhsan shohidi on budam. Ruze hamrohi baroda- ram Abdulhakim az dars barmegashtam, ki du moshini borkashi ruypush, az qismi nizomii diviziyai 201-i on zamon dar mar- kaz qarordoshta baromad. Tazohurotchiyon on moshinhoro man karda, hujjat pursidand. Mayori rus chi hujjate nishon dod, ki onho qone nashuda, boloi moshin baromada didand, ki on pur az sanduqhoi asliha ast. In zamon yake az rohbaroni may- don rasida omad va ba on mayor farmon dod, ki moshinhoro gardonda ba shtab (sitod) biyorad. Javononi ziyode dar atrofi in moshinho jam budand. Vaqte moshinho gashta ba sui qasri Raisi jumhur ravon shudand, khiyobon pur az odam bud va onho ohista-ohista meraftand. Javonon khez karda, ba boloi moshinho baromadand va dar yak lahza ruypushi brezentii moshinhoro lakh-lakh kardand. Vale chun tedodi ziyod baromada budand va dar rui sarpushi sanduqho meistodand, onhoro kushoda nametavo- nistand. Hech kas ham hozir nabud az moshin furoyad, zero hama mekhostand digari furoyadu u sohibi siloh shavad.

Maydoni peshi kokh pur az khayma bud. Moshinhoro az guzar- gohi pushti binoi ZAGS ba havli darovardand. Mo dukasa az qafoi in moshinho davida meraftem. Dar havli moshinho yak lahza tavaqquf kardand. Bachchahoi boloi moshin, ki allakay brezentro tikka-tikka karda budand, yak sanduqro kushodand. Az dokhili on avtomathoi Kalashnikovi nappa-navro girifta, ba sui hamrohonashon dar zamin mepartoftand va onho asliharo girifta megurekhtand. In sanduq dar yak lahza kholi shud va mu- borizai kushodani sanduqho avj girift, zero namudi siloh ishtiyoqi ba dast ovardani onro duchand karda bud. In zamon on rohbar rasida omad va dod zad:

– Zud moshinhoro ba shtab ron!

Moshinho az arkai on bino guzashta, in dafa bosurattar ba sui qoziyot raftand. Vaqte mo davon-davon ba on jo rasidem, onho dar daruni darvozai panjaragii qoziyot budand va hanuz ham muborizai javonon baroi kushodani sanduqho idoma dosht. In zamon Muso pahlavon az bino baromada, az kamoni shikorii dastash du tir ba havo andokht. Bachchaho khudro az boloi moshin ba zamin partofta, gurekhtand. YAk bachcha az fursat istifoda karda, sarpushi sanduqro kushod va az on yak pulemyoti (tirbor) Kalashnikovro barovarda, ba yorash, ki dar zamin muntazir bud, partoft va yaki digarero girifta, faromad. Bo farmoni Muso pahlavon kasone, ki dar havlii qoziyot megashtand, aslihahoro az dasti onon kashida girifta, khudashonro ba dokhili bino kashola karda burdand. Hamin tavr, maydoni SHahidon niz musallah shud.

Didayu donista, ba maydoni pur az tazohurotchiyon be muho- fizat baromadani du moshini pur az asliha va favran rasida omadani yake az sardoroni tazohurotchiyon odamro ba taammul vodor mekunad.

SHiorhoi hardu maydon toraft ohangi jangjuyona paydo me- kardand, du maydoni musallah dar chandsadmetri az ham qaror doshtand va fazo bui khun mekard. Ba zudi siloh ba sado omad. YAke pasi ham kushtorho ogoz shudand. Avvalin shuda, tarafdo- roni maydoni Ozodi qurbon shudand. Tazohurkunandagoni kulo- biasli maydoni Ozodi ba Kulob bargashta, Fronti khalqiro

tasis dodand va elon kardand, ki baroi barqaror kardani hokimiyati qonuni muboriza mebarand.

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