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DIATEZ

diatez2DIATEZ (yun. diathesis – mayl doshtan), nuqsi modarzodii ravandi mubodilai moddaho. D. bo alomathoi makhsus va bemoriho zohir meshavad. Mekhanizmi takomuli D. ba sistemai vegetativii asab va tarashshuhi dokhili aloqamand ast. Beshtar namudhoi zerini D. vomekhurand: D.-i ekssudativi-nazlavi (aksar vaqt dar sinni kudaki ba vujud omada, kudak ba sagles va dig. bemorihoi pust, iltihobi rohi nafas, barangezishi asab va g. duchor meshavad); D.-i limfagi-gipoplastiki (mayl ba kasalihoi allergii pust); D.-i asabiyu artriti (kasalihoi band, jigar, gurda, ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho, shaqiqa va g., ki ba sinnu sol vobastagi dorand); D.-i allergi (organizmhoi nisbat ba allergenho hasosiyati baland doshtaro muttahid mekunad); D.-i gemorragi (khunravi az raghoi pust, pardahoi luobi va uzvhoi dokhili).
Bemorii shirincha yak namudi D. buda, badi az tasiri baze khurokvoriho (beshtar tukhm, qulfinay, mevahoi sitrusi, asal, shokolad) khalal yoftani mubodilai moddaho ba vujud meoyad. Dar bandi zonu va boloi abru baromadani yarachahoi karakhshdori zardtob, surkh shudan va pust partoftani rukhsoraho, karakhsh paydo kardani sar, shalhidani pust va g. alomathoi asosii bemorii shirincha meboshand. CHunin kudakon giriftori bemorihoi iltihobi, konyunktivit, otit buda, tez-tez qabziyat va darunrav meshavand; bisyor vaqt dar onho bemorihoi pust (kubo, neyrodermit, khorishak), azoi nafaskashi (bronkhit, ziqi nafas)-ro niz mushohida mekunand; bemorihoi siroyatii onho nisbatan tuloni va vaznin meguzarand. Odatan zuhuroti D. badi 3 – 5 sol sust yo past meshavad.
D.-ro bo tavsiyai dukhtur muolija mekunand. Istifodai vasilahoi khonagi, makhsusan doruho boisi vaznin shudani bemorii kudak meshavad. Dukhtur, odatan, az gizohoi bodnok parhez mefarmoyad. Hangomi iltihob yo shaltoqii pust vanna (bo ilovai doruho), hangomi neyrodermitho khamirayu marham (dar har holat bo tavsiyai dukhtur) foidanok ast. Baroi peshgirii D.-i zanoni homila va modaroni shirkhorador ba onho istemoli khuroki noforamro man mekunand. Ba kudakoni to 3-sola ham chunin khurokro dodan lozim nest; baroi baze kudakon nomgui khuroki khosa tartib boyad dod. Nig. niz Allergiya.

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