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DEZODORATSIYA

dezzodoratsiyaDEZODORATSIYA [Desodor(is)a], rafi buy, nest kardani bui bad. Bui bad asosan hangomi pusida vayron shudani moddahoi organiki – partovhoi gunogun, akhloti odam va hayvonot, khurokvori, inchunin dar binohoe, ki havo nagz toza nameshavad, panohgohhoi zerizamini, palatahoi shubai jarrohii amrozi rimdori bemorkhonaho va g. paydo meshavad. Baze korkhonahoi sanoati, mas., fabrikahoi pustinduzi, zavodhoi pustu charm, baze korgohhoi khimiyavi doimo bui makhsus dorand. Az shakhse niz, ki tuloni ba bemorii vaznin giriftor ast, bui bad meoyad.
Bui bad dar natijai rioya nakardani qoidahoi sanitarii istifodai bino va dig. inshoot, ijro nashudani talaboti nigohdorii muassisahoi kommunaliyu maishi, norasoii havoi toza, rioya nakardani qoidahoi gigienai shakhsi va g. ba vujud meoyad. Binobar in D. nafaqat ahamiyati estetiki, balki ahamiyati muhimmi sanitari niz dorad.
D.-ro az usuli oddii bartaraf kardani bui bad (tavassuti moddahoi khushbuy) farq boyad kard. Mas., bo ravgani efir yo suzanbarg pur kardani dezodorator (ozonator)-hoi hojatkhonai jamiyati, guzoshtani qursi naftalin ba pissuar (zarfi peshobi hojatkhona), tayyor kardani sham, kogaz, khokahoi makhsus az moddahoi khushbuy bui badro nest mekunand. Vale in hama faqat ahamiyati estetiki doshta, sababi paydoishi bui badro bartaraf karda nametavonand.
D. dar navbati avval andeshidani tadbirhoero dar nazar dorad, ki paydoishi bui badro peshgiri mekunand: durust nigoh doshtani ozuqavori, muntazam nest kardani partovho, muvofiqi qoidahoi sanitari durust istifoda burdan va nigoh doshtani khalojo, quburi akhlot va joyhoi akhlotgundor, ozoda nigoh doshtan va nagz shamol dodani binohoi istiqomatiyu idoraho, rioyai gigienai shakhsi va g.
Dar asnoi gayriimkon budani rahoi az muhiti badbuy (nabudani naqliyot, ventilyatsiya, ob) D.-ro bo usulhoi fiziki va khimiyavi meguzaronand. Ba chizhoi pusanda khok, reg, torf (8 – 10 sm) yo ohaki khlordor va noshukufta meposhand. Ohaki khlordor va noshukufta khosiyati bezarargardoni doshta, vositai khudi D. meboshad (mikrobhoi pusishro nobud mekunad). Baroi D. mahluli 2%-i ohaki khlordor va noshukufta, inchunin mahluli 20%-i dahani farangro kor mefarmoyand. Dar sharoiti khona (dar khalojo, vanna) bo maqsadi D. metavon az mahluli 0,5 – 1% permanganati kaliy, mahluli peroksidi gidrogen va g. istifoda burd.

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TUYONA OYAD… SHakhse ba dustash uzr ovard:j – Bubakhsh, man ba tuyat rafta nametavonam. Vay …