Home / Ilm / DEZINSEKSIYA

DEZINSEKSIYA

dezinseksiyaDEZINSEKSIYA (Desinsectio; az dez … va lot. insectum – hasharot), tadbirhoi mahv namudani bandpoyho (hasharot va kana), ki pahnkunandai angezandagoni bemoriho, zararrasoni khurokvori va rastaniho meboshand. Dar khona D.-ro baroi nest kardani magas, nonkhurakho, kayk, shabushk, hamchunin muhofizat az khomushaku kanaho (nig. Repellentho) istifoda mebarand.
D. peshgirikunanda va mahvsozanda meshavad. Tadbirhoi peshgirikunanda chuninand: tozavu ozoda nigoh doshtani khonavu joy; bo lattai nam toza kardani ashyo; ba daru tirezaho kashidani tur; dar zarfhoi makhsus nigoh doshtani khurokvori, pushondani sarpushi akhlotdon; rioya kardani qoidahoi gigienai shakhsi; muntazam shustanu ivaz kardani joypush, libosi tag va g. (paydoish va afzoishi shabushkro peshgiri mekunad); ba tartib darovardan, muntazam rubuchin kardan va shamol dodani binoyu tahkhonaho bo maqsadi paydo nashudani pashshavu kurpashsha; toza kardani juyu havz va zahburho; bo khok pur kardani khandaqho, chuquriho, kulmakho; baroi bochkayu chalak va chohhoi ob sokhtani sarpush (bo in roh afzoishi khomushakho peshgiri karda meshavad).
Tadbirhoi mahvsozandaro bo usulhoi fiziki, khimiyavi va biologi meguzaronand.
Usulhoi fizikii nest kardani hasharot chuninand: takondanu afshondani libos, kurpavu bolin, gilem, pardahoi daru tireza va g.; istifodai changkashak baroi toza kardani khona va mahv sokhtani baze hasharot (mas., nonkhurakho, kayk, kuya); kor farmudani domhoi gunogun (bar ziddi magasu nonkhurakho), obi jush (baroi nobud kardani takhtakanayu nonkhurak), darzmoli garm va havoi tafsoni kamerai dezinfeksiya (baroi nobud kardani shabushk).
Ba vositahoi khimiyavii mahvi bandpoyho geksakhloran (geksakhlorsiklogeksan yo GHSG), DDT (dikhlordifeniltrikhloretan), dikhlorpinen, polikhlorkamfen, khlorofos, karbofos, sevin, paretrum, dimetrin, alletrin va g. mansub meboshand. Moddahoi khimiyaviro dar namudi khoka (dust), mahlul, aerozol va g. istifoda mebarand. Az rui tarzi tasir onhoro ba tamosi (asosan tavassuti pusti hasharot tasir merasonand), rudai (ba organizmi hasharot bo gizo vorid meshavad) va fumigantho (dudkunandaho; tavassuti rohi nafas dokhil megardand) judo mekunand. Vobasta ba tasirashon ba bandpoyho onho ba zahri ziddi hasharot (insektisidho), ziddi kana (akarisidho), ziddi kirmina (larvisidho), ziddi tukhmi hasharotu kana (ovisidho) taqsim karda meshavand.
Usulhoi biologii D. ba tasiri «zinda ziddi zinda» asos yoftaand, yane baroi D. angezandai kasalihoi hasharot yo dushmanoni tabiii onhoro kor mefarmoyand (mas., mohichaho, ki kirminai pashshahoi varajaro mahv mesozand). Bo rohi fiziki va khimiyavi benasl gardondani narinaho niz ba usulhoi biologii D. dokhil meshavad. Usulhoi biologii D.-ro binobar murakkab budanashon dar amal bisyor kor namefarmoyand.
Nig. niz Kayk, SHabush, SHabushnoki, Kana, Pashsha, Magas.

Рабство

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

afandi

LATIFAHO

TUYONA OYAD… SHakhse ba dustash uzr ovard:j – Bubakhsh, man ba tuyat rafta nametavonam. Vay …