Home / Gunogun / DEVONI MAJULI RUDAKI

DEVONI MAJULI RUDAKI

CHun nomi Rudaki va sheri u virdi zabonho, ammo devoni ashoru asarhoi u nopaydo bud, kame peshtar, soli 1005 hijri, ki ba soli: 1596—97 melodi barobar ast, dar Hinduston bo nomi «Devoni Rudaki»  kitobi kuchake tadvin gardid, ki nuskhahoi qalamii mutaaddidi on dar bisyor kitobkhonahoi mashhuri dunyo dida meshavad. Hovarshinosi anglis Denison Ross soli 1924 dar maqolai khud «Rudaki va Rudakii durugin» in devonro, ki ba sababi ba ham nazdik budani nomi mamduhi Qatron va mamduhi Rudaki az devoni ashori Qatron tartib doda shudaast, «Devoni majuli Rudaki» nomida bud. Sipas Said Nafisi va badan Abdulgani  Mirzoev  dar  in  masala ba Denison Ross hamfikr shudand.

Soli 1925 ruznomanigori tojik Turaqul Zehni dar ruznomai «Ovozi tojik» (13 avgust) dar maqolai khud «SHoiri nakhustini tojikon Ustod Abuabdullohi Rudaki» navishta bud: «Namedonam oyo rost boshad? YAk-du kas khabar dod, ki devoni Rudaki az Bukhoro yoft meshavad. Ammo in khabar sazovori bovar kardan nest. Agar boshad, sharafi mo khohad bud». SHoyad kase dar Bukhoro nuskhae az hamin devoni sokhtai Rudakiro dida boshad. Soli 1315 hijrii qamari (1897) dar Tehron hamin kitob bo nomi «Devoni Rudaki» ba nashr rasid, ki «1170 baytro faro megirad. Vale nusakhi khatti ba tafovut az 951 bayt to 1121 bayt az Qatron ba nomi Rudaki dorad».132

Andar «Devoni Rudaki» 41 qasida, chand qitavu tagazzuli Qatron joy doda shudaand. Said Nafisi muayyan kardaast, ki «hej yak az in 41 qasidavu qitavu tagazzul, ki az ashori Qatron ba Rudaki nisbat doda shudaand, az sukhani Rudaki nest va qatan az Qatron ast va har jo, ki bayte az on qasoid yoft shavad, ki ba ismi Rudaki navishta boshand, shakke nest, ki ba khatostu az sabku sukhani Rudaki bisyor dur ast va, guzashta az on, daloyili tarikhi musallam mesozad, ki az Ustod Abuabdulloh Jafar binni Muhammad Rudaki nest».133

Dar maqolai Abdulgani Mirzoev «Boz    yak nuskhai qalbakii ashori Rudaki» sukhan az nuskhai qalamie meravad, ki tahti raqami 322 dar Kitobkhonai ommavii Leningrad ba nomi Saltikov — SHedrin  tahti unvoni   «Majmuai  shuaro»  nigoh doshta meshavad, ki on az 336 bargi kalonhajm iborat buda, ashori besh az 30 nafar sukhansaroyi forsizaboni asrhoi jahor to dahi hijri-qamariro faro megirad. Dar sahoifi avroqi 2 to 11 ba ismi Rudaki 38 qasidavu qita    ovarda meshavad,    ki az 1050 bayt iborat buda, hama ba qalami Qatroni Tabrezi mutaalliq ast. Az on ashor yak satr   ham moli   Rudaki nameboshad. Abdulgani Mirzoev, hamchunin, qayd mekunad, ki «Majmuai shuaro» nuskhai nakhustin buda, dar ahdi shoh Abbosi Soni (solhoi 1642 to 1666) murattab gardidaast.  Rizoqulikhoni Hidoyat,    Denison Ross va Said Nafisi dar vaqtash ba in nukta ishora kardaand. Denison Ross menavisad,   ki «yake az adiboni Eron chun didaast, ki az osori Rudaki chize namondaast, qaror dodaast, ki in kambudiro   barqaror namoyad. Ittifoqan, devoni Qatronro,    ki to    darajae    gumnom bud, ba dast ovarda, behtarin qasidai vayro, ki ismi Abunasr dar on jo bud, intikhob namuda, ba ashori   boqimondai Rudaki makhlut karda, devoni Rudakiro   ba vujud    ovardaast».134 Ba qavli Said Nafisi, «to zamoni mo dar beshtari  kitobho ashori Qatronro kamu besh ba nomi Rudaki ovardaand va ba ehtimomi   qavi in khato    nakhust az muallifoni hindi sar zadaast va shoyad nuskhai «Devoni majuli Rudaki»-ro dar Hind sokhta boshand  va  majmuae  az ashori Qatronro tartib doda, ba nomi Rudaki mamul doshtaand. Sipas digaron baze ashori Rudakiro faroham kardaand, ki dar soli 1315 ba tab rasidaast».

Sababi rukh dodani in   khato dar on   ast, ki nomhoi mamduhoni Rudaki    va    Qatron    khele ba ham monand buda, Nasr ibni Ahmadi Somoni  mamduhi Rudaki   va Abunasr madhshavandai Qatron meboshand. Avvalin kasoni ba   khato   rohdihanda Abunasrro   Nasr gumon kardaand.  Binobar   navishtai  Abdulgani Mirzoev,   «hodisai  yak vaqtho hamchun osori  Rudaki shinokhta  shudani devoni  Qatron  va hamrang budani ismhoi mamduhoni Rudaki va Qatron, ba ehtimoli qavi, sabab shudaast bar on ki tartibdihandai «Majmuai shuaro» ashori zikrshudai    Qatronro niz hamchun    ashori Rudaki    ovardaast».136

Okhirin pajuhishgare, ki ba in masala ishora dorad, Sayyid Ziyoviddini Sajjodist, ki dar asari khud «Kuyi Surkhobi Tabrez va maqbarat-ush-shuaro» qayd menamoyad: «Qatron dar borai Abunasri Mimlon    siyu haft  (37) qasida dorad va shabohati kuniyai in mamduh bo Nasr ibni Ahmadi Somoni —mamduhi Rudaki sabab shuda, ki bisyore az ashori Qatron    dar devoni Rudaki    vorid shavad».137

Bo kushishi Said Nafisi, muhaqqiqoni tojik va juyandagoni avrupoi majmuae az ashor va abyoti boqimondai Ustod Rudaki gird ovarda shudaast, ki namunahoi gazalu qasoid, masnaviho, ruboiyot, qitaot va abyoti parokandai uro dar bar megirad. Hamin ashor ast, ki az ruyi onho va muqoyasa bo aqvoli ahli kitob mukhtasar va nokifoya ham boshad, mumkin ast, ki roje ba lahzahoi hayot, jahonbini, didi falsafi, andeshahoi ijtimoi, afkori akhloqi va pandu andarzhoi voloyu jovidoni Ustod Rudaki sukhan ronda shavad. In ashor, ki dar kitobi Said Nafisi «Muhiti zindagi va ahvolu ashori Rudaki» joy doda shudaand, iborat az 1042 bayt meboshad.138 Badan Asrori Rahmonfar az manobei toza boz ba on 18 bayti digar afzudaast, ki poyai hamai tahqiqot oid ba Ustod Rudakiro tashkil mekunad. Az hamin sabab, mo dar in risola fikru andeshai khudro asosan dar poyai abyotu ashori dar kitobi Said Nafisi «Muhiti zindagi va ahvolu ashori Rudaki» jamomada bayon kardaem.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

Javonmarde, ki bikhuradu bidihad beh az obide

Javonmarde, ki bikhuradu bidihad beh az obide, ki ruza doradu binihad. Har ki tarki shakhhovat …