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DAVOHOI TABIi

davohoi-tabiiDAVOHOI TABIi, doruhoi biogeni, vasoiti davoie, ki az ashyoi naboti, hayvoni va madani tahiya karda meshavand. D. t. doroi moddahoi faoli biologi meboshand, ki ba ravandi mubodilai moddaho, iltihob, aksulamalhoi immunologi va g. tasiri musbat merasonand. Baze D. t.-e, ki ba mubodilai moddaho va ravandi tajdidi boftaho taqviyat mebakhshand, ba guruhi makhsus (angezahoi biogeni) dokhil karda meshavand.
Ba davohoi asosii biologi sabr, apilak, biosed, gumizol, talkha, kombutek, peloidin, peloidodistillat, pirogenal, plazmol, prodigiozan, propolis va g. mansuband.
Sabr (aloe) rastanii hameshasabz buda, barghoi gafsi serob dorad. Az barg va shokhchahoi on doruhoi gunogun tahiya karda meshavand.
Linimenti sabr (Linimentum Aloës) baroi muolijai sukhtagi va peshgiriyu tabobati bemorii shuoi istifoda megardad. Dar shishachahoi rangashon noranji (30 – 50 g) istehsol karda, dar joi torik (haror. to 10°) nigoh medorand. Ba yakh bastani on roh dodan lozim nest.
SHirai sabr (Succus Aloës) – ro baroi tabobati zakhmhoi rimdor, sukhtagi, bemorihoi iltihobii pust va yarahoi gozi (trofiki) kor mefarmoyand. Onro bo maqsadi tabobati gastrit, enterokolit va qabziyat ruze 2 – 3 marotiba 1 qoshuqchagi (20 – 30 daq. pesh az khurok) istemol mekunand. Davri muolija 15 – 30 ruz ast. Dar shishachaho (100 ml) istehsol karda meshavad. Dar joi salqin va torik nigoh doshtan lozim ast.
Javhari moei sabr baroi tazriq (Extractum Aloës fluidum pro injectionibus) az barghoi konservonida (barghoe, ki dar joi salqin va torik nigoh doshta shudaand), taru toza va khushki sabr tayyor karda meshavad. Dar mavridi baze bemorihoi chashm (nazdikbini, blefarit va g.), zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, ziqi nafas va g. kor mefarmoyand. Doru har ruz yak marotiba ba zeri pust firistoda meshavad (1 ml). Davri muolija az 30 – 50 tazriq iborat ast. Badi 2 – 3 moh muolijaro metavon takror namud. Istifodai davoi mazkur hangomi bemorihoi vaznini dilu ragho, homilagi, ikhtiloli shadidi medayu rudaho joiz nest. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol mekunand. Dar joi torik nigoh doshtan lozim ast. Baroi istemol kardan (ruze 3 marotiba 1 qoshuqchagi) javhari moei sabr istifoda meshavad.
Qursi sabr (Tabulettae Aloës obductae) bo parda faro girifta shudaast; az 0,05 g khokai bargi sabr tarkib yoftaast. Baroi tabobati kompleksii nazdikbini istifoda mebarand. Ruze 3 – 4 marotiba 1 qursi (15 – 20 daq. pesh az khurok) tain karda meshavad. Davri muolija 1 moh ast. Badi 3 – 6 moh muolijaro davom medihand.
Apilak (Apilacum) moddai khushki shiri modarzanbur ast. Hangomi gipotrofiya va beishtihoii kudakoni shirmak kor farmuda meshavad. Dar odamoni kalon onro baroi muolijai gipotenziyai sharayoni, ikhtiloli tagziya (dar odamone, ki az bistari bemori khestaand), ikhtiloli asabiya va hosil shudani shir, seboreyai pusti ruy tain mekunand (navzodon – 0,0025 g, kudakoni az 1-sola bolo – 0,005 g shamchai on; ruze 3 marotiba). Davri muolija 7 – 15 ruz ast. Odamoni kalon onro ba zeri zabon meguzorand (0,01 g ruze 3 marotiba). Hangomi ziyod budani hassosiyat nisbati doru bekhobi rukh menamoyad (az istifodai on khuddori boyad kard). Dar shakli qurs (9,01 g), shamcha va marhami 3%-a istehsol karda meshavad. Dar joi khushk va torik (t 12 – 15°) nigoh doshtan lozim ast.
Biosed (Biosedum) javhari obist, ki az rastanii oilai Sedum ba dast meorand. Baroi tabobati sukhtagi, tira shudani qarniya, iridosikliti osebi, parodontoz, shikastagii ustukhon, yarai trofikii dastu po, zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta istifoda meshavad. Ba zeri pust yo ba mushak mefiristand (1 – 2 ml; dar yak ruz to 3 – 4 ml). Davri muolija az 20 – 30 (to 45) tazriq iborat ast. Ba zeri konyunktiva niz firistoda meshavad; dar shakli chakradoru baroi chashm kor mefarmoyand. Baroi odamoni giriftori akhiliya va omoshoi saratoni zarar dorad. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol karda meshavad.
Gumizol (Humisolum) mahluli 0,01%-i kislotai gumini; az loyqai shifobakhshi bahr istehsol karda meshavad. Tarkibash az khloridi natriy iborat ast. Baroi tabobati radikuliti muzmin, pleksit, nevralgiya, artriti tarbodi, artroz, iltihobi gush va javfi bini, faringiti muzmin, parodontoz istifoda mebarand. Ba mushak (ruze 1 – 2 ml) firistoda meshavad (20 – 30 ruz); bo rohi elektroforez niz kor mefarmoyand. Istifodai on hangomi nuqsi dil, ishemiyai dil, sil, bemorihoi jigar va gurdaho joiz nest. Dar shakli ampula (2 va 10 ml) istehsol karda meshavad.
Talkhai tibbi (Chole conservata medicata), biliarin, az talkhai gov yo khuk istehsol meshavad. Dar mavridi artroz, artrit, bursit, spondiloartroz va radikulit hamchun davoi rafi dard, iltihob va jabbanda kor mefarmoyand. Dar shakli rifoda (kompress) tain karda meshavad. Pesh az istifoda onro afshondan lozim ast. Hangomi bemorihoi iltihobi va rimnoki pust, limfangit, limfadenit zarar dorad. Dar shishachaho (50, 100 va 250 ml) ba furush barovarda meshavad. Onro dar joi torik va salqin nigoh medorand.
Kombutek (Combutecum) az narpay yo porahoi pusti gov ba dast meorand. Az lavhachahoi zardchai masomador (gafsiashon 6 – 10 mm) iborat ast. Dar ob hal nameshavad. Kombutek ravandi gusht giriftani zakhm va sabzishi boftahoro metezonad, zardobi yararo mejabbad. Dar mavridi sukhtagii darajai II va IIIa, zakhmhoi gozi (trofiki), ba autoplastika omoda kardani zakhmho istifoda mebarand. Lavhachai doruro bevosita ba rui zakhm guzoshta, bo doka mebandand. Andozai lavhachaho 10 × 15, 30 × 35 yo 30 × 70 mm ast (dar khaltachahoi havonoguzar joy doda shudaand). Dar joi khushk va torik nigoh medorand.
Peloidin (Peloidinum) javharest, ki az loyqai shifobakhsh megirand. Bo maqsadi tabobati zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, gastrit va kolit ruze 2 marotiba 40 – 50 ml istemol mekunand (1 – 2 soat pesh az khurok yo badi on). Qabl az istifoda garm kardan lozim ast. Hangomi kolit bo on huqna mekunand (100 ml). Dar mavridi amrozi uzvhoi tanosuli zanho bo usuli elektroforez kor farmuda meshavad. Dar shishachaho (500 ml) ba furush mebarorand.
Peloidodistillat baroi tazriq (Peloidodestillatum) az loyqai limanho ba dast ovarda meshavad. Baroi tabobati blefarit, konyunktivit, keratit, tira shudani jismi shishashakl, inchunin artritho, radikulit, mialgiya kor mefarmoyand. Ruze yak marotiba ba zeri pust (1 ml) mefiristand (30 – 35 ruz). Hangomi bemorii gipertoniya, nuqsi dil, bemorihoi shadidi medayu ruda, nefritho, homilagi zarar dorad. Dar shakli ampulaho (1 ml) istehsol karda meshavad. Dar joi torik nigoh medorand.
Pirogenal (Pyrogenalum) majmui lipopolisakharidi buda, dar ravandi hayoti mikroorganizmho, mas., Pseudomonas aeruginosa hosil meshavad. Faoliyati doruro bo rohi biologi muayyan mekunand. Doru boisi baland shudani haror. badan gashta, immunitetro meangezad, nufuzpazirii boftahoro taqviyat medihad, ravandi shifoyobiro behtar menamoyad. Onro baroi muolijai osebhoi gunogun, sukhtagi, amrozi silsilai asabhoi markazi va kanori, bemorihoi siroyati, allergi (mas., ziqi nafas), psoriaz, dermatitho kor mefarmoyand. Ruze 1 marotiba ba mushak firistoda meshavad (bo fosilai 1 – 3 ruz). Hamon voyaero muqarrar mekunand, ki haror. badanro baland (to 37,5 – 38°) bardorad. Dar mavridi ziyod shudani voyai doru tablarza, sardard, qay, dardi bandu bugumho rukh menamoyad. Hangomi homilagi zarar dorad. Ba odamoni giriftori diabeti qandi va bemorii gipertoniya onro ehtiyotkorona va bo voyai kam tain mekunand. Dar joi torik (t 2 – 10°) nigoh doshtan lozim ast.
Plazmol (Plasmolum) az khuni odam ba dast ovarda meshavad. Hangomi nevralgiya, nevrit, radikulit va dig. amrozi silsilai asabhoi kanori, hamchunin dar mavridi zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, ziqi nafas, artritho kor mefarmoyand. Har ruz yo ruzdarmiyon ba zeri pust (1 ml) mefiristand. Davri muolija az 10 tazriq iborat ast. Dar joi torik (t to 15°) nigoh medorand.
Prodigiozan (Prodigiosanum) majmui lipopolisakharidi buda, az Bac. prodigiosum judo karda meshavad. Hangomi bemorihoe, ki immunitetro past mekunand, istifoda megardad. Muolijai makhsusro ivaz nakunad ham, samarai tabobatro meafzoyad. Prodigiozanro ba mushak (0,5 – 0,6 ml mahluli 0,005%) mefiristand (bo fosilai 4 – 7 ruz); bazan voyai doruro to 1 – 2 ml (mahluli 0,005%) ziyod mekunand. Baroi kudakon niz mahluli 0,005%-i onro tain menamoyad (0,1 – 0,2 ml). Dar mavridi osebi silsilai markazii asab va sil ziyon dorad. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml mahluli 0,005%) istehsol karda meshavad. Dar joi torik (t 4 – 8°) nigoh doshtan lozim ast.
Proper-mil (Proper-myl) majmui zanburughoi sakharomiseti. Baroi muolijai bemoroni giriftori tasallubi muntashir (skleroz) istifoda mebarand. Ba varid firistoda meshavad. Dar ogozi bemori 0,1 ml kor mefarmoyand. Sipas har ruz voyai onro 0,1 ml ziyod mekunand. Dar mavridi baroi organizm khushpazir budan, az ruzhoi 8 – 10-um sar karda har ruz voyai doruro 0,2 ml meafzoyand va ba 2,5 – 3 ml merasonand. Davri muolija 30 – 40 ruz ast. Badi 3 – 4 moh tabobatro metavon idoma dod.
Propolis (Propolis)-ro zanburi asal hosil mekunad. Moddai chaspaki ziftmonand ast (nig. Propolis).
Raveron (Raveron) javharest, ki az gadudi prostatai jonvaroni bolig girifta meshavad. Gormonhoi androgeni, estrogeni va safedahoi on judo karda shudaand. Dar davrai avvali adenomai gadudi prostata va prostatiti nomakhsusi muzmin kor mefarmoyand. Hangomi adenomai gadudi prostata istifoda burdani on manoi az jarrohi khuddori kardanro nadorad. Onro ba mushak ruzi 1-um 0,3 ml, ruzi 2-yum 0,5 ml, ruzhoi minbada 1 ml-i har ruz yo 2 ml-i ruzdarmiyon (4 – 6 hafta) mefiristand. Dar mavridi ba mushohida rasidani nishonahoi allergiya istifodai doruro qat kardan lozim ast. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol meshavad.
Rumalon (Rumalonum) doruest, ki az javhari tagoyak va magzi ustukhoni javonaho iborat meboshad. Baroi muolijai amrozi bandho kor mefarmoyand (artroz, spondilyoz). Ruzi avval ba mushak 0,3 ml, badi du ruz – 0,5 ml, bad 1 ml-i haftae 3 marotiba mefiristand. Davri muolija 5 – 6 hafta ast. Samarai tabobat badi 2 – 3 hafta malum megardad. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol mekunand.
SHirai kalankhoe (Succus Kalanchoyos) az barg va shokhchahoi taru tozai kalankhoe girifta meshavad. Hosiyati ziddiiltihobi dorad. Zakhm va yararo toza karda, onhoro zud ba ham meorad. Baroi muolijai zakhmhoi gunogun kor mefarmoyand. Onro hamchunin dar mavridi gingivit, parodontoz, stomatit, kafidani piston, eroziyai gardanai bachadon va g. tain mekunand. Dar shakli ampula (10 ml) va dar shishachaho (100 ml) ba furush mebarorand. Qabl az istifoda 30 daq. dar sharoiti khona nigoh doshta meshavad.
Solkoseril (Solcoseryl) javhari khuni gov meboshad, ki az safeda toza karda shudaast. Hangomi zakhmhoi trofikii soqi po, gangrena, sukhtagi, yarahoe, ki badi shuoshifoi ba vujud omadaand, zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta kor mefarmoyand. Ba mushak va vena mefiristand, ba pust memoland. Dar shakli ampula (2 ml) va sanochak (20 g) istehsol karda meshavad.
Splenin (Spleninum) dorui besafeda buda, az sipurzi gov hosil mekunand. Baroi muolijai toksikozhoi nimai avvali homilagi istifoda mebarand. Ba mushak (ruze 2 ml) firistoda meshavad (10 – 15 ruz). Bazan onro baroi tabobati gipoparatireoz niz kor mefarmoyand (1 – 3 ml-i ruze 1 – 2 marotiba). Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol meshavad.
Jismi shishashakl (Corpus vitreum) doruest, ki az jismi shishashakli chashmi chorvo girifta meshavad. Hamchun davoi rafi dard hangomi nevralgiya, nevrit, radikulit va dig. amrozi silsilai asab, zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, ziqi nafas tain mekunand. Ruze yak marotiba ba zeri pust (1 ml) firistoda meshavad (8 – 10 ruz). Hangomi bemorihoi siroyati, logari, nefrit, sirrozi jigar, nuqsi dil, omoshoi saratoni ziyon dorad. Dar shakli ampula (2 ml) istehsol mekunand.
Torfot (Torfotum) davoest, ki az torf megirand. Doroi angezahoi biogeni ast. Baroi tabobati blefarit, konyunktivit, keratit, tira shudani jismi shishashakl, hamchunin artritho, radikulit, mialgiya, iltihobi azoi tanosuli zanho tain mekunand. Ruze yak marotiba ba zeri pust firistoda meshavad (1 ml; 30 – 45 ruz); ba zeri konyunktiva ruzdarmiyon 0,2 ml ravon mekunand (yak davri muolija az 15 – 20 tazriq iborat ast). Hangomi nuqsi dilu ragho, homilagi, ikhtiloli shadidi medayu ruda ziyon dorad. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol karda meshavad.
FiBS (FiBS pro injectionibus) mahluli obii angezahoi biogeni buda, az loyqai liman ba dast meorand. Nishondodhoi on baroi istifoda misli torfot meboshand. Ruze yak marotiba ba zeri pust (1 ml) mefiristand (20 – 25 ruz). Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol karda meshavad.
Honsurid (Chonsuridum) doruest, ki az tagoyaki gialinii khirnoyi gov ba dast meorand. Bo maqsadi zud gusht giriftani zakhmu yaraho kor mefarmoyand. Qabl az istifoda dar mahluli novokain yo mahluli izotonii khloridi natriy hal karda meshavad. Sipas onro ba doka girifta rui zakhmu yara meguzorand (badi har 2 – 3 ruz yak marotiba). Dar asnoi gazak doshtani zakhm kor farmudan joiz nest. Dar shishachaho (0,05 g khoka) ba furush barovarda meshavad.
Javhari hamrohak (Extractum placentae pro injectionibus) javhari obi az hamrohaki dar khunuki nigohdoshtai odam. Hamchun angezai biogeni hangomi miopiya, keratit, tiragii qarniya, bemorihoi muzmini azoi tanosuli zanho, mialgiya, artrit, radikulit va g. tain mekunand. Ruze yak marotiba (1 ml) yo ruzdarmiyon ba zeri pust ravon karda meshavad. Dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol mekunand.

B. O. Ishonqulova.

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