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DAST

dastDAST, qismi badani odam, ki chun oloti mehnat khizmat mekunad. D. az bozu, bandi dast va panja iborat ast. Ustukhoni bozu tana, bandhoi boloi va poyoni dorad, ki ba vositai onho bo ustukhonhoi kitf va bandi dast payvast meshavad. Az peshi ustukhoni bozu ba darozi mushakhoi dusara (bitseps) va bozu, ki khamu rostshavii dastro tamin menamoyand, joygir shudaand. Bandi D. az ustukhonhoi soid va orinj iborat ast. Ba in ustukhonho mushakhoe, ki bozu, panja va angushthoro ba harakat medarorand, payvast meshavand. Hamai boftahoi D. az arteriyai zeri qulfak bo khun tamin megardand. Pust, mushak va bandhoi D.-ro 4 asabe, ki az bofti kitf mebaroyand, ba asab tamin mekunand. Illathoi asosii D. lat khurdan, baromadan va shikastani ustukhon meboshand.
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Rasmi 1. Ustukhonhoi dast (namud az pesh): 1 – chanbarak; 2 – intihoi sinagii chanbarak; 3 – shona; 4 – shokhai nulshakl; 5 – khamii bandi shona; 6 – ustukhoni bozu; 7 – chuquraki iklilii ustukhoni bozu; 8 – ruymuchi mediali; 9 – gargarai ustukhoni bozu; 10 – shokhai iklili; 11 – dungii ustukhoni soid; 12 – ustukhoni soid; 13 – saraki ustukhoni soid; 14 – ustukhonhoi bandi dast; 15 – ustukhonhoi I – V-i panja; 16 – bugumhoi angushton; 17 – shokhai darafshmonandi ustukhoni soid; 18 – ustukhoni soid; 19 – saraki ustukhoni soid; 20 – tegai dungichai kalon; 21 – juyaki bayni dungichaho; 22 – dungichai kalon; 23 – dungichai khurd; 24 – saraki ustukhoni bozu; 25 – akromion (gurrii kitf).
Rasmi 2. Mushakhoi qismi peshi soid. A – qabati bolo: 1 – mushaki kitfu soid; 2 – pronatori lunda; 3 – mushaki soidii qatkunandai bandi dast; 4 – mushaki darozi kafi dast; 5 – mushaki orinjii qatkunandai bandi dast; 6 – mushaki sathii qatkunandai angushton; 7 – aponevrozi mushaki dusarai bozu. B – qabati amiq: 1 – supinator; 2 – mushaki darozi qatkunandai angushti kalon; 3 – mushaki amiqi qatkunandai angushton; 4 – mushakhoi kirmshakl.

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