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DARMANA

darmanaDARMANA (Artemisia mogoltavica), shih, shibog, surkhshibog, rastaniest nimbutta. To 30 – 40 sm qad mekashad; az har bekhi on to 20 poyai buri siyohtob numu meyobad. Bargash neshtarshakl, gulash maydai naychamonand, kabudchai zard. Mohi okt. gul karda, noyab. don mebandad. D. asosan dar Qazoqiston va Tojikistoni SHimoli vomekhurad. Asosan dar dashtu domanai kuhsor meruyad. SHimoltar az k. Mevagul va janubtar az Konsoy (vil. Sugd) maydoni vasei darmanazor voqe ast.
D. rastanii shifobakhsh ast. Hosiyati kijjaronii on hanuz ba tabibonu olimoni atiqa va asrhoi miyona Disquridus, Pliniy, Jolinus, Zakariyoi Rozi, Abualii Sino va dig. malum bud. Bino ba malumoti Abualii Sino shih kirmro mekushad, ravgani on baroi tab mufid ast. Bo shirai alafi D. varami chashmro tarbandi mekunand; on inchunin jarohatro bozmedorad. Hokistari bo ravgani zaytun yo bodom omekhtai on davoi khubest baroi jarab (kali). Tabiboni khalqi jushobi sabadaki guli D. (choyi darmana)-ro baroi iloji varaja, domana, tashannuj va chun vositai rafi kirm (askarida, halqakirmho, rishta, kijja), ravgani onro hangomi nafastangi, tablarza, obkhura tavsiya medihand. Az khokistari D. va ravgan marhami makhsus tahiya karda, baroi peshgirii rekhtani muy ba sar memoland. Jushobi tukhmi D. chun pozahr tavsiya shudaast. Bino ba aqidai tabibon agar D.-ro biyoshomand, baroi gazidani gunda va kajdum, inchunin bar ziddi hamai zahrhoi tarmizoj taryok meshavad; dushvorii nafasro isloh megardonad, orugro raf mekunad. D.-ro pukhta, bo on garmbandi kunand va batakror onro bimoland, baroi dardi chashm, ki sababash ziyod gashtani balgam boshad, doru meshavad. Hokistari in giyohro bo ravgani zaytun khamir sokhta, ba joyhoi girdak-girdak muyrekhtai sar va rish guzoshta bandand, ba zudi dar on joyho muyro meruyonad.
Az D. ravgan ham megirand. Bo in maqsad dar zarfi shishagin to nisf ravgani kunjid andokhta, daruni onro az bargu poyai D. pur mekunand va ba oftob meguzorand. Dar muddati 6 ruz quvvat va rangi on ba ravgan meguzarad. Sipas D.-ro fishurda mepartoyand va zarfro az digar bo bargu poya pur mekunand (hamin tavr to 6 marotiba D.-ro ivaz menamoyand). Bad fishurda ravganro sof karda megirand. Agar onro bikhurand, baroi illathoi dushvorii nafas, iltihob, varami meda, istisqo, kirmsori, gazidani kajdum va gunda, ruyondani gushti solim davo meboshad.
Ad.: Kovaleva N.G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A.D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A.F., Grom I.I., Dikorastushie lekarstvenie rastiniya SSSR, M., 1976; Poludenniy L.V. (va dig.), Efirnomaslichnie i lekarstvennie rasteniya, M., 1979; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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