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DAHOLATI RUSIYA VA ISLOM KARIMOV

Dar okhiri solhoi 80, bo sababi buhroni farogir dar Ittihodi SHuravi, dar bayni ziyoiyoni rus zehniyate

golib omad, ki tamomi doroihoi Rusiya baroi khurondani jum- hurihoi Qafqozu Osiyoi Miyona sarf meshavad. In andesha asosi voqei dosht, vale sababash ba zafi mudiriyat vobasta bud. Mo- likiyati davlativu jamiyati raqobat va angezaro, ki omilhoi asosii rushdi iqtisod hastand, az bayn burda, kishvarro ba rukud ovarda rasonda bud. Tagyiroti andake dar sohai iqtisod metavonist kishvarro az buhron najot dihad, ki namunaashro imruzho dar misoli CHin mebinem.

Islom Karimov va Elsin

In zehniyat az tarafi nosiyunalisthoi rus ziyod targib meshud va ba afkori umum siroyat kard. Nukhbagoni rus zeri tasiri ziyoiyon va afkori umum ba qarori shitobkorona oma- dand, ki dar marhalai buhronii kununi boyad bori sangini jumhuriho az dushi Rusiya kholi karda shavad. Muhtavoi in afkor dar navishtai Soljenitsin «CHi tavr Rusiyaro obod kunem?» darj shudaast. U dar in manifesti khud jumhurihoi Osiyoi Mi- yonaro «zershikami Rusiya» va «bori sangin» menomad. U meguyad, «agar dar tuli dahsolaho Rusiya manbahoi hayotii khudro ba
jumhuriho doda boshad, az judo shudani onho mo hech chizro az dast namedihem, balki quvvatamonro sarfa mekunem».

Qarori tajziyai Ittihodi Jumhurihoi SHuravi az sui sa- roni se kishvari slavyani – Rusiya, Ukroin va Belorus girifta shud. Judoikhohie, ki odatan imperoturiho az on haros dorand, az sui khudi markaz pesh girifta shud. Sarzamine, ki Rusiyai podshohi ziyoda az sad sol qabl, bo garontarin qimat ba dast ovarda bud va hukumati bolshaviki niz qismi boqimondai onro ba kishvari khud hamroh karda bud, ba hamin sodagi az dasti Kremlin raft. Bad az guzashtani in hama sol ziyoiyonu nukhba- goni rus in khalqhoro hatto hampaymoni khud namedonistand.

Dar jumhuriho pas az junbujule, muboriza baroi qudrat dar bayni guruhho sar shud. Kishvarhoi khoriji maydonro kholi yofta, ba dakholat va piyodakunii naqshahoi khud ogoz kardand. Nukhbagoni rus ba zudi ishtibohi khudro dark kardand, ki javob dodani jumhuriho faqat khalos shudan az «bori sangin» nest, balki dar tagi biniyashon imkoni paydo shudani abarqudrathoi digar va mafkurahoi baroi kishvarashon khatarnok ham hast.

Dar masalai Tojikiston, faoliyati Hizbi nahzati islomi va muvaffaqiyathoi ba dast ovardai on nukhbagoni rusro zud ba hush ovard, garchande ki Hizbi islomi avval dar Rusiya tasis yofta bud va Hizbi nahzati islomii Tojikiston yak shubai on bud. Onho dark kardand, ki paydo shudani islomi siyosi dar fazoi jumhurihoi sobiqi shuravi, noguzir dar Rusiya «asari domino»-ro ba bor meorad. Bakhusus, ki dar jumhurihoi mu- sulmoni dokhili Rusiya, az qabili Totoristonu CHecheniston be in ham harakathoi istiqlolkhohi bolo megiriftand. In bud ki Rusiya tasmim girift dar jangi dokhilii Tojikiston dakholat kunad va az ba qudrat rasidani islomiyon peshgiri kunad. Zamoni poshkhurii Ittihodi shuravi jumhuriho tamomi molu mulki dar qalamravashon buda, az jumla artishro milli kardand. Vale Tojikiston az sababi harju marjhoi rukhdoda natavonist artishi dar qalamravash budaro milli kunad, on hanuz ham dar ikhtiyori istifoda az hamin quvva, Maskav dar Tojikiston tasiri buzurg dosht. Pas az omuzishi vaz, Eltsin – Raisi jumhuri vaqti Rusiya ba chunin qaror omad, ki dar tasmimgiri beshtar ba mavqei Islom Karimov – raisi jumhuri onvaqtai Uzbakiston takya kunad, zero manfiathoi onho ba ham muvofiq omada bud.

Islom Karimov dar marhalai poshkhurii SHuravi allakay gurgi bolondidae dar siyosat bud. Peshtar az hama «bodi fano»-i SHuraviro dark kard va avvalin shuda, az bayni rohbaroni jumhurihoi shuravii sobiq khudro Raisi jumhur elon kard va zimomi qudratro muhkam ba dast girift.

Vaqte dar Tojikiston nooromiho sar shudand, fursatro muvofiq yofta, dast ba kor shud. Avval khost bo «klan»- i shimol ba tavofuq birasad, ki muvaffaq nashud. SHimoliho sazovori bovariyash nashudand, majbur shud, ki jinohi janubii etilofi «kommunistgaroyon»-ro dastgiri karda, az ba qudrat rasidani millatgaroyon va islomiyon peshgiri kunad, to badan hama khosthoyashro barovarda sozad.

Mekhost dar marhalai avval yak hamsoyai dastnigar va halqa- bargush doshta boshad, dar maqomhoi kalidii kishvari mo oda- moni khudashro joy kunad va dar avvalin fursat in sarzaminro ba kishvari khud hamroh gardonad. Makhsusan, qismi shimolii Tojikiston baroyash bisyor muhim bud, zero rohhoi ohanu avtomo- bilgardi bayni viloyathoi Fargonavu Quqandu Namangon va di- gar qismathoi kishvarash az hududi viloyati Sugdi Tojikiston meguzasht. Hadafash bo shiorhoi Bozor Sobir hamson bud. Baroi mashruiyat bakhshidan ba naqshaash, hamon nazariyai magorzadai panturkistii yak budani khalqi tojiku uzbakro ruyi dast gi- rift. Tibqi in nazariya, khalqe bo nomi tojik vujud nadoshta, in du yak khalqand, ki qisme bo tasiri hamsoyagoni eronii khud, ki muqimi in sarzamin budand, zaboni forsiro yod girifta va dar ruzgorashon istifoda mekunand. Dar asl in chizi nave na- buda, hamon harfhoi puchi panturkistoni avvali qarni 20 bud, ki javobi sazovorashro ziyoiyoni tojik misli ustodon Aynivu Gafurov doda budand.

Bo Maskav ham gapro pazond. Hosti rusho sohibi Badakhshon – mintaqai istrotejik shudan bud, ki inro baroyashon zamonat dod va onhoro tarafi khud kashid.

Jinohi janubii etilofi kommunistonro ba qudrat ovard, va odamonashro ba maqomhoi kalidi tain va ba amali kardani naqshahoi nopoki khud ogoz kard.

Korro dar viloyati Leninobod (holo Sugd) baroi targibi ba Uzbakiston payvastan ogoz kard. Az hukumati Tojikiston taqozo kard, ki dar Badakhshon SHuroi davlati tasis doda sha- vad, ki dar in hol Viloyati mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon ba jumhurii mukhtor dar hayati Tojikiston tabdil meshud, to ba Rusiya payvastanash kori yak raypursi bishavad (hamon kore, ki solho bad Putin dar Krim anjom dod). Hushbakhtona, tirash khok khurd, rohbariyati navintikhobi jumhuri az ijroi in naq- shahoi nopoki u peshgiri kard.

Voqean, on solho Tojikiston dar arafai poshkhuri qaror dosht. Gayr az dushmani qavii khoriji, dushmanoni dokhili niz doshtem, ki in ravandro taqviyat medodand. Rohbari vaqti vi- loyati Leninobod Homidov dar nohiyai Ayni, dar rohi yagonai bayni Hujandu Dushanbe pulro tarkonda, viloyati Leninobodro az Tojikiston judo kardani shud. Mahmud Hudoyberdiev bo yorii Islom Karimov ba shimoli kishvar hamlai musallahona tash- kil kard. Farmondehoni mukholifon dar mintaqai Qarotegin Jumhurii islomii Garm tashkil kardand. Badakhshon dar aso- rati farmondehon – zodagoni onjo bud.

Rohbari tozaintikhobi kishvar Emomali Rahmon dar marhalai khele vaznin va taqdirsoz bo risolati sangin sari kor omada bud. Kishvarhoi dakhil garazhoi khudro doshtand va dar pushti guruhhoi shibhinizomi meistodand. In guruhho khudsarivu nofarmoni mekardand va ba istilohi imruza, ba kishvar khatari «suriyashavi» tahdid mekard. Maqomoti qudrati falaj shuda, az uhdai tamini amniyat namebaromadand. Kish- var artish nadosht, ki rohbariyati navi jumhuri bo takya ba on peshi rohi nobasomonihoro girad. Tibqi muohidai Bishkek, ki nuhumi sentyabri soli 1992 az sui saroni jumhurihoi SHuravii sobiq imzo shuda bud, tamomi amvoli manqulu gayrimanquli dar hududi jumhuriho buda, molikiyati jumhuriho donista shud. Vale Raisi jumhur Nabiev az milli kunonidani juzu tomhoi artishi SHuravi, ki dar qalamravi Tojikiston bud, bo bahonai kharji onro pardokhta natavonistani bujai kishvar, dast kashida bud.

Baroi khunso kardani cholishho, hukumati nav majbur bud ba hamin guruhhoi shibhinizomi takya kunad. Raisi jumhur Emomali Rahmon joe bo jangi tan ba tan, joe bo mudiriyat, joe bo guzasht yakporchagii khoki kishvarro hifz kard, Tojikistonro ba istiqloli voqei rasond va nomi khudro dar qatori nomi qahramononi millat sabt namud. U dar tuli solhoi 90 tavonist artishro az sifr bisozad, Vazorati korhoi dokhilivu Kumitai davlatii amniyati milliro barqaror kunad va poyahoi aslii tamini istiqloli kishvarro tahkim bakhshad.

Soli 1999 bo qarori SHuroi olii kishvar baroi hamin khizmathoyash ba Emomali Rahmon unvoni Qahramoni Tojikiston doda shud.

Vale Islom Karimov vaqte ba maqsadhoi nopokash nara- sid, dar solhoi badi har dushmanie, ki az dastash omad, kard. Nizomi ravodid jori kard, rohhoro bast, sarhadro minkori kard, Mahmud Hudoyberdievro musallah karda, ba shimoli kishvar vorid namud, bo istifoda az tamomi imkonot nomi Tojikistonro dar arsai baynalmilal siyoh mekard, ba tamo- mi tarhhoi sozandai mo, az jumla sokhtmoni Nerugohi barqi obii Rogun mukholifat mekard… Amalhoi dushmanonai Islom Karimov ziddi Tojikiston va khisoroti rasondai u besobiqa ast, ki tahqiqi alohida mekhohad. In kitob beshtar khosiyati khotiravi dorad va az in sabab, bahoi haqqonii amoli uro ba vaqti digar yo muallifoni donotar vomeguzorem.

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