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Junbishhoi khalqi dar asrhoi XVII-XVIII

Dar asri XVII va nimai avvali asri XVIII norozigii    ommai khalq nihoyat ziyod shud. Sababhoi asosii on zulmu sitami toqatshikan va istismori berahmona, janghoi dokhili va hamlai davlathoi hamsoya va faqru gurusnagi bud.

Dar zamonn Abdulazizkhon (1645-1680) shurishe dar dehai Dahbedi Samarqand ruy dod. Hon shakhsan ba muqobili shurishchiyon lashkar kashida onro furu nishond va Dahbedro otash zad. Bazan aksi hol ham mushohida meshud. YAne ommai khalqi yak viloyat dar atrofi yake az tavonotarin va obrumandtarin sarvaroni khud muttakhid gashta, bar ziddi hukumati markazi muboriza meburd.. YAke az chunin shakhson hokimi oyandai Uroteppa va Hujand Fozilbiy yuz bud. Dar okhiri asri XVII va acpi XVIII u tavonvst ki ba khalq takya namuda, khonhoi Bukhororo ba tashvish andozad va mustaqilii mulkashro tamin namoyad.

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YAke az viloyathoi sarkash Hisor bud. Misoli ravshani muborizai khalqi in diyor voqeahoi soli 1703 meboshad. Dar in sol qismi kalontarin va zafarmandonae dar mulki Hisor ruy dod. Sababhoi on jangi bayni du feodal gardid. Lashkari Bukhoro bo sardorii Muhammadrahimbiy yuz ba muqobili Utkan nom hokimi yake az qalahoi viloyati Hisor jang cap kard. Vale lashkari Bukhoro muzaffariyat ba dast naovarda, aqibnishini namud. Az nizohoi khunini bayni feodalon ba tang omada, aholii Hisor ba dast sangu kaltak girift. SHurishchiyon az khoni Bukhoro talab namudand, ki onhoro himoyat namoyad, Qismi khalqi jabrdida imkoniyat dod, ki mulki Hisor taqriban dar davomi 50 sol hamchun mulki mustaqil arzi vujud namoyad.

Bar ziddi Ubaydullokhon dar SHerobod niz harakati khalqi joy dosht.

Soli 1708, dar vaqti eloni islohoti pul, khalqi Bukhoro bar ziddi Ubaydullokhon shurish bardosht. Dukonu bozorho basta shudand, kori savdo qat gardid. Dar bozor chize yoft nameshud. In boisi ba shurishi oshkoro barkhostani mardumi faqiru benavo gardid. Vale shurishi khalqi berahmona pakhsh karda shud. CHand kasro ba dor kashidand. Islohoti pul komilan jori gardid. Vale in shurishi khalqi chashmi hukumatdoronro khele tarsonda bud.

Dar holati noguvor, khavfi ishgoli shahru viloyatho az tarafi sardoroni qabilaho va hokimoni hamsoya, ommai khalq aksar vaqt hukumati markaziro tarafdori menamud, chunki jangu nizohoi dokhilii feodali aholii ham shahr va ham dehotro khonakharob mesokht. Masalan, yak guruh feodaloni qabilai kenagas soli 1714 khostand dar Bukhoro tabadulloti darbori guzaronand va ba arki khon dokhil shavand. Vale in navbat khalq ba himoyai hukumat barkhosta, dar shahr sangarho sokht. Faqat tavassuti kumaki mardum ba khon muyassar gardid, ki dushmanashro sarkub sozad.

Ba gayr az shurishhoi nomburda boz dar soli 1713 dar Samarqand, soli 1719 dar Balkh, soli 1747 dar Toshkand va joyhoi digar shurishu oshubhoi khalqi ba vuqu omadand. In bayongari on ast, ki khalq, chi tojiku chi uzbek az sokhtu sharoiti mavjudai feodali ba dod omada, bahri himoyai huququ manfiathoi khud bar ziddi hukumat ba muborizai oshkoro barmekhost.

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