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Cirri tijorati

Qonuni mazkur on munosibathoero, ki bo mansub donistani ittiloot ba sirri tijorati, dodani chunin ittiloot va hifzi makhfiyati on bo maqsadi tamini barobarii manfiathoi dorandagoni ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati va digar ishtirokchiyoni munosibathoi tanzimshavanda, az jumla tamini manfiathoi davlat dar bozori mol, kor va khizmatrasoni irtibot dorand, tanzim menamoyad.

Moddai 1. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai sirri tijorati

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai sirri tijorati ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 2. Doirai amali Qonuni mazkur

Doirai amali Qonuni mazkur nisbat ba munosibathoi vobasta ba ittiloot, dodan va hifzi on bo maqsadi tamini manfiathoi dorandagoni chunin ittiloot pahn megardad.

Muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur nisbat ba munosibathoi ba malumoti doroi sirri davlati va bonki aloqamand tatbiq namegardad.

 Moddai 3. Mahfumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mahfumhoi asosii zayl istifoda meshavand:

— sirri tijorati – makhfiyati ittiloote, ki imkoniyat medihad ba dorandai on dar holati mavjuda yo imkonpazir daromadashro ziyod gardonad, ba kharojoti behuda roh nadihad, mavqeashro dar bozori mol, kor va khizmatrasoni nigoh dorad yo khud foidai digari tijorati ba dast orad;

— ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati – ittilooti ilmi-tekhniki, tekhnologi, istehsoli, moliyaviyu iqtisodi yo khud digar ittilooti doroi arzishi voqei yo imkonpaziri tijorati, ki binobar sababi onro nadonistani shakhsoni seyum, ki nametavonand in ittilootro dar asosi qonun ozodona dastras namoyand va nisbati on dorandai chunin ittiloot nizomi sirri tijoratiro jori kardaast;

— nizomi sirri tijorati – tadbirhoi huquqi, tashkili, tekhniki va digar tadbirhoe, ki dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati baroi hifzi makhfiyati on meandeshad;

— dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati – shakhsi voqei va huquqi, ki sohibi ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati buda, dastrasii in ittilootro mahdud va ba on nizomi sirri tijoratiro muqarrar kardaast;

— dastrasii ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati – shinos kardani shakhsoni voqei va huquqi bo ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati bo rizoiyati dorandai ittiloot yo digar asoshoi peshbininamudai qonunguzori bo sharti rioyai makhfiyati in ittiloot;

— dodani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati –dodani ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratii dar homili moddi sabtgardida az tarafi dorandai on ba tarafi shartnoma (kontragent) (minbad kontragent) dar asosi shartnoma, tibqi andoza va talabote, ki dar shartnoma peshbini shudaast;

— kontragent – tarafi shartnomai huquqi grajdani, ki dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati in ittilootro ba u dodaast;

— fosh kardani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati – amal yo beamalie, ki dar natijai on ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati dar har shakli imkonpazir (shifohi, khatti, shakli digar, az jumla bo istifodai vositahoi tekhniki) be rozigii dorandai chunin ittiloot yo khud bar khilofi shartnomai mehnati yo huquqi grajdani ba shakhsoni seyum malum megardad.

Moddai 4. Huquq ba mansub donistani ittiloot ba ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati va usulhoi giriftani chunin ittiloot

  1. Huquq ba mansub donistani ittiloot ba ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati va huquqi muayyan kardani nomguy va tarkibi in guna ittilootro bo nazardoshti muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur dorandai chunin ittiloot dorad.
  2. Ittiloote, ki az on shakhs mustaqiman voqif yoftaast, qati nazar az on, ki mazmuni in ittiloot metavonad bo mazmuni ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratii ba shakhsi digar mansubbuda muvofiq boshad, ittilooti ba tavri qonuni az on voqifgardida hisob meyobad.
  3. Ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratie, ki shakhs az dorandai on dar asosi shartnoma va yo bo digar asosi qonuni giriftaast, ba tarzi qonuni giriftashuda hisob meshavad.
  4. Ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratie, ki shakhsi digar dorandai on ast, dar on holat gayriqonuni az u giriftashuda hisobida meshavad, agar on bar khilofi chorahoi andeshidai dorandai on vobasta ba hifzi makhfiyati in ittiloot girifta shuda boshad va hamchunin agar shakhse, ki ittilooti mazkurro giriftaast, medonist, ki in ittilooti shakhsi digar doroi sirri tijorati meboshad va shakhse, ki digaronro az in ittiloot voqif megardonad, baroi voqifgardonii on asosi qonuni nadorad.

Moddai 5. Malumoti gayrimansub ba sirri tijorati

Nizomi sirri tijorati nametavonad az tarafi shakhs nisbati malumoti zerin muqarrar karda shavad:

a) malumoti hujjathoi shakhsi huquqi va malumoti hujjathoe, ki dar fehristi dakhldori davlati ba qayd girifta shudani shakhsoni huquqi va sohibkoroni infirodiro tasdiq menamoyand;

b) malumoti hujjathoe, ki ba shakhs huquqi ba faoliyati sohibkori mashgul shudanro medihad;

v) malumot dar borai tarkibi molu mulki korkhonai davlati, muassisai davlati, inchunin mavridi istifoda qaror dodani mablagi bujetii dakhldor;

g) malumot dar borai oludashavii muhiti atrof, holati bekhatari az sukhtor, vazi sanitariyu epidemiologi va radiatsioni, bekhatarii ozuqavori va digar omilhoe, ki ba faoliyati bekhavfi obekthoi istehsoli, bekhatarii har yak shahrvand va tamomi aholi tasiri manfi merasonand;

d) malumot dar borai hayati kormandon, nizomi pardokhti muzdi mehnat, dar borai nishondihandahoi mayubshavi dar istehsolot, kasalihoi kasbi va dar borai mavjudiyati joyhoi kholii kori;

e) malumot dar borai qarzdorii korfarmoyon oid ba pardokhti muzdi mehnat va digar pardokhthoi ijtimoi;

j) malumot dar borai rioya nashudani talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va dalelho oid ba javobgari baroi sodir kardani in qonunshikaniho;

z) malumot dar borai shartu sharoithoi ozmunho va savdo dar muzoyada oid ba khususigardonii obekthoi davlati, kharidi davlatii mol va koru khizmatrasoni;

i) malumot dar borai andozai foida va sokhtori tashkilothoi gayritijorati, hajm va tarkibi molu mulki onho, kharojot, shumorai kormandon va muzdi mehnati onho, istifodai mehnati bepodoshi shahrvandon dar faoliyati tashkiloti gayritijorati;

k) malumot dar borai ruykhati shakhsone, ki huquq dorand be vakolatnoma az nomi shakhsi huquqi amal kunand;

l) malumote, ki tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunhoi digari Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad hatman oshkor shavad yo dastrasii on mahdud nagardad.

Moddai 6. Dodani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati

  1. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati bo talabi asosnoki maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro ba onho biduni podosh medihad. Talabnomai asosnok boyad az tarafi shakhsi masuli mansabdor imzo shuda, dar on maqsad va asosi huquqii talab kardani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, muhlati peshnihodi in ittiloot sabt shuda boshad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki qonunguzori peshbini namudaast.
  2. Agar dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati in ittilootro ba maqomoti hokimiyati davlati dodan nakhohad, maqomoti mazkur huquq dorand in ittilootro ba tariqi sudi talab karda girand.
  3. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati va hamchunin maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, ki in guna ittilootro mutobiqi qismi 1 hamin modda giriftaand, vazifadorand onro bo darkhosti sud, maqomoti prokuratura, maqomoti taftishoti peshaki, maqomoti tahqiq az rui parvandahoe, ki dar istehsolotashon qaror dorand, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba onho dihand.
  4. Dar rui hujjathoe, ki ba maqomoti dar qismhoi 1 va 3 hamin modda zikrshuda doda meshavand va ittiloote, ki doroi sirri tijorati meboshand, boyad muhri «Sirri tijorati» zada (baroi shakhsoni huquqi – nomi purra va mahalli buduboshi onho va baroi sohibkoroni infirodi – familiya, nom va nomi padari shahrvande, ki sohibkori infirodist va joi istiqomati u), dorandai on zikr karda shavad.

Moddai 7. Huquqi dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati

  1. Huquqi dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati mutobiqi moddai 10 Qonuni mazkur az ruzi ba chunin ittiloot nizomi sirri tijoratiro muqarrar namudani u ba miyon meoyad.
  2. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati huquq dorad:

a) nizomi sirri tijoratiro mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur va shartnomai huquqi grajdani ba tarzi khatti muqarrar namoyad, tagyir dihad va bekor kunad;

b) ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro baroi ehtiyojoti khud, bo tartibe, ki khilofi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston naboshad, istifoda barad;

v) ba dastrasii ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati ijozat dihad yo onro khud man kunad, tartibu sharthoi dastrasii onro muayyan kunad, agar dar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digar peshbini nashuda boshad;

g) ittilootero, ki doroi sirri tijorati meboshad, dar asosi shartnomahoe, ki ba onho dokhil kardani sharthoi hifzi makhfiyati chunin ittiloot peshbini shudaast,ba muomiloti grajdani barorad;

d) az shakhsoni voqei va huquqie, ki ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro ba dast ovardaand, az maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati, ki ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati dastrasi onho gardidaast, rioyai uhdadorii hifzi makhfiyati onro talab namoyad;

e) az shakhsone, ki ba ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati dar natijai amalhoi tasodufan yo sahvan sodirshuda dast yoftaand, hifzi makhfiyati in ittilootro talab namoyad;

j) huquqi khudro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonun hangomi az jonibi shakhsoni seyum fosh sokhtan, gayriqonuni dastras yo istifoda kardani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati hifz namoyad, az jumla tovoni ziyonero, ki bo sababi rioya nashudani huquqhoyash rasidaast, talab kunad.

 Moddai 8. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratie, ki in ittiloot dar doirai munosibathoi mehnati dastras gardidaast

  1. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, ki in ittiloot dar doirai munosibathoi mehnati ba u dastras shudaast, korfarmo meboshad.
  2. Agar natija dar asari uhdadorihoi mehnatii khud va yo suporishi mushakhkhasi korfarmoro ba jo ovardani kormand hosil shuda boshad, ki on hamchun ikhtiroot, modeli mufid, namunai sanoati, topologiyai mikroskhemai integrali, barnomai moshinhoi hisobbarori elektroni yo manbai malumot ba himoyai huquq niyoz paydo kunad, munosibathoi kormand va korfarmo mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai molikiyati zehni tanzim megardand.

Moddai 9. Tartibi muqarrar namudani nizomi sirri tijorati hangomi ijroi qarordodi davlati baroi ehtiyojoti davlati

Bo qarordodi davlati oid ba ijroi korhoi ilmiyu tadqiqoti, tajribaviyu konstruktori, tekhnologi yo digar korhoi ehtiyojoti davlati boyad hajmi malumote, ki makhfi donista shudaast, muayyan karda shuda, hamchunin masalahoi muqarrar namudani ittilooti dastrasshuda nisbati nizomi sirri tijorati tanzim karda shavand.

Moddai 10. Hifzi makhfiyati ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati

  1. CHorahoi hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot, ki dorandai on meandeshad, az inho iborat meboshand:

a) muayyan namudani nomgui ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati;

b) istifodai sirri tijorati dar vositahoi sertifikatsiyashudai hifzi ittiloot;

v) mahdud kardani dastrasii ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati bo rohi muqarrar namudani tartibi istifodai in ittiloot va nazorati rioyai chunin tartibot;

g) ba hisob giriftani shakhsoni ba ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati dastyofta va yo shakhsone, ki in guna ittiloot ba onho rasonida shudaast;

d) ba tanzim darovardani munosibatho oid ba istifodai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati az tarafi kormandon dar asosi shartnomahoi mehnati va az tarafi kontragentho dar asosi shartnomahoi huquqi grajdani;

e) guzoshtani muhri «Sirri tijorati» dar rui homiloni (hujjathoi) moddii doroi sirri tijorati va zikri dorandai in ittiloot (baroi shakhsoni huquqi – nomi purra va mahalli budubosh, baroi shakhsoni voqei – familiya, nom va nomi padari shahrvande, ki sohibkori infirodist va joi istiqomat).

  1. Nizomi sirri tijorati badi tadbirhoi andeshidai dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, ki dar bandhoi a) va v) qismi 1 moddai mazkur zikr gardidaast, muqarrarshuda hisob meyobad.
  2. Sohibkori infirodie, ki dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati buda, kormande nadorad, ki bo u shartnomai mehnati bandad, baroi hifzi makhfiyati ittilooti dar qismi 1 moddai mazkur zikrshuda, ba istisnoi bandhoi a) va v), hamchunin muqarraroti bandi d) oid ba tanzimi munosibathoi mehnati chora meandeshad.
  3. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati dar barobari chorahoe, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikr yoftaand, huquq dorad hangomi zarurat usulu vositahoi hifzi tekhnikii makhfiyati in ittiloot, digar chorahoero, ki ba qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholif nestand, tatbiq namoyad.
  4. CHorahoi hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot hamatarafa oqilona etirof karda meshavand, ba sharte, ki:

a) dastrasii ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati az jonibi har shakhs be rozigii dorandai on istisno gardida boshad;

b) imkoniyati ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro istifoda namudani kormandon va rasonidani on ba kontragent biduni vayron kardani nizomi sirri tijorati tamin gardad.

  1. Nizomi sirri tijoratiro baroi maqsadhoe, ki alayhi talaboti hifzi asoshoi sokhti konstitutsioni, akhloq, sihati, andozbandi, huququ manfiathoi qonunii shakhsoni digar, tamini mudofiai kishvar va amniyati davlat ravona gardidaand, istifoda kardan mumkin nest.

Moddai 11. Hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot dar doirai munosibathoi mehnati

  1. Bo maqsadi hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot korfarmo uhdador ast:

a) az kormande, ki voqifgardii u az ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi mehnatiash zarur ast, zabonkhat girifta, uro bo ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, ki dorandai on korfarmo va kontragenthoi u meboshand, shinos namoyad;

b) uro bo nizomi sirri tijoratii muqarrarnamudai korfarmo va chorahoi javobgari baroi rioya nakardani in nizom shinos namoyad;

v) ba kormand baroi rioyai nizomi sirri tijoratii muqarrarnamudai korfarmo sharoiti zaruri muhayyo sozad;

  1. Kormand bo ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratie, ki ba ijroi uhdadorihoi khizmatii u vobastagi nadorad, tanho bo rozigii korfarmo shinos karda meshavad.
  2. Baroi hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot kormand uhdador ast:

a) nizomi sirri tijoratiro, ki korfarmo muqarrar namudaast, rioya kunad;

b) ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro, ki dorandai on korfarmo va kontragenthoi u meboshand, fosh nakunad va be rozigii onho ba maqsadi khud istifoda nabarad;

v) ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro, ki dorandai on korfarmo va kontragenthoyash meboshand, pas az qat gardidani shartnomai mehnati dar muhlati peshbininamudai sozishnomai bayni kormand va korfarmo, ki dar davrai muhlati etibori shartnomai mehnati basta shudaast yo khud dar tuli se soli badi qat gardidani shartnomai mehnati, ba sharte, ki sozishnomai mazkur basta nashuda boshad, fosh nakunad;

g) agar kormand dar fosh shudani ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratie, ki ba u binobar ijroi uhdadorihoi mehnatiash malum gashtaast, gunahkor boshad, ba korfarmo ziyoni onro jubron namoyad;

d) dar surati qat yo bekor shudani shartnomai mehnati homiloni moddii iborat az ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro, ki dar ikhtiyori kormand bud, ba korfarmo bargardonad.

  1. Korfarmo metavonad az shakhse, ki munosibathoi mehnatiashro bo u qat namudaast, tovoni ziyonro talab namoyad, dar holate, ki in shakhs dar fosh kardani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, ki u binobar ijroi uhdadorihoi mehnatiash ba on dast yoftaast, gunahkor boshad va ba sharte, ki in guna ittiloot dar davomi muhlati dar bandi v)-i qismi 3 hamin modda muqarrargardida fosh shuda boshad.
  2. Agar ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati bar asari quvvai rafnopazir, az rui zarurat yo khud az jonibi korfarmo ijro nagardidani uhdadorii tamini tartiboti sirri tijorati fosh shuda boshad, tovoni ziyon yo osebi rasidaro kormand yo khud shakhsi munosibathoi mehnatiro qatkarda jubron namekunad.
  3. Dar shartnomai mehnati boyad uhdadorii rohbari tashkilot oid ba tamini hifzi makhfiyati ittiloote, ki dorandai on tashkilot va kontragenthoyash meboshand va masuliyati tamini hifzi makhfiyati on peshbini karda shavad.
  4. Rohbari tashkilot ziyonero, ki tavassuti amali nomatlubi u bo sababi rioya nakardani qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai sirri tijorati ba tashkilot rasidaast, jubron mekunad. Dar in surat ziyon bo davoi molik muvofiqi qonunguzorii grajdani muayyan karda meshavad.
  5. Kormand haq dorad az gayriqonuni muqarrar shudani nizomi sirri tijorati nisbati ittiloote, ki binobar ijroi uhdadorihoi mehnati ba u dastras gardidaast, ba sud shikoyat namoyad.

Moddai 12. Hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot dar doirai munosibathoi huquqi grajdani

  1. Munosibati bayni dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati va kontragenti u oid ba hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot bo qonun va shartnoma ba tanzim darovarda meshavad.
  2. Dar shartnoma boyad sharthoi hifzi makhfiyati ittilloot, az jumla dar mavridi az nav tashkil kardan va barham khurdani yake az tarafhoi shartnoma tibqi qonunguzorii grajdani va hamchunin uhdadorii kontragent oid ba jubroni ziyon dar surati ittilootro bar khilofi shartnoma fosh kardani u muayyan karda shavand.
  3. Agar dar shartnoma bayni dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati va kontragent sharti digar muqarrar nashuda boshad, kontragent mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tarzu usulhoi hifzi ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro, ki tibqi shartnoma ba u doda shudaast, mustaqilona muayyan menamoyad.
  4. Kontragent vazifador ast favran ba dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati oid ba fosh kardani sir yo khud ogoh gardidani u az fosh shudani on yo tahdidi khatari fosh gardidani ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, az tarafi shakhsoni seyum gayriqonuni dastras yo ki gayriqonuni istifoda kardani in ittiloot khabar dihad.
  5. Dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati, ki in ittilootro ba kontragent dodaast, naboyad to guzashtani muhlati etibori shartnoma ittilooti doroi sirri tijoratiro fosh kunad, inchunin hifzi makhfiyati onro az jonibi khud qat gardonad, ba sharte, ki dar shartnoma tartibi digar muqarrar nashuda boshad.
  6. Agar dar shartnoma tartibi digar peshbini nashuda boshad, tarafe, ki hifzi makhfiyati ittilooti mutobiqi shartnoma rasidaro az rui sharthoi shartnoma tamin nakardaast, boyad ba tarafi digar tovoni ziyonro dihad.

Moddai 13. Hifzi makhfiyati ittiloot hangomi rasondani on

  1. Maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur va digar qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston uhdadorand baroi hifzi makhfiyati ittiloote, ki shakhsoni huquqi yo sohibkoroni infirodi baroyashon rasonidaand, sharoit muhayyo namoyand.
  2. SHakhsoni mansabdori maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli, khizmatchiyoni davlatii maqomothoi mazkur haq nadorand be rozigii dorandai ittilooti doroi sirri tijorati ittilooti sirri tijoratiro, ki az on dar natijai ijroi uhdadorihoi mansabi voqif shudaand, ba istisnoi holathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur fosh kunand yo khud ba shakhsoni digar rasonand, inchunin huquq nadorand in ittilootro ba maqsadhoi garaznok yo maqsadhoi digari khud istifoda barand.

Moddai 14. Javobgari baroi vayron namudani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsone, ki muqarraroti Qonuni mazkurro vayron mekunand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 15. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

sh.Dushanbe, 18 iyuni soli 2008

№ 403

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