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CHaro dollar qimmat meshavad?

Suhbati ikhtisosii khabarnigori ruznomai “Tojikiston” Usmon Rahimzoda bo raisi Kumitai Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba iqtisod va moliya, doktori ilmhoi iqtisod SHarif Rahimzoda az 3 apreli soli jori maro vodor sokht, to dar taqviyati guftahoi olimi varzida chande az nazaru andesha va tahlilu mushohidoti khudro atrofi narkhi bozoru qurbi asor va digar pechidagiho dar in samt manzuri khonandagoni ruznoma gardonam.

Bozor – sarchashmai daromad? Voqean ham az didu mushohidot dar sohai iqtisodiyot barmeoyad, ki imruz iqtisodiyoti kishvaramon niyoz ba islohoti jiddi dorad. Zero yak qator omilhoi mamulivu beshtar sunie paydo shudavu az jonibi manfiatjuyone ejod megardand, ki iqtisodiyotu moliyoti mamlakatro muvojeh ba mushkilot gardonidaand va dar noil shudan ba zindagii shoistai mardum tasirguzorand. Ba kase pushida nest, ki imruz yagona sarchashmai peshburdi ruzu ruzgori mardum in bozor ast. YAke molu mahsuloti az khoriji kishvar ovardaashro peshnihodi kharidoron megardonad, tedodi digar az yak gushai bozor mahsulot kharidori karda, gushai digar nishasta, boloi on chand tangae guzoshta, bo hamin vasila ruz meguzaronand.

YAne, qarib har khonavodai tojikistoniho bozorshinand va ruzii khudro az bozor paydo mekunand. Mahz hamin omil, ehtiyojoti mardum va ru ovardan ba bozor narkhi mahsulot va arzishi dollarro bolo burdaast. Musallam ast, ki har gohe narkhi mahsulotu qurbi dollar dar Tojikiston ba bolo dakka khurad, digar on aslo poyon namefaroyad. CHaro? Zero sathi marifati bozordorii mo va nafsi tedode az manfiatjui muassisahoi moliyotu iqtisodiyoti kishvar, ki bozori asorro ba khud monopoliya kardaand, sababi ejodi chunin moneai suni gashtaand.

Oditarin mahsuloti polezi dar bozor – gashnichu shibit, piyozi sabzu pudinavu digar namudi kabudihost, ki yak bandchai in namud az mahsuloti khurishi 50 diram arzish dorand. CHun sababi garonii narkh pursed, furushandaho biduni andesha posukh medihand: “Dollar bolo raftaast.” Digar furushandagoni sabzavotu mevajot niz boloravii qimati dollarro omili bolo raftani narkhi mahsulot manidod mekunand. Aksar furushandahoi bozor, ki mahsuloti poleziro az dasti seyumu chorum kharidori mekunand, omil pesh meorand, ki nurihoi mineralivu tukhmivu suzishvori voridotiand va on hamaro bo dollar kharidori mekunand. Magar chunin khulosaroniro metavon omili bolo raftani narkhi mahsulot manidod kard? To joe metavon ba in guftaho rozi shud, ammo naboyad az maddi nazar dur dosht, ki aksari bozorshinho hannotonand, mahsulot mustaqiman az polezho voridi bozor namegardad.

Sahehtarash, dehqon haqqu huquqe nadorad, ki mustaqiman mahsuloti khudro voridi bozor gardonad. Pas, ki narkhi bozorro nazoratu ba tanzim medarorad? Sarvaroni bozorho niz ba misli furushandaho dar gami manfiati kheshand… Dar Afgonistoni jangzada vaqte dar mintaqae dargiri to chand ruz idoma meyobad, narkhi mahsulot binobar band budani rohho kame bolo meravad va chun dargiri khotima meyobad, narkhi mahsulot holati avvalaro megirad, yane poyon mefaroyad va qurbi asori khoriji niz tanzim meyobad. CHaro dollar bologuzar ast? Voqean ham tuli chandsolahost, ki dollar dar qiboli puli milli joygohi balandero ba khud kasb kardaast va masulini muassisahoi moliyavi harchand ba qavli khud jahdu talosh mevarzand, to qimati puli milliro bolo barand, ammo tanzimu nizomi yagonai onro paydo karda nametavonand.

CHaro imruz talaboti mardum nisbat ba dollar beshtar astu ammo on dar bozori asor kamchin ast? Inro dastandarkoroni Bonki millii Tojikiston, bakhusus Departamenti siyosati monetari, tadqiqoti va rushdi in nihod khub medonand va onho dar mashvarathoi harhaftainai khud az qurbi puli millivu vazi narkhi molu mahsulot dar bozorhoi kishvar malumot medihand. Omilhoro niz nishon medihand, ammo jihati hallu az bunbast berun gashtanro kase ba yod ham nameorad. Osonakak omilhoi berunaro misol meorandu bo hamin ob ba labi ju barobar megardad.

Bozor hamon bozor, molu mahsulot hamon mahsulot, faqat narkhho osmoni. Sole muqaddam yak masuli Bonki markazii kishvar ba suoli khabarnigore omilhoi baland shudani qurbi dollarro “dar afzoish yoftani faolnokii iqtisodii sohibkoron bad az mavsimi zimiston” manidod karda bud. Digar faslho chi, magar qurbi dollar dar digar faslho ba bolo dakka namekhurad? Hatto masulini Bonki milli chand sole qabl gufta budand, ki boloravii qurbi dollar az onho vobasta nest. Pas, on az ki vobasta ast? Honandagon khub dar khotir dorand, ki yak muddat furushi narkhu moshinaho bo dollar surat megirift va qarib aksariyat dar jayb dollar doshtand.

Iqdomi Bonki milli dollarro az muomilot bardosht, nuqtahoi taboduli asor niz barham khurdand, har ki bo dollar dodugirift mekard, ba javobgari kashida shud, dollar kamchin gasht va gumon meraft, ki in yagona rohi baland bardoshtani qurbi puli milli megardad. Ammo baraks, qurbi puli milli dar sathi past qaror girift, sathi tavarrum dar bozorho ba nuqtai balandtarin rasid, aksari korkhonaho muflis shudand, mavji in bahri purtugyon hatto barkhe az bonkhoro niz muflis gardond.

YOdam hast, zamone ki muomiloti dollar ozod bud va dar in roh hej sadde vujud nadosht, furushandahoi nuqtahoi taboduli asor va yo ba qavli mamul “valyutchikho”, az Bonki milli dollaru evroro ozodona kharidori mekardand va ba boloi on 1 dollari guzoshta, dar nuqtahoi sarrofi ba mardum mefurukhtand. Az chunin furushi ozodi dollaru taboduli asor ham bonkho foida medidandu ham sarrofon. Hatto dar rohravu kuchaho niz afrode ba chashm merasidand, ki pinhoni dollar tabodul mekardand va korshinoson onhoro furushandahoi bozori siyoh manidod mekardand.

Voqean ham, agar voqebinona masalaro tahlil kunem, baralo on chiz ayon megardad, ki qablan vaqte mardum dar hamyon dollar doshtand, dilkhoh molu mahsulotro az khoriji kishvar biduni mushkilot voridi bozorho megardonidand va narkhi molu mahsulot niz to joe mutadil bud. CHun muomiloti dollari ba iborae “ba tanzim” darovarda shud, aksari tojironu sohibkoron muflis shudand, mardum dar yak holati noguvori buhroni iqtisodi qaror giriftand. Hamagon ogahi dorand, ki jihati korkardi molu mahsulot dar korkhonahoi kishvar, ashyoi khom az khoriji kishvar vorid megardad va guyo chunin voridnamoi metavonad bozorro ba tanzim darorad? Zamone sement az khoriji kishvar vorid megasht va qimati yak khaltai sementi navi Pokiston az 33 to 36 somoni bud.

Ammo imruz, ki sement dar dokhili kishvar istehsol megardad, arzishi yak khaltai on 40 somoniro tashkil medihad. Magar ashyoi khomi sement khorij az kishvar vorid megardad? YO illat dar on ast, ki chinoiho in bozorro az khud karda, haqqi khudro bo dollar meruyonand? CHi boyad kard? Vaqte meguem qurbi puli milli kohish yoftavu dollar bolost va narkhi mahsulot javobgui kisai mardum nest, pas charo davlatmardoni kishvar dar tanzimi narkhi mahsuloti bozor musoidat namekunand? On reydu sanjishhoe, ki ba khotiri khudnamoishdihi dar bozorho guzaronida meshavand, rohhi halli masala nest. Iqdomoti shahrdori dar mavridi tashkilu tasisi yarmarkahoi furushi molu mahsuloti dehqoni bo narkhi dastras, voqean ham, ba manfiati mardum ast.

Mahz moneaguzori dar muomiloti asori khoriji, qurbi onro baland kardaast. Tojironu sohibkoron molu mahsulotro az khorija bo dollar kharidori mekunand va bad az vorid kardani on ba kishvar, az ruyi qurbi muayyankardai khud onro ba somoni tabodul mekunand, ki omili dahchand bolo raftani narkhi molu mahsulot megardad. CHunin amalkard zarbai jonkohe megardad ba kamari khamgashtai qishri kambizoati jomea.

Tavre dar bolo ishora kardem, dar mo anana shuda, ki boloravii qurbi dollarro mavsimi arzyobi mekunem. Mavsimi maktab faro rasad, formai maktabi qimat meshavad, jashnu idhoi milli az qabili idhoi Ramazonu Qurbon va digar jashnhoi milli barguzor shavand, molu mahsuloti gizoi dahchand bolo megardad va kasero parvoe nest va hej guna nazorat dar bozorho dida nameshavad. Dar majmu mardum in hamaro monopolikunonii bozori asor az jonibi afrodi manfiatju manidod mekunand, ki ba khotiri peshburdi kori bonkhoi khudtasisdodaashon rohi gardishi dollarro ba samti khud gardonidaand.

M. MUHAMMADZODA, korshinos

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