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CHY TAVR MO MESHUNAVEM? GUSHHO

Mo ovozhoi muhiti zistro tavassuti gushho meshunavem.

Gush in uzvi shunavoist. Vay az gushi beruny, miyona va dokhily (rasmi 8) iborat ast. Ba gushi beruny sufrai gush, rohi berunai shunavoy dokhil meshavad. Sufrai gush baroi daryob kardani sadohoi muhiti zist khidmat mekunad. Gushi beruniro me- tavon bo dahana (qif) muqoisa kard. Sadohoe, ki dar javfi gush jam meshavand, tavassuti rohi gush ba pardai gush vorid meshavand. Azbaski pardai gush az membra- nai( gishoi) borik iborat ast, vay hangomi vorid shudani mavjqoi ovozy ba harakati chumbanda intiqol meyobad.

gush

Az aqibi pardai gush gushi miyona qaror dorad. Vay az se adad ustukhonchahoi khurd: kubak, sandoncha va putkcha. Sadoi (jumbishi havo) ba pardai gush aftoda va chumbishi putkcha intiqol yofta, az putkcha tavassuti sandoncha ba kubak metuzarad. Asosi kubakro darichai tukhmshakli gushi dokhily, ki gushi mobayny va beruniro bo ham vasl mekunad, mepushonad. Gushi dokhili az sistemai murakkabe, ki kanalho va javfhoro payvast mesozand, iborat ast. In sistemaro labirint- kuchai sarbasta me- nomand.

YAk qismi labirint ba iltivoi gush – naychai ba misli spiral tobdodashuda, ki az 2,5 vestka iborat ast, monand ast. YAk qismi labirint (daruni gush) ba darichai tukhmshakli ba moei konoly intiqol meyobad. Tagyiryobii moebamoddai asosy, ki dar on impuls paydo meshavad, ba qismati chakkai magzi cap tavassuti asabi gumroh merasad, intikol meyoband.

Gush uzvi makhsusi hiskunanda ba shumor meravad.

Aksari hasharot sadoro nameshunavand. Mittaho, chirchirakho shaparakho doroy azoi shunavoy meboshand.

Vale in azo na dar cap, balki dar poyho va shikam qaror dorand. Onho bo poyho ba har taraf harakat karda, az kujo omadani ovozro muayyan mekunand.

Sufrai gushi odam chandon muhim nestand.

Sufrai gushhoi baze az hayvonot khele rushd kardaand.

Bazan az ruyi andozaashon tezii ovozi onhoro muayyan mekunand.

Hayvonote chun khargush va bisyor sumdoron, ki sufrahoi gushashon imkoni davr zadanro dorand, metavonand be gardishi cap samti khatarro muayyan namoyand.

Gushi hayvonoti darranda mamulan ba pesh, guftan mumkin, beharakat nigaro- nida shudaand. Onho baroi daryofti tuma mutobik gardonida shudaand.

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