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JANGI YAKUMI JAHON. AMALIYOTI HARBI DAR SOLHOI 1914 – 1916

Ogozi jang. Hamai davlathoi imperialisti ba jang tayyor budand. Lekin baroi cap kardani on bahonae lozim bud. Dere naguzangga vay ham muhayyo gardid. 28 iyuni soli 1914 uzvi sozmoni millii slavyanhoi janubi “Mlada Bosna” G. Priisip vorisi takhtu toji Avstro-Vengriya Frans Ferdinandro dar suiqasd mekushad.

Avstro-Vengriya khudash yakkayu tanho bar ziddi Serbiya jang karda nametavonist, zero dar in surat ba mudofiai Serbiya Rusiya barmekhest. Binobar in hukumati Avstro-Vengriya ba ittifoqchii khud Germaniya murojiat kard Vilgelmi II ba jangi Avstro-Vengriya bar ziddi Serbiya rozigi dod. Muvofiqi naqshai Vilgelmi II, vaqte ki Avstro-Vengriya ba Serbiya hujum mekunad. Rusiya bar ziddi vay barmekhezad. Badi in Germaniya ba jang dokhil meshavad.

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23 iyul hukumati Avstro-Vengriya bo sharthoi tahqiromez ba hukumati Serbiya ultimatum peshnihod kard. Dar on az jumla gufta meshud, ki Avstro-Vengriya voqeai kushta shudani Frans Ferdinandro dar khudi Serbiya taftish khohad kard va inchunin dar on jo bar ziddi tabligotchiyoni ziddi avstrovengri muboriza burdani ast.

25 iyul sarvaziri Serbiya Panich ba ultimatumi Avstro- Vengriya javobi musbat dod, gayr az dar Serbiya guzaronidani taftishi hodisai kushta shudani Frans Ferdinand, chunki on sohibikhtiyorii Serbiyaro vayron mekard. Bo in bahona 28 iyul Avstro-Vengriya bo Serbiya jang elon kard. Badi in hukumati Rusiya tajilan ba lashkar safarbarkunii umumi elon namud. Vale ruzi digar hukumati Germaniya hukumati Rusiyaro ogoh kard, ki agar vay in korashro qat nakunad, Germaniya ham ba lashkarash safarbarii umumi elon khohad namud. Ba Rusiya bad dar in bora ultimatum ham peshnihod kard, lekin javobi rad girift.

Fikri hukumati Germaniya dar bobati betaraf mondani Angliya ham khom baromad. Faronsa niz izhor kard, ki Rusiyaro dastgiri mekunad. Dar hamin vaziyat 1 avgusti soli 1914 Germaniya avval bo Rusiya va 3 avgust bo ittifoqchii vay – Faronsa jang elon namud.

Lashkari Germaniya avvalin shuda ba Belgiya zada daromad. Bo bahonai muhofizati davlati betaraf Angliya 4 avgust bo Germaniya jang elon kard. Germaniyau Avstro-Vengriya, az yak taraf va Angliya, Faronsa va Rusiya az tarafi digar, ba jang dokhil shudand. Dere naguzashta ba on Jopon va Turkiya ham az tarafi Ittifoqi Segona ba jang daromadand. Hamin tavr Jangi yakumi jahoni ogoz yoft. Ba on 36 davlati jakhoni va lashkari ziyoda az 70-millionnafarai onho kashida shudand.

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