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JALOLUDDINI BALHI

Jaloluddin Muhammad ibni Bahouddin Muhammad ibni Husayn Hatibii Balkhi mashhur ba Mavlavi, Jaloluddin MuHammadi Balkhi yo Mulloi Rum yake az buzurgtarin shoiron va mutafakkironi khalqhoi fors-tojik ba shumor meravad, ki soli 1207 dar Balkh tavallud yoftaast. Padarash-Bahouddini Valad az faqehoni mashhuri zamon bud. Jaloluddini Balkhi dar javoni ba omuzishi ilmhoi mamuli davr mashgul shud.

jaloludini-balxiBadi vafoti padar muddate dar khizmati Sayid Burhonuddini Tirmizi, ki az shogirdoni padarash bud, shogirdi kard. Dar Quniya bo SHamsi Tabrezi oshnoi paydo karda, uro ustodi manavii khesh khond va devoni ashori khudro «Devoni SHamsi Tabrezi» nomid. Dar Quniya soli 1273 az olam guzashtaast. Ashori Jaloluddini Balkhi az du qism iborat ast. YAke manzumai mashhuri ust, ki az mashhurtarin kitobhoi zaboni forsi-to-jiki buda, onro «Masnavii manavi» nom nihodaast. In masnavi az shash daftar iborat buda, 25 632 baytro tashkil medihad, ki hama afkori irfoniyu akhloqi meboshad. Qismati duyumi ashori uro gazaliyot va ruboiyot tashkil medihand, ki azsad hazor bayt iborat buda, dar davomi umri khud surudaast.

Dar beshtari gazalho nomi SHamsi Tabrezi omadaast va az injihat ba «Kulliyoti SHamsi Tabrezi» yo «Kulliyoti SHams» va«Devoni kabir» mashhur ast. Jaloluddini Balkhi dar ejodiyoti khud odamonro ba neki va nekukori davat karda, asosi badiro dar hirsu tama mebinad. Vay zulmu zolimi, khislathoi badi odamiro sakht mahkum namuda, ba vositai masalu hikoyahoi ziyode adolat, sakhovatmandi, mehnatdusti barin khislathoi pisandidai odamiro tarannum menamoyad.

Osori Jaloluddini Balkhi ba zabonhoi gunoguni dunyo tarjuma shuda, chandin sharhi «Masnavii manavi» ba vujud omadaast. Holo chand qissa az «Masnavii manavi»-ro peshkashi khonandagon menamoem, ki hama sarshori pandu akhloq meboshand.

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