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Birinj

birinj-660x330Birinj  — in rastanii ziroati ba mo malum ast, ki dar zaminhoi obdor kishta meshavad, aksar dar daruni ob meruyad va dar ob mesabzadu merasad. Az yak sholi dar Hinduston du karat hosil megirand: dar vaqti bahoron va dar tiramoh. Az sholie, ki dar lab va nazdiki bahrho va uqyonusho meruyad, birinji khub hosil nameshavad. Navhoi birinj khele bisyor ast. Behtarini birinjho latif, yane osonpaz va safedi on ast.

Doir ba mizoji in qavlhoi gunogun mavjudand. Bazeho garm dar darajai yakum va bazei digar sard va bazei digar mizoji onro mutadil donistaand. Hushkii mizoji on dar darajai duvum meboshad — oid ba in qavli hamai hakimon yak khel ast. Vale bazeho birinjro murakkab-ul-quvvat donistaand. In fikr ba haqiqati on nazdik ast. Inchunin qavlhoi avvala ham durust meboshand. Zero ki chun onro dar ob bijushonandu obi onro dur namoyand va on birinjro dam dihand — inro ba zaboni derinai tojiki-forsi chulovkash menomand — mizoji jirmi in birinj dar darajai yakum sard meboshad, vale mizoji on obe, ki dar on birinj jushonida shudaast, dar darajai yakum garm ast, ammo on obro judo bigirandu birinjro dar on ob dam dihand va palovro ba hamin tariq bipazand, mizojash ba garmi moil megardad.

Lekin, ba sharte ki pesh az pukhtan birinjro dar ob tar namuda va khub molida, chand karat bo ob shusta, bad bipazand, Va illo birinjhoi chaspakro chand martaba ba jush boyad bidihand, obi shilmaki gafsi onro rekhta dur namuda boshand, zero ki istemoli on ravo nest — in guna palav dar odamoni garmmizoj garmi va dar odamoni sardmizoj sardiro paydo mekunad. Az in jihat shoyad tabibon va odamoni digari korozmoi qadim, inchunin aksari mardumi badina baroi khuroki sabuki bemoron birinjro nakhuronidaand! Bale onho inro makhsus ba odamoni tandurust beh donistaand. Zero in dar bemoron kayfiyati ziddiyatnok zohir mekunad va dar odamoni sihat qayfiyati muvofiq, yane foram ba amal meovarad. Albatta, in tafsilot baroi birinjhoi gayrihindi gufta meshavad. Zero baroi baze bemoron birinji hindiro oshi suyuq karda khuronidan muvofiqtar ast nazar ba donagihoi digar. Inashro ham biguem, ki baroi baze bemoron noni gandum foramtar ast.

Birinji safedkarda navhoi surkh va safed dorad. Qismi surkhi onro bikhurand, darunro mebandad, vale navi safedash in tavr nabuda, balki hamchun gizo qavitar az surkhi on ast. Qavlhoe mavjudand, ki khurdani hamai navhoi birinj dar uzvhoi badan girehhoro ba ham merasonad, qabziyatdor meboshad. Agar inro batanhoi pukhta bikhurand, gizoiyatash kam, vale baroi illati ishol, isholi khunin va khafa (burma) shudani bachadon, bemorihoi gurda va khichak davo meshavad. Agar bo shakar bikhurand, gizoiyatash bisyor megardad, bohro ba harakat meovarad, badanro farbeh mesozad va mani paydo mekunad; bo dugi nav va tatum bikhurand, tafsi badanro taskin medihad, baroi isholi safrovi davo meshavad; bo shiri navdushida bikhurand, isholro mebandad; bo charbii gurdai buz va ravgani gov bikhurand, dardi rudahoro bartaraf megardonad. Agar birinjro bisyor bikhurand, holi nokhushi badanro ba isloh meovarad, rangi ruyro pok menamoyad, umri daroz mebakhshad, dar badan moddai solim paydo mekunad va boisi didani khobhoi khub megardad.

Birinjro dar ob jushonida, monandi obi jav bipazandu bikhurand, suzish va tezii akhloti safrovii meda va rudahoro taskin medihad. Birinjro bo shiri navdushida barobarmiqdor girifta pukhta bikhurand, manii bisyor paydo mekunad.

birinj-00-300x204Niz qavlhoi digar shahodat medihand, ki birinj bad az khurdan zud az meda furud meoyad, gizoi sabuk meboshad, baroi tabi aksari odamon har doim foram ast, vale hamchun gizo quvvatash az gandum kamtar meboshad. Inro bo takid qayd kunem, ki dar khususi mizojash hamai tabibon yak nuqtai nazar dorand va meguyand, ki khushk ast dar darajai duvum. Vale garmi va sardii onro ba tavri mukhtalif medonand. Bazeho guftaand, ki dar darajai yakum sard ast va digar tabibon mizoji onro garm dar darajai yakum medonand; inchunin bazei digaron mizoji onro dar garmivu sardi mutadil donistaand.

In jo har sei qavl ham saheh meboshad. Zero ki murakkab-ul-quvvat ast; tarkibash qismi sardi borutubat dorad, vaqte ki dar ob jushonand. Agar inro dar ob jushonida, az ob judo kunand, khudash sardmizoj dar darajai yakum megardad. Obe, ki dar on birinj pukhta shuda boshad, az jihati mizoj dar darajai yakum garm ast.

Hakimi Samarqandi dar «Kitobi agziya» guftaast, ki ba qavli qavme, birinj garmkunandai badani odamoni garmmizoj ast. In qavl az ruyi tajriba va qiyos maqul ast. Zero ki khushki va chaspandagii birinj har goh amal kunad, dar badanhoi odamoni garmmizoj bo harorati mavjuda boisi afzoishi khushki va chaspandagii on megardad. Binobar on ki chizhoi chaspaki khushki kamrutubat ba zudi garmiro qabul namuda, az harorati purquvvat ba suzish meoyand. Dar in chunin holat ruy medihad.

Birinj hangomi khurdan dar holati baland budani harorati badan dar mizoj garmi meovarad va az sababi kam budani rutubatash az garmii badan ba sathi daruni raghoi borik, az jumla dar muraghoi mosoriko chaspida, dar on band gashta, girehhoro ba amal meovarad va ba hamin minvol jarayoni obro ba daruni jigar man mekunad. Bo in vosita mizoji odamoni garmmizojro ziyodtar megardonad. Ammo in dar odamoni sardmizoj va tarmizoj boshad, binobar biser budani tari, khushki va chaspandagii on kam megardad. Zero qismi chaspandai on ba rutubathoi badani onon omezish yofta, hal meshavad va inak, mizoji on kasonro mutadil mesozad.

Muvofiqtarin vaqthoi khurdani birinj on ast, ki havo purnam boshad, zero on vaqt ishtiho ba taom ziyodtar megardad. Hullas, agar birinj hangomi khurdan dar raghoi badan girehho paydo namoyad, inro ba vositai maskai nav, shirinii bisyor, dar meyori mutadil namak dokhil karda, dar obi sabusi gandum yak shab birinjro tar namuda, bo sharbati tukhmi mahsar pukhta bikhurand, muvofiqi muddao megardad, niz baroi zud naomadani mani madad mebakhshad va qabziyat ovarda, der nigoh doshta shudani onro tamin menamoyad. Inchunin dar in bobat, birinji noshustaro istemol farmoyand, hamin guna khislat dorad.

SHirbirinjro bo shakar shirin karda bikhurand, maniro ziyod megardonad, badanro farbeh mekunad, rangi ruyro pok mesozad. Vale khurdani birinj ba kasone, ki illati qulinj dorand, bad ast; inchunin ba odamone, ki raghoi badanashon gireh paydo mekarda boshand, zararnok meboshad. Vale birinj baroi kharoshida shudani sathi daruni rudaho az bisyorii safro va zakhmi in uzvho muvofiqtar ast. Dar in jihat birinjro avval biryon karda, bad muharro pukhta va monandi kashki jav gardonida bikhurand, ayni muddao megardad.

Birinjro bikhurand, zakhmro pok mesozad va dar on gushti solim meruyonad. Binobar chunin khislathoyash baroi hamai namudhoi illati sil foida dorad, khususan az on shirbirinjro bo shiri khar bipazand, nafash beshtar megardad. Birinjro to buyash baromadan tafsonida, bad bo pochai buz yo gusfand pukhta bikhurand, baroi kharoshida shudani sathi daruni rudaho va omadani khun dar peshob, nafi bisyor dorad.

Obero, ki az biriij shira kashida girifta boshand, bo shakari yantoq shirin karda biyoshomand, dushvor zoidani zanonro oson mekunad. Bo obe, ki dar on birinj shusta boshand, huqna (klizma) kunand, kharoshida shudani sathi daruni ruda va zakhmi onro ba ibro meovarad.

Ordi birinjro bo obi kharbuza daromekhta bimoland, dogi kunjidak va digar doghoro az pust daf mekunad. In ordro bo charbiho sirishta guzoshta bandand, puchakro mekafonad. Agar inro biposhand, khuni jarohati navro mebandad va onro sihat megardonad. Ordi birinjro bo ravgani gurdai buz durudaroz pukhta bikhurand, az had ziyod raftani daruni bemoronro ba isloh meovarad, inchunin baroi isholi az khurdani davo hodis shuda va kharoshida shudani sathi daruni rudaho davoi khele khub meboshad.

YAk silsila korozmoho shahodat dodaand, ki chun birinjro to surkh gashtanash biryon karda mikdori 68 grammi onro dar 180 gramm ob yak shab tar karda va subh obi sofi onro binushand, kirmhoi medaro daf mekunad va behuzur (bejo) shudani dilro, ki az ziyod gashtani rutubat va yo harorat boshad, shifo mebakhshad.

Hangomi palav tayyor kardan avval piyoz va gushtro dar ravgan surkh gardonida, bad masolehi digar dokhil namuda, ba sharte ki birinji dar ob soate tarkardashudaro kafmol karda shusta, bad dar deg andokhta, az boloyash on miqdor ob dokhil namoyand, ki hangomi badi jushonidan dam kardan, birinj muvofiqi muddao ob girifta bipazad. In gizoi soleh ast az har jihat baroi nigoh doshtani durustii tani odam va dardi sarero, ki bo ishtiroki holati dil boshad va agar bad az pok gardonidani badan az moddahoi zararnok in khurda shavad, shifo mebakhshad. Inchunin baroi dardi sare, ki sababash az meda ba sar baromadani bukhorho boshad, nafi khube dorad.

Birinjro shusta dar ob pazandu onro sof karda, chun obi jav khunuk gardonida bikhurand, shiddati tezii khilthoi (moddahoi ) meda va rudahoro taskin medihad, quvvati bohro ziyoda megardonad, badanro farbeh mesozad va mani paydo mekunad.

Birinjro dar ob pukhta, dar okhiri pukhtan kame shakar, gulob, zafaron va ravgani maskai gov andokhta, dam doda bipazand, in palavi zafaronnok nom dorad. Hurdani in ba dardi sare, ki sababash dar dil ziyod gashtani moddai savdo boshad, shifo mebakhshad. Tariqi digari tayyor kardani in palav ba usuli hindi chunon ast, ki birinjro bo hamon obe, ki vay tar karda meshavad, bipazandu dam dihand, yane dam khuronand, to monandi palavi khushka (beravgan) muloim gardad. Bad ravgani gov dokhil karda bikhurand, dardi rudahoro daf mekunad.

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