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Bekhatarii sanoatii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai bekhatarii sanoatii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 2004, №2, mod. 46; soli 2005, №12, mod.648; soli 2007, №6, mod. 438, soli 2008, №6, mod. 456; №10, mod.815, QJT az 28.12.2013s. №1053) 

Majlisi namoyandagon 17 dekabri soli 2003 qabul kardaast

Majlisi milli 12 fevrali soli 2004 jonibdori namudaast

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi, iqtisodi va ijtimoii tamini istifodai bekhatarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro tanzim namuda, baroi peshgirii sadamayu hodisahoi nokhushi dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok rukhdihanda, tamini omodagii tashkilothoi istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok jihati mahdud va raf kardani oqibathoi chunin sadamaho va jubroni kafolatnoki zarari ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, muhiti zist va davlat rasondai sadamaho nigaronida shudaast.

istehsoloty-bexatar

 

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda burda meshavand:

bekhatarii sanoatii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok (dar oyanda bekhatarii sanoati) – holati himoyavii manfiathoi hayotan muhimi shakhsi va jamiyati az sadamahoi khatarnoki inshooti istehsoli va oqibathoi sadamahoi nombarshuda;

sadama – vayronshavii inshootho va (yo) tajhizoti tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavanda, tarkishi idoranashavanda va (yo) ba havo khorij shudani moddahoi khatarnok, inchunin vayronkunii jarayoni tekhnologi, rasondani zarar ba mekhanizmho, tajhizotho va inshoote, ki boisi halokati odamon, zarar ba salomatii onho, muhiti zist va kharob kardani obekthoi khojagidori, zarari kaloni moddi, vayron shudani sharoiti faoliyati zindagii odamon gardidaand yo boisi on gardida metavonand;

hodisa – az kor baromadan yo vayron shudani tajhizoti tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavanda, baromadan az nizomi jarayoni tekhnologi, vayron namudani talaboti hujjathoi meyorii tekhnikii muayyankunandai qoidahoi peshburdi kor dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok.

 

Moddai 2. Inshooti istehsolii khatarnok

Ba guruhi inshoothoi istehsolii khatarnok muvofiqi Qonuni mazkur korkhonaho yo sekh, qita, maydonchai onho, inchunin digar inshoothoi istehsolie dokhil meshavand, ki dar onho moddahoi khatarnoki zerinro istehsol menamoyand, istifoda mebarand, az nav kor mekunand, ba vujud meorand, nigoh medorand, intiqol medihand, nobud mesozand, mekhanizmho, tajhizotho va jarayoni istehsolii tekhnologi:

a) moddahoi dargiranda – gazhoe, ki dar holati fishori mutadil va omezish bo havo alanga megirand va harorati jushishi onho tahti fishori mutadil barobari 20 darajai Selsiy yo pasttar az on ast;

b) moddahoi oksidshavanda – moddahoi sukhtanro quvvatdihanda, sukhtanro bavujudovaranda va (yo) dar natijai reaksiyai oksidshaviyu barqarorshavii ekzotermiki ba sukhtani digar moddaho musoidatkunanda;

v) moddahoi suzanda – moeho, gazho, changhoi khud ba khud dargiranda, inchunin az manbai dargiranda alanga girifta, mustaqilona sukhtanro davomdihanda;

g) moddahoi tarkanda – moddahoe, ki hangomi yagon navi muayyani tasiri beruni ba zudi ba mubaddalshavii khud az khudi kimiyovii pahnshavanda qodir buda, garmi judo mekunand va gazhoro ba vujud meovarand;

d) moddahoi zahrnok – moddahoe, ki tasirashon organizmhoi zindaro ba halokat rasonida, khosiyathoi zerinro dorand:

-miqdori miyonai margovar hangomi ba meda dokhil namudan az 15 milligramm dar yak kilogramm to 200 milligramm dar yak kilogramm;

-miqdori miyonai margovar hangomi ba pust rasidan az 50 milligramm dar yak kilogramm to 400 milligramm dar yak kilogramm;

-miqdori miyonai margovari jamshaviashon dar havo az 0,5 milligramm dar 1 litr to 2 milligramm dar 1 litr;

e) moddahoi zahrnokiashon baland – moddahoe, ki tasirashon organizmhoi zindaro ba halokat rasonida, khosiyathoi zerin dorand:

-miqdori miyonai margovar hangomi ba meda dokhil namudan na ziyoda az 15 milligramm dar yak kilogramm;

-miqdori miyonai margovar hangomi ba pust rasidan na ziyoda az 50 milligramm dar yak kilogramm;

-miqdori miyonai margovari jamshavi dar havo na ziyoda az 0,5 milligramm dar yak litr;

j) moddahoi baroi muhiti zist khatarnok – moddahoe, ki dar muhiti obi baroyashon nishondihandahoi zerini zahrnokii sakht khos ast:

-miqdori miyonai margovar hangomi tasiri ingalyatsioni ba mohi na ziyoda az 10 milligramm dar 1 litr dar davomi 96 soat;

-jamshavii miyonai zahr, ki hangomi tasir ba kayki obi (dafniya) dar davomi 48 soat na ziyodtar az 10 milligramm dar yak litr tasiri muayyan merasonad;

-miqdori jamshavii ingibiratsioni hangomi tasir ba obgiyohho dar davomi 72 soat na ziyodtar az 10 milligramm dar yak litr;

z) tajhizote istifoda burda meshavad, ki tahti fishori ziyoda az 0,07 megapaskal yo hangomi ziyoda az 115 darajai Selsiy garm shudani ob kor mekunad;

i) mekhanizmhoi sayyor va doimi vaslshudai borbardor, eskalatorho, liftho,attraktsionho rohhoi tanobi, funikulerho istifoda meshavand; (QJT az 28.12.2013s. №1053)

k) gudokhtahoi metallhoi siyohu ranga va khulahoe, ki dar asosi in gudokhtaho istehsol meshavand;

l) korhoi kuhi, madantozakuni, inchunin korhoi zerizamini  guzaronida meshavand;

m) inshooti gidrotekhniki.

Inshooti istehsolii khatarnok dar Fehristi davlatii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok ba qayd girifta meshavand.

 

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Jumhurii Tojikiston iborat meboshad.

 

Moddai 4. Talaboti bekhatarii sanoati

Talaboti bekhatarii sanoati – shartho, mansozi, mahdudiyat va digar talaboti hatmii dar hamin Qonun va hujjathoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston mavjudbuda, ki tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida qabul karda meshavand va rioyai onho bekhatarii sanoatiro tamin menamoyad.

Talaboti bekhatarii sanoati boyad ba meyorhoi hifzi aholi va mintaqaho az holathoi favqulodda, behbudii sanitariyu epidemiologii aholi, khifzi muhiti zist, amniyati ekologi, amniyati radiatsioni, muhofizat az sukhtor, hifzi mehnat, sokhtmon, inchunin talaboti standarthoi davlati muvofiq boshad.

 

Moddai 5. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati

Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati az inho iborat ast:

-tahiyai samthoi asosii siyosati davlati va qabuli barnomaho dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati;

-baroi maqomoti davlati muayyan namudani tartibi amali gardonidani nazorati davlati dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati;

-muayyan namudani maqomoti vakolatdori makhsusi davlatii sohai bekhatarii sanoati;

-hamohangsozii hamkorii baynalmilali dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati.

-tasdiqi Qoidahoi  baqaydgirii  inshooti  istehsolii khatarnok dar Fehristi  davlatii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok.

 

Moddai 6. Maqomi vakolatdori makhsusi davlatii sohai bekhatarii sanoati

Bo maqsadi tatbiqi siyosati davlati dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston maqomi vakolatdori makhsusi davlatii sohai bekhatarii sanoatiro (minbad dar matn – maqomi vakolatdor) muayyan menamoyad va ba zimmai on ijroi korhoi dakhldori tanzimi meyori, inchunin vazifahoi makhsusi ijozatdihi, sanjish va nazoratiro dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati meguzorad. Maqomi vakolatdor vohidhoi tobei khudro dorad, ki tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida tasis doda meshavand.

Maqomoti davlati, ki ba onho mutobiqi qonunho va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston huquqi anjom dodani funksiyahoi alohidai tanzimi meyorii huquqi, faoliyathoi makhsusi ijozatdihi, sanjish yo nazorati dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati suporida shudaast, vazifadorand bo maqomi vakolatdor sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va meyorii tekhnikii az jonibi onho qabulshavandaro muvofiqa namoyand, inchunin faoliyatashonro dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati hamohang sozand.

 

Moddai 7. Salohiyati maqomi vakolatdori sohai bekhatarii sanoati

Maqomi vakolatdori sohai bekhatarii sanoati dar doirai salohiyati khud vakolathoi zaylro dorad:

-hamohangsozii faoliyati maqomoti davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati;

-tahiya va tasdiqi qoidahoi bekhatarii sanoati, inchunin targiboti donish, omuzishi aholi, shakhsoni vazifador va kormandoni tashkilotho dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati;

-guzaronidani taftishoti sababhoi sadama va hodisahoi nokhush dar inshoothoi istehsolii khatarnok;

-muqarrar namudani talaboti hammonandkunii (indentifikatsiya) inshooti istehsolii khatarnok;

-mansub donistani inshoot ba guruhi inshooti istehsolii khatarnok;

-guzaronidani taftishoti sababhoi sadama va hodisahoi nokhush dar inshoothoi istehsolii khatarnok;

-muqarrar namudani talaboti hammonandkunii (indentifikatsiya) inshooti istehsolii khatarnok;

-mansub donistani inshoot ba guruhi inshooti istehsolii khatarnok;

-bahisobgirii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok va muayyan namudani tartibi dodani malumot oid ba holati bekhatarii sanoati;

-to vaqti bartaraf namudani khatar dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok bozdoshtani faoliyate, ki khatari hatmii sadamaro dorad;

-amali gardondani hamkorii baynalmilali, tanzimi faoliyati tashkilotho va shahrvandoni khoriji dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati.

 

Moddai 8. Ijozatnomadihii ( litsenziyakunonii) faoliyat dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati

Ijozatnomadihii (litsenziyakunonii) faoliyat dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati muvofiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston « Dar borai ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 9. Tajhizoti tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavanda

Tajhizoti tekhniki, az jumla istehsoli khorijii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavanda boyad ba talaboti Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqi dar sohai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok mutobiq karda shavad.

Tajhizoti tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavanda dar jarayoni istifodabari boyad tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida az ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoati guzarad.

 

Moddai 10. Tayyorii kasbii kormandoni inshoothoi istehsolii khatarnok 

Tayyorii kasbi, balandbardorii darajai ikhtisosi kormandoni inshooti istehsolii khatarnok oid ba masalahoi bekhatarii sanoati ba zimmai mamuriyati tashkilote, ki inshooti istehsolii khatarnok dorad, guzoshta meshavad. Tartib va muhlathoi omuzishi kasbii shakhsoni mansabdor va kormandoni inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro oid ba bekhatarii sanoati maqomoti vakolatdor muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 11. Talaboti bekhatarii sanoati ba loihakashi, sokhtmon va ba istifoda qabul namudani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok

YAke az sharthoi hatmii qabuli qaror oid ba ogozi sokhtmon, vase va tamir namudan, aznavtajhizonidani tekhniki, muvaqqatan bozdoshtan va barham dodani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok mavjudiyati khulosai musbii ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoatii hujjathoi loihavii az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor tasdiqnamuda meboshad.

Dur shudan az meyorhoi hujjathoi loihavi dar jarayoni sokhtmon, vase namudan, tamir, aznavtajhizonii tekhniki, muvaqqatan bozdoshtan va barham dodani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok man ast. Digargunihoe, ki ba hujjathoi loihavii sokhtmon, vase namudan, tamir kardan, aznavtajhizonii tekhniki, muvaqqatan bozdoshtan va barham dodani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok dokhil karda meshavand, boyad az ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoati guzaronida shuda, bo maqomi vakolatdor muvofiqa karda shavand.

Dar jarayoni sokhtmon, vase namudan, tamir, aznavtajhizonii tekhniki, muvaqqatan bozdoshtan va barhamdihii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok muassisahoe, ki hujjathoi loihaviro tayyor mekunand, tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida nazorati muallifiro anjom medihand.

Ba istifodabari qabul namudani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida surat megirad. Dar jarayoni ba istifodabari qabul namudani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok mutobiqati inshooti istehsolii khatarnok ba hujjathoi loihavi, tayyorii tashkilot ba istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok va amaliyot jihati peshgiri va rafi oqibathoi sadamaho sanjida meshavad.

 

Moddai 12. Talaboti bekhatarii sanoati oid ba istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok

Tashkiloti istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok uhdador ast:

-talaboti Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin hujjathoi meyorii tekhnikiro oid ba bekhatarii sanoati rioya namoyad;

-baroi istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok ijozatnoma (litsenziya) doshta boshad;

-miqdori kormandoni inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro muvofiqi talaboti muayyanshuda purra tamin namoyad;

-ba kor dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok shakhsoni ba talaboti darajavii ikhtisos javobdihandaro, ki in kor ba onho zarari tibbi nadorad, ijozat dihad;

-tayyori va az attestatsiya dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati guzashtani kormandonro tamin namoyad;

-dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok hujjathoi meyorii huquqi va meyorii tekhnikie, ki qoidahoi korguzoriro dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok muqarrar menamoyand, doshta boshad;

-nazorati istehsoliro oid ba rioyai talaboti bekhatarii sanoati tashkil namoyad va guzaronad;

-mavjudiyat va amali asbobhoi zaruri va nizomi nazoratro ba jarayoni istehsolot tibqi talaboti muqarrargardida tamin namoyad;

-guzaronidani ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoatii binoho, inchunin tashkhis, ozmoish, muoinai inshoot va dastgohhoi tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavandaro dar muhlati muqarrarshuda va tibqi nishondodi bo tartibi muayyanshuda peshnihodnamudai maqomi  vakolatdor tamin namoyad;

-daromadani shakhsoni begonaro ba inshooti istehsolii khatarnok peshgiri namoyad;

-elomiyai bekhatarii sanoatiro tartib dihad;

-baroi rasonidani zarar dar jarayoni istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok shartnomai sugurtai khatari masuliyatro ba imzo rasonad;

-dasturho va nishondodhoi maqomi vakolatdorro ijro namoyad;

-istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro mustaqilona yo bo nishondodi maqomi vakolatdor, shakhsoni mansabdori on dar mavridi sadama yo hodisai noguvor dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok, inchunin hangomi oshkor shudani holathoi nav, ki ba bekhatarii sanoati tasir merasonad, bozdorad;

-oid ba mahdud sokhtan va rafi oqibathoi sadamaho dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok tadbirhoro ijro namoyad, ba maqomoti davlati dar jarayoni taftishi sababhoi sadama yori rasonad;

-dar taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok ishtirok namoyad, jihati bartarafsozii sababhoi muayyanshuda va peshgirii chunin sadamaho choraho andeshad;

-sababhoi rukh dodani hodisai nokhushro dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok tahlil namoyad, jihati bartarafsozii sababhoi muayyanshuda va peshgirii chunin hodisaho choraho andeshad;

-tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida ba maqomi vakolatdor, inchunin maqomoti digari davlati va aholi sarivaqt dar borai sadama dar inshooti istehsoli akhborot dihad;

-oid ba himoyai hayot va salomatii kormandon hangomi rukh dodani sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok choraho andeshad;

-sadamaho va hodisahoi nokhushro dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok ba hisob girad;

-oid ba miqdori sadamaho va hodisahoi nokhush, sababhoi rukh dodani onho va chorabinihoi guzaronidashuda ba maqomi vakolatdor malumot peshnihod namoyad.

Malumot dar borai tashkili nazorati istehsoli ba rioyai talaboti bekhatarii sanoati va dar borai kormandone, ki baroi amali gardondani on vakolat dorand, ba maqomi vakolatdor peshnihod karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 13. Talaboti bekhatarii sanoati oid ba omodagi baroi mahdud sokhtan va rafi oqibati sadamaho dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok 

Bo maqsadi tamini omodagi baroi mahdud va raf kardani oqibathoi sadamaho tashkiloti istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok uhdador ast:

-jihati mahdud va raf kardani oqibathoi sadamaho dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok chorabinihoro ba naqsha girad va ijro namoyad;

-bo khadamoti sadamaviyu najotdihandai kasbi yo qismhoi sadamaviyu najotdihandai kasbi (najotdihandai kuhi) oid ba khizmatrasoni shartnomaho bandad va dar holathoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston khadamoti sadamaviyu najotdihandai kasbii khud yo qismhoi sadamaviyu najotdihandai kasbi, inchunin az jumlai kormandon qismhoi sadamaviyu najotdihandai gayrishtati tashkil namoyad;

-baroi mahdud va raf kardani oqibathoi sadamaho mutobiqi qonunguzorii jorii Jumhurii Tojikiston zakhirahoi moddi doshta boshad;

-kormandonro ba faoliyat hangomi rukh dodani sadama yo hodisai nokhush dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok omuzonad;

-sokhtorhoi mushohidavi, khabarrasoni, aloqa va dastgirii amaliyotro hangomi sadama tashkil namoyad va in sokhtorhoro dar holati omodagi baroi istifoda nigoh dorad.

 

Moddai 14. Taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadama

Oid ba har yak hodisai rukh dodani sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi on guzaronida meshavad.

Taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadamaro komissiyai makhsus tahti rohbarii namoyandai maqomi vakolatdor yo bakhshi mahallii on anjom medihad.

Ba hayati komissiyai nombarshuda inchunin inho dokhil meshavand:

-namoyandagoni maqomoti hokimiyati ijroiya dar mahalho, ki dar hududi onho inshooti istehsolii khatarnok joygir shudaast;

-namoyandagoni tashkilote, ki inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro istifoda mebarad;

-namoyandagoni ittifoqhoi kasabai sohai dakhldor;

-digar namoyandagon tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonad dar borai tashkili komissiyai davlati oid ba taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadama qaror qabul kunad va raisi in komissiyaro tain namoyad.

Komissiya oid ba taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadama metavonad  baroi taftish tashkilothoi eksperti va mutakhassisoni sohahoi bekhatarii sanoati, kashf, loihakashi, ilmiyu tadqiqoti va tajribaviyu konstruktori, sugurtakuni, tayyorkunii tajhizot va digar sohahoro jalb namoyad.

Mavodi taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadama az jonibi maqomi vakolatdor ba digar maqomoti davlatii manfiatdor firistoda meshavad.

Tartibi guzaronidani taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadama va tahiyai akti taftishi tekhnikii sababhoi sadamaro maqomi vakolatdor muqarrar menamoyad.

Mablagguzorii kharojoti taftishi tekhniki sababhoi sadamaro tashkilote anjom medihad, ki inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro istifoda mebarad va dar on sadama ruy dodaast.

 

Moddai 15. Ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoati

Inho tahti ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoati qaror megirand:

-hujjathoi loihakashi baroi sokhtmon, vasekuni, tamir, aznavtajhizonii tekhniki, muvaqqatan bozdoshtan va barham dodani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok;

-tajhizoti tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavanda;

-binoho va tajhizotho dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok;

-elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati va digar hujjathoe, ki ba istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok aloqamandand.

Ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoatiro tashkilothoe, ki baroi guzaronidani in ekspertiza ijozatnoma dorand, az hisobi mablaghoi tashkilote meguzaronand, ki mekhohad inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro istifoda barad yo istifoda burda istodaast.

Tartibi guzaronidani ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoati va talabot oid ba tayyor namudani khulosai ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoatiro maqomi vakolatdor muqarrar menamoyad.

 

Moddai 16. Tahiyai elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati

Hangomi tahiyai elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati boyad arzyobii khavfi ehtimolii sadama va khatari vobasta ba on; tahlili kifoyagii chorabiniho oid ba peshgirii sadamaho, tamini omodagii tashkilotho baroi istifodai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok muvofiqi talaboti bekhatarii sanoati, inchunin mahdud namudan yo rafi oqibathoi sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok; tahiyai chorabiniho, ki ba kam kardani miqyosi oqibathoi sadama va andozai zarari on, ki dar surati ruy dodani sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok rasonida meshavad, boyad peshgiri karda shavad.

Nomgui malumote, ki elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati boyad dar bar girad va tartibi ba rasmiyat darovardani onro maqomi vakolatdor muayyan menamoyad.

Qonuni mazkur tahiyai hatmii elomiyahoi bekhatarii sanoatii inshooti istehsolii khatarnokro, ki dar onho istehsol, istifoda, istikhroj, nigahdori, intiqol va nobud kardani moddahoi khatarnok surat girifta, miqdorashonro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad, muqarrar menamoyad.

Elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati hamrohi hujjathoi loihakashi baroi sokhtmon, vasekuni, aznavsozi, aznavtajhizonidani tekhniki, muvaqqatan bozdoshtan va barham dodani inshooti istehsolii khatarnok tartib doda meshavad.

Elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati hangomi murojiat baroi ijozatnomai istifodabarii inshooti istehsolii khatarnok, tagyiryobii malumot dar elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati yo hangomi digargunshavii talaboti bekhatarii sanoati aniq karda yo az nav tartib doda meshavad.

Baroi inshoothoi istehsolii khatarnok, ki dar ruzi etibor paydo kardani hamin Qonun faoliyat mekunand, elomiyahoi bekhatarii sanoati dar muhlati muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tartib doda meshavand.

Elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati az tarafi rohbari tashkiloti istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok tasdiq karda meshavad.

Rohbari tashkiloti istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok baroi purragi va sahehii malumoti dar elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati mavjuda muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston masuliyat dorad.

Elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida az ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoati meguzarad.

Elomiyai bekhatarii sanoati ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 17. Sugurtai hatmii masuliyat baroi rasonidani zarar hangomi istifodai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok

Tashkiloti istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok boyad hatman baroi rasonidani zarar ba hayot, salomati yo amvoli shakhsoni digar va muhiti zist hangomi rukh dodani sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok masuliyatro sugurta namoyad.

Andozai haddi aqali mablagi sugurtai masuliyat baroi rasonidani zarar ba hayot, salomati yo amvoli shakhsoni digar va muhiti zist hangomi rukh dodani sadama dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok, baroi:

a) inshooti istehsolii khatarnoki dar qismi yakumi moddai 2 Qonuni mazkur zikrshuda, agar dar onho:

– moddahoi khatarnoki miqdorashon ba miqdori muayyankardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston barobar yo ziyod istehsol, istifoda, az nav korkard, tashkil, nigohdori, intiqol yo nobud meshavand – haftod hazor nishondihanda baroi hisobho, ki dar ruzi bastani shartnomai sugurtai masuliyati khatar muqarrar gardidaast;

– moddahoi khatarnoki miqdorashon az miqdori muayyankardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston kamtar istehsol, istifoda, az nav korkard, tashkil, nigohdori, intiqol yo nobud meshavand – dah hazor nishondihanda baroi hisobho, ki dar ruzi bastani shartnomai sugurtai masuliyati khatar muqarrar gardidaast;

b) inshooti istehsolii khatarnoki digar – yak hazor nishondihanda baroi hisobho, ki dar ruzi bastani shartnomai sugurtai masuliyati khatar muqarrar gardidaast.

 

Moddai 18. Nazorati davlati dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati

Nazorati davlatiro dar sohai bekhatarii sanoati maqomi vakolatdor muvofiqi qonunguzorii jorii Jumhurii Tojikiston anjom medihad.

SHakhsoni mansabdori maqomi vakolatdori sohai bekhatarii sanoati hangomi ijroi vazifahoi khud huquq dorand:

-ba tashkilothoi istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok daroyand;

-bo hujjathoe, ki baroi taftishi az tarafi tashkiloti istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok ijro namudani talaboti bekhatarii sanoati zarurand, shinos shavand;

-durustii guzaronidani taftishoti tekhnikii hodisahoi nokhushi dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok rukhdoda, inchunin purragii chorabinihoi dar asosi natijahoi chunin taftishot peshnihodshudaro taftish namoyand;

-ba tashkilothoi istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok jihati rafi vayronkunihoi oshkorshudai talaboti bekhatarii sanoati nishondodho dihand;

-dar doirai vakolathoi khud oid ba bekhatarii sanoati, az jumla zarurati guzaronidani ekspertizai bekhatarii sanoatii binoho va inshooti voqe dar obekthoi khatarnok nishondodho dihand;

-ba tashkilothoi istifodabarandai inshooti istehsolii khatarnok oid ba qati korhoe, ki bo vayronkunii talaboti bekhatarii sanoati pesh burda meshavand, nishondodho dihand, hangomi zarurat baroi qati faoliyati inshooti istehsolii khatarnok, binoho yo tajhizoti tekhnikii dar inshooti istehsolii khatarnok istifodashavandaro muhr zanand, inchunin dar surati tahdidi khatar ba hayot va salomatii kormandon baroi az joi kor barovardani onho suporish dihand;

-shakhsoni dar vayronkunii talaboti bekhatarii sanoati gunahgorro tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgarii mamuri kashand, inchunin baroi ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidani shakhsoni zikrshuda hujjathoro ba maqomoti hifzi huquq firistand;

-tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida dar sud hamchun namoyandai maqomi vakolatdor bo davoi sitonidani tovoni zarari ba hayot, salomati va amvoli shakhsoni digar rasonidashuda, ki dar natijai vayronkunii talaboti bekhatarii sanoati rukh dodaast, baromad kunand;

-faoliyati digarero, ki qonunguzorii jorii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi tamini bekhatarii sanoati peshbini namudaast,anjom dihand.

Nazorati davlatii faoliyati subekthoi khojagidor novobasta az shakli molikiyat mutobiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai sanjishi faoliyati subekthoi khojagidor dar Jumhurii Tojikiston» bo rohi guzaronidani sanjishi rioyai qonunguzori dar borai bekhatarii sanoati inshooti istehsolii khatarnok amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 19. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki ba vayron namudani Qonuni mazkur gunahkorand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 20. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                        E.Rahmonov

 

sh.Dushanbe  28 fevrali soli 2004

№ 14

 

 

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