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Bekhatarii biologi

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai bekhatarii biologi

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 2005, №3, mod. 128; soli 2007, №7, mod.692)

Bo Qarori Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 8-umi dekabri soli 2004, № 1269 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, № 12 (qismi 3), soli 2004, moddai 706) qabul gardidaast.

Bo Qarori Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 11-umi fevrali soli 2005, № 602 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, № 2, soli 2005, moddai 78) jonibdori gardidaast.

Bobi I. Muqarraroti  umumi

Moddai 1. Maqsadi Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur namudhoi faoliyati  vobasta bo ba dast ovardan, ozmudan, istifoda burdan, voridot, sodirot, istehsol va furushi organizmhoi bo istifodai usuli biotekhnologiyai zamonavi az jihati genetiki tagyiryoftaro tanzim namuda, ba kam namudani khavfi tasiri nomatlubi organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta ba salomatii inson, gunogunii biologi, muvozinati ekologi va hifzi  muhiti  zist nigaronida shudaast.

Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosie, ki  dar Qonuni mazkur  istifoda meshavand

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda burda meshavand:

organizm-tamomi mavjudoti zindae, ki qobiliyati duchandshavii mavodi genetikiro doro meboshad;

organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta – har guna organizm, ba istisnoi organizmi inson, ki mavodi genetikiash bo rohhoi gayri duragakuni yo ba tavri gayri tabiii duchandshavi tagyir doda shudaast;

mikroorganizm – organizmhoi zindai khurd, ki dar tabiat pahn gardidaand va surati  balandi afzoish va pahnshavi doshta, ba guzaronidani mavodi genetiki qobiliyat dorand;

biotekhnologiyai hozirazamon – istifodai usulhoi navshudai kislotahoi nukleini va usulhoi omekhtashavii hujayraho, ki  az   usulhoi  khosi seleksiya va behtarkunii navho farq namuda, moneahoi tabiii takroristehsolkuni yo usulhoi navshudaro bartaraf mesozad;

istifodai organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta – faoliyat yo majmui namudhoi faoliyate, ki maqsadi on ba dast ovardan va ba furush barovardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda, az jumla tahqiq, ozmoish va ba roh mondani istehsoli sanoatii onho meboshand;

istifodabari dar sistemahoi  mahdud – har kadom amaliyote, ki dar rafti on mikroorganizmho (organizmho) dar fazo yo  muhiti mahdudi judo karda  va tahti nazorat qaroryofta bo istifodai chorahoi makhsusi judokuni  baroi  mahdud yo  istisno kardani  robitai chunin organizmho bo odamon va  muhiti  zist az jihati genetiki tagyir meyoband yo organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta parvarish va afzoish meyoband, jam meshavand, istifoda megardand, intiqol va nobud sokhta va yo bezarar gardonida meshavand;

istifodabaranda – shakhsi voqei yo huquqi, ki ba faoliyati vobasta bo ba dast ovardan, ozmudan, istehsol va furukhtani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi mahdud yo kushoda, inchunin  bo ba dast ovardan, ozmudan, istehsol va furukhtani mahsuloti az in organizmho hosilshuda  masul ast va ba amal mebarorad;

vorid namudani maqsadnok ba muhiti zist – didayu donista ba muhiti zist vorid namudani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi onho, ki qabuli chorahoi makhsusi judokuniro taqozo namekunand va bo darajai balandi bekhatari baroi odamon va muhiti zist farq mekunand;

vorid namudani begarazona ba muhiti zist– har hodisai ba muhiti zist vorid sokhtani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi onho, ki natijai garaznok nadoshta boshad;

voridsozi ba bozor– tahvildihii organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda ba muzd yo ba tavri roygon ba tarafi seyum;

sadama– hodisae, ki boisi begarazona ba muhiti zist vorid namudani mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) ziyod dar rafti istifodai onho dar sistemahoi mahdud  gardida, baroi salomatii odamon va muhiti zist oqibathoi favri yo minbada doshta metavonad;

mahsuloti istehsolshuda az organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta – mahsulote, ki az yak organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi chunin organizmho iborat ast yo doroi yak organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi chunin organizmho buda, ba bozor vorid karda meshavad;

mahsuloti korkardshuda – mahsulote, ki bo rohi korkardi organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta, baze qismhoi onho yo baze metabolitho (mubodilai  moddaho) va moddahoi hosilkardai onho ba dast ovarda shudaast;

mahsuloti tozashuda – mahsulote, kiazorganizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta bo rohi korkard, tozakuni ba dast ovarda shudaast (masalan: insulin, enzimhoi gunogun, ravgan va monandi inho);

sanjishi sahroi – tajribae, ki az omuzishi organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sharoiti sahro iborat buda, dar zeri nazorat qaror dorad va  bovari hast, ki in organizmho badi ba itmom rasidani tajriba dar muhit boqi namemonand;

parvarish, istehsol dar sharoiti sahro, pahnshavi  ba hududho  – ba muhiti zist maqsadnok vorid sokhtani organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta bo maqsadi parvarish, istehsol yo afzoish dodan, ki allakay khususiyat va maqsadi tajribavi nadorad;

bahodihii khatar – arzyobii oqibathoi bevositayu bavositai favri yo minbadai ba muhiti zist vorid sokhtani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo qismi tarkibii onho baroi salomatii  odamon va muhiti zist;

tanzimi khatar – tahiya va istifodai majmui chorabiniho baroi amali shudani monitoringi khatar va chorahoe, ki dar surati ruy dodani sadama andeshida meshavand;

intiqoli baynisarhadii organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta – bo har guna roh guzaronidani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi chunin organizmho, inchunin mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda az hududi yak davlat ba hududi davlati digar;

intiqoli baynisarhadii maqsadnok – har guna amaliyoti sodirotiyu voridotii organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi onho, ki bo ijozati maqomoti salohiyatnoki davlati mutobiqi qoidahoi milli va baynalmilali surat megirad;

intiqoli baynisarhadii begarazona– nadonista az sarhad guzaronidani har guna organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi onho, ki oqibati on boyad az nuqtai nazari bekhatarii biologi va bekhatarii salomatii odamon bo didani chorahoi dakhldor arzyobi karda shavad;

voridkunanda– shakhsi voqei yo huquqi, ki dar doirai huquqii davlat qaror doshta, voridotro ba amal mebarorad va voridoti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta, tarkibi chunin organizmho yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshudaro tashkil menamoyad va baroi on masul ast;

sodirkunanda – shakhsi voqei va huquqi, ki dar doirai huquqii davlat qaror doshta, sodirotro ba amal mebarorad va sodiroti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta, tarkibi chunin organizmho yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshudaro tashkil menamoyad va baroi on masul ast;

ogohnoma – hujjatest, ki tavassuti on shakhs dar borai faoliyate, ki amali megardonad, bo maqsadi giriftani ijozat Komissiyai milliro oid ba bekhatarii biologi ogoh mesozad;

mintaqai bekhatarii genetiki – hudude, ki dar on ba yagon faoliyati vobasta ba istifodabarii organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta roh doda nameshavad;

mavodi  genetiki – mavodhoe, ki  az organizmhoi  zindai tagyirdodashudai  alohida, yo dar natijai  kombinatsiyai yakchand organizmhoi zindai ba tavri  genetiki tagyirdodashuda  ba vujud ovarda shudaand;

injeneriyai  geni –  faoliyate, ki   bo usuli navi  biotekhnologi tarkibi naslii organizmhoi zindaro digargun namuda, organizmhoi  sifatan navro  ba  vujud  meorad.

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai bekhatarii biologi

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai bekhatarii biologi ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi hukuqii baynalmilalie, ki  Tojikiston onhoro etirof  kardaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 4. Faoliyati vobasta ba bekhatarii biologi

Muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur ba namudhoi faoliyate, ki ba in masalaho  aloqamandand, tatbiqmeshavad:

– dar sistemahoi sarbasta bo maqsadhoi gunogun ba dast ovardan, afzoish dodan, voridotu sodirot  namudan, sanjidan va istifoda burdani mikroorganizmho, rastaniho va hayvonoti az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta bo istifodai tarzu usulhoi biotekhnologiyai zamonavi;

– ba muhiti zist va ba bozor vorid sokhtani maqsadnoki organizmhoi zindai az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta bo istifodai usulhoi biotekhnologiyai zamonavi, az jumla har guna tarkibi zindae, ki onho ba takroristehsolkunii organizmho qobiland, az qabili tukhmi, bekhmeva, qalamcha, gardi gul va gayra;

– begarazona vorid namudani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta ba muhiti zist;

-ba muhiti zist va bozor vorid namudani maqsadnoki mahsuloti korkardshuda, ki doroi organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va yo   qismathoi gayrizindai organizmhoi zindai az jihati genetiki tagyiryobanda  dar namudi korkardshuda yo korkardnashuda;

– hamai namudi tadqiqoti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta, az jumla tadqiqoti laboratori, kliniki, sahroi, tajribaviyu sanoati;

– begarazona yo  gayriqonuni az sarhad guzaronidani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta;

–                nigohdori, guronidan, nobud namudani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda, bezararkunii partovho, ki natijai istifodai usulhoi biotekhnologiyai zamonavi meboshand;

-amaliyothoi oid ba voridotu sodiroti maqsadnoki  organizmhoi  az  jihati genetiki tagyiryofta  va  mahsuloti  az  onho  hosilshuda.

Tahti amali Qonuni mazkur organizmhoe, ki bo usuli injeneriyai geni ba dast omada, bo hosil namudan, sanjidan va furukhtani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta peshbini gardidaand, mahsulothoi tozakardashuda, az jumla doruhoi farmasevti, ki baroi inson va istifoda dar sohai baytori tain shudaand, faoliyat oid ba intiqol, novobasta ba tarzi intiqol, inchunin amaliyot oid ba furush va voridotu sodirot, ki bo sanadhoi digari meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba tanzim darovarda meshavand, qaror namegirand.

 

Moddai 5. Talaboti asosi oid ba  muayyan namudani darajai khatari voqei

Vobasta ba darajai khatari voqei baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist, ki hangomi amali gardidani namudhoi faoliyate, ki Qonuni mazkur ba tanzim medarorad, baroi sistemahoi mahdud  darajahoi zerini khatar muqarrar karda meshavand:

– darajai I-ba faoliyati doroi khatari nachandon ziyod, ki bo khatari istifodabarii mikroorganizmhoi gayripatogeni yo biduni khatar muqoisa meshavad, mutobiqat menamoyad;

– darajai II- ba faoliyati doroi khatari kam, ki bo khatari istifodabarii mikroorganizmhoi shartan patogeni (kasaliovar) muqoisa meshavad,  mutobiqat menamoyad;

– darajai III- ba faoliyati doroi khatari mutadil (miyona), ki bo khatari istifodabarii mikroorganizmhoi qobili guzaronidani siroyatho muqoisa meshavad, mutobiqat menamoyad;

– darajai IV – ba faoliyati doroi khatari ziyod, ki bo khatari istifodabarii mikroorganizmhoi qobili pahnkunii infeksiyahoi makhsusan khavfnok muqoisa meshavad, mutobiqat menamoyad.

Namudhoi faoliyate, ki bo mikroorganizmho dar sistemai mahduddar hajme, ki az tadqiqoti laboratori ziyod ast va hamchunin dar sistemahoi kushoda amali karda meshavad, ba darajahoi III va  IV- i khatar mansub ast.

Moddai 6. Ijozatnomadihi  (litsenziyadihi) ba faoliyat dar sohai bekhatarii biologi

  (Moddai 6  khorij karda shud, tibqi Q JT az 30.07.07s №330 )

 

 

 

Bobi II.  Idorakunii davlati dar sohai tamini bekhatarii biologi

Moddai  7. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai tanzimi munosibatho oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi

Ba salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai tanzimi munosibatho oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi inho mansuband:

– tasdiq namudani barnomahoi davlati oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi, mablagguzori va taminoti moddiyu tekhnikii chorabinihoi doroi ahamiyati jumhuriyavi dar in soha;

– hamohangsozii faoliyati vazoratu idoraho va maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati doir ba masalahoi tamini bekhatarii biologi;

– muayyan namudani maqomi makhsusi vakolatdori davlati oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi;

– ravona kardani siyosat ba nigohdorii gunogunii biologi chun sarvati milli, ki bekhatarii biologii mamlakatro tamin menamoyad;

– tasis va tasdiqi Komissiyai milli;

– ijroi digar vazifaho tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

 

Moddai  8. Salohiyati maqomi makhsusi vakolatdori davlati oid ba  tamini bekhatarii biologi

Ba salohiyati maqomi makhsusi vakolatdori davlati oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi inho dokhil meshavand:

– amali gardonidani siyosati yagonai davlati dar sohai tamini bekhatarii biologi;

– tanzimva hamohangsozii korho oid ba tatbiqi strategiya va naqshai millii amaliyot baroi nigohdorii gunogunii biologi;

– tahiyai loihaho va tashkili kor oid ba nigohdorii gunogunii biologi va bekhatarii biologi;

– tartib dodani maruzaho, hisobot, shinosnomahoi ekologi, loihahoi millii hifzi tabiat va digar hujjathoi hifzi tabiat;

– muayyan namudani zakhirahoi biologi;

– tahiya va tatbiqi hujjathoi loihavii baynalmilali va muqarrar kardani ravobit bo tashkilothoi baynalmilali;

– ijroi digar vazifaho mutobiqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

 

Bobi III. Istifodai mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati  genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi mahdud

Moddai 9. Tashkili faoliyat va bahodihii khatar dar sistemahoi mahdud

Baroi tashkili faoliyat oid  ba istifodai mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi mahdud  istifodabaranda boyad ba in faoliyat az nuqtai nazari khatarnoki baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist baho doda, onro ba yake az darajahoi khatare, ki dar qismi 1 moddai5 nombar shudaast, nisbat dihad va ba  Komissiyai milli ogohnomaro peshnihod namoyad.

Hangomi bahodihi jihathoe, ki ba judo kardani partovho va qabuli chorahoi zaruri baroi hifzi salomatii inson va muhiti zist dakhl dorand, makhsusan ba nazar girifta meshavand.

Bahodihi va didani chorahoi doir ba muhofizat, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda  peshbini gardidaand, boyad davra ba davra, inchunin dar holathoi zerin az nav dida shavand:

– agar isbot shuda boshad, ki bahodihi nodurust guzaronida shudaast, dar in holat malumothoi navi tadqiqoti ilmi yo tekhniki ba etibor girifta meshavad;

– yo in ki didani choraho oid ba judokuni komilan muvofiq nestand yo darajai muqarrargardidai khatar baroi istifoda dar  sistemahoi sarbasta tagyir yoftaast.

 

Moddai 10. Akhboroti makhfi oid ba mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

Dar ogohnomae, ki ba  Komissiyai milli darkhostkunanda mefiristad, asoshoi zaruriro peshnihod namuda, nishon medihad, ki kadom akhborotro ba sifati  akhbori makhfi barrasi namoyad.

Qaror dar borai makhfi donistani akhborot az jonibi  Komissiyai milli badi bo darkhostkunanda maslihat namudan qabul gardida, dar borai qarori qabulshuda vay ogoh karda meshavad.

Akhboroti zerin makhfi shumorida nameshavad:

– tavsifoti umumii mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta, nom va surogai darkhostkunanda,  maqsad va mahalli istifodabari;

– darajai khatare, ki ba on faoliyat oid ba istifodai mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi mahdud va chorahoi oid ba judo kardan (izolyatsiya)marbutdonista meshavand;

– khulosae, ki dar natijai omuzishi bahodii khatar baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist peshnihod karda shudaast;

– tarzu usulho va naqshai monitoring, inchunin chorahoe, ki dar holati sadama dida meshavand.

Komissiyai milli haq nadorad, ki ba tarafi seyum yagon akhboroti makhfi donistashudaro fosh namoyad va uhdador ast huquqi molikiyati zehniro, ki bo akhboroti ba dastomada aloqamand ast, hifz kunad.

Agar darkhostkunanda bo yagon sabab ogohnomaro bozkhond namoyad,  Komissiyai milli boyad makhfiyatro nisbati akhboroti giriftaash rioya kunad.

 

Moddai 11. Sanjishi pesh az istifodabarii mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi mahdud

Komissiyai milli pesh az istifodabarii mikrooganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi mahdud mesanjad, ki:

– oyo naqshai tajili baroi istifodabari dar sistemahoi mahdud dar mavridi gayrisamaranok budani chorahoi oid ba judokuni   metavonad oqibathoi jiddii favri va minbadaro nisbat ba salomatii inson  va yo muhiti zist berun az mahali joygirshavii dastgoh doshta boshad, tayyor karda shudaast;

– oyo dar borai chunin naqshahoi tajili oid ba hatmi budani hamrohkuni  baroi istifodabarii chorahoi bekhatari ba maqomoti baroi peshgirii sadama manfiatdor  ba tavri zaruri  akhborot peshnihod namudaast. Akhborot boyad muhim va oshkoro boshad.

Komissiyai milli ba maqomi salohiyatnoki digar mamlakatho ittilootero,  ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda  peshbini shudaast, mutobiqi qoidahoi  baynalmilalii  sohai mazkur peshnihod menamoyad.

Moddai 12. CHorahoi ogohkuni oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi

Dar surati giriftani akhboroti nav yo hangomi tagyir yoftani sharoiti istifodabari dar sistemahoi mahdud, ki on metavonad az nuqtai nazari khatarhoi ehtimoli oqibathoi jiddi doshta boshad, istifodagar uhdador ast dar in bora favran ba Komissiyai milli khabar doda, ogohnomaro tagyir dihad.

Agar badi dodani ijozat Komissiyai milli akhborot girad, ki istifodai mazkur dar sistemahoi mahdud  metavonad baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist oqibathoi jiddi doshta boshad, vay boyad az istifodagar tagyir dodani sharoiti istifodaro talab namoyad va agar in talab ijro karda nashavad, baroi bozdoshtan yo man kardani faoliyat choraho binad.

 

Moddai 13. uhdadorii istifodabaranda hangomi ruy dodani sadama

Dar surati ruy dodani sadama istifodabaranda boyad dar in khusus favran ba Komissiyai milli khabar doda, in hujjathoro peshnihod namoyad:

– ittiloot dar borai holathoi sadama;

– malumot dar borai namud va miqdori istifodashudai mikroorganizmhoi (organizmhoi) az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta;

– har guna ittiloote, ki baroi bahodihii oqibathoi sadama nisbati salomatii inson va muhiti zist zarur ast;

– malumot dar borai chorahoi didashuda.

Dar surati ruy dodani sadama Komissiyai milli:

– dar in bora favran ahli jomearo khabardor namuda, ba darajai khatari ba amalomada baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist baho medihad va onro nishon medihad;

– ba sadama bahoi purra doda, dar surati zarurat baroi peshgirii chunin sadamaho dar oyanda, inchunin ba oqibathoi imkonpaziri chunin sadamaho roh nadodan tavsiya medihad;

– andeshidani chorahoi zururiro tamin menamoyad va az rui vaziyat ba maqomi salohiyatnoki  davlate, ki ba chunin sadamaho dakhl kardanash mumkin ast, favran khabar medihad.

 

Bobi IV. Ba muhiti zist dokhil kardani maqsadnoki organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

 

Moddai 14. Tartibi ba muhiti zist dokhil kardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

Hamai shakhsoni voqei va huquqi pesh az ba muhiti zist dokhil kardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi onho ba maqsadi tadqiqot, sanjish, inkishof yo digar maqsad, ba istisnoi istehsolot baroi barovardan ba bozor, boyad ba Komissiyai milli ogohnoma peshnihod namoyand.

Ogohnoma boyad inhoro dar  bar girad:

– jami hujjathoi tekhniki bo akhboroti dar Nizomnoma peshbinishuda baroi bahodihii khatarhoi peshbinigardidai favri yo minbada organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi chunin organizmho baroi salomatii odamon vayo muhiti zist mumkin doshtaboshand;

– bahoi tasir va khatar baroi salomatii odamon va yo muhiti zist, ki binobar ba muhiti zist dokhil kardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta  va yo tarkibi chunin organizmho ba vujud omadaast;

– yo ittiloote, ki darkhostkunanda dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston  va yo berun az on dar borai natijahoi vorid sokhtani chunin organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo chunin tarkibi in  organizmho giriftaast va ogohnoma dar in bora peshtar yo dar khudi hamon vaqt doda shudaast.

Komissiyai  milli  metavonad ijozat dihad, ki  dar joi muayyan ba muhiti zist vorid sokhtani tarkibi organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo hamon yakorganizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar joyhoi gunogun bo hamon yak maqsad va dar davrai mahdud  dar  yak ogohnoma  ba  rasmiyat darovarda shavad.

Dar surati minbad dokhil kardani hamon organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo hamon tarkibi in organizmho, ki dar borai on hamchun qismi hamon yak barnomai tadqiqot (sanjish) ogoh karda shuda bud, darkhostkunanda boyad ogohnomai nav peshnihod namuda, ba on malumothoi ogohnomahoi peshtararo va yo malumothoi natijahoi qaydshudai voridsozihoi peshtararo dokhil namoyad.

Dar surati tagyir yoftani sharoiti voridsozii  maqsadnok, ki on baroi salomatii odamon va yo muhiti zist oqibatho doshta metavonad yo paydo shudani akhboroti nav dar borai khatar darkhostkunanda uhdador ast:

– chorahoi dar ogohnoma peshbinishudaro az nav dida baroyad;

– dar in bora ba Komissiyai milli  khabar dihad;

– baroi hifzi salomatii inson va muhiti zist chorahoi zaruri binad.

Agar ittilootoid ba oqibathoi ziyodi imkonpaziri ba muhiti zist vorid sokhtani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta badi giriftani ijozati dakhldor az jonibi istifodabaranda malum gardad, Komissiyai milli boyad az  u tagyir dodani sharoiti voridsoziro talab namoyad. Dar surati itoat nakardan Komissiyai milli boz doshtan yo mani in faoliyatro talab mekunad.

 

Moddai 15. Tartibi dida baromadani darkhostho

Darkhostkunanda faoliyatro tanho badi giriftani ijozat, ki onro Komissiyai milli dodaast va dar surati rioyai sharoithoi muqarrargardidai on, az jumla oid ba muayyan namudani mintaqai bekhatarii genetiki ogoz karda metavonad. Hududhoi tabii, ki davlat hifz menamoyad (mamnugohho, parvarishgohho, boghoi milli va boghoi botaniki) az istifoda va pahn namudani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta ozod buda, hududhoi bekhatarii genetiki meboshand.

Agar Komissiyai milli chunin shumorad, ki darkhostkunanda tajribai kofii ba muhiti zist dokhil kardani organizmhoi muayyani  az jihati genetiki tagyiryoftaro dorad, on goh bo nazardoshti muvofiqati meyorhoe, ki dar Nizomnoma muqarrar shudaast, metavonad tatbiqi qoidahoi odii voridsoziro ijozat dihad.

Ijozate, ki Komissiyai milli baroi ba muhiti zist  vorid sokhtani maqsadnoki rastanihoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryoftaro medihad, hangomi baqaydgirii navho baroi sanjishi   arzishhoi agronomi va tekhnologi hatmi buda, onro ba maqsadi istehsol dar jumhuri Komissiyai davlati oid ba sanjishi navhoi rastaniho ba amal mebarorad.

Hamai navhoe, ki az organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta ba vujud omada, ba sharoithoi sanjish ba arzishhoi agronomi va tekhnologi muvofiqand, dar fehristi navhoi rastanihoi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba qayd girifta meshavand.

 

Bobi V. Ba bozor barovardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki  tagyiryofta va mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda

Moddai 16 . Tartibi ba bozor barovardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda

Ba bozor barovardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda tanho dar asosi ijozate,   ki  Komissiyai milli  mutobiqi talaboti bobi lV Qonuni mazkur dodaast, surat megirad.

Agar faoliyati oid ba bozor barovardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda amaliyoti voridotu sodirotro faro girad, on tahti amali moddahoi  18-24 qaror megirad.

Ijozate, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbini gardidaast, tanho dar surati ijroi sharthoi zerin doda meshavad:

– mutobiqati in organizmho  va mahsulot ba sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

– mutobiqati onho ba talabote, ki ba bahodihii khatarho baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist mansub ast.

Moddai 17.  Ogohnoma oidi bori nakhust ba bozor barovardani organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

Pesh az bori nakhust ba bozor barovardani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda istehsolkunanda yo az rui vaziyat voridkunandaba Komissiyai milli ogohnoma peshnihod menamoyad, ki boyad doroi  mazmuni zerin boshad:

– akhboroti dar nazar doshtai  Nizomnoma, ki dar on az jumla malumothoi ba dastovardai istifodabaranda dar rafti tadqiqot, sanjish va inkishof ifoda yofta, mutobiqi nuqtahoi bobi IV Qonuni mazkur guzaronida shudaast;

– bahoi khatar baroi salomatii odamon va muhiti zist;

– sharoiti ba bozor barovardani mahsulot, az jumla sharoithoi khosi istifoda va koru amal, inchunin tavsiya oid ba borbandi va nishonu tamgazani.

Agar dar asosi natijahoi yagon voridsozi ba muhiti zist, ki dar borai on peshtar ogoh karda budand va baroi on tibqi talaboti Qonuni mazkur ijozat girifta shudaast yo dar asosi natijahoi tadqiqoti ilmi darkhostkunanda ba khulosa omadaast, ki ba bozor barovardan va istifoda burdani mahsulot baroi salomatii inson va muhiti zist khatar nadorad, vay metavonad dar ogohnoma dar bobati tatbiqi qoidahoi oddii ijozat khohish namoyad.

Darkhostkunanda dar ogohnoma malumotero, ki dar natijai ba muhiti zist vorid sokhtani hamin khel organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo tarkibi organizmhoi mazkur ba dast ovardaast, dokhil menamoyad, ki dar borai on vay peshtar ogohnoma dodaast yo onro dar   sarosariJumhurii Tojikiston yo berun az on amali gardondaast.

Baroi har kadom mahsuloti nave, ki hamin khel  organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo hamin khel tarkibi organizmhoi mazkurro dorad, yo az onho yo az tarkibi onho iborat buda, vale baroi istifodai digar tain shudaast, ogohnomai alohida firistonida meshavad.

 

Bobi VI. Voridotu sodiroti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki  tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda

 

Moddai 18. Faoliyati asosi oid ba voridotu sodiroti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda

Faoliyat oid ba  voridotu sodiroti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda dar mavridhoe surat megirad, ki sharthoi peshnihodi ogohnoma va sharthoi ijozatnoma, ki dar moddahoi 20 va 21 peshbini gardidaand, ijro shuda boshand, yotalaboti makhsus doir ba ogohnoma, muvofiqakuni, ijozatnomadihi, ki sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof  kardaast, ijro shuda boshand.

Faoliyat oid ba voridotu sodirot boyad ba talaboti zerin javobgu boshad:

– dar surati zarurat istifoda burdani tartibi rizoiyati asosnoki peshakii Komissiyai milli mutobiqi moddai 19  hamin Qonun;

– bahodihii khatarho mutobiqi talaboti moddai 23 Qonuni mazkur;

– rioyai talabot oid ba tamgayu nishonguzori, intiqol va koru amal;

– tamini mubodilai ittiloot;

– pahn nakardani ittilooti makhfi va rioyai huquqi molikiyati zehni;

– peshgiri namudani hamlu naqli gayriqonuni, intiqoli begarazonai baynisarhadi va tamin namudani qabuli chorahoi muvofiq dar holati ruy dodani holathoi favqulodda.

 

Moddai 19. Tartibi rizoiyati asosnoki peshaki

Tartibi rizoiyati asosnoki peshaki inhoro dar bar megirad:

– muqarrar kardani namudhoi faoliyat, ki nisbati onho in qoidaho tatbiq megardand;

– ogoh namudan dar borai maqsadiba amal barovardani voridotu sodirot;

– ijozat dodani faoliyat oidba voridotu sodirot;

– dar surati zarurat az nav dida baromadani qarori peshtar qabulkardai Komissiyai milli.

Ba tartibi rizoiyati asosnoki peshaki faoliyati oid ba voridotu sodiroti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda mansub ast, ki bo maqsadhoi zerin amali gardonida meshavad:

– istifodai onhodar sistemahoi  mahdud dar miqyosi mamlakat;

-sanjishhoi sahroi dar  sarosarimamlakat;

– garaznok vorid namudani onho ba muhiti zist va ba bozor barovardan.

 

Moddai 20. Ogohsozii Komissiyai milli

Voridkunandagon pesh az amali sokhtani voridoti organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda uhdadorand dar in bora Komissiyai milliro ogoh namoyand.

Komissiyai milli tartibi peshnihodi ogohnomaro muqarrar namuda, onro ba malumoti tarafhoi manfiatdor merasonad.

Darkhostkunanda baroi durust budani akhborote, ki ba Komissiyai milli muvofiqi darkhosti on ba tariqi ogohnoma yo bo digar roh peshnihod namudaast, masul ast.

Komissiyai milli dar muhlati 90 ruzi qabuli ogohnoma ba darkhostkunanda dar borai qabuli on dar shakli khatti tasdiqnoma irsol menamoyad.

 

Moddai 21. Qarori Komissiyai milli oid ba dodani ijozat ba voridot

Qarori Komissiyai milli oid ba dodani ijozat ba voridot ba talaboti moddai 18 hamin Qonun,  az jumla  ba  malumothoi bahodihii  khatarho asos karda meshavad.

Komissiyai milli dar muhlati peshbininamudai qismi 4 moddai 20hamin Qonun  boyad darkhostkunandaro  ogoh namoyad, ki:

– voridot mumkin ast be dodani ijozat bo nishon dodani sharthoi on amali gardonida shavad,  yo

– voridot mumkin ast tanho dar asosi ijozatnomae, ki Komissiyai milli dodaast, amali gardonida shavad.

Komissiyai milli dar muhlati  90 ruz badi tasdiqi qabuli ogohnoma yake az in qarorhoro qabul mekunad:

– ba amali gardonidani voridot  bo shartho yo biduni onho bo vozeh kardani on, ki onho baroi voridoti minbadai hamon organizmi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az on hosilshuda chi tavr tatbiq karda meshavad, ijozat dihad;

– voridotro man namoyad;

– mutobiqi Nizomnoma peshnihodi ittilootiilovagiro talab namoyad;

– muhlati qabuli qarorro dar davrae, ki baroi bahodihii  ittilooti ilovagii az darkhostkunanda yo digar manbaho qabulgardida zarur ast, daroz namoyad.

 

Moddai 22. Az nav dida baromadani qarori Komissiyai  milli

Komissiyai milli qarorero, ki mutobiqi moddai 21 qabul namudaast, metavonad az nav dida baroyad va dar asosi  ittilooti navi ilmi dar borai tasiri zararnoki mahsulot ba salomatii odamon va yo muhiti zist onro tagyir dihad. Dar chunin holatho Komissiyai milli ba darkhostkunanda favran dar borai qarori khud, inchunin dar borai sababhoe, ki boisi rad yo tagyirot gardidaast, khabar medihad.

Darkhostkunanda metavonad az Komissiyai milli bo rohi irsoli ogohnoma az nav dida baromadani qarorero, ki mutobiqi moddai 20 Qonunimazkur  qabul shudaast, talab namoyad, agar chunin shumorad, ki:

– vaziyati muayyankunandai natijai bahodihii khatarho, ki dar qabuli qaror asos yofta bud, tagyir yoftaast;

– vay doroi akhboroti ilovagii tekhniki va ilmi meboshad, yo isboti on mavjud ast, ki qaror  azjihatiilmi  asosnok nabud;

– Komissiyai milli uhdador ast qarorro az rui ogohnomae, ki tibqi dalelhoi peshbininamudai qismi 2 haminmodda doda shudaast, qabul namoyad va dar in bora ba darkhostkunanda khabar dihad.

 

Moddai 23. Bahodihii  khatarho

Bahodihii khatarho boyad dar asosi prinsiphoi ilmi va transparentnoki bo nazardoshti talaboti Nizomnoma va bo istifodai usulhoi dakhldori bahodihii khatarho surat girad. Maqsadi bahodihi oshkor va muayyan namudani tasiri manfii organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda ba salomatii odamon va muhiti zist bo nazardoshti vazi ijtimoiyu iqtisodi  meboshad.

Komissiyai milli hal menamoyad, ki bahodihiro ba khatarho kadom maqomoti salohiyatdor yo muassisahoi ilmi ba amal mebarorad.

Komissiyai milli uhdador ast tasdiq namoyad, ki bahodihii khatarho guzaronida shudaast va dar asosi on mutobiqi moddai 21 hamin Qonunqaror qabul kardan mumkin ast.

Komissiyai milli oid ba bahodihii khatarho, ki vobasta ba mikroorganizmho va dar baze holatho digar organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta dar sistemahoi  mahdud guzaronida shudaast, masul ast.

Harojoti moliyavi baroi guzaronidani bahodihii khatarho az hisobi darkhostkunanda surat megirad.

 

Moddai 24. Oid ba bandu bast va  intiqoli  organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

Voridkunanda pesh az amali namudani voridot boyad tasdiq namoyad, ki sodirkunandai organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda inhoro tamin mekunad:

-bandubast kardan, indentifikatsiya, hammonandsozi, tamgazani va intiqolro ba darajae, ki guzaronidani  in amaliyot jihati  sodirot muvofiq ast;

– ijroi digar sharthoe, ki  Qonuni mazkur peshbini kardaast.

Voridkunandauhdador ast mutobiqati hujjathoi hamroh irsolshavandaro ba talaboti sanadhoi meyorii huquqii  Jumhurii Tojikiston vamuqarraroti sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali doir ba intiqoli baynisarhadii organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va mahsuloti az onho hosilshudaro tamin  namoyad.

 

Moddai 25. CHorabiniho dar holati gayriqonuni kashonidani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

Dar holati gayriqonuni kashondani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda maqomi  makhsusi vakolatdori  davlati oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi haq dorad az mamlakati sodirot bargardonidan yo nobud sokhtani onhoro az hisobi khud mutobiqi sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, talab  kunad.

Oid ba hodisahoi gayriqonuni kashondani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali ba maqomoti salohiyatnoki baynalmilali khabar doda meshavad.

Dar surati intiqoli baynisarhadii begarazonai organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta yo mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda maqomi makhsusi vakolatdori  davlati oid ba tamini bekhatarii biologi baroi ogohsozi, ki sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali peshbini kardaast, inchunin baroi khorij namudani har guna khatarho baroi salomatii odamon va muhiti zist choraho meandeshad.

Komissiyai milli akhborotro dar borai chorahoi roh nadodani vaziyate, ki metavonad hangomi intiqoli baynisarhadii begarazonai organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va yo mahsuloti az onho hosil shuda ba amal oyad, ba malumoti ahli jomea merasonad.

 

Moddai 26. Tartibi ogohonidani  ahli jomea dar surati vorid namudani organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta

Tartibi dodani ijozat baroi ba muhiti zist va bozor vorid  namudani maqsadnoki organizmhoi az jihati genetiki tagyiryofta va mahsuloti az onho hosilshuda oshkoro meboshad. Transparentnokii faoliyate, ki nisbati on ijozat pursida meshavad, az jonibi Komissiyai milli tamin megardad.

Komissiyai milli boyad dar muhlati 10 ruzi giriftani ogohnoma dar in bora ba ahli jomea bo nishon dodani tarzi ba dast ovardani malumot khabar dihad.

Tavzehoti ahli jomea dar davomi 30 ruzi ogoh sokhtani on qabulgardida, hangomi qabuli qaror oid ba dodani ijozati namudi darkhostshavandai faoliyat Komissiyai milli onro ba etibor megirad. Vobasta ba tavzehoti voridshuda mumkin ast muhokimahoi ommavii har jihati problemai barrasishavanda tashkil karda shavand.

Komissiyai milli ishtiroki ahli jomearo dar qabuli qarorho oid  ba dodani ijozat ba namudhoi faoliyate, ki Qonuni mazkur tanzim menamoyad, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, tamin mekunad.

 

Bobi VII. Muqarraroti khotimavi

 

Moddai 27. Tartibi halli bahsho oid ba masalahoi bekhatarii biologi

Bahsho oid ba masalahoi bekhatarii biologi va bahshoi ba on aloqamandi molumulki az tariqi sud hal karda meshavand.

 

   Moddai 28. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 29. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston              E.Rahmonov

 

              sh. Dushanbe  1 marti soli 2005

              № 88_______________________

 

 

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