Home / Gunogun / Ba sari qudrat omadani Abdurahmonkhon dar Afgoniston

Ba sari qudrat omadani Abdurahmonkhon dar Afgoniston

Dar dokhili Afgoniston chunin shakhsiyat nabud. Ham istilogaroni anglis, ham rusho va ham afgonhoi isgiqloliyatkhoh dar in vazifa naberai Dustmuhammad va jiyani SHeralihoi Abdurahmonkhonro didan mekhostand. Rusho ba Abdurakhmonkhon sharot faroham ovardand, ki az Turkiston firor kumad. U avval ba Badakhshon omad. Dar on jo hokimiyati uro etirof kardand. Har se tarafi mukholifat hapakat mekardand, ki Abdurahmonkhonro baroi manfiathoi khud istifoda barand. U boshad, az mukholifathoi raqibon istifoda burda mekhost, ki hokimi mutlaqi Afgoniston shavad.

154px-abdur_rahman_khan

Soli 1880 dar Kobul va Qandahor oshubhoi ziddianglisi qat, nagardidaid. Hokimi Hirot Mukhammadayubkhon nisbati anglisho mavqei oshtinonazir dosht. U ziddi Qandahor tayyori medid. Dar Gazna boshad, fidoiyon az nav jam omada, ba Kobul hujum kardani budand, baroi anglisho vazi nomusoid faro rasid, baroi hamin onho lozim donistand, ki Abdurakhmonkhonro hamchun amiri Kobul etirof kunand. Onho hatto ba u vada ham dodand, ki bo mablagu siloh yori merasonand. Sozishnomai Gandumak (dar Kobul doshtani rezident va dastai harbi) bekor karda shud va az dakholat ba korhoi dokhilii Afgoniston dast mekashand. Javoban ba in Abdurakhmonkhon vada dod, ki Afgoniston Sozishnomai Gandumakro dar bobati mahdudiyati istiqloliyati Afgoniston oid ba siyosati khorijii on etirof mekunad, yane Afgoniston huquq nadosht, ki mustaqilona ba davlathoi khoriji munosibathoi dipdomati doshta boshad. Abdurahmonkhon inchunin majbur shud, ki az Afgoniston judo karda, ba zeri itoati Angliya darovarda shudani baze navohii ba Hinduston hamsarhadro etirof kunad.

Vale Angliya nisbati Afgoniston az siyosati istilogaronai khud dast nakashid. On mekhost, ki Qandahorro az Afgoniston judo karda, ba muzofoti alohidai ba Angliya tobe tabdil dihad. Lekin hokimi Hirot baroi ishgoli Qandahor bar ziddi Angliya muborizai beamon meburd. Soli 1880 artishi Ayubkhon dar nazdikii dehai Mayvand ba neruhoi muttahidai anglisho va khiyonatkoroni Qandahor shikast dodand. Askaronu afsaroni dushman az maydoni jang ru ba firor nihodand. Soli 1958 ba khotiri galaba dar Mayvand hamchun nishonai jiddu jahdi bomuvaffaqiyat baroi istiqloliyati Afgoniston dar shahri Kobul mujassamai yodgorie guzoshta shud.

Ayubkhon Qandahorro muhosira kard. Dar in sharoit farmondekhii anglisi az bahri judo kardani Qandahor guzashta, onro ba Abdurahmonkhon suporid. Soli 1881 Ayubkhon khost, ki Qandahorro az nav ba dast darorad. Lekin az tarafi artishi amir shikast khurd. Dere naguzashta artishi Abdurahmonkhon Hirotro ham ishgol namud. Ayubkhon majbur shud, ki ba Eron firor kunad. Badi in Abdurahmonkhon ba hokimi yagonai Afgoniston tabdil meyobad. Mullo Dinmuhammad fatvo dod, ki Abdurahmonkhon hokimi tamomi Afgoniston ast. Aknun u muborizaro bar ziddi anglisho davom medihad. To miyonahoi soli 1881 hokimiyati Abdurahmonkhon dar tamomi Afgoniston pahn gardid. Sipohiyoni anglisi az Afgoniston purra barovarda shudand.

Bo hamin jangi duyumi Angliya bar ziddi Afgoniston ba shikast duchor shud.

Ba Abdurahmonkhon muyassar shud, ki ba faoliyati judoikhohii ashrofon, khonho va qabilahoi alohida khotima guzorad, dar mamlakag islohoti iqtisodi, mamuri, harbi va huquqi guzaronad. Islohot imkoniyat dod, ki hokimiyati markazii Afgonistonro az nav barqaror karda shavad. Sarfi nazar az in ba Abdurahmonhoi muyassar nashud, ki hamai qalamravi sukunati pashtuho, az on jumla kuhhoi Sulaymon va tarafi rosti daryoi Hindro ba Afgoniston hamroh kunad.

Dar solhoi 80-umi asri XIX Rusiya mekhost, ki qalamravi mustamlikahoi khudro az hisobi Afgoniston vase kunad. Vale in kor baroyash muyassar nashud. Soli 1887 dar bayni Rusiya va Afgoniston dar borai sarhadhoi onho, ki az daryoi Harirud to Amudaryoro darbar giriftaand, protokoli khotimavi ba imzo rasid.

Abdurahmonkhon istiqloliyati Afgonistonro chun gavharaki chashm muhofizat mekard. Baroi hamin u hatto ba anglisho ijozat nadod, ki az Hinduston ba Afgoniston rohi ohan sozand.

Abdurahmonkhon okhiri solhoi 80-um va solhoi 90-um dar masalai siyosati dokhili jiddu jahdi khudro beshtar ba muqovimat bar ziddi zabtkorihoi Angliya dar shimol va sharqi Afgoniston va muqovimati pashtuhoi judoikhoh sarf kard. Ba in nigoh nakarda ba u muyassar nashud, ki istiqloliyati purrai Afgonistonro az Angliya tamin namoyad.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

3_zheleznaya_loshad

Tekhnika dar nimai duyumi asri XIX — avvali asri XX

Dar IMA solhoi 60-70-um dar korkardi gusht, ordkunii galla va madanistehsolkuni konveyer istifoda burda shud. …